Debunking "Ke Hobane'ng ha re sa Ntšoenyeha ka ho Talima Litšoantšo?" (Ka Marty Klein, Taylor Kohut, le Nicole Prause)

Marty Klein

Selelekela

Bohloeki bona bo na le likarolo tse peli: Karolo ea 1 e senola hore na joang Nicole Prause, Marty Klein le Taylor Kohut ba hlahisa hampe "bopaki" ba bona ba boinotšing ho ts'ehetsa leshano la mantlha la sengoloa - hore "ho qobella ho shebella litšoantšo tse manyala tse hlephisang boitšoaro" ho qhelelletsoe tlhatlhobong e ncha ea ICD-11 ea "Compulsive Sexual Behaeve Disorder". Karolo ea 2 e senola liphokotso tse makatsang, lipolelo tsa bohata, liphatlalatso tse fosahetseng tsa lipatlisiso, le lintlha tse khethiloeng ka ciliegia tse silafatsang sengoloa sa Prause / Klein / Kohut. (Tlhokomeliso: Boholo ba lintlha tse khethiloeng ka ciliegia le litemoso tse fosahetseng li nchafatsoa ho tsoa ho "Prause" Lengolo le eang ho mohlophisi "la 2016 leo YBOP e ileng ea le qhaqha hantle lilemong tse 2 tse fetileng: Qeto ea: Lengolo ho mohlophisi "Prause et al. (2015) mekhoa ea ho qetela ea ho lemala ", 2016.)

Bangoli ba sena ke bo-mang sehlooho?

Pele o hlahloba lintlha tse ka tlase, ho ka ba molemo ho nahana ka lipuo tsa tšebeliso e mpe ea mashano ho Letlapa. Bangoli ba eona hase batho ba se nang leeme. Ts'ebetso ea bona ea bootsoa e hlakile.

Nicole Prause ke sekolo sa pele se nang le histori e telele bafuputsi, litsebi, baqolotsi ba litlaleho, banna ba hlaphoheloang, bahlophisi ba Journal, mekhatlo e mengata, le ba bang ba sebete ho tlaleha bopaki ba liketso tse mpe tsa ho sebelisa litšoantšo tsa litšoantšo tsa bootsoa. O bonahala a le joalo e ntle haholo le indasteri ea bootsoa, joalokaha ho ka bonoa ho sena setšoantšo sa hae (ka ho le letona) holim'a sekoahelo se khubelu sa mokete oa lihlopha tsa X-Rated Critics Organization (XRCO). (Ho ea ka Wikipedia the XRCO Awards li fanoa ke Amerika Bahlahlobisisi ba X-Rated Organisation selemo le selemo ho batho ba sebetsang boithabisong ba batho ba baholo 'me ke eona feela meputso ea likhoebo e baholo e bontšang feela e sebelisetsoang litho tsa indasteri.[1]).

Ho boetse ho bonahala e kanna eaba Prause fumana baetsi ba porno joalo ka sehloohos kupitia sehlopha se seng sa lithahasello tsa porno Kopano ea mahala ea puo. Ho boleloa hore lithuto tsa FSC li sebelisitsoe ho eena ho ithuta ka sethunya ka ba silafetse haholo 'me “Ho Thuisa ho Tloaelehileng” haholo khoebong morero (oo joale o ntseng o etsoa e fuputsitsoeng ke FBI). Ho qhekella le hona ho entse litšehetso tse sa tšehetsoeng mabapi liphello tsa lithuto tsa hae le eena mekhoa ea ho ithuta. Bakeng sa litokomane tse ngata, bona: Na Nicole Prause o susumelitsoe ke Khoebo ea Bootsoa?.

Marty Klein o kile a ithorisa ka leqhepe la hae ka ho toba ka Hall of Fame ea AVN ka ho ela hloko bobuelli ba hae ba bootsoa bo sebetsang litabeng tsa indasteri ea bootsoa (kaha li tlohile).

Taylor Kohut ke mofuputsi oa Canada ea phatlalatsang likhetho, lipatlisiso tse entsoeng ka hloko tse kang: "Na Litšoantšo Tsa Bootsoa li Hlile li Etsahala ka ho 'Etsa Lehloeo ho Basali'?"E neng e tla ba le babali ba sa tsitsang ba lumelang hore basebeletsi ba litšoantšo tsa bootsoa ba na le boikutlo bo bong bo tšoanang le ba basali (ha ba joalo), le "Liphello Tse Nkiloeng Tsa Litšoantšo Tsa Bootsoa Litabeng Tsa Banyalani, "E leng boiteko ba ho e loantša ho feta lithuto tsa 75 Ho bontša hore tšebeliso ea litšoantšo tsa bootsoa e na le litlamorao tse mpe likamanong. (Mona ke Vimeo tlhahiso e nyatsa haholo lithuto tsa Kohut le tsa Prause tse belaetsang.) Tsa Kohut websaeteng e ncha le ba hae leka ho lefella chelete fana ka maikutlo a hore a ka ba le lenane la litaba. Leeme la Kohut le ile la utulloa ka ho hlaka bukaneng e khuts'oane e ngoliselitsoeng Komiti e Tlang ea Bophelo mabapi le Motion M-47 (Canada). Ka bokhutšoanyane, joalo ka sengoloeng sa Slate, Kohut le li-coauthor tsa hae ba ne ba le molato oa ho khetha li-cherry lithuto tse 'maloa ha ba ntse ba bua hampe ka boemo ba hajoale ba lipatlisiso ka litlamorao tsa litšoantšo tsa bootsoa.


Karolo ea 1: Tlhatlhobo ea Debunking ICD-11 e kentse "ho shebella litšoantšo tse manyala tse hlephisang boitšoaro" ho tsoa ts'oaetsong ea "Compulsive Sexual Behaeve Disorder"

Ba latolang bokhoba ba porno baa ferekana hobane phetolelo ea morao-rao ea buka ea tlhahlobo ea bongaka ea World Health Organisation, Selemo sa Machaba sa Mafu (ICD-11), e na le tšoaetso e ncha e loketse ho hlahloba se tsejoang hangata e le 'ho lemalla lithethefatsi' kapa 'ho lemalla ho kopanela liphate'. E ea bitsoa "Bothata ba ho Kopanela Liphate ka ho Kopanela Liphate”(CSBD). Leha ho le joalo, ka morero o makatsang oa hore, “Re lahlile, empa re hapile” lets'oao la phatlalatso la leshano, bahanyetsi ba ntse ba hula litheko tsohle ho hlahisa ts'oaetso ena e ncha e le mokhoa oa ho tsebahatsa. ho lahla ea “bokhoba ba ho kopanela liphate” le “bokhoba ba ho sheba litšoantšo tse litšila tse tsosang takatso.”

Ha ba khotsofatsoe ke nalane ea bohata e reng "ho hana ho lemalla lithethefatsi" Letlapa sehlooho: "Ke Hobane'ng ha re sa Ntse re Tšoenyehile Haholo ka ho Shebella Litšoantšo Tsa Bootsoa?"Ntle le ho fana ka bopaki bofe kapa bofe ho feta maikutlo feela, Prause / Klein / Kohut triumvirate e tiisa hore WHO e khelositse semolao ho shebella litšoantšo tse manyala tse hlephisang boitšoaro" "Compulsive Sexual Behaeve Disorder":

Kaha ha ho na tšehetso, le moelelo oa zero, Prause / Klein / Kohut o ne a tla re lumella hore re e lumele e leng mokhoa o tloaelehileng ka ho fetisisa oa ho kopanela liphate - ts'ebeliso e mpe ea litšoantšo tsa bootsoa - e tlositsoe khatisong e ncha ea tlhahlobo ea tlhahlobo ea WHO (ICD-11). Boikokobetso ba lets'olo la bangoli bo bonahala ka mabaka a mangata, a mang a totobetseng ka ho fetisisa ke ana:

  • Hoa iponahatsa hore puo ka boeona ea lefuba la CSBD e sebetsa ho batho ba loantšanang le litšoantšo tse manyala tse hlephisang boitšoaro ba sebelisa. (Sheba ka tlase.)
  • CSBD ha e hlalosetse (kapa ha e kenyeletse) leha e le efe mosebetsi o itseng oa thobalano.
  • Lipatlisiso tse ngata tsa pontšo hore bonyane 80% ea batho ba nang le boitšoaro bo hlephileng ba ho kopanela liphate (bosodoma) tlaleho e qobelloang ea litšoantšo tsa bootsoa ea Inthanete e sebelisoa.
  • Tse ngata tsa morao tjena Liphuputso tse thehiloeng ho 50 tse fanang ka maikutlo a kelello (eo WHO e itšetlehileng ka qeto ea eona ea ho kenyeletsa CSBD) e entsoe ba sheba litšoantšo tsa bootsoa ba Inthaneteng - kahoo ke phoso ho fana ka tlhahiso ea hore WHO e ikemiselitse ho qoba ho shebella litšoantšo tsa bootsoa empa o lebala ho e hlalosa.

Pele re fihlela tlhaiso-leseling e felletseng ea lipolelo tsa ba hanneng, a re hlakeng: Ha ho phatlalatso kapa ho bua ka mokhoa o sa hlakang lingoliloeng life kapa life tsa WHO tse ka hlalosoang e le ntle le basebelisi ba litšoantšo tsa bootsoa. Ka mokhoa o ts'oanang, ha ho 'muelli oa WHO ea kileng a supa hore tlhahlobo ea CSBD ha e kenyelletse ts'ebeliso ea litšoantšo tsa bootsoa. Mona ke Tlhahlobo ea CSBD ka botlalo e nkiloe ka ho toba bukeng ea ICD-11:

Boitšoaro bo bobe ba boitšoaro ba thobalano bo bontšoa ke tloaelo e sa khaotseng ea ho se laole maikutlo a phehellang a thobalano kapa litakatso tse lebisang ho iphetetseng hoa boitšoaro ba thobalano. Matšoao a ka kenyelletsa liketso tse pheta-phetoang tsa thobalano e ba ntho ea mantlha bophelong ba motho ho isa ntlheng ea ho se tsotelle bophelo bo botle le tlhokomelo ea motho kapa lithahasello tse ling, mesebetsi le boikarabello; liteko tse ngata tse sa atleheng ho fokotsa boitšoaro ba thobalano bo pheta-phetang; mme ra tsoela pele ho pheta-pheta boits'oaro ba thobalano le ha re bile le litlamorao tse mpe kapa re sa khotsofala hanyane ka hanyane.

Sebopeho sa ho se laole taolo e matla, thobalano kapa likeletso le boitšoaro bo pheta-phetoang ba thobalano li bonahatsoa nako e teletsana (mohlala, likhoeli tse 6 kapa ho feta), mme se baka khatello ea maikutlo kapa ts'oenyeho e kholo lithutong tsa botho, lelapeng, sechabeng, thutong, mosebetsing, kapa likarolo tse ling tsa bohlokoa tsa ho sebetsa. Matšoenyeho a amanang ka ho felletseng le melao ea boitšoaro le ho se lumellane ka litšusumetso tsa thobalano, litakatso, kapa boits'oaro ha bo lekane ho fihlela tlhoko ena.

Na u bona letho ka ho qoba litšoantšo tse manyala tse hlephisang boitšoaro? Ho thoe'ng ka ho qoba ho etela matekatse ka boomo? Na ho na le mokhoa leha e le ofe oa ho kopanela liphate o sa kenyeletsoeng? Che, ho hang. Sehlooho sa Prause / Klein / Kohut ha se bue ka ho buisana le WHO, ebile ha se qotsitse moemeli oa WHO kapa setho sa basebetsi. Sehlooho sena se fapane haholo le liphatlalatso tse nkiloeng ke li-cherry tse khethiloeng hampe kapa eseng seo li bonahalang li le sona. (Ho feta mona.)

Haeba u na le lipelaelo ka mofuta oa 'nete oa letšolo la khatiso la Prause / Klein / Kohut, bala ka hloko sehlooho sena se nang le boikarabelo mabapi le bothata ba ho kopanela liphate boitšoaro bo bobe (CSBD). Ho fapana le bona Letlapa sengoloa, sengoloa sena sa la 27 Phupu 2018 ho "SELF”E ea mohloling. E qotsa 'muelli oa semmuso oa WHO Christian Lindmeier. Lindmeier ke e mong oa baemeli ba bane feela ba babuelli ba WHO ba thathamisitsoeng leqepheng lena: Mecha ea puisano ho ntlo-khōlō ea WHO - 'me ke' muelli a le mong oa WHO ea kileng a fana ka maikutlo ka CSBD ka molao! The SELF Sengoliloeng sena se boetse se buisane le Shane Kraus, ea neng a le setsing sa sehlopha se sebetsang sa ICD-11 sa Compulsive Sexual Behavior Disorder (CSBD). Sengoloa se qotsitsoeng ke Lindmeir se hlakisa hore WHO ha ea ka ea hana "bokhoba ba thobalano":

Mabapi le CSBD, ntlha e kholo ka ho fetisisa ke ho tseba hore na lefu lena le lokela ho aroloa kapa che. "Ho na le phehisano e tsoelang pele ea saense mabapi le hore na khatello ea boitšoaro bo hlephileng ba ho kopanela liphate ke eng kapa che," e leng 'muelli oa WHO, Christian Lindmeier, o re ho SELF. "WHO ha e sebelise polelo ea ho lemalla ho kopanela liphate hobane ha re nke boemo ba hore na ke physiologically e lemalla kapa che."

Prause / Klein / Kohut e bua hampe ka karolo e le 'ngoe feela ea seo ho thoeng ke "bopaki"

Serapeng se latelang Prause / Klein / Kohut o khelosa 'mali ka "ho lemalla" libukeng tsa ho hlahloba le ho bua leshano ka "bopaki" ba bona bo le bong feela ba litšoantšo tse manyala tse hlephisang boitšoaro bo sebelisitsoeng ho nkuoa kantle ho tlhahlobo ea ICD-11 CSBD:

Hape re tloaetse ho tšoha ha baqolotsi ba litaba ba ithuta hore "ho lemalla litšoantšo tsa bootsoa" ha e le hantle ha e tsejoe ke buka leha e le efe ea naha kapa ea machaba ea ho hlahloba. Ka ho hatisoa ha Kakaretso ea Machaba ea Mafu (version 11) ka June, Mokhatlo oa Lefatše oa Bophelo o ile oa boela oa etsa qeto ea ho se hlokomele ho shebella lifilimi e le boloetse. "Ho shebella litšoantšo tsa bootsoa" ho ne ho nkoa hore ho kenngoa "bothateng ba ho sebelisa Inthanete" bothateng, empa WHO e ile ea etsa qeto khahlanong le ho kenngoa ha eona ka lebaka la ho haella ha bopaki bo teng bakeng sa boloetse bona. ("Ho itšetlehile ka boitsebiso bo fokolang ba morao-rao, ho ka bonahala eka pele ho nako ho e kenyelletsa ICD-11," mokhatlo o ngotseng.) Molao oa tloaelehileng oa Amerika, Buka ea Tlhahlobo le Tlhahlobo, o entse qeto e tšoanang ka phetolelo ea bona ea morao-rao hammoho ;; ha ho lethathamo la ho lemalla lit soant so tsa bootsoa ho DSM-5.

Taba ea mantlha, ha ho moo ICD-11 kapa DSM-5 ea APA e kileng ea sebelisa lentsoe "ho lemalla" ho hlalosa temallo - hore na ke bokhoba ba ho becha, ho lemalla tahi, ho lemalla koae, kapa ho bo bitsa. Libuka tseo ka bobeli tse fanang ka maikutlo a ho lemoha li sebelisa lentsoe "pherekano" ho e-na le ho lemalla "tlhekefetso" (ke "bothata ba ho becha," "ts'ebeliso ea nikotine," joalo-joalo). Kahoo, "thobalano lemalla ntho”Le“ porno ho lemalla ” e ka be e sa ka ea amoheloa, hobane ba ne ba sa ka ba hlahlojoa ka molao libukeng tse kholo tsa tlhahlobo ea mafu. Ka mantsoe a bonolo feela, ha ho na ho ba le tlhahlobo ea "bokhoba ba bootsoa", joalo ka ha ho ka se be le tlhahlobo ea "lithethefatsi". Leha ho le joalo batho ka bomong ba nang le matšoao le matšoao a ho lumellana le "lithethefatsi tsa bootsoa" kapa "lithethefatsi tsa methamphetamine" e ka fumanoa u sebelisa ICD-11's dipehelo.

Taba ea bobeli, sehokela sa bangoli se ea pampiring ea 2014 ke Jon Grant, Mathata a ho laola maikutlo le "boitšoaro bo bobe ba boitšoaro" ho ICD-11 (2014). Pele ke pepesa tšebeliso e mpe ea Nicole Prause ea pampiri ea Jon Grant ea nako e telele, lintlha tse ke keng tsa hanyetsoa ke tsena:

(1) Pampiri ea Jon Grant e fetile lilemo tse 4. Ha e le hantle, 39 ea lithuto tsa kelello tsa 45 tsa lihlooho tsa CSB tse thathamisitsoeng leqepheng lena li ile tsa hatisoa ho tloha pampiri ea 2014 Jon Grant.

(2) Ke lisente tse peli feela tsa Grant, eseng pampiri ea semmuso ea Mokhatlo oa Lefatše oa Bophelo kapa sehlopha sa basebetsi sa CSBD.

(3) Habohlokoa ka ho fetisisa, ha ho kae kapa kae pampiring eo e reng litšoantšo tsa bootsoa li lokela ho qheleloa ho CSBD. Ha e le hantle, Grant o re se fapaneng: litšoantšo tsa bootsoa li sebelisa inthanete is mofuta oa CSB! Lentsoe "litšoantšo tsa bootsoa" le sebelisoa hanngoe feela pampiring mme ke sena seo Grant a se buang ka hona:

Khang ea boraro ea bohlokoa tšimong ke hore na bothata ba ho sebelisa Inthanete ke boloetse bo ikemetseng. Sehlopha sa Basebetsi se hlokometse hore sena ke boemo bo fapaneng, 'me tšebeliso ea Inthanete e ka' na ea e-ba mokhoa oa ho fana ka mekhoa e fapaneng ea ho laola maikutlo ho sa hlokahaleng (mohlala, papali ea papali ea papali kapa ho sheba litšoantšo tsa bootsoa). Habohlokoa, tlhaloso ea papali ea chelete le ea khatello ea boitšoaro bo bobe ba ho kopanela liphate lokela ho hlokomela seo mekhoa e joalo e ntse e bonoa haholoanyane ho sebelisa liforomo tsa Inthanete, ebang ke ka ntle ho mekhoa e meng ea setso, kapa ka ho khetheha feela 22, 23.

Ha u le moo, Prause / Klein / Kohut o hlalositse ka mokhoa o hlakileng bonyane feela ba "bopaki" boo ba neng ba ka ba le bona (ho hlahloba ha 'nete Letlapa?).

Leha ho le joalo, tlhaloso e fosahetseng ea pampiri ea Grant ea 2014, ka Prause, e 'nile ea etsahala bonyane selemo. Prause e entse setšoantšo se latelang, se fetisitsoeng ho pota litlaleho tsa litaba tsa sechaba tse phatlalatsang litšoantšo tse litšila tse tsosang takatso. Ke skrini se hlahisitsoeng sa seratsoana sa Jon Grant seo ke se hlalositseng kaholimo. Ho latela nako e khuts'oane e lebisitsoeng ho Twitter, baphatlalatsi ba lebelletse hore u bale feela se ka lebokoseng le lefubelu, ka tšepo ea hore u tla hlokomoloha serapa seo ha e le hantle e re:

Klein

Haeba o oele bakeng sa phoso e bofubelu-lebokoseng, o sotha sekhetho se ka holimo ka:

. Motheong oa data e haelloang ea hona joale, ka hona e ka bonahala e le pele ho nako ho e kenyelletsa ho ICD-11.

Joale balang kaofela serapa, 'me u tla bona hore Jon Grant o bua ka eona "Bothata ba ho bapala Inthaneteng," eseng litšoantšo tsa bootsoa. Grant o lumela hore ho ne ho belaela hore na ho na le bopaki ba saense bo lekaneng ka nako eo ho lokafatsa ho kenyeletsoa ha Mathata a Inthanete joalo ka lefu. (Ka tshohanyetso, lilemo tse 4 hamorao Bothata ba ho bapala is ho ICD-11 'me tšehetso ea saense bakeng sa eona e kholo.)

Khang ea boraro ea bohlokoa tšimong ke hore na bothata ba ho sebelisa Inthanete ke boloetse bo ikemetseng. Sehlopha sa Basebetsi se hlokometse hore sena ke boemo bo fapaneng, 'me tšebeliso ea Inthanete e ka' na ea e-ba mokhoa oa ho fana ka mekhoa e fapaneng ea ho laola maikutlo (mohlala, papali ea papali ea papali kapa litšoantšo tsa bootsoa). Habohlokoa, tlhaloso ea papali ea papali ea chelete le ea khatello ea boitšoaro bo hlephileng ba ho kopanela liphate e lokela ho hlokomela hore boitšoaro bo joalo bo nkoa ka ho eketsehileng ho sebelisa liforomo tsa Inthanete, ebang ke ho feta mekhoa e meng ea setso, kapa ka ho khetheha 22,23.

DSM-5 e kenyelelitse Bothata ba ho bapala Inthanete karolong e reng "maemo a thuto e tsoelang pele". Le hoja e ka ba mokhoa oa bohlokoa oa ho utloisisa, 'me ka sebele e na le boemo bo phahameng linaheng tse ling 12, hoa utloahala hore na ho na le bopaki bo lekaneng ba saense ka nako ena ho lokafatsa ho kenngoa ha eona e le boloetse. Ho itšetlehile ka boitsebiso bo fokolang ba morao-rao, ho ka bonahala eka pele ho nako ho e kenyelletsa ICD-11.

Ntle le ho bala feela libaka tse khubelu, karolo e boletsoeng ka holimo e bontša hore Jon Grant o lumela hore ho sheba litšoantšo tsa bootsoa ho Internet ka e be bothata ba taolo ea maikutlo bo ka oelang tlasa ts'oaetso ea sekhele ea "Compulsive Sexual Behaeve Disorder" (CSBD). Sena ke se fapaneng hantle le leshano la "lisekoere tse khubelu" tse tweeted ke baphatlalatsi.

Jon Grant o re'ng ka lilemo tse 4? Grant e ne e le sengoli se kopantseng pampiri ena ea 2018 e phatlalatsang (le ho lumellana le) ho kenngoa ha CSBD ho ICD-11 e tlang: Phoso ea boitšoaro bo hlephileng ba ho kopanela liphate ICD-11. Sehloohong sa bobeli sa 2018, "Boitšoaro bo hlephileng ba ho kopanela liphate: Tsela e se nang toka, ”Grant o re Compulsive Sexual Behaeve e boetse e bitsoa" ho lemalla ho kopanela liphate "kapa" bosodoma "(tse 'nileng tsa sebetsa lingoliloeng tse hlahlojoang ke lithaka e le mantsoe a tšoanang bakeng sa boitšoaro bo hlephileng ba thobalano, ho kenyelletsa le ts'ebeliso e mpe ea thobalano):

Boitšoaro bo bobe ba ho kopanela liphate (CSB), hape e bitsoa ho lemalla thobalano kapa bosodoma, e khetholloa ka ho pheta-pheta le ho ameha haholo ka maikutlo a ho kopanela liphate, litakatso, le boitšoaro bo sithabetsang motho le / kapa bo bakang khatello ea kelello.

Ha ho makatse ba-propagandists ba kang Prause ba finyella morao lilemong tsa 4 ho senya pampiri ea Jon Grant hampe. Pampiri ea haufinyane ea Grant ea 2018 e bolela polelo ea pele hore CSB e boetse e bitsoa bokhoba ba thobalano kapa bosodoma!

Bakeng sa akhaonto e nepahetseng ea ICD-11, bona sehlooho sena sa morao tjena ke Mokhatlo oa Tsoelo-pele ea Bophelo bo Botle ba Botona le Botšehali (SASH): "Boits'oaro bo Kopanetsoeng ba ho Kopanela Liphate" bo khethiloe ke World Health Organization e le Mental Health Disorder. E qala ka:

Leha ho na le menyenyetsi e fokolang e khelosang ho fapana le hoo, ha se 'nete hore WHO e hanne "bokhoba ba litšoantšo tsa bootsoa" kapa "bokhoba ba thobalano". Boitšoaro bo qobelloang ba thobalano bo 'nile ba bitsoa ka mabitso a fapaneng ho theosa le lilemo: "bosodoma", "bokhoba ba thobalano", "bokhoba ba thobalano", "boitšoaro bo hlephileng ba thobalano" joalo-joalo. Lethathamong la eona la morao-rao la maloetse WHO e nka mohato oa ho tiisa lefu lena ka ho amohela "Compulsive Sexual Behaeve Disorder" (CSBD) e le bokuli ba kelello. Ho ea ka setsebi sa WHO, Geoffrey Reed, tlhahlobo e ncha ea CSBD "e tsebisa batho hore" ba na le "boemo bo botle" mme ba ka batla kalafo. "


KAROLO 2: Ho pepesa lipolelo tsa bohata, litšoantšo tse fosahetseng, lithuto tsa li-cherry, le li-omissions tse bohloko

Ntho e setseng ea sehlooho sa Prause / Klein / Kohut e nehetsoe ho susumelletsa 'mali hore ho lemalla ho kopanela liphate ke tšōmo le hore tšebeliso ea litšoantšo tsa bootsoa ho Internet ha e bake mathata. Ho phaella moo, li fana ka maikutlo a hore "thobalano feela" e ka itlhahisa ho fana ka maikutlo a hore tšebeliso ea litšoantšo e ka hlahisa liphello tse mpe. Karolong ena re fana ka likarolo tse sebetsang tsa Prause / Klein / Kohut tse lateloang ke ho hlahloba litlhaloso tse peli le litlaleho tse fanoeng ho tšehetsa seo. Moo ho loketseng re fana ka lithuto tse khahlanong le lipolelo tsa bona.

Mohlala oa lintho tse ngata tse siiloeng ke sengoloa sena:

Pele re bua ka polelo e ngoe le e ngoe ea sehlooho, ho bohlokoa ho senola hore na Prause / Klein / Kohut o khethile ho tlohela magnum opus ea bona. Lethathamo la lithuto li na le likarolo tse nepahetseng le lihokela tsa lipampiri tsa mantlha.

  1. Ho lemalla ho kopanela liphate / thobalano Leqephe lena le thathamisa Liphuputso tse thehiloeng ho 55 tse fanang ka maikutlo a kelello (MRI, fMRI, EEG, lefu la methapo ea pelo, li-hormone). Ba fana ka ts'ehetso e matla bakeng sa mehlala ea ho lemalla lithethefatsi ha lithuto tsa bona li bonahatsa litlhaloso tsa methapong tse tlalehiloeng lithutong tsa lithethefatsi.
  2. Litsebi tsa sebele 'maikutlo a ho lemalla ho kopanela liphate le ho kopanela liphate? Lethathamo lena le na le 32 litlhahlobo tsa morao-rao tsa lingoliloeng le litlhaloso ke tse ling tsa litsebi tsa mantlha tse phahameng ka ho fetisisa lefatšeng. Ts'ehetso eohle ea mohlala oa ho lemalla lithethefatsi
  3. Lipontšo tsa ho lemala le ho nyolohela ho lintho tse feteletseng? Ho feta lipatlisiso tsa 60 liphuputso tsa tlaleho li lumellana le ho eketseha ha tšebeliso ea litšoantšo tsa bootsoa (ho mamella), tloaelo ea bootsoa, ​​esita le matšoao a ho tlohela (matšoao le matšoao a amanang le ho lemala).
  4. Lit soant so le mathata a thobalano? Lethathamo lena le na le lipatlisiso tse fetang 40 tse amanang le tšebeliso ea litšoantšo tsa bootsoa / lithethefatsi tsa bootsoa litabeng tsa thobalano le ho fokotsa ho tsosoa takatso ea thobalano. The Liphuputso tsa pele tsa 7 lenaneong li bontša ho baka, kaha barupeluoa ba ile ba tlosa tšebeliso ea litšoantšo tsa bootsoa 'me ba phekola likotsi tse sa feleng tsa thobalano.
  5. Litla-morao tsa litabeng tsa likamano? Lipatlisiso tsa 80 li amahanya litšoantšo tsa bootsoa le ho sebelisa thobalano e nyenyane le khotsofalo ea kamano. Ho ea kamoo re tsebang kateng bohle lithuto tse amanang le banna li tlalehile tšebeliso e mpe ea litšoantšo tse amanang le eona ea futsanehile ho khotsofala ka thobalano kapa kamano.
  6. Ho sebelisa litšoantšo ho ama bophelo ba kelello le kelellong? Liphuputso tse fetang 85 li hokahanya tšebeliso ea litšoantšo tsa bootsoa le bophelo bo futsanehileng ba kelello le maikutlo le litlamorao tse mpe tsa kelello.
  7. Tšebeliso ea litšoantšo e ama litumelo, maikutlo le boitšoaro? Hlahloba lithuto tsa motho ka bomong - ho feta lipatlisiso tsa 40 tse amanang le litšoantšo tsa bootsoa li sebelisa "maikutlo a sa lokelang" ho basali le maikutlo a ho kopanela liphate - kapa kakaretso ea tlhahlobo ea meriana ea 2016: Mecha ea phatlalatso le ho kopanela liphate: Puso ea Boipheliso ba Puso, 1995-2015. Tlhaloso:

Sepheo sa tlhahlobo ena e ne e le ho etsa lipatlisiso tsa lipatlisiso tsa lipatlisiso tsa ho kopanela liphate mecheng ea litaba. Sepheo se ne se lebisitsoe ho lipatlisiso tse hatisitsoeng litabeng tsa lipuo tsa Senyesemane pakeng tsa 1995 le 2015. Kakaretso ea lingoliloeng tsa 109 tse nang le lithuto tsa 135 li ile tsa hlahlojoa. Liphuputso tsena li fane ka bopaki bo tsitsitseng ba hore bohlahlobi ba laboratori le kakaretso ea letsatsi le leng le le leng ho tse kenyelletsoeng letsatsi le leng le le leng li amana ka ho toba le liphello tse ngata, ho kenyelletsa le maemo a phahameng a ho se khotsofale ha 'mele, ho ikemela ho hoholo, tšehetso e kholo ea litumelo tsa thobalano le litumelo tsa thobalano, mamello e kholo ea thobalano ho basali. Ho feta moo, tlhahiso ea liteko ho tsena li lebisa basali le banna ho ba le maikutlo a fokolang a bokhoni ba basali, boitšoaro le botho.

"Empa litšoantšo tsa bootsoa ha li sebelise ho fokotsa lipalo tsa ho betoa?Tlhōlisano ea lits'oaetso e ntse e eketseha, ka hona, hlokomoloha liphatlalatso tsa bootsoa bo hlephisang boitšoaro. ”Bakeng sa tse ling tse ngata, bona Ho tšoenya realyourbrainonporn (litšoantšo tsa bootsoa) “Karolo ea Boitlamo ba ho Kopanela Liphate”: sebele Boemo ba lipatlisiso mabapi le ts'ebeliso ea litšoantšo tsa bootsoa le tlhekefetso ea thobalano, khatello le pefo.

  1. Ho thoe'ng ka tlhekefetso ea ho kopanela liphate le tšebeliso ea litšoantšo Tlhahlobo e 'ngoe ea litlhahlobo: Tlhahlobo ea Meta ‐ Tlhatlhobo ea Ts'ebeliso ea Litšoantšo tsa Litšoantšo tsa Bootsoa le Lintho Tse Hlileng li Etsoang ka Thobalano ea Thobalano ho Lithuto tsa Kakaretso ea Baahi (2015). Tlhaloso:

Lipatlisiso tsa 22 tse tsoang linaheng tse fapaneng tsa 7 li ile tsa hlahlojoa. Tšebeliso e ne e amahanngoa le tlhekefetso ea thobalano United States le linaheng tse ling, har'a banna le basali, le liphuputsong tse arohaneng le ka nako e telele. Mekhatlo e ne e le matla haholo bakeng sa mantsoe ho feta thobalano ea thobalano, le hoja ka bobeli e ne e le ea bohlokoa. Phello ea kakaretso e fana ka maikutlo a hore litaba tse mabifi li ka 'na tsa e-ba matla haholo.

"Empa litšoantšo tsa bootsoa ha li sebelise ho fokotsa lipalo tsa ho betoa?Tlhōlisano ea lits'oaetso e ntse e eketseha, ka hona, hlokomoloha liphatlalatso tsa bootsoa bo hlephisang boitšoaro. ” Bona leqephe lena bakeng sa lithuto tse fetang 100 tse hokahanyang tšebeliso ea litšoantšo tsa bootsoa le tlhekefetso ea thobalano, khatello le pefo le boiphetetso bo pharaletseng ba polelo e phetoang khafetsa ea hore ho ba teng ha porno ho felletse ka hore litheko tsa peto li fokotsehe.

  1. Ho thoe'ng ka tšebeliso ea litšoantšo tsa bootsoa le bacha? Sheba lenane lena la ka lipatlisiso tsa bocha ba 280, kapa litlhahlobo tsena tsa lingoliloeng: tlhahlobo ea # 1, hlahloba2, tlhahlobo ea # 3, tlhahlobo ea # 4, tlhahlobo ea # 5, tlhahlobo ea # 6, tlhahlobo ea # 7, tlhahlobo ea # 8, tlhahlobo ea # 9, tlhahlobo ea # 10, tlhahlobo ea # 11, tlhahlobo ea # 12, tlhahlobo ea # 13, tlhahlobo ea # 14, tlhahlobo ea # 15. Ho tloha qetellong ea tlhahlobo ena ea 2012 ea lipatlisiso - Tšusumetso ea Litšoantšo Tsa Bootsoa Inthaneteng ho Bacha: Tlhahlobo ea Lipatlisiso:

Ho kena ha Inthanete ho eketsehileng ke bacha ho entse menyetla e sa lebelloang bakeng sa thuto ea thobalano, thuto le kholo. Ka lehlakoreng le leng, kotsi ea ho ntša kotsi e hlakileng libukeng e entse hore bafuputsi ba batlisise bacha ba shebaneng le litšoantšo tse litšila tse tsosang takatso ea lipapali Inthaneteng ho leka ho lemoha likamano tsena. Ka kakaretso, lithuto tsena li bontša mocha eo ea sebelisang litšoantšo tse manyala tse hlephisang boitšoaro a ka ba le litumelo le litumelo tse sa utloahaleng tsa thobalano. Har'a tse fumanoeng, litekanyetso tse phahameng tsa maikutlo a lumellang thobalano, ho ameha ka thobalano, le liteko tsa pele tsa thobalano li tsamaellana le ts'ebeliso ea khafetsa ea litšoantšo tsa bootsoa…. Leha ho le joalo, liphumano tse sa fetoheng li hlahile li hokahanya tšebeliso ea bongoana ea litšoantšo tsa bootsoa tse bonts'ang pefo le maemo a eketsehang a boitšoaro bo bobe ba thobalano.

Lingolo li bontša kamano e teng lipakeng tsa tšebeliso ea bacha ba litšoantšo tsa bootsoa le boitlhahlobo. Banana ba tlaleha ba ikutloa ba le betere ho feta basali bao ba ba bonang linthong tse manyala tse hlephisang boitšoaro, athe bashemane ba tšaba hore e kanna eaba ha ba sa le betere kapa ba khona ho etsa joaloka banna ba mecha ea litaba. Bacha ba boetse ba tlaleha hore ts'ebeliso ea bona ea litšoantšo tsa bootsoa e fokotsehile ha boits'epo ba bona le nts'etsopele ea sechaba li eketseha. Ho feta moo, lipatlisiso li fana ka maikutlo a hore bacha ba sebelisang litšoantšo tsa bootsoa, ​​haholo-holo tse fumanehang inthaneteng, ba na le litekanyo tse tlase tsa khokahano ea sechaba, keketseho ea mathata a boits'oaro, litekanyetso tse phahameng tsa boits'oaro, litekanyetso tse phahameng tsa matšoao a sithabetsang, le ho fokotsa tlamahano ea maikutlo le bahlokomeli.

Prause, Ley le Klein ba hlahisitse hampe boemo ba hajoale ba lipatlisiso lilemong tse 'maloa tse fetileng. Hona joale, ba se ba iketlile ka bongata lithuto tsohle tse kantle, tse khethiloeng ka ciliegia tseo ba li qotsang khafetsa sengolong sena. Re senola 'nete e ka tlase. Litlhaloso tse nepahetseng tsa Prause / Klein / Kohut tse thathamisitsoeng mona li latellana ka tsela e tšoanang le ea sehlooho.

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EXCERPT #1: Khuta ka mor'a ka: "DSM-5 kapa ICD-11 ha e hlokomele bokhoba bofe kapa bofe, ke mathata"

SLATE EXCERPT: "Re boetse re tloaetse ho nyaroha ha baqolotsi ba litaba ba utloa hore" bokhoba ba litšoantšo tse manyala tse hlephisang boitšoaro "ha e le hantle ha bo amoheloe ke buka efe kapa efe ea naha kapa ea machabeng ea tlhahlobo ea mafu."

Ke lekile ho leka ho thetsa babali, empa hape, ICD-11 kapa DSM-5 ea APA ha e e-s'o sebelise lentsoe "ho lemalla" ho hlalosa bokhoba - ebang ke ho lemalla papali ea chelete, bokhoba ba heroine, bokhoba ba sakerete kapa u bo rehe lebitso. Ka bobeli libuka tsa tlhahlobo ea mafu li sebelisa lentsoe "ho hloka taolo" ho fapana le "bokhoba" (ke hore "bothata ba papali ea chelete" "ts'ebeliso ea ts'ebeliso ea nicotine", joalo-joalo). Kahoo, “likamano tsa botona le botšehali lemalla ntho”Le“ porno ho lemalla ” e ka be e sa ka ea amoheloa, hobane ba ne ba sa ka ba hlahlojoa ka molao libukeng tse kholo tsa ho hlahloba. Ka mantsoe a bonolo, ho ke ke ha hlola ho e-ba le ts'oaetso ea "bokhoba ba litšoantšo tsa bootsoa" joalo ka ha ho ke ke ha hlola ho fumanoa "ho lemalla lithethefatsi". Empa batho ba nang le matšoao a lumellanang le "bokhoba ba litšoantšo tsa bootsoa" kapa "methamphetamine" ba ka fumanoa ba sebelisa lipehelo tsa ICD-11.

Ka ho lemoha mekhoa ea boitšoaro bo bobe le ho etsa hore sekhele se hlahlojoe boitšoaro bo bobe ba ho kopanela liphate, Mokhatlo oa Lefatše oa Bophelo o kena tumellanong le Mokhatlo oa Amerika oa Tlhekefetso ea Meriana (ASAM). Ka August, litsebi tse phahameng tsa lithethefatsi tsa 2011 tsa ASAM li ile tsa lokolla tlhaloso e hlakileng ea ho lemala. Ho tswa ho Khatiso ea ASAM:

Tlhaloso e ncha e hlahisitsoe ke ts'ebetso e matla, ea lilemo tse 'ne le litsebi tse fetang 80 tse sebetsang ka mafolofolo ho eona, ho kenyeletsoa ba boholong ba nang le lithethefatsi tse ngata, lingaka tsa meriana ea lithethefatsi le bafuputsi ba etellang pele ba neuroscience ho tsoa naheng ka bophara. … Lilemo tse mashome a mabeli tsa tsoelo-pele lithutong tsa kelello li kholisitse ASAM hore bokhoba ba tahi bo hloka ho hlalosoa bocha ke se etsahalang bokong.

An Moemeli oa ASAM o ile a hlalosa:

Tlhaloso e ncha e siea khoao ea hore litla-morao tsohle — ebang ke joala, heroine kapa thobalano, li re — li ​​ntse li tšoana. Ngaka Raju Haleja, mopresidente oa mehleng oa Canadian Society for Addiction Medicine le molulasetulo oa komiti ea ASAM e entseng tlhaloso e ncha, o bolelletse The Fix, "Re shebile bokhoba e le lefu le le leng, ho fapana le ba ba bonang ba arohane mafu. Bokhoba ba tahi. Ha ho na taba hore na boko ba hao bo ferekane hakae ha bo se bo fetohile, o ka hlaseleha habonolo. ” … Thobalano kapa papali ea chelete kapa bokhoba ba lijo [li] nepahetse nthong tsohle joalo ka ho lemalla joala kapa heroine kapa "meth" ea "crystal".

Bakeng sa merero eohle, tlhaloso ea 2011 e felisa ngangisano ea hore na ho lemalla thobalano le lithethefatsi ke "ho lemalla ha sebele. ” ASAM e boletse ka ho hlaka hore ho lemalla boitšoaro bo bobe ba thobalano ho teng 'me e tlameha ho bakoa ke liphetoho tse tšoanang tsa boko tse fumanoang meleng ea lithethefatsi. Ho tswa ho ASAM FAQs:

POTSO: Tlhaloso ena e ncha ea tahi e bolela ho lemalla papali ea chelete, lijo le boitšoaro ba thobalano. Na ASAM e hlile e lumela hore lijo le thobalano li lemalla?

KARABO: Tlhaloso e ncha ea ASAM e etsa hore motho a tlohele ho lekanya bokhoba ba tahi le ts'ebeliso ea lithethefatsi feela, ka ho hlalosa kamoo bokhoba ba tahi bo amanang le boits'oaro bo putsang. … Tlhaloso ena e re bokhoba bo mabapi le tšebetso le ho potoloha ha boko le ka moo sebopeho le tšebetso ea boko ba batho ba lemaletseng lithethefatsi bo fapaneng le sebopeho le tšebetso ea boko ba batho ba se nang bokhoba. … Lijo le boitšoaro bo bobe ba ho kopanela liphate le papali ea chelete, boitšoaro bo ka amahanngoa le 'ho phehella ha moputso' ho hlalosoang tlhaloso ena e ncha ea ho lemala.

Ha e le DSM, Mokhatlo oa American Psychiatric Association (APA) ho fihlela joale o ile oa hula maoto ka ho kenyelletsa mekhoa ea ho kopanela liphate e qobelloang bukeng ea eona ea ho hlahloba. Ha e qetella e ntlafalitse buka ea 2013 (DSM-5), ha hoa ka ha e-ba joalo ho nahanang ka "lithethefatsi tse ts'oanang le lithethefatsi tsa inthanete," ho e-na le hoo ho khetha ho buisana ka "bothata ba ho kopanela liphate." Sekhele sa ho qetela sa boitšoaro bo hlephileng ba ho kopanela liphate se khothalletsoa ho kenngoa ke DSM-5's Sexuality Work Group ka mor'a lilemo tsa tlhahlobo. Leha ho le joalo, ka hora ea leshome le motso o mong "kamoreng ea linaleli" (ho ea ka setho sa Basebetsi), ba bang ba DSM-5 ba ile ba hana bosodoma, ho bolela mabaka a hlalositsoeng e le a sa utloahaleng.

E le ho finyella boemo bona, DSM-5 e hlokomoloha bopaki bo amohelehang, litlaleho tse atileng tsa matšoao, matšoao le mekhoa e lumellanang le ho qobelloa le ho lemalla bakuli le lingaka tsa bona, le tlhahiso ea molao ea ba likete ba litsebi tsa bongaka le tsa lipatlisiso American Society of Addiction Meriana.

Ka ts'ebetsong, DSM e fumane bahlahlobisisi ba khethollo ba hanyetsang mokhoa oa eona oa ho hlokomoloha theoloji ea motheo le theknoloji ea bongaka ho fokotsa lisele tsa lona feela matšoao. Ea ho qetela e lumella liqeto tse sa lokelang, tsa lipolotiki tse hanyetsang nnete. Ka mohlala, DSM e kile ea arola bosodoma ka tsela e sa nepahalang e le lefu la kelello.

Nakoana pele ho phatlalatso ea DSM-5 e 2013, Thomas Insel, eo e neng e le Motsamaisi oa National Institute of Mental Health, o ile a lemosa hore e ne e le nako ea tšimo ea bophelo ba kelello hore e khaotse ho itšetleha ka DSM. Ea eonabofokoli ke ho hloka matla ha bona, ”O hlalositse,“re ke ke ra atleha haeba re sebelisa mekhahlelo ea DSM e le "maemo a khauta."A eketsa,"Ke ka lebaka leo NIMH e tla tsosolosa lipatlisiso tsa eona ho tloha DSMs. ” Ka mantsoe a mang, NIMH e tla emisa lipatlisiso tsa lichelete tse ipapisitseng le li-labels tsa DSM (le ho ba sieo ha tsona).

Ho tla ba monate ho bona se etsahalang ka ts'ebetsong e latelang ea DSM. (Tlhokomeliso: DSM-5 e entse sehlopha sa ho lemalla boitšoaro)

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EXCERPT #2: Likhohola tsa likoena

SLATE EXCERPT: Bo-rasaense le baoki ba fanang ka bopaki ba hore ba phephetsa litaba tsena tse hlalosang kotsi-'me re ipeha har'a sehlopha seo-re hanyetsoa ka sekhahla sechabeng le lipolotiking lipatlisisong tsa bona. E ka ba thata bakeng sa lintlha tsena ho e etsa le sechaba.

Bangoli bana ba qeta moqhaka oo batho ba ts'oanang le litšoantšo tsa bootsoa "ba tobana le khanyetso e tebileng ea sechaba le ea lipolotiki lipatlisisong tsa bona" ​​le hore e ka ba "thata bakeng sa lintlha tsena ho e etsa sechabeng." Ha ho joalo. Ha e le hantle, babuelli ba li-pro-porno ke ba bohlokoa haholo e emetsoeng holimo mochine oa khatiso, 'me ba entse lintho tse ngata, hangata ka mor'a lipapali, ho hatella bopaki bo hanyetsang ba mahlomola a bootsoa libukeng tse peli tse tloaelehileng le tsa thuto. (mehlala)

Ka ho hlakileng, bangoli bana ha ba fane ka bopaki ba mathata ao ba nahanang hore ke a sechaba le a lipolotiki. Lipalo-palo tse 'maloa li tla sebeletsa ho senola boemo ba' nete.

A Patlo ea Google ea "Nicole Prause" + litšoantšo tsa bootsoa e khutlisa liphetho tse 16,600 ka lilemo tse batlang li fokola. Phatlalatso ea matla ea phatlalatso ea Prause e kenyelletsa litlatsetso tsa maikutlo a hae a ho lemalla ho sheba litšoantšo tse litšila tse tsosang takatso / bootsoa libakeng tse ling tse tsebahalang haholo, ho kenyeletsoa Slate, Daily Beast, Atlantic, Rolling Stone, CNN, NPR, Vice, The Sunday Times, le matlo a mangata a manyenyane. Ho hlakile hore Thoriso e fumana seo a se lefang bakeng sa ho tiisa likamano tse ntle tsa sechaba. Bona http://media2x3.com/category/nikky-prause/

Re lokela ho hlokomela hore mosebetsi-'moho le eena oa Prause David Ley o fumana kalafo e tšoanang, e mosa ea boralitaba. A Patlisiso ea Google bakeng sa "David Ley" + litšoantšo tsa bootsoa e khutlisetsa liphello tsa 18,000 - haholo hobane o ngotse buka e nang le eona Khopolo-taba ea ho lemalla ho kopanela liphate (ho se mohla o kileng a ithuta ho lemalla botebo). A Patlo ea Google ea "Marty Klein" + litšoantšo tsa bootsoa e khutlisetsa liphello tsa 41,500 ka lilemo tse ngata.

Hase feela hore matlo a maholo a na le maikutlo a ba ngotseng ba 3, 'me ka tloaelo a amohela litlaleho tsena tsa babuelli ba liphatlalatso ka palo ea mahlo-ntle le ho batla maikutlo a khahlanong le batho ba bangata ba nang le litsebi tse hlahisang lithuto tse ngata tsa kelello ho ba sebelisang litšoantšo tsa bootsoa ba bontšang bopaki ba litlokotsi tsa bootsoa. liphello. Li akarelletsa Marc Potenza, Matthias Brand, Valerie Voon, Christian Laier, Simone Kühn, Jürgen Gallinat, Rudolf Stark, Tim Klucken, Ji-Woo Seok, Jin-Hun Sohn, Mateusz Gola le ba bang.

Mona ke mohlala oa papiso. A Phuputso ea Google ea "Matthias Brand" + litšoantšo tsa bootsoa e khutlisa litholoana tse 2,200 feela. Phapang e teng lipakeng tsa tlhaiso-leseling e hlahelletseng ea Liithuti tsa borutehi le bao e seng barutehi Prause, Ley le Klein lia senola. Brand e ngotsoe ka bongata Liphuputso tsa 340, ke hlooho ea Lefapha la Psychology: Temoho, Univesithing ea Duisburg-Essen, 'me e phatlalalitse lithuto tse ling tse nang le maikutlo a kelello litlamong tsa bootsoa ho feta mofuputsi leha e le ofe lefatšeng. (Sheba lethathamong la lithuto tsa hae tsa ho lemalla lithethefatsi mona: Liphuputso tsa 20 tsa kelello le litlhahlobo tsa 4 tsa lingoliloeng.)

Ho totobetse hore ke bafuputsi ba thuto ea bohlokoa ba khetholloang makasineng. Ka lebaka leo, babali ba eletsoa hore ba nke litlaleho tsena tsa bangoli ba litšoantšo tsa bootsoa ka mathata ao ba tobanang le 'ona ho phatlalatsa maikutlo a bona a bobebe ka mokhoa o tsitsitseng oa ho belaela. Baqolotsi ba litaba ba lokela ho etsa boikarabelo bo eketsehileng, ka tlase ba leeme tšitlamo e loketseng tšimong ena e qhekellang, e qhetsoeng.

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EXCERPT #3: Poso ea poso ke naga mongoli oa basebetsi ke sohle seo u nang le sona?

SLATE EXCERPT: Ba boetse ba bolelloa hore ho na le seoa sa ho se sebetse ha erectile ho hlaha ho banna ba bacha le hore litšoantšo tse manyala tse hlephisang boitšoaro ke sesosa (le hoja bopaki ba sebele bo bontša hore ha ho joalo).

Prause / Klein / Kohut e leka ho sa tsitsise ho hlahisa hantle tlhahiso e hlahisoang ke ho se sebetse ha erectile mocha le sena April, 2018 poso ea blog ke Justin Lehmiller, eo e leng mofani oa kamehla ea lefa Makasine ea Playboy. Ha hoa lokela ho makatsa motho leha e le ofe hore Lehmiller ke motsoalle ea haufi oa Prause, hobane o mo hlahisitse bonyane ho tse leshome tsa li-blog tsa hae. Li-blogs tsena le tse ling tse ngata tsa Lehmiller li ntšetsa pele lipale tse tšoanang tsa bohata: ts'ebeliso ea litšoantšo tsa bootsoa ha e bake mathata le ho lemalla lit soant so tsa bootsoa / lits'oants'o tse amanang le thobalano ha li eo. Pele re bua ka letsoho la Lehmiller mabapi le ho se sebetse hantle ka thobalano, a re ke re hlahlobeng bopaki.

Lipalo tsa histori tsa ED: Ho se sebetse ha Erectile ho ile ha hlahlojoa ka lekhetlo la pele ho 1940 ha Tlaleho ea Kinsey e fihlile hore ho ata ha ED ho ne ho le joalo tlase ho 1% ho banna ba banyenyane ho feta lilemo tsa 30, tlase ho 3% ho ba 30-45. Ha lithuto tsa ED ho banna ba bacha li batla li le nyenyane, sena ke 2002 tlhahlobo ea litlhahlobo tsa 6 e phahameng ea thuto ea ED e tlalehile hore 5 ea 6 e tlalehile lipalo tsa ED banna ba tlas'a 40 ea hoo e ka bang 2%. The 6th thuto e tlalehile lipalo tsa 7-9%, empa potso e sebelisitsoeng e ne e ke ke ea bapisoa le lithuto tse ling tsa 5, 'me ha ea ka ea hlahlojoa e sa foleng ho se sebetse ha erectile: "U na le bothata ba ho boloka kapa ho finyella erection nako efe kapa efe selemong se fetileng? "(Leha ho le joalo, thuto ena e mpe ke eo Lehmiller a sa e sebeliseng ho bapisa.)

Qetellong ea 2006 mahala, ho phallela libaka tsa litšoantšo tsa bootsoa li ile tsa hlahella 'me tsa fumana botumo hang-hang. Sena fetola mofuta oa litšoantšo tsa bootsoa haholo. Ka lekhetlo la pele historing, bashebelli ba ka khona ho eketseha habonolo nakong ea thuto ea ho ipholla litho tsa botona kapa botšehali ntle le ho emela.

Lithuto tse robong ho tloha 2010: Liphuputso tse leshome tse phatlalalitsoeng ho tloha ha 2010 e senola tsoho e khōlō ea dibollo tse erectile. Sena ke e ngotsoeng sehloohong sena se larileng le ho pampiri ena e hlahlobisitsoeng ke lithaka e amanang le lingaka tsa Navy tsa US Navy - Na Litšoantšo Tsa Bootsoa Tsa Inthanete li baka Mathata a Kopanela Liphate? Tlhahlobo le Litlaleho tsa Bongaka (2016). Liphuputsong tsa 10, litekanyetso tsa ho se sebetse ha erectile bakeng sa banna ba tlas'a 40 li fapane le 14% ho ea 37%, athe litefiso tsa libido tse fokolang li arohile ho 16% ho ea 37%. Ntle le ho ba teng ha litšoantšo tsa bootsoa (2006) ha ho letho le amanang le lilemong tsa bocha ba ED li fetohile ka mokhoa o tsotehang lilemong tsa ho qetela tsa 10-20 (ho tsuba ho fokotseha, tšebeliso ea lithethefatsi e tsitsitse, botenya ba banna 20-40 feela 4% ho tloha 1999 - bona thuto ena).

Ho hlahella haufinyane litabeng tsa thobalano ho lumellana le ho hatisoa hoo e batlang e le lithuto tsa 40 tse hokahanyang tšebeliso ea thobalano le "bokhoba ba bootsoa" le mathata a thobalano le takatso e tlase ea thobalano.. Ho bohlokoa ho hlokomela seo lithuto tsa pele tsa 7 lenaneong li bontša ho baka, kaha barupeluoa ba ile ba tlosa tšebeliso ea litšoantšo tsa bootsoa le ho folisa likotsi tse sa foleng tsa thobalano (bakeng sa mabaka a sa tloaelehang a Letlapa sehlooho se hlōlehile ho bua ka leha e le efe ea lithuto tsa 30). Ntle le lithuto tse thathamisitsoeng, leqephe lena le na le lihlooho le livideo ka litsebi tsa 140 (urology baprofesa, urologists, mafu a kelello, litsebi tsa kelello, litsebi tsa thobalano, MDs) ba amohelang le ba atlehile ho tšoara litšoantšo tse ts'oanang le litšoantšo tsa boitšoaro bo bobe ba ho kopanela liphate ED le boitšoaro bo bobe ba ho kopanela liphate.

Lehmiller's sleepight hand: Lehmiller o ile a khetha ka hloko lithuto tse peli tse sa tsamaiseng hantle, ka boitsebiso bo arohaneng le lilemo tsa 18, ka boiteko ba ho kholisa 'mali hore litekanyetso tsa ED li' nile tsa e-ba ho pota 8% bakeng sa banna ba tlas'a 40:

1) The "Lintho tsa tsela e ne e le thuto" ho tloha 1992 ke eena ea ileng a botsa: "U na le bothata ba ho boloka kapa ho finyella erection anako ea ny selemong se fetileng? "Chelete ea e, potso ena e ne e le pakeng tsa 7-9%.

2) The "Thuto ea morao-rao" le lintlha tsa 2010-12 e ileng ea botsa hore na banna ba ne ba e-na le bothata ba ho fumana kapa ho boloka litokisetso bakeng sa nako ea likhoeli tse tharo kapa ho feta nakong ea selemo se fetileng. ” Phuputso ena e tlalehile lintlha tse latelang tsa mathata a ts'ebetso ea thobalano ho banna ba lilemo li 16-21:

  • Ha ba thahaselle ho kopanela liphate: 10.5%
  • Bothata bo fihlang qetellong: 8.3%
  • Bothata ba ho fihlella kapa ho boloka erection: 7.8%

Lehmiller "o ile a akaretsa" liphuputso tsena ho batho ba nang le bokooa ba pono ha a ntse a leka ho ba khelosa:

“Leha litaba tsena li ne li bokelletsoe linaheng tse fapaneng tsa Bophirima mme mantsoe a lipotso a fapane, hoa hlolla hore na lipalo li ts'oana joang ha li ntse li nka hore data e ile ea bokelloa lilemo tse 20 ka thoko. Sena se fana ka maikutlo a hore mohlomong sekhahla sa ED ha se phahame har'a bahlankana. ”

Ke masoabi Justin, empa lipotso ha lia "ngoloa ka tsela e fapaneng"; ke lipotso tse fapaneng ka ho felletseng. Phuputso ea 1992 e botsitse hore na ka nako ea selemo se fetileng ka nako leha e le efe o ne u thatafalloa ho e fumana. Sena se kenyelletsa ha o ne o tahiloe, o kula, o ts'oaroa makhetlo a mararo ka tatellano, o tšoenyehile ka ts'ebetso ea ts'ebetso, eng kapa eng. Ke maketse ke 7-9% feela. Ka lehlakoreng le leng, thuto ea 2010 e ile ea botsa hore na o na le bothata bo tsitsitseng ea ho se sebetse ha erectile ka nako ea likhoeli tse tharo kapa ho feta: sena se ne se le sa lilemo tsa 16-21, eseng banna 39 le tlase!

Joalokaha setho se seng sa seboka sa ho hlaphoheloa se hlokometse, "Lehlahlobo la mahlale" la Justin Lehmiller ke Buzzfeed level clickbait, eseng boqolotsi ba litaba ba mahlale.

Empa u ka 'na ua botsa: Ke hobane'ng ha lipalo tsa ED tse mabapi le 8% liphuputsong tsa 2010-2012, leha ho le joalo 14-37% liphuputsong tse ling tsa 9 tse phatlalalitsoeng ho tloha 2010?

  1. Ntlha ea pele, 8% ha e eo tlaase, kaha seo se ne se tla fetolela ka keketseho ea 600% -800% bakeng sa banna ba tlas'a 40.
  2. Ea bobeli, e ne e se banna ba tlas'a 40 - e ne e le 16 ho ba lilemo li 21, ka hona ea mong ba bona ba lokela ho ba le bothata ba ED. Ho 1940s, e Tlaleho ea Kinsey e fihlile hore ho ata ha ED ho ne ho le joalo tlase ho 1% ho banna ba banyenyane ho feta lilemo tse 30.
  3. Taba ea boraro, ho fapana le lithuto tse ling tse 9 tse sebelisitseng lipatlisiso tse sa tsejoeng, thuto ena e sebelisitse lipuisano tsa sefahleho le sefahleho lapeng. (Ho ka etsahala hore bacha ba ka ba tlase ho feta ka botlalo tlasa maemo a joalo.)
  4. Phuputso e ile ea bokella boitsebiso ba eona pakeng tsa August, 2010 le September, 2012. Liphuputso tse tlalehoang ka tsoho e kholo ea pele ho X -UMX ED li hlahile ka 25. Liphuputso tsa morao-rao ka 2011 le tlasa bongata li tlaleha litekanyetso tse phahameng (bona sena Thuto ea 2014 ho bacha ba Canada).
  5. Lithuto tse ling tse ngata li sebelisitse IIEF-5 kapa IIEF-6, e bonts'ang mathata a thobalano ka tekanyo, ho fapana le e bonolo e or Che (likhoeling tse 3 tse fetileng) o hiriloe pampiring e khethiloeng ea Lehmiller.

Lithuto tse peli tse sebelisang lipotso tse tšoanang: 2001 vs. 2011: Pele u tloha sehloohong sena, ho ka ba molemo ho sheba tse ling tsa lipatlisiso tse ke keng tsa lekanngoa tse bontšang ho eketseha ho hoholo ha likhaolo tsa ED ka lilemo tse leshome ho sebelisa lisebelisoa tse kholo haholo (keketseho efe e ka ts'eptjoang). Banna bohle ba ile ba hlahlojoa ba sebelisa potso e tšoanang (yebo / ha) ka ED, e le karolo ea Thuto ea Lefatše ea Boits'oaro le Boits'oaro (GSSAB), e laoloang ho Banna ba 13,618 ba kopanelang liphate linaheng tsa 29. Seo se etsahetse 2001-2002.

Lilemo tse leshome hamorao, ka 2011, potso e tšoanang ea "mathata a thobalano" (ee / che) e tsoang ho GSSAB e ile ea fuoa Banna ba 2,737 ba kopanelang liphate Croatia, Norway le Portugal. Sehlopha sa pele, ho 2001-2002, se ne se le teng ea lilemo li 40-80. Sehlopha sa bobeli, ho 2011, se ne se le 40 le tlase.

Ho itšetlehile ka liphuputso tsa lithuto tsa pele pele motho o ne a tla bolela esale pele hore banna ba baholo ba tla ba le litekanyetso tse phahameng tsa ED ho feta banna ba banyenyane, bao lipalo tsa bona li neng li tla be li sa hlokomeloe. Ha ho joalo. Ka lilemo tse leshome feela, lintho li ne li fetohile haholo. The 2001-2002 Palo ea banna ba 40-80 e ne e le ka 13% Europe. Ka 2011, lipalo tsa ED linaheng tsa Europe, lilemong tsa 18-40, li fapane le 14-28%!

Ke eng e fetotsoeng tikolohong ea thobalano ea banna nakong ee? Haele hantle, liphetoho tse kholo e ne e le ho kenella ka inthanete le phihlello ea livideo tsa bootsoa (tse lateloang ke phihlello ea ho shebella litšoantšo tsa bootsoa ka 2006, le li-smartphones tseo u ka li shebang). Phuputsong ea 2011 ho MaCroatia, MaNorway le Mapotoketsi, Mapotoketsi a bile le litefiso tse tlase tsa ED mme MaNorway a ile a ba le a phahameng ka ho fetisisa. Ka 2013, marang-rang a phunyeletso ea inthanete Portugal e ne e le 67% feela, ha e bapisoa le 95% Norway.

Qetellong, ho bohlokoa ho hlokomela mongoli eo Nicole Prause na likamano tse haufi le indasteri ea bootsoa 'me e tšoenyehile haholo ka PIED e tenang, ha e se e tsitsitse a Ntoa ea lilemo tsa 3 khahlanong le pampiri ena ea thuto, ha ka nako e ts'oanang ba hlekefetsa le ho nyatsa bahlankana ba hlaphohetsoeng lits'oants'o tsa thobalano. Bona litokomane: Gabe Deem #1, Gabe Deem #2, Alexander Rhodes #1, Alexander Rhodes #2, Alexander Rhodes #3, Kereke ea Noe, Alexander Rhodes #4, Alexander Rhodes #5, Alexander Rhodes #6Alexander Rhodes #7, Alexander Rhodes #8, Alexander Rhodes #9, Alexander Rhodes # 10, Alex Rhodes # 11, Gabe Deem le Alex Rhodes hammoho # 12, Alexander Rhodes # 13, Alexander Rhodes #14, Gabe Deem # 4, Alexander Rhodes #15.

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EXCERPT #4: Ho thoe'ng haeba meme e tšehetsoa ka botlalo ke lingoliloeng tse hlahlojoang ke lithaka?

SLATE EXCERPT: Batho ba bolelloa hore litšoantšo tsa bootsoa li kotsi ho manyalo le hore ho li sheba li tla senya takatso ea hau ea thobalano.

Haeba batho ba bolelloa sena, mohlomong hobane thuto e 'ngoe le e' ngoe e amang banna e tlalehile hore tšebeliso e meng ea litšoantšo e kopantsoe le ea futsanehile ho khotsofala ka thobalano kapa kamano. Kaofela, Liphuputso tse fetang 75 tse amanang le litšoantšo tsa bootsoa li sebelisa khotsofalo e nyane ea thobalano le kamano. Ho tloha qetellong ea tlhahlobo ea litlhahlobo tsa lithuto tse ling tse fapaneng Litšoantšo tse litšila tse tsosang takatso le khotsofalo: Tlhahlobo ea Meta-Analysis (2017):

Leha ho le joalo, ho sebelisa litšoantšo tse manyala tse hlephisang boitšoaro ho ne ho amahanngoa le liphello tse tlase tsa khotsofalo ea batho ka ho khetheha lipatlisisong, lipatlisiso tsa nako e telele, le liteko. Mekhatlo pakeng tsa ho sebelisa litšoantšo tse manyala tse hlephisang boitšoaro le ho fokotsa liphello tsa khotsofalo ea batho ba bang ha lia ka tsa hlophisoa ke selemo sa bona sa ho lokolloa kapa boemo ba bona ba ho phatlalatsa

Mabapi le ho senya takatso ea thobalano, Lipatlisiso tsa 37 li amahanya ho sebelisa litšoantšo tsa bootsoa kapa ho lemalla boitšoaro bo bobe ba ho kopanela liphate le ho tsosoa takatso ea ho kopanela liphate. Joaloka mehlala re fana ka 5 ea lithuto tsa 37 ka tlase:

1) Mohlala oa Taolo ea Bobeli - Karolo ea ho Thibela ho Kopanela Liphate le Ho Nyahama Thobalanong ea Thobalano le Boitšoaro (2007) - Ena e bile thuto ea pele ka mathata a amanang le thobalano a bakiloeng ke litšoantšo tsa bootsoa (ke Kinsey Institute). Tekong ea ho sebelisa litšoantšo tsa bootsoa tse tloaelehileng tse "neng li sebelitse" nakong e fetileng, 50% ea bahlankana joale ba ne ba sitoa ho tsosoa kapa ho fihlela likhetho. le Litšoantšo tsa bootsoa (lilemong tsa bobeli li ne li le 29). Bafuputsi ba tsositseng ba fumana hore ho se sebetse ha banna ho erectile ho ne ho le joalo,

tse amanang le maemo a phahameng a ho hlahella le ho ba le phihlelo ka lintho tse hlalosang thobalano.

Banna ba nang le ho se sebetse ha eretile ba ne ba qetile nako e ngata ba le libakeng tsa ho hlapela moo libaka tsa bobebe li neng li "hohle hohle"Le"ho bapala kamehla.”Bafuputsi ba itse:

Lipuisano le lihlooho li ile tsa matlafatsa khopolo ea rona hore ho ba bang ba bona ba bangata ba bona hore ho ba le tšusumetso e matla ea maikutlo ho bonahala eka ho entse hore ho be le boikarabelo bo tlase ba "vanilla" le ho ba le tlhoko e eketsehileng ea ho fetoha le ho fetoha, maemong a mang ho kopane le tlhokahalo e tobileng haholo mefuta ea ts'oaetso e le hore e tsohe.

2) Matla a Bokooa le Mokhoa o Sebetsang Ho Sebelisana le Litšoantšo Tsa Bootsoa Tšebeliso: Brain ka Porn (2014) - A Max Planck brain scan Study e fumaneng boko ba 3 bo amanang le bokhoba ba tahi bo fetoha bo tsamaellanang le bongata ba litšoantšo tsa bootsoa. E boetse e fumane hore litšoantšo tse manyala tse hlephisang boitšoaro li ja moputso o fokolang oa mosebetsi oa potoloho ka lebaka la ho pepeseha ha nakoana (.530 motsotsoana) ho litšoantšo tsa bootsoa tsa vanilla. Sengoli se etelletseng pele Simone Kühn o ile a bua ka puo ea phatlalatso ea Max Planck:

“Re nahana hore lithuto tse nang le tšebeliso e ngata ea boitšoaro bo litšila ba ho ts'oana le ho batla ho fumana meputso e tšoanang. Seo se ka bolela hore tšebeliso e litšila ea litšoantšo tsa bootsoa khafetsa ho tla u sulafaletsa moputso. Seo se ka lekana hantle le khopolo ea hore lits'ebetso tsa meputso ea bona e hloka ho hlohlelletsoa tse ntseng li eketseha. ”

3) Bacha le bootsoa ba websaeteng: nako e ncha ea ho kopanela liphate (2015) - Phuputso ena ea Mataliana e ile ea sekaseka litlamorao tsa litšoantšo tsa bootsoa inthaneteng ho batho ba baholo sekolong se phahameng, tse ngolisitsoeng ke moprofesa oa urology Carlo Pele, mopresidente oa Mokhatlo oa Italy oa Pathophysiology ea Bokhachane. Ntho e thahasellisang ka ho fetisisa ke hore 16% ea ba jang litšoantšo tse tsosang takatso hangata ka beke ba tlaleha takatso e sa tloaelehang ea ho kopanela liphate, ha bapisoa le 0% ho bao e seng bareki - ke sona seo u ka se lebellang ho banna ba lilemo li 18.

4) Matšoao a mamello ka mofuta oa ho kopanela liphate Ho emela: Tlhahlobo ea Tlhahlobo e Ntle ea Liketsahalo tsa banna ba 115 (2015) - Phuputso ho banna (karolelano ea lilemo tse 41.5) ba nang le mathata a bosodoma, joalo ka paraphilias, ho ipholla litho tsa botona kapa botšehali ho sa foleng kapa bofebe. Banna ba 27 ba ne ba khetholloa e le "ho ipholla litho tsa botona kapa botšehali" ho bolelang hore ba ipholla litho tsa botona kapa botšehali hora e le 'ngoe kapa ho feta ka letsatsi, kapa ho feta lihora tse 7 ka beke. Liphuputso: 71% ea banna ba neng ba lula ba ipholla litho tsa botona le botšehali ba tlaleha mathata a ts'ebetso ea thobalano, ha 33% e tlaleha ho lieha ho tsoa peo (hangata e le selelekela sa ED).

5) "Ke nahana hore e bile tšusumetso e mpe ka litsela tse ngata empa ka nako e le nngwe nke ke ka khaotsa ho e sebelisa": Litšoantšo tse manyala tse hlephisang boitšoaro tse ikhethileng li sebelisa mehlala ea bacha ba Australia (2017) - Patlisiso ea inthaneteng ea Maustralia, ea lilemo li 15-29. Ba kileng ba shebella litšoantšo tsa bootsoa (n = 856) ba ile ba botsoa potso e bulehileng: 'Litšoantšo tsa bootsoa li amme bophelo ba hau joang?'

"Har'a barupeluoa ba arabileng potso e bulehileng (n = 718), ts'ebeliso e nang le mathata e ile ea itsebahatsa ke ba arabelitsoeng ba 88. Barupeluoa bao e leng banna ba tlalehileng tšebeliso e mpe ea litšoantšo tse manyala tse hlephisang boitšoaro ba totobalitse litlamorao libakeng tse tharo: ts'ebetsong ea thobalano, ho tsosa takatso le likamano.

Sehlooho sa karolo ena, se phetoang hohle sehloohong sena, ke Prause / Klein / Kohut e etsang liphatlalatso tse sebete le tse sa tšehetsoeng ho sa tsotellehe bopaki bo matla ba bopaki bo fapaneng.

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EXCERPT #5: Thuto e 'ngoe ea kamoo u ka sebelisang data le ho pata lipatlisiso

SLATE EXCERPT: Hoa makatsa hore ebe setsi sa pele sa boemeli ba sechaba sa ho hlahloba lipapali tsa thobalano e ne e le feela e hatisitsoe feela ho 2017 Australia. Phuputso ena e fumane hore karolo ea 84 ea banna le karolo ea 54 ea basali e kileng ea sheba litaba tsa thobalano. Ka kakaretso, karolo ea 3.69 ea banna (144 ea 3,923) le karolo ea 0.65 ea basali (28 ea 4,218) thupelong e ne e lumela hore e "lemaletse" litšoantšo tsa bootsoa, ​​'me halofo ea sehlopha sena e tlaleha hore ho sebelisa litšoantšo tsa bootsoa ho bile le phello e mpe ho bona bophelo.

Le mofuputsi oa litšoantšo tsa bootsoa Alan McKee joalo ka sengoli sa thuto e boletsoeng mona ha ho makatse hore ebe sehlooho se ka sehloohong se patiloe litafoleng tsa thuto, ha polelo e bohlale e sieang 'mali e na le maikutlo a hore ke karolo e nyane feela ea basebelisi ba litšoantšo tsa bootsoa ba lumelang litšoantšo tsa bootsoa e ba le litlamorao tse mpe. McKee o na le nalane e telele ea ho sireletsa litšoantšo tsa bootsoa. O ngotse "Tlaleho ea Porn" eo tlhahlobo ea ABC e bolelang "ka boikemisetso ba ho fana ka kōpo ea ho kōpa tšoarelo bakeng sa indasteri ea thobalano".

Ha e le hantle, ABC e senotse hore: "Morero oo buka e thehiloeng ho ona o tšehelitsoe ke Lekhotla la Patlisiso la Australia ho tloha 2002 ho fihlela 2004, mme oa etsoa ho buisana le, le ka tšehetso ho tsoa, ​​tlhōrō ea mokhatlo oa Australia oa indasteri ea thobalano, Mokhatlo oa Eros, hammoho le likhoebo tsa bootsoa tse kang Gallery Entertainment le Axis Entertainment. "(Ho hatisoa)

Joale ke eng e fumanoang e patetsoeng thutong ea Australia? 17% ea banna le basali 16-30 ea lilemo li boletse hore ho sebelisa litšoantšo tsa bootsoa ho bile le phello e mpe ho bona. Ho bohlokoa ho hlokomela hore data e na le lilemo tse 6 (2012), 'me lipotso li ipapisitse le boits'oaro ba hau. Hopola hore hangata makhoba a ipona e le makhoba. Ebile, basebelisi ba bangata ba litšoantšo tsa bootsoa ha ho bonolo hore ba hokahanye matšoao le ts'ebeliso ea litšoantšo tsa bootsoa ntle le haeba ba ka tlohela nako e telele. Mona ke skrini sa Lethathamo la 5 (liphetho):

Lihlooho tsa lihlooho tsena li ne li tla fapana hakae haeba bangoli ba ne ba hatelitse ho fumana seo ba se fumaneng bacha ba ka bang 1 ho ba bahlano ba lumela hore ts'ebeliso ea litšoantšo tsa bootsoa e na le "phello e mpe ho bona"? Hobaneng ba lekile ho nyenyefatsa sephetho sena ka ho se se natse le ho tsepamisa maikutlo liphethong tse arohaneng - ho fapana le sehlopha sa millennium se kotsing e kholo ea mathata a inthanete?

Mona mabaka a seng makae a eketsehileng a ho nka lihlooho ka lijo-thollo tsa letsoai:

  1. Ena e ne e le lihlopha tsa batho ba lilemong tsa lilemo tse fapaneng tsa 16-69, banna le basali. Ho totobetse hore banna ba bacha ke basebelisi ba mantlha ba litšoantšo tsa bootsoa ba inthaneteng. Kahoo, 25% ea banna le 60% ea basali ha baa ka ba sheba litšoantšo tse hlephisang boitšoaro bonyane hanngoe likhoeling tsa ho qetela tsa 12. Kahoo lipalo-palo li kopane le ho fokotsa bothata ka ho koahela basebelisi ba kotsing.
  2. Potso e le 'ngoe, e botsitseng barupeluoa hore na ba kile ba sebelisa litšoantšo tsa bootsoa likhoeling tse 12 tse fetileng, ha e na moelelo o nepahetseng oa tšebeliso ea litšoantšo tsa bootsoa. Ka mohlala, motho ea oetseng setsing sa bootsoa o itlhahisa le motho ea iphollang litho tsa botona kapa tsa botšehali ka makhetlo a 3 ka letsatsi.
  3. Leha ho le joalo, ha lipatlisiso li botsa ba "neng ba kile ba sheba litšoantšo tsa bootsoa" tseo ba neng ba li shebeletse lilemong tsa selemo se fetileng, palo e phahameng ka ho fetisisa e ne e le ebony sehlopha. 93.4% ea bona e bonoe selemong se fetileng, le ba lilemo li 20-29 ba ka morao ho bona 88.6.
  4. Lintlha li ile tsa bokelloa pakeng tsa Mphalane 2012 le Pulungoana 2013. Lintho li fetohile haholo lilemong tsa ho qetela tsa 4 ka lebaka la ho kenella ha smartphone - haholoholo ho basebelisi ba banyane.
  5. Lipotso li ile tsa botsoa lik'homphieutha tse thusitsoeng mohala lipuisano. Ke tlhaho ea motho hore a hlahe haholoanyane lipuisanong tse sa tsejoeng ka ho felletseng, haholo ha lipuisano li bua ka litaba tse thata joalo ka ts'ebeliso ea litšoantšo tsa bootsoa le mathata a amanang le litšoantšo tsa bootsoa.
  6. Lipotso tsena li thehiloe feela ka boithati. Hopola hore hangata batho ba lemalloang ba iponahatsa ba lemalletse. Ha e le hantle, basebelisi ba bangata ba inthaneteng ba ts'oaetso ea litšoantšo tsa bootsoa ha ba khone ho kopanya matšoao a bona ho sebelisa litšoantšo tsa bootsoa ntle leha ba qala ho tlohela nako e telele
  7. Phuputso ha ea ka ea sebelisa lipotso tsa lipotso tse hlophisitsoeng (tse sa tsejoeng ka lebitso), tse neng li tla be li hlahlobile ho lemalla lit soant so tsa bootsoa le litlamorao tsa bootsoa ho basebelisi.

Boitsebiso bo tsoa liphuputsong tsa morao-rao moo bohle barupeluoa ba ikemiselitse ho sheba litšoantšo tsa bootsoa ba inthanete hang ka lekhetlo la ho qetela, ba re, likhoeli tsa 3-6, kapa esita le selemo se fetileng?

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EXCERPT #6: Thuto e senola hore ho itšilafatsa ho atile Canada

SLATE EXCERPT: Ho thahasellisang ke hore esita le har'a batho ba seng bakae ba basebelisi ba lumelang hore ba "lemaletse" litšoantšo tse manyala tse hlephisang boitšoaro, ho phomola ho ka 'na ha e-ba bonolo: Phuputso e ho latela batho ka mor'a nako ho fumanoe hore karolo ea 100 ea basali le karolo ea 95 ea banna ba amehileng ka boitšoaro ba bona ba ho kopanela liphate khafetsa (hape, ha ba hlahlojoe litleleniki tsa bophelo bo botle) ​​ha ba sa ka ba ikutloa eka ba lemalletse ho kopanela liphate pele ho lilemo tse hlano ho sa tsotellehe ho kenngoa ha molao.

Qala ho otla: Ho fapana le kakaretso, thuto ea Canada ba ne ba sa botsa barupeluoa hore na "ba lumela hore ba lemaletse" Sebakeng seo, hang ka selemo (2006 ho isa 2011) barupeluoa ba ile ba botsoa "hore na ho nka karolo ho fetelletseng boitšoarong ho ba baketse mathata a maholo likhoeling tse 12 tse fetileng". Boitšoaro bo tšeletseng e ne e le: ho ikoetlisa, ho ea mabenkeleng, ho qoqa ka inthanete, ho bapala livideo, ho ja kapa boitšoaro ba thobalano. Slate excerpt e bua ka liperesente tsa bankakarolo ba neng ba nahana hore ba na le bothata bo boholo lilemong tsohle tse 5.

Ho potoloha habeli: Ho fapana le tlhaloso ea liketso tsohle tsa botona le botšehali tse bobebe li ne li lumelloa ho ba sehlopha se le seng - joaloka ICD-11 e entseng ka CSBD. Ho ne ho se "phoso ea ho lemalla lit soant so tsa bootsoa" kaha ha ho motho ea ileng a botsoa hore na ba lemaletse litšoantšo tsa bootsoa.

Tlhahlobo ea boraro: Ho fapana le li-spin, boitšoaro bo bobe ba ho kopanela liphate e ne e le bothata bo tsitsitseng ka ho fetisisa, bo tsotehang joalokaha ho hlokomeloe hantle hore libido tse ngata li atisa ho oela lilemong. Tlhaloso ea thuto:

Dintlha tsa rona li bonts'a hore maemong a mangata maiketsetso a tlalehoang a ne a le teng nakoana (Letlapa 3). Palo ea batho ba arabelang ho tlaleha boitšoaro ba bothata, boholo ba barupeluoa ba tlalehile boitšoaro bo feteletseng ka nako e le 'ngoe nakong ea thuto ea selemo sa 5. Esita le boits'oaro bo tsitsitseng haholo (boitšoaro bo feteletseng ba ho kopanela liphate) bo tlalehiloe ka makhetlo a mahlano feela ka 5.4% ea banna bao ba tlalehileng ba na le bothata ba boitšoaro bona.

Thuto e boetse e senola hore batho ba bangata haholo ba na le bothata ho feta ho lemoha hore ba na le bothata: Mohlala o hlakileng oa ho ithetsa ke barupeluoa ba 38 feela ho barupeluoa ba 4,121 ba neng ba nahana hore ba na le bothata ba ho ja (ho araba 'e' lilemong tse 4 ho tse 5). Ka mantsoe a mang, tlase ho 1% ba batho ba Canada ba lumela hore mekhoa ea bona ea ho ja e ba bakela mathata kapa ha ba ferekane. See se ka ba joang ha 30% ea batho ba baholo ba Canada ba bobebe, athe e 'ngoe 43% e boima haholo? A re se ke ra lebala 27% e setseng ea batho ba Canada ba se nang boima ba 'mele, leha ho le joalo ba ka' na ba sebetsana le bothata ba ho ja, joaloka anorexia nervosa kapa bulimia.

Batho ba fetang 99% ba Canada ba ka lumela hore mekhoa ea bona ea ho ja ha e na taba le eng, ha bongata ba bona bo bonahala bo e-na le bothata? Hona se fumanoang se re bolella eng ka mofuta ona oa thuto? Mohlomong ha se hore hangata batho ba na le boitšoaro bo bothata, kapa boitšoaro bo kotsi bo fela. Mohlomong, e pepesa seo ho tloaelehileng ho se lumela: rōna batho re hlile re motle ha re bua leshano.

Phuputso ea 2018 ho gamers ea marang-rang e senola maemo a phahameng a ho itšehla thajana. 44% ea bapalami ba nang le tekanyo ea ho lemala ba nahana hore ha ba na mathata:  Ho hloka kutloano pakeng tsa ho itlaleha le ho hlahlojoa ke lefu la ho bapala lipapaling tsa Inthanete ho bacha.

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EXCERPT #7: “Ha ho boithuto bo le bong bo hlahlojoang ke lithaka bo tšehetsang tseko ea rona, ka hona ke tla qotsa sengoloa se sa hlahlojoang ke lithaka… ka Sedache”

SLATE EXCERPT: Empa ka sebele lifilimi tsa thobalano li mpe bakeng sa likamano? Ka mohlala oa sechaba oa Dutch o neng o emeloa ke naha, ho shebella filimi ea thobalano ho ne ho le joalo e sa amanang le mathata a thobalano likamano.

Libakeng tse 'maloa Prause / Klein / Kohut ba sebelisa maqheka a fapaneng ho kholisa' mali hore ts'ebeliso ea litšoantšo tsa bootsoa ha e na likamano tsa kamano e haufi. E tlameha ebe ba sebelisa leano le lekiloeng la 'nete la "ho hlasela bahanyetsi ba hau matla," empa e ke ke ea sebetsa. Re tla pheta khafetsa boemo ba hajoale lingoliloeng tse hlahlojoang ke lithaka le ho pepesa boikaketsi ba bona. Karolong ena e fana ka maikutlo a hore litšoantšo tsa bootsoa ha "li mpe likamanong" ba bua sengoloa se le seng feela, ka Sedache, se sa hlahlojoeng ke lithaka.

Haeba ba ne ba e-na le litlhahlobo tse hlahlojoang ke lithaka ho tšehetsa polelo ea hore tšebeliso ea litšoantšo tsa bootsoa ha e na liphello tsa likamano, ka sebele ba ka be ba boletse. Joalokaha ho boletsoe pejana, holim ' Lithuto tsa 75 li hokahanya tšebeliso ea porno le khotsofalo e tlase ea thobalano le kamano. Ho ea kamoo re tsebang kateng lithuto tsohle tse amang banna (eo e leng boholo ba lithuto) ba tlalehile tšebeliso e meng ea litšoantšo tse amanang le litšoantšo ea futsanehile ho khotsofala ka thobalano kapa kamano. Le hoja lithuto tse fokolang tse hatisitsoeng li kopanya tšebeliso e mpe ea litšoantšo tsa basali ho basali ho khotsofatsa ho kopanela liphate (kapa ho molemo) ho kopanela liphate, boholo ba bona ha ba e-s'o fumane. Sheba lenane lena la Lipuo tsa 35 tse amang lihlooho tsa basali tse tlaleha liphello tse mpe ka ho tsosoa, ho khotsofatsa thobalano le likamano.

Ha u lekola lipatlisiso, ho bohlokoa ho tseba hore basali ba kopaneng ke bo-mang kamehla sebelisa khomphuta ea inthanete ('me ka hona e ka tlaleha liphello tsa eona) e etsa karolo ea bonyane ea basebelisi bohle ba litšoantšo. Litaba tse kholo, tse emelang sechaba li haella, empa General Social Survey e tlaleha hore ke 2.6% feela ea basali bohle ba Amerika ba neng ba etetse "sebaka sa marang-rang sa bootsoa" khoeling e fetileng. Potso e botsoa feela ho 2002 le 2004 (bona Litšoantšo Tsa Bootsoa le Lenyalo, 2014). Ha e le hantle, litšoantšo tsa bootsoa tse etsoang ke basali ba bacha li ka 'na tsa eketseha ho tloha 2004. Leha ho le joalo, liphuputso tsa lipatlisiso tsa hore ho sebelisa litšoantšo tse litšila tse tsosang takatso ho tsamaisana haholo le ho khotsofatsoa haholoanyane ke basali ho bua ka karolo ea basali e fokolang (mohlomong 1-2% ea basali). Ka mohlala, ka tlaase ke graph ho tsoa ho e 'ngoe ea lithuto tse seng kae ho tlaleha hore ho sebelisa litšoantšo tse litšila tse tsosang takatso ho amana le khotsofalo e kholo ho basali.

Ke habohlokoa ho hlokomela hore “Tletse” e bua ka banna le basali ba kopaneng. Kaha mela ea "Full" le "Men" e batla e ts'oana, sena se re joetsa hore hoo e ka bang basebelisi bohle ba litšoantšo tsa bootsoa qetellong ho ne ho le banna. Ka mantsoe a mang basali ba sebelisang makhetlo a 2-3 ka khoeli kapa ho feta mohlomong ba na le 1-2% ea basali bohle. Sena se tla tsamaellana le boithuto bo emelang naha ka bophara ba 2004 bo boletsoeng kaholimo moo ke basali ba 2.4% feela ba neng ba etetse sebaka sa bootsoa khoeling e fetileng.

Klein

Sena se hlahisa lipotso tse 'maloa tse sa arabelloang: Ke likarolo life tseo 1% -2% ea basebelisi ba litšoantšo tsa bootsoa li nang le tsona li lebisang tlhokomelo e kholo, leha ho le joalo e khotsofetse haholoanyane? Na li na le BDSM kapa li-kinks tse ling? Na li na le likamano tse ntle? Na basali bana ba na le li-libidos tse phahameng haholo kapa ba lemaletse litšoantšo tsa bootsoa? Ho sa tsotellehe hore na ke hobane'ng ha maemo a phahameng a ho sebelisa litšoantšo tse hlephisang boitšoaro a sebelisoa karolong e nyenyane ea basali, na see se re bolella ntho leha e le efe ka liphello tsa litšoantšo tse tsosang takatso ho ba bang ba 98-99% ea basali ba baholo?

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EXCERPT #8: Liphuputso tsa 3 tse boletsoeng ha li tšehetse lipolelo tse entsoeng

SLATE EXCERPT: Liqeto tse joalo li ka boela tsa etsoa ka lipatlisiso tsa laboratori tse hlokolosi, tse fumanoeng hore batho ba tšoenyehileng ka makhetlo a ho shebella filimi ea thobalano u se ke ua loana le taolo ea litakatso tsa bona tsa thobalano kapa ka mosebetsi oa bona oa erectile.

Tlhaloso e ka holimo e amana le lithuto tse tharo tse sa tšehetsang lipolelo (2 ea lithuto tsa 3 ke Prause). Lipampiri tse tšoanang tsa 3 le lipolelo tse tšoanang tsa 2 li khutliselitsoe lengolong la 2016 ea Prause (e neng e ngotsoe mona: Qeto ea: Lengolo ho mohlophisi "Prause et al. (2015) mekhoa ea ho qetela ea ho lemala ").

Lithuto tse peli tsa pele: Mariha, Christoff, & Gorzalka, 2009 'me Moholy, Prause, Proudfit, Rahman, & Fong, 2015

Re tla qala ka lithuto tsa pele tse peli tse qotsitsoeng ho tšehetsa taba ea hore, "batho ba tšoenyehileng ka makhetlo a ho shebella filimi ea thobalano ha e le hantle u se ke ua loana le taolo ea litakatso tsa bona tsa ho kopanela liphate. ”

Boithuto ba 2 ha boa ka ba lekola hore na basebelisi ba litšoantšo tse litšila tse tsosang takatso ba na le bothata ba ho laola tšebeliso ea bona ea litšoantšo tsa bootsoa - joalo ka ha poleloana ea bohata e bolela. Sebakeng seo, lithuto tsena tse peli li ne li e-na le lihlooho tse shebellang litšoantšo tse manyala tse hlephisang boitšoaro, li ba laea ho leka ho fokotsa tsoho ea bona ea thobalano. Lithuto li bapisitse lintlha tsa lithuto ho a ho lemalla thobalano etsa liteko ka bokhoni ba lihlooho tsa ho laola ho tsosa takatso ea bona ea thobalano ha ba ntse ba shebelletse sekoto se sekhutšoane sa litšoantšo tsa bootsoa tsa vanilla. Liphetho tsa lithuto tsena ka bobeli li ne li tletse hohle, ho se na likamano tse hlakileng lipakeng tsa teko ea bokhoba ba thobalano le bokhoni ba ho thibela ho tsoha.

Polelo ea Prause / Klein / Kohut ke hore lihlooho tse behang lintlha tse holimo tekong ea bokhoba ba thobalano li lokela ho fumana lintlha tse tlase ho laoleng tsoho ea bona. Kaha ho ne ho se na kamano e hlakileng lipakeng tsa lithuto tsa 2 "ho lemalla lit soant so tsa bootsoa ha hoa lokela ho ba teng." Ke ka hona sena e leng bosawana:

1) Joalokaha ho boletsoe, liphuputso ha lia ka tsa hlahloba taba ea "bokhoni ba ho laola tšebeliso ea litšoantšo tsa bootsoa ho sa tsotellehe liphello tse mpe," feela ho tsosoa ha nakoana ka laborateng e behiloeng le sehlopha sa basele ba apereng liaparo tse tšoeu.

2) Liphuputso ha lia ka tsa lekola hore na ke barupeluoa ba feng bao e neng e le "makhoba a litšoantšo tsa bootsoa" - joalo ka ha bafuputsi ba ne ba sebelisa lipotso tsa "lithethefatsi tsa thobalano" feela. Mohlala, thuto ea Prause e ile ea itšetleha ka CBSOB, e nang le lipotso tse zero mabapi le ts'ebeliso ea porno ea inthanete. E botsa feela ka "liketso tsa thobalano," kapa haeba lihlooho li tšoenyehile ka mesebetsi ea tsona (mohlala, "Ke tšoenyehile hore ke imme," "Ke file motho e mong HIV," "Ke bile le mathata a lichelete"). Kahoo likamano life kapa life lipakeng tsa lintlha tse ngata ho CBSOB le bokhoni ba ho laola ho tsosa ha li na thuso bakeng sa ts'ebeliso ea porno ea inthanete.

3) Habohlokoa ka ho fetisisa: Le ha ho sa ithute hore na ke barupeluoa ba lemaletseng litšoantšo tsa bootsoa, ​​Prause / Klein / Kohut ho bonahala ba bolela hore "makhoba a litšoantšo tsa bootsoa" e lokela ho ba bonyane ba khona ho laola litakatso tsa bona tsa thobalano ha ba ntse ba shebella litšoantšo tsa bootsoa. Empa ke hobaneng ha ba ka nahana hore makhoba a litšoantšo tsa bootsoa a lokela ho ba le "tsoho e phahameng" ha Prause et al., 2015 ba tlaleha hore basebelisi ba bangata ba litšoantšo tsa bootsoa ba ne ba le joalo Nyane boko bo sebetsang ho vanilla bo hlephileng ho feta bolaoli? (Ka tshohanyetso, thuto e 'ngoe ea EEG ka mokhoa o tšoanang o fumane hore tšebeliso e mpe ea litšoantšo ho basali e amanang le Nyane bokhoni ba bokooa ho ho sheba litšoantšo tsa bootsoa.) Litholoana tsa Prause et al. 2015 lumellana le Kühn le Gallinat (2014), e leng ho fumanoang hore litšoantšo tse ling tsa litšoantšo tse tsosang takatso li tsamaisana le Nyane ts'ebetso ea boko ka ho arabela litšoantšo tsa li-pornography tsa vanilla, le ka Banca et al. 2015, e fumanoang ka mokhoa o potlakileng ho litšoantšo tsa thobalano litlamong tsa bootsoa.

Ho tloaelehile hore basebelisi ba litšoantšo tsa bootsoa khafetsa ba be le mamello, e leng tlhoko ea ho hlasimoloha ho hoholo ho fihlela boemo bo ts'oanang ba tsoho. Litšoantšo tsa bootsoa tsa Vanilla li ka ba bora. Ketsahalo e ts'oanang e etsahala ho batho ba sebelisang hampe lithethefatsi ba hlokang "li-hits" tse kholo ho fihlela maemo a holimo. Le basebelisi ba litšoantšo tsa bootsoa, ​​ho tsosa takatso e matla hangata ho fihlelleha ka ho nyolohela mefuteng e mecha kapa e feteletseng ea litšoantšo tsa bootsoa. A phuputso ea moraorao e fumanoeng hore ho eketseha ho joalo ho atile haholo ho basebelisi ba kajeno ba inthanete ea litšoantšo tsa bootsoa. 49% ea banna bao ho buisanoeng le bona ba ne ba shebile litšoantšo tsa bootsoa tse reng "e ne e sa thahasellise ho bona pele kapa hore e ne e nkoa e nyonyeha. ” Haele hantle, lithuto tse ngata ba tlalehile hore ho fumanoe tloaelo e ts'oanang kapa ho nyoloha ha basebelisi ba litšoantšo tsa bootsoa khafetsa - phello e lumellanang ka botlalo le mofuta oa tahi.

Ntlha ea bohlokoa: Tletlebo eohle ea bangoli e ipapisitse le polelo e sa tšehetsoeng ea "litlolo tsa bootsoa" lokela boiphihlelo ba ho tsosa takatso ea ho kopanela liphate ho hlahisa litšoantšo tsa li-vanilla tsa litšoantšo, le joalo matla a seng makae a ho laola tsoho ea bona. Leha ho le joalo, ho bolela esale pele hore basebelisi ba ts'oaetsanoang ba litšoantšo tse hlephisang boitšoaro ba tla ba le takatso e matla ho vanilla ea boitšoaro bo hlephileng le takatso e matla ea ho kopanela liphate e 'nile ea hanyetsoa ka mekhoa e'

  1. Lipatlisiso tsa 25 hanyetsa polelo ea hore batho ba lemaletseng ho kopanela liphate le ba lemaletseng ho kopanela liphate “ba na le takatso e phahameng ea ho kopanela liphate.”
  2. Lipatlisiso tsa 35 ho kopanela liphate ho sebelisa ho fokotsa ho tsosa takatso ea botona kapa botšehali kapa ho kopanela liphate le balekane ba thobalano.
  3. Ka holimo ho lithuto tsa 75 Litšoantšo tsa bootsoa li sebelisa khotsofalo e tlaase ea thobalano le kamano

Bohlokoa: Mohlala o mong oa leeme le tsamaisoang ke lenanetsamaiso, Prause o boletse hore liphetho tsa hae tsa 2015 tsa ts'ebetso e tlase ea boko ho arabela litšoantšo tsa bootsoa tsa vanilla li ne li felletse "debunked ho lemalla lithethefatsi. " Lipampiri tse 10 tse hlahlojoang ke lithaka ha li lumellane le Prause. Bohle ba bua joalo Prause et al., 2015 ha e le hantle e fumane ts'oaetso / tloaelo ho ba sebelisang litšoantšo tsa bootsoa (e leng se lumellanang le mokhoa oa ho lemalla lithethefatsi): Litlhaloso tse hlahlojoang ke lithaka tsa Prause et al., 2015

Thuto ea Boraro (Thapelo le Pfaus 2015):

Ho ile ha qotsoa pampiri e le 'ngoe, e ngotsoeng ke Nicole Prause, ho ts'ehetsa boipolelo ba hore ts'ebeliso ea litšoantšo tsa bootsoa ha e na tšusumetso ketsong ea thobalano ("… ..kapa ka mosebetsi oa bona oa erectile.Pele re bua le pampiri ena e nyatsuoang haholo (Thapelo le Pfaus), a re ke re hlahlobeng bopaki bo tšehetsang likotsi tsa ho kopanela liphate tse bakoang ke ho kopanela liphate.

Joalo ka ho qaqileng Tlhaloso #3 ka holimo, lithuto tse robong tse phatlalalitsoeng ho tloha ha 2010 e senola tsoho e kholo ea ho se sebetse ha erectile. Sena ke e ngotsoeng sehloohong sena se larileng le pampiri ena e hlahlobisitsoeng ke lithaka e amanang le lingaka tsa Navy tsa US Navy: Na Litšoantšo Tsa Bootsoa Tsa Inthanete li baka Mathata a Kopanela Liphate? Tlhahlobo le Litlaleho tsa Bongaka (2016). Pele ho 2001 ho se sebetse ha erectile ea litekanyetso tsa banna ba tlas'a 40 ho feta 2-3%. Kaha li-2010 ED li tsoa ho 14% ho 37%, ha litefiso tsa libido tse fokolang li arohile ho 16% ho 37%. Ntle le ho hlahisa litšoantšo tse tsosang takatso ea boitšoaro bo hlephisang boitšoaro ha ho letho le amanang le bacha ba ED ba fetohileng ka mokhoa o ts'oanelang lilemong tsa ho qetela tsa 10-20.

Ho hlahella haufinyane litabeng tsa thobalano ho lumellana le ho hatisoa Lipatlisiso tsa 28 tse amanang le tšebeliso ea litšoantšo tsa bootsoa le "lithethefatsi tsa bootsoa" litabeng tsa botona le botšehali le ho fokotsa ho tsosoa takatso ea thobalano. Ho bohlokoa ho hlokomela hore lithuto tsa pele tsa 5 lethathamong le bontšang ho baka, kaha barupeluoa ba ile ba tlosa tšebeliso ea litšoantšo tsa bootsoa le ho folisa likotsi tse sa foleng tsa thobalano. Bakeng sa mabaka a sa tloaelehang a Letlapa sehlooho se sitoa ho bua ka leha e le efe ea lithuto tsa 26.

Ntle le lithuto tse thathamisitsoeng, leqephe lena le na le lihlooho le livideo ka litsebi tsa 130 (urology baprofesa, urologists, mafu a kelello, litsebi tsa kelello, litsebi tsa thobalano, MDs) ba amohelang, 'me ba atlehile ho phekola, ho etsa hore litšoantšo tsa bootsoa li susumetsoe ke ED le boitšoaro bo hlephileng ba boitšoaro bo bobe ba ho kopanela liphate. Ho phaella moo, bahlankana ba mashome a likete ba tlalehile ho phekola ho se sebetse ka ho kopanela liphate ho sa foleng ka hore ba tlose ho fetoha ha mofuta o le mong: bootsoa. (Sheba maqephe ana bakeng sa lipale tse joalo tse hlakolang tse likete tse seng kae: Ho tsosolosa litlaleho 1, Ho tsosolosa litlaleho 2, Rebooting Accounts 3, Lipale tsa ho khutlisa tse khutšoanyane tsa PIED.)

Thapelo le Pfaus ha ea ka ea tšehetsa lipolelo tsa eona: Ke fana ka ts'ebetso ea molao ka Richard Isenberg, MD mme ke na le bothata bo tebileng haholo, mme ke lateloa ke litlhaloso tsa ka le likarolo tse qotsitsoeng tsa Dr. Isenberg's critique:

Thapelo le Pfaus 2015 e ne e se thuto ho banna ba nang le ED. E ne e se thuto ho hang. Ho e-na le hoo, Prause o boletse hore o bokelitse lintlha ho tsoa lithuto tsa hae tse 'nè tsa pejana,' me ha ho le e 'ngoe ea tsona e ileng ea lebisoa tlhokomelo ea erectile. Hoa makatsa hore ebe pampiri ena ea Nicole Prause le Jim Pfaus e fetisitse tlhahlobo ea lithaka e le hore boitsebiso bo fumanehang pampiring ea bona ha bo lumellane le boitsebiso bo hlahang lithutong tse 'nè tsa thuto eo pampiri ena e reng e thehiloe. Lintho tse sa lumellaneng hase likheo tse nyenyane, empa likoti tse sa khaotseng tse ke keng tsa kenngoa. Ho feta moo, pampiri ena e ile ea etsa lipolelo tse 'maloa tse neng li le leshano kapa tse sa tšehetsoeng ke boitsebiso ba tsona.

Re qala ka lipolelo tsa bohata tse entsoeng ke Nicole Prause le Jim Pfaus. Litaba tse ngata tsa baqolotsi ba litaba tse mabapi le thuto ena li bontšitse hore tšebeliso ea bootsoa e lebisitse ho ho molemo likhetho, empa ha se seo pampiri e se fumaneng. Ha lipuisano li tlalehiloe, bobeli ba Nicole Prause le Jim Pfaus ba boletse ka bohata hore ba ne ba lekantse likarolo tse ling tsa laboratoire, le hore banna ba neng ba sebelisa litšoantšo tse tsosang takatso ba ne ba e-na le litlhaloso tse molemo. Ka Puisano ea TV ea Jim Pfaus Pfaus o re:

Re shebane le ho lumellana ha bokhoni ba bona ba ho fumana mohaho oa laboraka.

Re fumane khokahano ea liner le litšoantšo tse ngata tseo ba li bonang malapeng, le latencies eo ka mohlala ba fumanang erection ka potlako.

In puisano ena ea seea-le-moea Nicole Prause o ile a bolela hore li-erections li lekantsoe ka laborateng. Tlhaloso e tobileng ea pontšo:

Ha batho ba bangata ba shebeletse ha ba le lapeng ba e-na le likarabo tse matla haholo tsa erectile ho laborateng, eseng ho fokotseha.

Leha ho le joalo pampiri ena ha ea ka ea hlahloba tšobotsi ea erection ka laborateng kapa "lebelo la likhetho." Le pampiri feela o ile a bolela ho botsa bashanyana ho lekanya "ho tsosoa ha bona" ​​ka mor'a ho shebella litšoantšo tsa bootsoa ka nakoana ('me ha ho hlake likarolong tse ka tlaase tsa lipampiri hore taba ena e itekanetseng e bile e botsoa lihloohong tsohle). Ho sa tsotellehe boemo leha e le bofe, karolo e 'ngoe ea pampiri ka boeona e ile ea lumela hore:

Ha ho litlaleho tsa likamano tsa botona le botšehali tsa meriana tse kenyelletsoeng ho kopanela liphate ho kenyelelitsoe ho tšehetsa boiphihlelo ba banna ba boitsebiso "

Ka mantsoe a mang, ha ho li-erections tsa sebele tse ileng tsa lekoa kapa tsa lekanyetsoa ka laborateng, ho bolelang hore ha ho na data kapa liqeto tse joalo tse ileng tsa hlahlojoa ke lithaka!

Ketsahalong ea bobeli e sa tšehetsoeng, mongoli ea etellang pele Nicole Prause tweeted ka makhetlo a 'maloa ka thuto, ho tsebisa lefats'e hore litaba tsa 280 li amehile, le hore "ha li na mathata malapeng." Leha ho le joalo, lithuto tse' nè tsa motheo li na le lihlooho tsa banna ba 234 feela, kahoo "280" e se e le teng.

Tlhaloso ea boraro e sa tšehetsoeng: Dr. Isenberg Letter to the Editor (e hokahanngoeng holimo), e ileng ea phahamisa mathata a mangata a hlalosang liphoso Thapelo le Pfaus , ba ipotsa hore na ho ka khoneha joang Thapelo le Pfaus ho bapisa lihlooho tse fapaneng 'tsa ho tsosoa ha ba tharo fapaneng mefuta ea litakatso tsa botona le botšehali e sebelisitsoe thupong ea 4. Lithuto tse peli tse sebelisitsoeng filimi ea 3-thuto e 'ngoe li ile tsa sebelisa filimi ea bobeli ea 20,' me thuto e 'ngoe e ile ea sebelisa litšoantšo. Ho tiisitsoe hantle hore lifilimi li tsosoa haholo ho feta lifoto, kahoo ha ho na sehlopha sa lipatlisiso se tsebahalang se tla bokella lintlha tsena hammoho ho etsa lipolelo tsa likarabo tsa bona. Ntho e tšosang ke hore litabeng tsa bona tsa lipampiri Prause le Pfaus ha ba bolele hore lithuto tsohle tsa 4 li sebelisa lifilimi tsa thobalano:

"VSS e hlahisitsoeng liphuputsong e ne e le lifilimi tsohle."

Polelo ena ke ea bohata, joalokaha e hlalositsoe ka ho hlaka ka lipatlisiso tsa Prause. Ena ke lona lebaka la pele leo ka lona Prause le Pfaus ba ke keng ba bolela hore pampiri ea bona e hlahloba "tsosa." U tlameha ho sebelisa mohopolo o tšoanang bakeng sa taba ka 'ngoe ho bapisa lihlooho tsohle.

Tlhaloso ea bone e sa tšehetsoeng: Dr. Isenberg o boetse o botsa hore na Thapelo le Pfaus 2015 e ka bapisa lihlooho tse fapaneng tsa 'ho tsosolosa ha feela 1 ea 4 lithuto tsa motheo tse sebelisitsoeng a 1 ho lekaneng la 9. E 'ngoe e sebelisitse 0 ho 7 e lekaneng, e' ngoe e sebelisitse 1 ho 7, le thuto e le 'ngoe ha ea ka ea tlaleha likamano tsa ho kopanela liphate. Hape hape Prause le Pfaus ha ba hlalose hore:

"Banna ba ile ba botsoa hore ba bontše boemo ba bona ba" ho tsosoa ha thobalano "ho tloha 1" ha ho joalo "ho 9" haholo. "

Polelo ena, le eona, ke leshano, joalokaha litokomane tsa motheo li bontša. Ena ke lebaka la bobeli leo ka lona Prause le Pfaus ba ke keng ba bolela hore pampiri ea bona e lekanyelitse "ho tsosoa" ho banna. Thuto e lokela ho sebelisa tekanyo e lekanang ea tekanyo bakeng sa taba ka 'ngoe ho bapisa liphetho tsa lihlooho. Ka kakaretso, lihlooho tsohle tse hlahisoang ke Moemphera le lipolelo tsa ho sebelisa litšoantšo tse ts'oanang le litšoantšo tsa bootsoa kapa ho tsosoa, kapa ntho efe kapa efe, e sa tšehetsoeng ke lipatlisiso tsa hae.

Bangoli Prause le Pfaus ba boetse ba bolela hore ha ba fumane kamano pakeng tsa lits'ebeletso tsa erectile le palo ea litšoantšo tsa bootsoa tse nkiloeng khoeling e fetileng. Joalokaha Dr. Isenberg a bontšitse:

Ntho e ferekanyang le ho feta ke ho se lumellane ho feletseng ha lipalo-palo tse fumanoang bakeng sa tekanyo ea erectile ea sephetho sa mosebetsi. Ha ho litholoana tsa lipalo-palo tse fanoang. Ho e-na le hoo bangoli ba botsa 'mali hore a lumele feela polelo ea bona e sa tsitsitseng hore ho ne ho se na puisano pakeng tsa lihora tsa litšoantšo tsa bootsoa tse nkoang le erectile. Ho fanoe ka boikutlo ba mongoli bo hanyetsanang ba hore mosebetsi oa erectile le molekane o ka ntlafatsoa ka ho shebella litšoantšo tse manyala tse hlephisang boitšoaro ho ba sieo ha lipalo-palo ke ntho e tšosang ka ho fetisisa.

Joalokaha e le tloaelo ha lengolo le hlalosang thuto e hatisoa, bangoli ba thuto ba ile ba fuoa monyetla oa ho arabela. Karabo ea boikaketsi ea Prause e nang le sehlooho se reng "Red Herring: Hook, Line, le Stinker"Ha e felle feela lintlheng tsa Isenberg (le Gabe Deem's), e na le tse 'maloa tse ncha litlaleho tse fosahetseng le lipolelo tse 'maloa tsa bohata tse hlakileng. Ha e le hantle, karabo ea Prause ha e felle feela ho tsuba, liipone, litlolo tse se nang motheo le mashano. Tlhaloso ena e pharaletseng ka Gabe Deem e senola karabo ea Prause le Pfaus bakeng sa seo e leng sona: Tlhahlobo ea Prause & Pfaus karabo lengolo la Richard Isenberg.

Kakaretso: Lipatlisiso tsa mantlha tsa 2 tse entsoeng ke Klein / Kohut / Prause ha li sa tšehetsoa:

  1. Thapelo le Pfaus o ile a hlōleha ho fana ka boitsebiso ba moelelo oa oona oa hore litšebeliso tsa litšoantšo tsa bootsoa li ne li sa amana le lintlha tse ngata ka lipotso tsa erection (IIEF).
  2. Prause & Pfaus e hlotsoe ho hlalosa hore na bangoli ba eona ba ka lekola ka nepo "tsoho" ha lithuto tsa 4 tse sebelisang lithuto tse fapaneng (e ntse e le litšoantšo le lifilimi), 'me ba se sebelise sekala kapa palo e fapaneng haholo ea lipalo (1-7, 1-9, 0 -7, ha ho sekala).

Haeba Prause le Pfaus ba ne ba e-na le likarabo litabeng tse ka holimo, ba ne ba tla ba beha karabong ea bona ho Dr. Isenberg. Ha baa ka ba etsa joalo.

Qetellong, Jim Pfaus o teng sehlopheng sa baphatlalatsi sa Journal ea Sexual Medicine le ho qeta boiteko bo boholo ba ho hlasela khopolo ea liketso tsa ho kopanela liphate tse bakoang ke ho kopanela liphate. Co-author Nicole Prause o amehile haholo ka debunking PIED, ha a se a sebetsa Ntoa ea lilemo tsa 3 khahlanong le pampiri ena ea thuto, ha ka nako e tšoanang a hlekefetsa le ho lokolla bahlankana ba fumaneng mokhoa oa ho itlosa bolutu ka thobalano. Bona lingoliloeng: Gabe Deem #1, Gabe Deem #2, Alexander Rhodes #1, Alexander Rhodes #2, Alexander Rhodes #3, Kereke ea Noe, Alexander Rhodes #4, Alexander Rhodes #5, Alexander Rhodes #6Alexander Rhodes #7, Alexander Rhodes #8, Alexander Rhodes #9, Alexander Rhodes # 10Gabe Deem le Alex Rhodes hammoho, Alexander Rhodes # 11, Alexander Rhodes #12, Alexander Rhodes #13, Alexander Rhodes #14.

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EXCERPT #9: Ha re thulana le lipatlisiso tse makholo tse amanang le litšoantšo tsa bootsoa ho liphello tse mpe feela re hoeletsa "likamano ha li bakoe"

SLATE EXCERPT: Leha ho le joalo, bothata bo tebileng ba sebaka sena sa lipatlisiso ke hore boholo bo bongata ba liphuputso ke likarolo tse fapaneng, ho bolelang hore li mpa li botsa ka bophelo ba hau joalokaha e le hona joale. Sena se bolela hore ba ke ke ba bonahatsa bothata. U hopola "khale" ha e na motheo "oa motheo" oa saense sa saense? Haeba lenyalo la hao le sa tsamaee hantle kapa u khaotsa ho ba haufi-ufi lilemong tse fetileng, menyetla e ntle ea hore motho e mong ea nang le kamano e joalo le eena a ipholose litho tsa botona kapa botšehali hore a se ke a ba le takatso ea ho kopanela liphate e sa phethahaleng.

Phetolelo: “U ntse u otsela haholo… mahlo a hao a ba boima… ho sa tsotelehe lithuto tse 58 tse amanang le ts'ebeliso ea litšoantšo tsa bootsoa li senola eng, ehlile ke ho ipholla litho tsa botona kapa botšehali… Hona joale u robetse… e ke ke ea e-ba litšoantšo tsa bootsoa… .porn eu tsoetse…. e lokela ho ba ho ipholla litho tsa botona kapa botšehali…. Robala boroko bo tebileng. ”

Joalokaha ho phetoa tlas'a karolo ea #14, leano le entsoeng ke Prause le David Ley ke molato ho ipholla litho bakeng sa mathata a mangata a amanang le tšebeliso ea litšoantšo. Mona le ka #14 ka tlase, Prause / Klein / Kohut o nka ntlha ena e buuoang 'me a leka ho beha molato ka ho ipholla litho tsa botona kapa botšehali bakeng sa liphello tse tsoang ho ho feta lipatlisiso tsa 60 tse amanang le litšoantšo tsa bootsoa li sebelisa khotsofalo e fokolang ea thobalano le khotsofalo ea kamano. Ka mor'a hore Prause le Ley ba hahe "bootsoa ha ho mohla e leng bothata" leqheka la ho hlalosa chronic ED ka banna ba bang ba phelang hantle, motsoalle oa bona ea haufi, Jim Pfaus, o ile a bolela ka makhetlo hore litšoantšo tse tsosang takatso ea ho kopanela liphate ED ke tšōmo, mekhoa e mengata ea ho qeta nako ea ho khaotsa ho etsoa ke ea sebele lebaka la bahlankana bana ba ED. Ha o botsoa ka taba ea hore e nka 6-24 likhoeli ea ho se be le litšoantšo tsa bootsoa hore a boele a be le likhetho, Pfaus oa khutsa. Ho joalo ba bang "Nako ea bohanyetsi," eh? (Bona sengoloa sena se pepesa lets'olo la "molato oa bona ntle le litšoantšo tsa bootsoa": Batho ba nang le thobalano ba latola bootsoa-ba susumelletsa ED ka ho re ho ipholla litho ke bothata (2016).)

Ho ea "khotsano ha e tšoane le" mantra "leha e le efe ea 7th grader ka pheta. Ha ba tobana le lithuto tse makholo tse hokahanyang tšebeliso ea litšoantšo tsa bootsoa le litholoana tse mpe, leano le tloaelehileng la li-PhD tsa pro-porn ke ho re "ha ho na lebaka le bonts'itsoeng." 'Nete ke hore ha ho tluoa lithutong tsa kelello le bongaka, lipatlisiso tse fokolang haholo li senola ho baka ka kotloloho. Ka mohlala, lithuto tsohle tsa kamano pakeng tsa kankere ea matšoafo le tsuba ea sakerete ho batho li tsamaisana. Leha ho le joalo, sesosa le phello li se li hlakile ho bohle empa e le mokete oa koae.

Bakeng sa mabaka a utloahalang, hangata bafuputsi ba qoba ho haha tlhahlobo liphuputso tsa lipatlisiso tse neng li tla senola ho netefatsa hore na litšoantšo tsa bootsoa kapa che lisosa likotsi tse itseng. Ka hona, li li sebelisa correlational mehlala. Ha nako e ntse e ea, ha lithuto tse ngata tsa correlational li kopanngoa sebakeng leha e le sefe se entsoeng lipatlisiso, ho fihla ntlha eo ka eona 'mele oa bopaki o ka boleloang hore o bontše ntlha ea khopolo, ho sa tsotellehe ho hloka bokhoni, empa hangata ho se na mokhoa oa ho etsa lintho, lithuto tsa liteko.

Kenya ka tsela e 'ngoe, ha ho na thuto e le' ngoe e ka 'nang ea fana ka "sethunya sa ho tsuba" sebakeng sa thuto, empa bopaki bo kopanetsoeng ba lithuto tse ngata tsa likamano li ka hlahisa sesosa le phello. Ha ho tluoa tabeng ea tšebeliso ea bootsoa, ​​hoo e batlang e le thuto e 'ngoe le e' ho tsamaisana.

Ho "paka" hore ts'ebeliso ea litšoantšo tsa bootsoa e baka ho se sebetse ha erectile, mathata a kamano, mathata a maikutlo kapa liphetoho tse amanang le bokhoba ba tahi o tla tlameha ho ba le lihlopha tse peli tse kholo tsa mafahla a tšoanang a arohaneng ha a hlaha. Etsa bonnete ba hore sehlopha se le seng ha se shebelle litšoantšo tsa bootsoa. Etsa bonnete ba hore motho e mong le e mong sehlopheng se seng o shebile mofuta o ts'oanang oa litšoantšo tsa bootsoa, ​​bakeng sa lihora tse tšoanang hantle, ka lilemo tse tšoanang hantle. 'Me u tsoele pele ka liteko ka lilemo tse 30 kapa ho feta, ho lateloa ke tekolo ea liphapang.

Ntle le moo, lipatlisiso tse lekang ho bonts'a moetsi li ka etsoa ka mekhoa e latelang ea 3:

  1. Tlosa phetoho eo u batlang ho e lekanya. Haholo-holo, ba sebelisang litšoantšo tsa bootsoa ba ema, 'me ba hlahloba liphetoho leha e le life tsa libeke, likhoeli (lilemo?) Hamorao. Sena ke sona se etsahalang ha bahlankana ba likete ba khaotsa ho shebella litšoantšo tsa bootsoa e le tsela ea ho fokotsa ho se sebetse ha erectile e sa tloaelehang ea erectile le matšoao a mang (a bakoang ke tšebeliso ea litšoantšo tsa bootsoa).
  2. Etsa lipatlisiso tsa nako e telele, tse bolelang lihlooho tse latelang ka nako e telele ho bona kamoo liphetoho tsa tšebeliso ea litšoantšo tsa bootsoa li amanang le liphello tse sa tšoaneng. Ka mohlala, litekanyetso tsa ho sebelisa litšoantšo tsa bootsoa li na le litekanyetso tsa tlhalo ka lilemo tse ngata (ho botsa lipotso tse ling ho laola mefuta e meng e ka khonehang).
  3. Hlahisa barupeluoa ba ikemiselitseng ho sheba litšoantšo tse manyala tse hlephisang boitšoaro le ho lekanya litholoana tse fapaneng. Mohlala, lekola bokhoni ba lihlooho tsa ho liehisa khotsofalo pele le kamora ho pepesetsoa litšoantšo tsa bootsoa sebakeng sa lab.

Ka tlase re thathamisa lithuto tse sebelisitseng mekhoa ena ea 3: tšebeliso ea litšoantšo tsa bootsoa, ​​lithuto tsa nako e telele, ho shebella litšoantšo tsa bootsoa ho laborateng. Liphetho tsohle li fana ka maikutlo a hore tšebeliso ea litšoantšo tse hlephisang boitšoaro e lebisa liphetong tse mpe.

Karolo ea #1: Thuto moo barupeluoa ba ileng ba felisa tšebeliso ea litšoantšo tsa bootsoa:

The lithuto tsa pele tsa 7 karolong ena ho bontša ts'oaetsong ea ho kopanela liphate ho bakang mathata a thobalano ha barupeluoa ba tlosa tšebeliso ea litšoantšo tsa bootsoa ' Ka hona, phehisano ea hore na ho senyeha ho kopanela liphate ho bakoang ke ho kopanela liphate ho teng ho se ho rarolitsoe ka nako e itseng hona joale.

1) Na Litšoantšo Tsa Bootsoa Tsa Inthanete li baka Mathata a Kopanela Liphate? Tlhahlobo le Litlaleho tsa Bongaka (2016): Tlhahlobo e pharaletseng ea lingoliloeng tse amanang le mathata a ho kopanela liphate a bakoang ke ho kopanela liphate. Li ngotsoe ke bo-ralikete ba Navy ba US Navy (XMUMX US Navy lingaka (li-urologists, lingaka tsa mafu a kelello, le MD le nang le PhD ka neuroscience), tlhahlobo e fana ka lintlha tsa morao-rao tse senola tsoho e kholo ea mathata a bocha ba thobalano. E boetse e hlahloba lithuto tsa kelello tse amanang le ho lemalla ho kopanela liphate le boitšoaro ba ho kopanela liphate ka litšoantšo tsa bootsoa. Bangoli ba fana ka litlaleho tsa lingaka tsa 7 tsa banna ba ileng ba etsa hore ho be le liketso tsa ho kopanela liphate tse tsosang thobalano. Banna ba babeli ho banna bana ba bararo ba ile ba phekola likotsi tsa bona tsa thobalano ka ho tlosa tšebeliso ea litšoantšo tsa bootsoa Monna oa boraro ha aa ka a ntlafala ha a ne a sa khone ho itlosa boleng ba litšoantšo.

2) Mekhoa e metle ea ho ipholla litho tsa botona le botšehali (2016): E filoe ke setsebi sa mafu a kelello sa Fora le mopresidente oa European Federation of Sexology. Pampiri e bua ka boiphihlelo ba hae ba bongaka le banna ba 35 ba ileng ba ba le ho se sebetse ha erectile le / kapa anorgasmia, le mekhoa ea hae ea kalafo ea ho ba thusa. Sengoli se re boholo ba bakuli ba hae ba ne ba sebelisa litšoantšo tsa bootsoa, ​​mme kotara ea bona e lemalletse litšoantšo tsa bootsoa. Lintlha tse hlakileng tsa litšoantšo tsa bootsoa inthaneteng ke sesosa se ka sehloohong sa mathata a bakuli. 19 ho banna ba 35 ba bone ntlafatso e kholo ts'ebetsong ea thobalano. Banna ba bang ba ile ba tlohela kalafo kapa ba ne ba ntse ba leka ho fola.

3) Masturbatory e sa tloaelehang e itlhahisa e le ntho ea tlhaho ea botsofali tabeng ea ho hlahlojoa le phekolo ea ho se sebetse ka thobalano ho banna bahlankana (2014): E 'ngoe ea lithuto tsa lekhotla la 4 pampiring ena e tlaleha ka monna ea nang le mathata a ho kopanela liphate a bakoang ke ho kopanela liphate (tlaase libido, fetishes, anorgasmia). Tšebelisano ea thobalano e ne e hloka ho qoba beke ea 6 ho tloha litabeng tsa bootsoa le ho ipholla litho tsa botona kapa botšehali. Ka mor'a likhoeli tsa 8 monna eo o ile a tlaleha takatso e matla ea ho kopanela liphate, ho kopanela liphate ka katleho le botsoalle, le ho thabela "mekhoa e metle ea thobalano. Ena ke tlaleho ea pele ea litlaleho tsa lithaka tsa ho hlaphoheloa ho tloha litabeng tsa thobalano tse bakoang ke ho kopanela liphate.

4) Ho thata hakaakang ho sebetsana le ho phomola ha nako e khutšoanyane ho latela mohlala oa nakoana oa kelello? Tšoantšiso ea boemo (2017): Ena ke tlaleho ea "linyeoe tse kopaneng" tse bonts'ang etiology le kalafo ea ho lieha ho tsoa mali (anorgasmia). "Mokuli B" o ne a emela bahlankana ba bangata ba tšoaroang ke setsebi. "Tšebeliso ea litšoantšo tsa bootsoa" ea mokuli B e ne e se e fetohile lintho tse thata le ho feta, "" joalo ka hangata. " Pampiri eo e re ho amana le litšoantšo tsa bootsoa ho lieha ho ntša ejacization ho tloaelehile, hape hoa eketseha. Sengoli se hloka lipatlisiso tse ling mabapi le litlamorao tsa ts'ebeliso ea thobalano. Ho lieha ho khutla ha mokuli B ho ile ha folisoa kamora libeke tse 10 tsa litšoantšo tse manyala tse hlephisang boitšoaro.

5) Boemo ba boemo bo botle ba kelello: Ho Ithuta ka Tlhahlobo (2014): Lintlha li senola nyeoe ea ho hlohlelletsa boitšoaro bo hlephisang boitšoaro. Boiphihlelo feela ba monna ba thobalano pele ho lenyalo e ne e le ho ipholla litho tsa botona kapa botšehali khafetsa ho litšoantšo tsa bootsoa (moo a e ne e khona ho ntsha peo). O boetse a tlaleha hore thobalano ha e tsose hofeta ho ipholla litho tsa botona kapa botšehali. Karolo ea bohlokoa ea tlhahiso-leseling ke hore "ho ikoetlisa bocha" le kalafo ea kelello e hlotsoe ho folisa khatello ea maikutlo ea hae. Ha mehato eo e sa atlehe, litsebi li ile tsa fana ka maikutlo a thibelo e felletseng ea ho ipholla litho tsa botona kapa botšehali. Qetellong thibelo ena e ile ea baka thobalano e atlehileng le ho tsoa peo le molekane ka lekhetlo la pele bophelong ba hae.

6) Litšoantšo tse manyala tse hlephisang boitšoaro li bakile ho se sebetse ha Erectile Har'a Batho ba Bacha (2019) - Pampiri ena e hlahloba ts'ebetso ea litšoantšo tse litšila tse tsosang takatso li entse hore erectile e se sebetse hantle (PIED), le lithuto tsa linyeoe tsa 12. Banna ba 'maloa ba ile ba folisa litšoantšo tsa ho kopanela liphate ka lebaka la ho sebelisa litšoantšo tsa bootsoa.

7) E Ipatile ka Lihlong: Boiphihlelo ba Banna ba Heterosexual ba Ts'ebeliso e Mpe ea Mathata a Litšoantšo tsa Bootsoa (2019) - Lipuisano tsa basebelisi ba litšoantšo tsa bootsoa ba 15. Banna ba 'maloa ba tlalehile ho lemalla lit soant so tsa bootsoa, ​​ho eketseha ha ts'ebeliso le mathata a amanang le thobalano. E mong oa basebelisi ba litšoantšo tse litšila tse tsosang takatso o ntlafalitse tšebetso ea hae ea erectile nakong ea thobalano ka ho fokotsa ts'ebeliso ea hae ea litšoantšo tsa bootsoa.

8) Kamoo ho Ithibela ho Amang Litakatso (2016) [liphetho tsa pele]. Liphetho tsa leqhubu la bobeli - liphetho tse kholo:

- Ho ila litšoantšo tsa bootsoa le ho ipholla litho tsa botona kapa botšehali ho eketsa bokhoni ba ho liehisa meputso

- Ho nka karolo nakong ea boithaopo ho fa batho monyetla oa ho ikemisetsa ho ipeha kotsing

- Ho ithiba ho etsa hore batho ba itele

- Ho ithiba ho etsa hore batho ba be le ts'abo, ba be hlokolosi haholoanyane, 'me ba se ke ba tšoha haholo

9) Lerato le sa Feleng: Litšoantšo tse manyala tse hlephisang boitšoaro le boitlamo bo nyahamisitsoeng ho molekane oa motho oa lerato (2012): Baithuti ba lekile ho qoba ho sebelisa litšoantšo (libeke tsa 3 feela). Ha ba bapisa sehlopha sena le barupeluoa ba laolang, ba ileng ba tsoela pele ho sebelisa litšoantšo tse manyala tse hlephisang boitšoaro ba ile ba tlaleha maemo a fokolang a boitlamo ho feta taolo Ho ka 'na ha etsahala'ng haeba ba ne ba lekile ho tlohela likhoeli tsa 3 ho e-na le libeke tsa 3?

10) Tlhahiso-morao Hamorao Meputso ea Thabo ea Hona Joale: Litšoantšo Tsa Bootsoa Li Sebelisoa ke Nako ea ho Kopanela Liphoso le ho lieha Ho Fumana (2015): Ho sheba litšoantšo tse manyala tse hlephisang boitšoaro tseo barupeluoa ba li jang, ha ba khone ho lieha ho khotsofatsa. Phuputso ena e ikhethang e boetse e na le basebelisi ba litšoantšo ba ts'oaetso ba leka ho fokotsa tšebeliso ea litšoantšo tsa libeke tsa 3 Phuputso eo e fumane hore mokhoa o tsoelang pele oa ho sebelisa litšoantšo ke oa ho etsa joalo e amanang le ho hloleha ho hoholo ho liehisa khotsofalo (hlokomela hore bokhoni ba ho liehisa khotsofalo ke ts'ebetso ea bokapele ba bokong).

Karolo #2: Liphuputso tsa Longitudinal:

Lipatlisiso tse peli feela tsa longitudinal li ile tsa hlahloba liphello tsa litšoantšo tsa bootsoa likamanong tse haufi

1) Bacha ba lilemong tsa bocha ba pepesehela litšoantšo tse manyala tse hlephisang boitšoaro Inthaneteng: Likamano tsa ho phatlalatsa nako, boikutlo ba ho batla maikutlo, le ts'ebetso ea lithuto (2014): Ho eketseha ha tšebeliso ea litšoantšo tse tsosang takatso ho ile ha lateloa ke ho fokotseha ha likhoeli tse latelang 6.

2) Tlhaloso ea Bacha ea ho Boitsebiso bo Inthaneteng ka Thobalano le Khotsofalo ea Thobalano: Thuto ea Longitudinal (2009). Tlhaloso: Pakeng tsa May 2006 le May 2007, re ile ra etsa lipatlisiso tsa marang-rang a mararo har'a bacha ba 1,052 Dutch ba nang le 13-20. Mehlala ea mokhoa oa ho etsa lipalo e senola hore ho pepeseha ha SEE ho lula ho fokotsa khotsofalo ea thobalano ea bacha. Khotsofalo e tlase ea thobalano (ka Wave 2) e boetse e ekelitse tšebeliso ea SEO (ka Wave 3).

3) Na ho Shebella Litšoantšo Tsa Bootsoa ho Fokotsa Boikarabelo ba Lenyalo ka Nako? Bopaki bo tsoang Longitudinal Data (2016). Tlhaloso: Phuputso ena ke ea pele ea ho fumana boitsebiso bo emelang naha, bolelele ba nako e telele (2006-2012 Portraits of American Life Study) ho leka hore na litšoantšo tse manyala tse hlephisang boitšoaro khafetsa li sebelisa tšusumetso ea boleng ba lenyalo hamorao le hore na phello ee e lekantsoe ke bong. Ka kakaretso, batho ba nyalaneng ba neng ba shebella litšoantšo tse manyala tse hlephisang boitšoaro khafetsa ho 2006 ba tlaleha maemo a tlase haholo a boleng ba lenyalo ho 2012, nete ea taolo bakeng sa boleng ba lenyalo ba pele le likamano tse nepahetseng. Phello ea litšoantšo tse manyala tse hlephisang boitšoaro e ne e se moemeli feela oa ho se khotsofale ka bophelo ba thobalano kapa ho nka liqeto lenyalong ka 2006. Mabapi le tšusumetso e matla, khafetsa litšoantšo tsa bootsoa li sebelisoa ho 2006 e ne e le sesupo sa bobeli se matla sa boleng ba lenyalo ho 2012.

4) Ho Tloha Litlhapi ho Etsa Karolo ea Rōna? Litla-morao tsa Bootsoa Sebelisa Tlhalo, (2016). Phuputso e sebelisitse tlhaiso-leseling e ikemetseng ea naha ea General Social Survey e bokelletsoeng ho tsoa ho batho ba baholo ba Amerika ba likete. Qalong: Litšoantšo tse manyala tse hlephisang boitšoaro li sebelisa lipakeng tsa maqhubu a lipatlisiso hoo e ka bang makhetlo a mabeli monyetla oa hore motho a ka hlalana ke nako e tlang ea phuputso, ho tloha ho liperesente tse 6 ho isa ho liperesente tsa 11, mme a batla a imena hararo bakeng sa basali, ho tloha liperesente tsa 6 ho isa ho liperesente tsa 16. Liphetho tsa rona li fana ka maikutlo a hore ho shebella litšoantšo tsa bootsoa, ​​tlasa maemo a itseng a sechaba, ho ka ba le litlamorao tse mpe botsitsong ba lenyalo.

5) Litšoantšo tse manyala tse hlephisang boitšoaro tsa Inthanete le boleng ba kamano: Ho ithuta ka nako e telele ka hare le pakeng tsa liphello tsa molekane oa liphetoho, khotsofalo ea thobalano le lisebelisoa tsa inthanete tse hlalosang thobalano pakeng tsa li-newly-weds (2015). Tlhaloso: Boitsebiso bo tsoang sehlopheng se sengata sa banyalani ba bacha bo bontšitse hore HO SEBELISA ho sebelisoa ho na le mathata a mangata ho feta liphello tse ntle ho banna le basali. Habohlokoa, phetoho ea banna e ile ea fokotseha ha nako e ntse e sebelisoa 'me tšebeliso ea SEIM e fokotseha phetoho. Ho feta moo, khotsofalo e mengata ea thobalano ho banna ba bolelang hore basali ba bona ba fokotseha nako e le 'ngoe hamorao, ha' mele oa basali ba sebelisoa ha ba fetole khotsofalo ea banna ba bona ka thobalano.

6) Litšoantšo tse manyala tse hlephisang boitšoaro Sebelisa le ho arohana ha lenyalo: Bopaki bo tsoang ho Two-Wave Panel Data (2017). Tlhaloso: litlhahlobo li bontšitse hore Maamerika a nyetseng a neng a shebella litšoantšo tse manyala tse hlephisang boitšoaro ho 2006 a ne a feta ka makhetlo a fetang a mabeli joaloka ba sa kang ba sheba litšoantšo tsa bootsoa hore ba arohane ke 2012, esita le ka mor'a ho laola thabo ea lenyalo ea 2006 le khotsofalo ea thobalano hammoho le likamano tse nepahetseng tsa sechaba. Kamano pakeng tsa litšoantšo tse manyala tse hlephisang boitšoaro e sebelisa khafetsa le karohano ea lenyalo, leha ho le joalo, e ne e le ka tsela e nepahetseng.

7) Na Batho ba Bang ba Litšoantšo Tsa Bootsoa ba ka 'na ba E-ba le Phihlelo e Eketsehileng ea ho Hlōloa? Bopaki bo tsoang Longitudinal Data (2017). Tlhaloso: Liphuputso li bontšitse hore Maamerika a neng a shebella litšoantšo tse manyala tse hlephisang boitšoaro ho 2006 a ne a batla a ka makhetlo a ka bang mabeli ho feta ao ba sa kang ba sheba litšoantšo tsa bootsoa ho tlaleha hore ba arohane ka lerato ke 2012, esita le ka mor'a hore ba laole lintho tse kang maemo a kamano ea 2006 le likamano tse ling tsa sechaba. Liphuputso li boetse li bonts'a kamano e tobileng pakeng tsa hore hangata Maamerica a shebile litšoantšo tse manyala tse hlephisang boitšoaro joang 2006 le mathata a bona a ho arohana ke 2012.

8) Likamano pakeng tsa ho ipapisa le litšoantšo tse manyala tse hlephisang boitšoaro, ho ba le boiketlo ba kelello le ho lumella ho kopanela liphate har'a bacha ba Hong Kong ba lilemong tsa bocha: Thuto ea Longitudinal Longitudinal (2018): Thuto ena ea nako e telele e fumanehile hore tšebeliso ea bootsoa e amana le ho tepella maikutlong, ho khotsofatsa bophelo bo khotsofatsang le ho lumella maikutlo a ho kopanela liphate.

Karolo ea #3: Ho ipapisa le litšoantšo tsa bootsoa:

1) Phello ea ho fokotseha ha banna ho bahlankana ba bacha ba nang le maikutlo a phahameng a ho kopanela liphate (1984). Tlhaloso: Kamora ho pepesetsoa basali ba batle, boleng ba botle ba balekane bo theohile haholo tlasa litlhahlobo tse entsoeng kamora ho pepesetsoa basali ba sa rateheng; Boleng bona bo nka boemo ba lipakeng kamora ho pepeseha ha taolo. Liphetoho tsa boipiletso ba botle ba balekane ha li lumellane le liphetoho tsa khotsofalo le balekane, leha ho le joalo.

2) Liphello tsa ho sebelisa nako e telele litšoantšo tse manyala tse hlephisang boitšoaro ka litekanyetso tsa lelapa (1988). Tlhaloso: Tlhaloso e susumelitsoe, har'a tse ling, ho amoheloa ka bongata ka ho kopanela liphate pele ho lenyalo le ho tlohela ho kopanela liphate le ho mamelleha haholoanyane ka ho kopanela liphate ho balekane ba haufi. Boemo bo theola tlhahlobo ea lenyalo, ho etsa hore setsi sena se bonahala se le sa bohlokoa haholo 'me se sa sebetse nakong e tlang. Tlhahiso e boetse e fokotsa takatso ea ho ba le bana le ho khothalletsa ho amoheloa ha banna le ho ba makhoba a basali. Ka mekhoa e fokolang, liphello tsena li ne li lekana le litsebi tsa banna le basali hammoho le liithuti le batho ba sa lumeleng.

3) Tšusumetso ea Litšoantšo Tsa Litšoantšo Tsa Bootsoa Litabeng Tsa ho Khotsofatsa Thobalano (1988). Tlhaloso: Liithuti tsa banna le basali le batho bao e seng baithuti ba ile ba pepesetsoa litheipi tsa video tse nang le litšoantšo tse manyala tse hlephisang boitšoaro tse se nang pefo kapa litaba tse seng kotsi. Pontšo e ne e le ka linako tsa hora ka libeke tse tšeletseng tse latellanang. Bekeng ea bosupa, lithuto li nkile karolo thutong e sa amaneng le letho ka litsi tsa sechaba le khotsofalo ea motho ka mong. [Tšebeliso ea litšoantšo tsa bootsoa] e amme ka matla boitlhahlobo ba boiphihlelo ba thobalano. Kamora ho sebelisa litšoantšo tse manyala tse hlephisang boitšoaro, bafo ba ile ba tlaleha khotsofalo e tlase le balekane ba bona ba haufi-ufi, haholo-holo ka lerato la balekane ba bona, chebahalo ea bona ea 'mele, bohelehele ba bona ba thobalano le ts'ebetso ea thobalano e nepahetseng. Ntle le moo, lithuto tse abetsoeng bohlokoa ba thobalano ntle le ho ameha maikutlong. Litlamorao tsena e ne e le junifomo ho fapana le bong le baahi.

4) Tšusumetso ea litloaelo tse tloaelehileng tsa litloaelo tsa batho bao e seng basele le balekane ba bona (1989). Tlhaloso: KeN Ho etsa lipatlisiso 2, lihlooho tsa banna le tsa basali li ile tsa pepesoa ho fapana le batho ba bong bo fapaneng. Thutong ea bobeli, ho ne ho e-na le likamano tsa thobalano ea thobalano le boemo bo tsosang takatso ea ho khahloa ke thobalano. Litholoana tse senyang tsa ho pepeseha ha mahareng li fumanoa feela bakeng sa bafo ba banna ba pepesetsoeng li-nude tsa basali. Banna ba ileng ba fumana lipapali tsa Playboy tse thahasellisang haholo li ipapisa le tsona ka lerato le basali ba bona.

5) Ho shebella litšoantšo tsa litšoantšo tse litšila ho sitisa mosebetsi oa ho boloka mohopolo (2013): Bo-rasaense ba Jeremane ba fumane seo Boitsebiso ba Inthanete bo ka fokotsa mohopolo oa ho sebetsa. Tekong ena ea litšoantšo tsa bootsoa, ​​batho ba nang le bophelo bo botle ba 28 ba ile ba etsa mesebetsi ea ho hopola lintho ba sebelisa lihlopha tse fapaneng tsa litšoantšo tsa 4, e 'ngoe ea tsona e ne e le litšoantšo tsa bootsoa. Barupeluoa ba ile ba lekanya litšoantšo tsa bootsoa mabapi le ho tsosoa ha thobalano le ho ipholla litho tsa botona kapa botšehali pele ho, le ka morao, pontšo ea litšoantšo tsa bootsoa. Lipatlisiso li bontšitse hore ho hopola mohopolo ho ne ho le mpe ka ho fetisisa nakong ea ho shebella litšoantšo tsa bootsoa le hore ho tsoha ho hoholo ho ile ha eketsa lerotholi.

6) Likamano tsa ho kopanya liphate tsa ho kopanela liphate ka ho etsa liqeto ka tlase-taba (2013): Phuputso e fumane hore ho shebella litšoantšo tse manyala tse hlephisang boitšoaro ho sitisitse ho etsa liqeto nakong ea tlhahlobo e lekantsoeng ea boitseko. Sena se fana ka maikutlo a hore litšoantšo tsa bootsoa li ka ama tšebetso ea motsamaisi, e leng sete sa tsebo ea kelello e u thusang ho etsa lintho. Tsebo ena e laoloa ke sebaka sa boko se bitsoang prefrontal cortex.

7) Ho khomarela litšoantšo tsa bootsoa? Ho hlokomoloha kapa ho hlokomoloha maemo a ts'oanang le litaba tsa ho kopanela liphate ka litaba tsa ho qoqa le ba bang ka litaba tsa thobalano ho na le maemo a mangata a amanang le matšoao a ts'oaetso ea ho kopanela liphate le ba bang ba libanese (2015: Batho ba nang le tšekamelo e phahameng ea ho lemalla litšoantšo tsa bootsoa ba etsa mesebetsi e mengata e sa sebetseng (e leng tlas'a maemo a tsamaiso ea prefrontal cortex).

8) Tšebeliso e sebetsang ea banna ba kopanelang liphate le ba sa kopaneleng liphate Pele ho 'me ka mor'a ho shebella video ea Erotic (2017): Ho hlahisa litšoantšo tsa bootsoa ho amme bolaoli bo sebetsang ho banna ba nang le "boitšoaro bo hlephileng ba thobalano," empa e seng taolo e nepahetseng. Mookameli ea futsanehileng ea sebetsang ha a pepesetsoa litloaelo tse amanang le lithethefatsi ke letšoao la mathata a lithethefatsi (a bontšang bobeli ho fetoloa lipotoloho tsa prefrontal 'me ho hlohlelletsa).

9) Ho ipapisa le thobalano ea ho kopanela liphate ho etsa hore ho be le likhaello tse eketsehileng tse lebisang tlhokomelo e ntseng e eketseha ha ho etsoa litlokotsi tsa Cyber ​​har'a batho (Cheng & Chiou, 2017): Lithutong tse peli ho pepesehela maikutlo a thobalano a bonts'itsoeng ho hlahisitse: 1) theolelo e liehang ho feta (ho se khone ho liehisa khotsofalo), 2) tšekamelo e kholo ea ho etsa botlokotsebe ba cyber, 3) tšekamelo e kholo ea ho reka thepa ea bohata le ho qhekella akhaonto ea motho e mong ea Facebook. Ho bokella sena ho bonts'a hore ts'ebeliso ea litšoantšo tsa bootsoa e eketsa ho se ts'oenyehe ebile e ka fokotsa mesebetsi e meng ea taolo (boits'oaro, kahlolo, ho bona esale pele litlamorao, ho laola maikutlo).

Tseleng, ho feta Liphuputso tse 80 tsa lithethefatsi tsa inthanete li sebelisitse "longitudinal" le "tlosa mekhoa e fapaneng". Bohle ba fana ka tlhahiso ea hore tšebeliso ea marang-rang e ka sesosa mathata a kelello le a maikutlo, liphetoho tsa boko bo amanang le lithethefatsi, le liphello tse ling tse mpe ho basebelisi ba bang.

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EXCERPT #10: Prause / Klein / Kohut khetho ea 5% ea lihlooho tse tsoang 1 tsa lithuto tsa 58 tse amanang le tšebeliso ea litšoantšo ho batho ba futsanehileng

SLATE EXCERPT: Liphuputso tsa nako e telele tse latelang batho ka nako e telele li bontša haeba ho shebella lifilimi ho e-na le tšebetso e hlahelletseng, e leng ho hlokahalang ho fana ka maikutlo a hore lifiliming tsa thobalano li bakile phello. Ka mohlala, thuto e 'ngoe ea nako e telele e bontšitse hore, ka karolelano, ho shebella lifilimi e eketsa kotsi ea kamano ea tahlehelo hamorao. Ho Tloha Litlhapi ho Etsa Karolo ea Rōna? Tlhahlobo ea Longitudinal ea Litšoantšo Tsa Bootsoa Sebelisa le Tlhalo. Leha ho le joalo, phuputso e 'ngoe e fumane hore Maamerika a lenyalong a nang le mefuta e phahameng ka ho fetisisa ea tšebeliso ea lifilimi e ne e le maemong a tlaase ka ho fetisisa bakeng sa ho lahleheloa ke kamano ea bona (phello e seng lineline).

Maqheka a mona ke ho thetsa 'mali ho nahana hore lipatlisiso tsa lipatlisiso tsa litšoantšo tsa bootsoa likamanong li fapane. Ba etsa sena ka ho lumela hore ho na le tlhahlobo e le 'ngoe e amanang le litšoantšo tse ts'oanang le litlokotsi (ho tsoa ho Liphuputso tsa 75 Ho hokahanya tšebeliso ea litšoantšo tsa bootsoa le kamano e futsanehileng), e lateloa ke ho khetha li-cherry feela ho tlaleha sephetho sa kantle ho naha - bakeng sa liperesente tse nyane tsa bafo ba eona (5% ea lithuto).

Phuputso e entsoeng ke motho ea tsoang pele ea lithuto tse ka tlase ho 5% ke "Litšoantšo tse manyala tse hlephisang boitšoaro Sebelisa le ho arohana ha lenyalo: Bopaki bo tsoang ho Two-Wave Panel Data (2017)" - Tlhaloso e hlahang ho se hlahang:

Ha u etsa boitsebiso bo tsoang maqhubu a 2006 le a 2012 a Lipapitšetso tsa sechaba tsa American Life Study, sehlooho sena se ile sa hlahloba hore na batho ba lenyalong ba Maamerika ba neng ba shebella litšoantšo tse manyala tse hlephisang boitšoaro ho 2006, kapa ho hang kapa maemong a mangata, ba ne ba ka ba le karohano ea lenyalo ka 2012. Liphuputso tse bontšang boitsebiso bo tloaelehileng bo bontšitsoeng tho nyaloa Maamerika a neng a shebella litšoantšo tse manyala tse hlephisang boitšoaro ho 2006 a ne a feta ka makhetlo a fetang a mabeli joaloka ba sa kang ba sheba litšoantšo tsa bootsoa hore ba arohane ke 2012, esita le ka mor'a ho laola thabo ea lenyalo ea 2006 le khotsofalo ea thobalano hammoho le likamano tse amanang le likamano tsa batho. Kamano pakeng tsa litšoantšo tse manyala tse hlephisang boitšoaro e sebelisa khafetsa le karohano ea lenyalo, leha ho le joalo, e ne e le ka tsela e nepahetseng. Monyetla oa ho arohana ha banyalani le 2012 o eketsehile ka litšoantšo tsa bootsoa tsa 2006 ho fihlela boemong bo itseng ebe o hana mehlaleng e phahameng ka ho fetisisa ea litšoantšo tsa bootsoa.

Liphetho tsa sebele. Ba kopantsoe hammoho, basebeletsi ba litšoantšo tse manyala tse hlephisang boitšoaro (ebang ke banna kapa basali) ba ne ba feta ka makhetlo a fetang a mabeli ho ba le karohano ea lenyalo lilemo tse 6 hamorao. Ka ho khetheha, bakeng sa 95% ea litaba, tšebeliso ea bootsoa ka 2006 e amana le monyetla o eketsehileng oa ho arohana lenyalong ka 2012. Leha ho le joalo, hang ha palo ea litšoantšo tsa bootsoa e fihla ka makhetlo a mangata ka beke kapa ho feta (ke 5% feela ea litaba) monyetla oa ho arohana o ne o tšoana le oa ba sa kang ba sebelisa litšoantšo tsa bootsoa.

Joalokaha ho bontšitsoe tlas'a karolo ea #7 litšebelisano tse karolong e hōle ea lehare la tšepe li ka 'na tsa se ke tsa bolela liphello tsa bongata ba ba sebelisang litšoantšo tsa bootsoa. Ka mokotleng ona o tsoakiloeng oa 2-5% ea basebelisi ba nako e telele re ka fumana karolo e phahameng haholo ea banyalani bao ba khethollang e le ba senyang kapa ba hlasimollang. Ba ka 'na ba ba le manyalo a bulehileng. Mohlomong banyalani bana ba na le kutloisiso ea hore molekane a ka sebelisa litšoantšo tse ngata tse hlephisang boitšoaro tseo a li lakatsang, empa tlhalo ha e na khetho. Ho sa tsotellehe hore na lebaka le phahameng la ho sebelisa litšoantšo tse litšila tse tsosang takatso ho motho a le mong kapa ka bobeli balekane, ho hlakile ho tsoa thutong ena le hohle, hore baeti ba ka ntle ha ba lumellane le ba bangata ba banyalani.

Tseleng, tsohle tse ling lithuto tsa longitudinal netefatsa hore tšebeliso ea bootsoa e amana le liphello tse futsanehileng tsa likamano.

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EXCERPT #11: Che. Prause / Klein / Kohut ka mokhoa o sa tsebeng o qotsa thuto e tšehetsang mohlala oa lithethefatsi

SLATE EXCERPT: Ho ba le likarabo tse matla tsa boko lifilimi tsa thobalano le laborateng o bolela esale pele koloi e matla ho kopanela liphate le likhoeli tsa molekane hamorao.

Hore na thuto e hokahane joang le ho tšehetsa ntlha ena ea ho bua ke taba ea ho nahana. Mohlomong ba nahana hore 'mali o tla bala hampe kaha "ho shebella litšoantšo tsa bootsoa ho lebisa takatsong e kholo ea thobalano le motho oa' nete ea ts'epahallang likhoeli tse 'maloa." Empa ha se seo thuto e tlalehileng ka sona.

Ena e ne e le thuto ka mekhoa e metle ka boitšoaro bo qobelloang (ho ja haholo le boitšoaro bo bobe ba ho kopanela liphate). Phuputso eo e fumane hore ts'ebetso e kholo-ea ho bapala le litšoantšo tse ts'oanang le thobalano e amana le litakatso tse kholo tsa thobalano 'me ho ipholla litho tsa botšehali ka mor'a likhoeli tse tšeletseng hamorao. Phuputso eo ha ea ka ea lekola "takatso ea ho ba le molekane". E mpa e lekola litakatso tsa ho ipholla litho tsa botona kapa botšehali le ho etsa thobalano, tse neng li sa fuoe molekane a le mong. Phuputso e fumane litholoana tse tšoanang bakeng sa lijo: lithuto tse nang le ts'ebetso e kholo ea litšoantšo tsa ho hohela lijo li fumane boima bo boholo likhoeling tse tšeletseng tse tlang. Ho tsoa botebong ba thuto:

Liphuputso tsena li fana ka maikutlo a hore moputso o matlafalitsoeng oa boikarabelo boemong ba boko ho lijo le litabeng tsa thobalano ho amahanngoa le ho ithabisa ka ho ja lijo le ho kopanela liphate, ka ho latellana, le ho fana ka bopaki ba mekhoa e tloaelehileng ea neural e amanang le mekhoa e metle ea boitšoaro.

Phuputso ena e tšehetsa mokhoa oa ho lemalla lithethefatsi, e le lihlooho tse nang le mohlolo o moholo ka ho fetisisa oa ho etsa mosebetsi oa boipheliso (ho etsa mosebetsi oa setsi sa moputso) ho arabela litabeng tsa bootsoa tse nang le litakatso tse matla tsa ho nka likhoeli tse tšeletseng hamorao. E bonahala batho bana ba fetohile e hlokomelisitsoe ho litšoantšo tse manyala tse hlephisang boitšoaro, tse neng li bonahala e le boikutlo ba 'mele le litakatso tseo u ka li sebelisang. Lithethefatsi bafuputsi ba shebile ho hlohlelletsa e le phetoho ea boko bo ka sehloohong e lebisang tlhobelisong ea boikhathollo 'me qetellong e lemalla. (Bona "Khopolo ea ho susumelletsa batho ho tsuba")

Litsela tse hlokomelisitsoeng e ka nahanoa joalo ka Boemo ba li-Pavlovia holim'a li-turbo. Ha e tsositsoe ke mehopolo kapa litlhahiso, litsela tse matlafatsang li phalla potoloho ea moputso, ho chesa ka thata-ho hlokomoloha litakatso. Liphuputso tse 'maloa tsa morao tjena tsa bokooa li sebelisitse ts'ebetso, mme bohle ba tlaleha likarabo tsa boko bo tšoanang le tse bonoang ke lino tse tahang le lithethefatsi. E le ea 2018 liphuputso tse ling tsa 25 li tlalehile li fumanoa li lumellana le ho hlohlelletsa batho (litsebi kapa litakatso) ho ba sebelisang litšoantšo tsa bootsoa le ba lemaletseng ho kopanela liphate: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25.

Ho bohlokoa ho hlokomela hore sensitization ha se sesupo sa 'nete ea libido kapa takatso ea ho atamela haufi le molekane. Sebakeng seo, ke bopaki ba ho ba le kutloelo-bohloko ea maikutlo ho mehopolo kapa lintlha tse amanang le boits'oaro. Ka mohlala, lintlha tse kang ho bulela k'homphieutha, ho bona pop-up, kapa ho ba mong - li ka baka tšusumetso e matla, e thata ho hlokomoloha litakatso tsa ho sheba litšoantšo tsa bootsoa. Liphuputso li senola hore basebelisi ba ts'oaetso ea bootsoa ba ka ba le maikutlo a maholo ka ho fetesisa kapa litakatso tsa bootsoa, ​​leha ho le joalo ba na le takatso e tlase ea thobalano le ho se sebetse hantle ha erectile le balekane ba nnete. Mohlala, ho Boko ba Univesithi ea Cambridge bo hlahloba lithuto tsa batho ba lemaletseng boitšoaro bo hlephileng ba litšoantšo bafo ba bona ba ne ba e-na le bokhoni bo matla ba ho kopanela liphate, empa ba bangata ba tlaleha mathata a tsosang le a erectile le balekane ba bona. Ho tsoa thutong ea 2014 Cambridge:

Litaba tsa [boitšoaro bo hlephileng ba thobalano] li tlalehile hore ka lebaka la ts'ebeliso e fetelletseng ea lisebelisoa tse totobatsang thobalano… .. ba bile le ts'ebetso e fokotsehileng ea "libido" kapa "erectile" haholo likamanong tsa 'mele le basali (leha e se ka kamano le litaba tsa thobalano).

Joale re na le thupelo ea Nicole Prause 2013 EEG eo ae entseng mecheng ea litaba e le bopaki khahlanong le boteng ba ho lemalla ho kopanela liphate le thobalano: Takatso ea ho kopanela liphate, eseng bosodoma, e amana le likarabo tsa likokoana-hloko tse hlalositsoeng ke litšoantšo tsa thobalano (Steele et al., 2013). Ha ho joalo. Steele et al. 2013 ha e le hantle e fana ka ts'ehetso ea ho ba teng ha lithethefatsi tse hlephisang boitšoaro le litšoantšo tsa bootsoa li sebelisa ho laola takatso ea thobalano. Joang joale? Phuputso e ile ea tlaleha litlaleho tse phahameng tsa EEG (ho amana le litšoantšo tse sa nke lehlakore) ha lihlooho li ne li pepesitsoe lifoto tse litšila tse tsosang takatso. Liphuputso li bontša khafetsa hore P300 e phahameng e etsahala ha batho ba lemaletseng lithethefatsi ba pepesehela litšoantšo (tse kang litšoantšo) tse amanang le ho lemala ha bona (joalo ka thuto ena ka ho lemalla ha cocaine).

Polelo ea Prause e phetoang khafetsa ea hore bafo ba hae "bono ha boa ka ba arabela joaloka lithethefatsi tse ling”Ha e na tšehetso, 'me ha ho kae kapa kae moo ho ka fumanoang thutong ea' nete. E fumanoa feela lipuisanong tsa hae. Ho fana ka maikutlo tlasa Psychology kajeno hlahlobeloa ea Prause, moprofesa ea phahameng ea kelello ea maiketsetso John A. Johnson o ile a bitsa Prause hore a senole seo a se fumaneng:

"Kelello ea ka e ntse e tsubella polelo ea Prause ea hore boko ba bafo ba hae ha boa ka ba arabela litšoantšong tsa thobalano joalo ka bokooa ba batho ba lemaletseng lithethefatsi, hobane a tlaleha lipalo tse phahameng tsa P300 bakeng sa litšoantšo tsa thobalano. Joalo ka ba lemalloang ba bonts'a li-spikes tsa P300 ha ba hlahisoa ka lithethefatsi tsa bona tseo ba li ratang. O ne a ka fihlela qeto e fapaneng le ea litholoana tsa nnete joang? ”

Tumellanong le Boko ba Univesithi ea Cambridge bo hlahloba lithuto, Steele et al. 2013 e boetse e tlaleha hore ho na le maqheka a ho etsa litšoantšo tse litšila tse ts'oanang le thobalano. Ho beha ka tsela e 'ngoe, batho ba nang le bokooa bo bongata bo holimo ba ho kopanela liphate ba ka rata ho ikhotsofatsa ho feta ho kopanela liphate le motho oa sebele. Ho makatsa, 'muelli oa thuto Thapelo a bolela hore ba sebelisang litšoantšo tsa bootsoa ba mpa ba e-na le "libido e phahameng," leha ho le joalo liphello tsa thuto li re e fapaneng ka ho toba (takatso ea lihlooho tsa thobalano e arohaneng e theohile mabapi le ts'ebeliso ea bona ea bootsoa). Lipampiri tse robeli tse hlahlojoang ke lithaka li hlalosa 'nete: Litlhaloso tse hlahlojoang ke lithaka tsa Steele et al., 2013. Hape sheba YBOP e batsi haholo.

Ka kakaretso, motho ea sebelisang litšoantšo tsa bootsoa hangata a ka ba le maikutlo a phahameng a ho tsosoa (litakatso) empa hape o na le mathata a ho tsosoa le molekane. Ho tsosa takatso ea bootsoa ha se bopaki ba "karabelo ea thobalano" kapa ts'ebetso e ntle ea erectile le molekane.

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EXCERPT #12: Esita le David Ley o nahana hore polelo ea hau e belaela

SLATE EXCERPT: Liphuputso tsa liteko li ka bontša haeba ho shebella litšoantšo tsa bootsoa e le kannete lisosa likamano tse fosahetseng ka ho kenyelletsa le taolo. The teko ea pele e kholo, e ngolisitsoeng pele o fumane hore ho sheba litšoantšo tsa thobalano ha hoa fokotsa lerato kapa takatso ea molekane oa hau oa lerato.

Ntlha ea pele, ha hoa utloahala ho re "Liphuputso tsa liteko li ka bonts'a haeba ho shebella litšoantšo tsa bootsoa e le kannete lisosa likamano tse fosahetseng tsa likamano. "Liteko tseo ho tsona bashanyana ba kolecheng ba bonang ba seng bakae naga mekhahlelo ea bohareng (joaloka ho ithuta e amanang le bangoli) Ha ho letho leo u ka le tsebang ka liphello tsa monna oa hau ho ikhotsofatsa ka li-video tse thata ka ho fetisisa likopi letsatsi le letsatsi ka lilemo tse qetellong. Lithuto feela tsa kamano tse ka "bontša hore na ho sheba litšoantšo tsa bootsoa ho hlile ho le joalo lisosa liphello tse mpe tsa likamano " ke nako e telele ea ho ithuta ho laola mefuta-futa kapa lithuto tseo ho tsona litaba li sa lokelang ho itlosa litšoantšong tsa bootsoa. Ho fihlela joale ho fumanoe lithuto tse supileng tsa khale tsa likamano tse ngata tse hlahisang liphello tsa sebele tsa bophelo ba tšebeliso e tsoelang pele ea litšoantšo tsa bootsoa. All ba tlaleha hore tšebeliso ea litšoantšo tsa bootsoa e ama kamano e futsanehileng / liphello tsa thobalano

  1. Tlhaloso ea Bacha ea ho Boitsebiso bo Inthaneteng ka Thobalano le Khotsofalo ea Thobalano: Thuto ea Longitudinal (2009).
  2. Lerato le sa Feleng: Litšoantšo tse manyala tse hlephisang boitšoaro le boitlamo bo nyahamisitsoeng ho molekane oa motho oa lerato (2012).
  3. Litšoantšo tse manyala tse hlephisang boitšoaro tsa Inthanete le boleng ba kamano: Ho ithuta ka nako e telele ka hare le pakeng tsa liphello tsa molekane oa liphetoho, khotsofalo ea thobalano le lisebelisoa tsa inthanete tse hlalosang thobalano pakeng tsa li-newly-weds (2015).
  4. Ho Tloha Litlhapi ho Etsa Karolo ea Rōna? Litla-morao tsa Bootsoa Sebelisa Tlhalo, (2016).
  5. Na ho Shebella Litšoantšo Tsa Bootsoa ho Fokotsa Boikarabelo ba Lenyalo ka Nako? Bopaki bo tsoang Longitudinal Data (2016).
  6. Na Batho ba Bang ba Litšoantšo Tsa Bootsoa ba ka 'na ba E-ba le Phihlelo e Eketsehileng ea ho Hlōloa? Bopaki bo tsoang Longitudinal Data (2017).
  7. Litšoantšo tse manyala tse hlephisang boitšoaro Sebelisa le ho arohana ha lenyalo: Bopaki bo tsoang ho Two-Wave Panel Data (2017).

Ho ea thuputsong ea 2017 Prause / Klein / Kohut e kopantsoeng le, le liphetho tsa eona tse qhetsoeng habonolo: Na ho pepeseha ha batho ba fokolang maikutlo ho fokotsa ho khahloa le ho rata banna ba ratanang? Kenrick, Gutierres le Goldberg (1989) ba ikemela ka bolokolohi.

Phuputso ea 2017 e ile ea leka ho pheta-pheta thuto 1989 e pepesitseng banna le basali kamanong e ikemiselitseng litšoantšong tse tsosang takatso tsa bong bo fapaneng. Phuputso ea 1989 e fumane hore banna ba pepeselitsoeng bofeela naga lits'ebeletso tsa mahareng li ne li lekantša balekane ba bona e le tsa bohlokoa haholo 'me li tlaleha lerato le tlase ho molekane oa bona. Ha 2017 e hlōleha ho pheta lipatlisiso tsa 1989, re bolelloa hore thuto ea 1989 e fumane phoso, le hore tšebeliso ea bootsoa e ke ke ea fokotsa lerato kapa takatso. Whoa! Ha ho joalo ka potlako.

Tlhaloso eo "e ile ea hloleha" hobane tikoloho ea rona e se e "soabisitsoe". Bafuputsi ba 2017 ha baa ka ba hira baithuti ba koleche ba 1989 ba hotseng ba shebelletse MTV kamora sekolo. Sebakeng seo bafo ba bona ba hōtse ba palama PornHub bakeng sa gang bang le likoto tsa video tsa orgy.

Ho 1989 baithuti ba bangata ba koleche ba ne ba bone video ea X? Ha se ngata haholo. Ke ba bakae baithuti ba koleche ea 1989 ba qetileng thuto ea boithabiso bo bong le bo bong, ho tloha bocheng ba ho kena lilemong tsa bocha, ho ipholla litho tsa makhetlo a mangata ka sepheo se seng? Ha ho letho. Sepheo sa liphetho tsa 2017 se totobetse: ho pepeseha ha khutšoanyane setšoantšo sa lehae sa naga Palo e bohareng ke mohloa o moholo ho bapisoa le banna ba koleji ba 2017 ba 'nileng ba shebella lilemo. Esita le bangoli ba lumellane le phapang ea naha ka kakaretso ea bona:

1) Ntlha ea pele, ke habohlokoa ho bontša hore thuto ea pele e hatisitsoe ka 1989. Ka nako eo, ho pepeseha ha litaba tsa thobalano ha hoa ka ha e-ba teng, empa kajeno, ho pepeseha litšoantšo tse litšila ho atile haholo, 'me kahoo ho pepeseha ho se hokae ho ka' na ha se ke ha lekaneng ho etsa hore tšusumetso e fapaneng e tlalehoe qalong. Ka hona, liphetho tsa lipatlisiso tsa hona joale tsa ho ipheta-pheta li ka fapana le thuto ea pele ka lebaka la ho fapana ha ho pepeseha, ho fihlella, esita le ho amoheloa ha liketsahalo ho latela hona joale.

Ketsahalong e sa tloaelehang ea phetolelo e se nang leeme le David Ley o ile a ikutloa a qobelloa ho bontša hore ho hlakile:

E kanna eaba setso, banna le thobalano li fetohile haholo haesale ho tloha ka 1989. Ke banna ba seng bakae ba baholo matsatsing ana ba so kang ba bona litšoantšo tsa bootsoa kapa basali ba hlobotseng — bofeela le botona le botšehali bo pepesang li atile mecheng ea litaba e tsebahalang, ho tloha Papaling ea literoneng ho etsa lipapatso tse nkhang hamonate, le liprofinseng tse ngata, basali ba lumelloa ho ea holimo. Kahoo ho ka etsahala hore banna thutong ea morao-rao ba ithutile ho kopanya botenya le ho kopanela liphate tseo ba li bonang litšoantšong tsa bootsoa le mecha ea litaba ea letsatsi le letsatsi ka tsela e sa ameng ho hohela kapa ho rata balekane ba bona. Mohlomong banna ba phuputsong ea 1989 ba ne ba sa pepesetsoa thobalano, bofeela le litšoantšo tsa bootsoa.

Hopola hore tlhahlobo ena ha e bolele hore internet e sebelisoa ha ho joalo ho khahloa ke banna ba amehang ho ba ratang. Ho mpa ho bolela hore ho shebella "li-foldfold" ha ho na tšusumetso e potlakileng matsatsing ana. Banna ba bangata ba tlaleha haholo ho eketseha ho khahloa ke basebetsi-'moho ka mor'a ho tlohela litšoantšo tsa bootsoa ba inthanete. 'Me ho hlakile hore ho boetse ho na le bopaki ba longitudinal bo boletsoeng ka holimo bo bontšang liphello tse senyang tsa ho sheba litšoantšo tsa bootsoa likamanong.

Hape hape, Prause / Klein / Kohut e fana ka phello e makatsang, e khethiloeng ke cherry ka boiteko bo fokolang ba ho loantša ho senyeha ha liphuputso tsa tlaleho ea litšoantšo tsa bootsoa tse amanang le tlhalo, ho senyeha, le ho khotsofatsa likamano tsa botona le botšehali le khotsofalo.

Qetellong, ke habohlokoa ho hlokomela hore bangoli ba pampiri e amanang le basebetsi-'moho le Taylor Kohut Univesithing ea Western Ontario. Sehlopha sena sa bafuputsi, se eteletsoeng ke William Fisher, se 'nile sa hatisa lipatlisiso tse belaetsang, tse lulang li hlahisa liphello tse ka holim'a libuka tse ngata tse amanang le tšebeliso ea bootsoa likotsong tse ngata tse mpe. Ho feta moo, Kohut le Fisher ba ile ba phetha karolo e kholo ho hlōloa Motion 47 Canada.

Liphuputso tse peli tsa morao-rao tse tsoang ho Kohut, Fisher le basebetsi-'moho ba Western Ontario, tse ileng tsa koahela lihlooho tsa litaba tse senyang le tse khelosang ke tsena:

1) Liphello tse lemohuoang tsa litšoantšo tse manyala tse hlephisang boitšoaro ho kamano ea banyalani: Liphuputso tsa mantlha tsa lipatlisiso tse bulehileng, tse nkang karolo mabapi le lipatlisiso tsa "Bottom-Up" (2017), Taylor Kohut, William A. Fisher, Lorne Campbell

Thutong ea bona ea 2017, Kohut, Fisher le Campbell ho bonahala ba khelositse sampole ho hlahisa litholoana tseo ba neng ba li batla. Le ha lipatlisiso tse ngata li bontša hore basali ba fokolang ba sebelisang litšoantšo tsa bootsoa ba sebelisa litšoantšo tsa bootsoa, ​​phuputsong ena 95% ea basali ba ne ba sebelisa litšoantšo tsa bootsoa ba le bang (85% ea basali ba ne ba sebelisitse litšoantšo tsa bootsoa ho tloha qalong ea kamano). Litefiso tseo li phahame ho feta tsa banna ba lilemong tsa koleche, 'me li phahame haholo ho feta thutong efe kapa efe ea litšoantšo tsa bootsoa! Ka mantsoe a mang, bafuputsi ba bonahala ba khelositse sampole ea bona ho hlahisa litholoana tseo ba neng ba li batla. 'Nete: Litaba tse fapaneng tse tsoang phuputsong e kholo ea US (General Social Survey) li tlalehile hore ke basali ba 2.6% feela ba kileng ba etela "sebaka sa marang-rang sa bootsoa" khoeling e fetileng.

Ntle le moo, thuto ea Kohut e botsitse feela "lipotso tse bulehileng" moo lihlooho li ka qhekellang mabapi le litšoantšo tsa bootsoa. Bafuputsi ba ile ba bala li-ramblings mme kamora 'nete, ba arabela hore "likarabo" li bohlokoa (li lekana pale eo ba e batlang?). Ka mantsoe a mang, thuto ha ea ka ea amahanya ts'ebeliso ea litšoantšo tsa bootsoa le sepheo sefe kapa sefe, tlhahlobo e fapaneng ea mahlale ea khotsofalo ea thobalano kapa kamano (joalo ka ha ho entse lithuto tse fetang 75 tse bonts'ang tšebeliso ea litšoantšo tsa bootsoa li hokahane le litlamorao tse mpe likamanong). Ntho e ngoe le e ngoe e tlalehiloeng pampiring e ne e kenyelelitsoe (kapa e sa kenyeletsoe) ho latela boikhethelo bo sa qholotsoang ba bangoli.

2) Tlhaloso ea "Na Litšoantšo Tsa Bootsoa li Hlile li Bua ka" Ho Hloea Basali "? Basebelisi ba Litšoantšo Tsa Bootsoa ba na le Maikutlo a Bongata a Bofetoheli ho Feta Batho Bao e Seng Batho Bao e Seng Boemo ho Moemeli oa Mohlala oa Amerika ”(2016),

Li-co-author tsa Taylor Kohut li entsoe egalitarianism e le: Tšehetso ea (1) Ho ntša mpa, (2) Tlhaloso ea basali, (3) Basali ba tšoereng maemo a matla, (4) Tumelo ea hore bophelo ba lelapa bo utloa bohloko ha mosali a e-na le mosebetsi oa nako e tletseng, 'me ka mokhoa o makatsang (5) Boikutlo bo fosahetseng ka lelapa la setso. Batho ba bangata, bao hangata ba nang le bolokolohi bo eketsehileng, ba le hole haholo litekanyetso tse phahameng tsa tšebeliso ea bootsoa ho feta batho ba bolumeli. Ka ho khetha litekanyetso tsena le ho hlokomoloha mefuta e meng e sa feleng, mongoli ea etelletsang pele Kohut le bangoli ba hae ba ne ba tseba hore ba tla qetella ba sebelisitse litšoantšo tsa bootsoa ba etsa phapanyetsano ea khetho e khethollang ka hloko ea se boleloang ke "egalitarianism."Joale bangoli ba khethile sehlooho se se hlahisitseng kaofela. Ha e le hantle, liphuputso tsena li hanyetsana le thuto e 'ngoe le e' ngoe e hatisitsoeng. (Bona lenane lena la lipatlisiso tse fetang 25 tse amanang le litšoantšo tsa bootsoa ho boikutlo ba ho kopanela liphate, tlhaloso le tse fokolang egalitarianism.)

Hlokomela: Puo ena ea 2018 e senola 'nete ka mor'a lithuto tsa 5 tse belaetsang le tse khelosa, ho kenyelletsa le lithuto tse peli tse sa tsoa tšohloa: Lipatlisiso Tsa Bootsoa: 'Nete kapa Khopolo-taba?

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EXCERPT #13: Ho shebella litšoantšo tse litšila tse tsosang takatso ho etsa hore horny le ho noa ho ntlafatse maikutlo a hau, ka hona ho ke ke ha e-ba le lehlakoreng le joalo

SLATE EXCERPT: Phuputsong e 'ngoe ea lipatlisiso, banyalani ba neng ba shebella lifilimi tsa thobalano, ebang ke ka kamoreng e le' o bontšitse takatso e matla ea ho kopanela liphate le molekane oa hona joale.

Pampiri e 'ngoe ea Nicole Prause. Ho sheba lit soant so tsa bootsoa, ​​ho ba monko o monate, ebe joale o batla ho theoha, ha ho bonolo ho fumana. "Sebaka sena sa" laboratori se fumanoang "ha se re bolelle letho ka liphello tsa nako e telele tsa tšebeliso ea bootsoa likamanong (hape, lithuto tse fetang 75 - le thuto e 'ngoe le e' ngoe ho banna - lihokelo tsa litšoantšo tsa bootsoa li sebelisa khotsofalo e nyane ea thobalano le kamano). Teko ena e ts'oana le ho lekola litlamorao tsa joala ka ho botsa barekisi ba barekisi haeba ba ikutloa ba thabile kamora biri ea bona ea pele. Na tlhahlobo ee ea hanngoe e re joetsa letho ka maikutlo a bona hoseng ho latelang kapa ka litlamorao tsa ts'ebeliso e mpe ea joala?

Ha ho makatse hore ebe Dr. Prause ha aa ka a tlohela liphuputso tse ling tsa thuto ea hae:

Ho shebella lifilimi tse tsosang takatso ho boetse ho etsa hore litlaleho tse kholo tsa tšusumetso e mpe, molato le matšoenyeho

Tšusumetso e mpe e bolela maikutlo a sithabetsang. Phumiso e sebelisitse ho khaola-ho ikhethela litholoana tsa sona.

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EXCERPT #14: E le ho sireletsa litšoantšo tsa bootsoa, ​​a re ke re beheng molato oa ho ipholla litho tsa botona kapa botšehali bakeng sa litlamorao tsohle tse amanang le litšoantšo tsa bootsoa

SLATE EXCERPT: Ha thuto e 'ngoe e tlalehile joalo ho fokotsa tšebeliso ea litšoantšo tsa bootsoa ho ile ha eketsa boitlamo ho molekane, ha ho thuto e bontšitseng hore sena se ne se bakoa ke lifiliming tsa thobalano ka bobona ebile ha li fetohe tse ling tse ferekanyang, tse kang phapang pakeng tsa litho tsa botona kapa botšehali tse bakoang ke ho fetola mekhoa ea ho shebella. Ka pono ea rona, ha ho e-s'o qobelle data ho tiisa hore ho tsosoa ha thobalano ka lifilimi tsa thobalano ho fokotsa takatso ea molekane oa kamehla oa thobalano; ka sebele, maemong a mang, lifiliming tsa thobalano li bonahala li chesa mollo.

Ha e le hantle, bophahamo bo bongata ba bopaki e bontša ka mokhoa o kholisang hore joalokaha litšoantšo tsa bootsoa li eketseha, kamano le khotsofalo ea thobalano li fokotseha. Hase taba ea lipatlisiso tse ling "e re" e "ngoe" le lithuto tse ling "ha li hane", joalo ka thuto e 'ngoe le e' ngoe ho banna le litšoantšo tsa bootsoa (Liphuputso tsa 70) Litšebelisano tse ts'oanang tsa bootsoa li sebelisa ho fokotsa thobalano kapa kamano ea khotsofalo Ha e le hantle, a Phuputso ea morao tjena o ile a bontša hore ho banna, litšoantšo tsa bootsoa tse neng li atisa ho feta hang ka khoeli tse amanang le ho fokotsa khotsofalo ea thobalano. (Bakeng sa basali, ho fokotseha ho bile ho fokotseha. Sebelisa hoo e neng e le khafetsa ho feta "makhetlo a 'maloa ka selemo" ho ne ho amahanngoa le ho fokotsa khotsofalo ea thobalano.)

Hape, the ho ithuta ka boithaopo e boletsoeng ka holimo ha e le hantle o ile a bontša hore ho shebella litšoantšo tse hlephisang boitšoaro e ne e le eona lebaka le ka sehloohong la boipheliso bo fokotsehileng ho ba neng ba sheba litšoantšo tse litšila tse tsosang takatso. Ke e 'ngoe ea lipatlisiso tse' maloa tse kenyelletsang batho ho leka (ho leka) ho tlosa tšebeliso ea litšoantšo tsa bootsoa (libeke tsa 3) ho bapisa liphello le sehlopha sa taolo. Ka tshohanyetso ba bang ba batlisisi ba tšoanang e phatlalalitse thuto e 'ngoe ho bapisa ho fokotseha ha nakoana ho bao ka nakoana ba ileng ba leka ho tlohela litšoantšo tsa bootsoa. Ba fumane hore barupeluoa ba kopanelang litabeng tsa bootsoa ba nka hore ha ba khone ho fokotsa thabo. The

Hoa makatsa hore litsebi tsa thobalano joaloka Klein, Prause le Kohut ba ikemiselitse ho sireletsa tšebeliso ea litšoantšo tseo ba ikemiselitseng ho e hlalosa ho ipholla litho e baka mathata a kamano! (Puseletso le mosebetsi-'moho Ley ba boetse ba re ho ipholla litho ho baka chronic ED ho banna bahlankana - ntle le ts'ebetso ea bongaka kapa bopaki bo bong)

Leha ho le joalo, ka nako e tšoanang Prause e 'nile ea tsitlella phatlalatsa hore ho ipholla litho tsa botona kapa botšehali ke phaello e sa lokelang. Joale, ke eng? Mona bangoli ba supa mono ka ho ipholla litho tsa botona kapa botšehali e le sesosa sa mathata a likamano, empa ha ba fane ka bopaki bo tiileng bo tšehetsang litsomi tsa bona. Ho bonahala eka boipiletso ba bona ba hore "ho ipholla litho tsa botona kapa botšehali" ke ho khutsa ha bofubelu feela habonolo sebele bopaki ba saense bo bontša hore litšoantšo tse ling tsa bootsoa li sebelisa mathata a correlates.

Ka ts'ebetso, bo-rasaense ba 2017 ba hlile ba lekile "khopolo ea ho ipholla litho tsa botona kapa botšehali", 'me ha ba fumane tšehetso bakeng sa eona. Bona "Na Litšoantšo Tsa Bootsoa li ka Lemoloa? Thuto ea FMRI ea Batho ba Batlang Phekolo ea Litšoantšo Tsa Bootsoa Ho Sebelisa Litšoantšo"Ho ba le kutloelo-bohloko litabeng tse amanang le lithethefatsi ho amana le tšebeliso ea bootsoa 'me tloaelo ea ho ipholla litho tsa botona kapa botšehali. Sena se utloahala, joalo ka ho shebella Litšoantšo tsa bootsoa li tšoana le ho ipholla litho tsa botona kapa botšehali:

Nka mohlala oa litšoantšo tsa bootsoa. Ho nahana ka litsela tsa ho e fumana, kapa ho e batla ka mafolofolo, mohlomong le ho ba le takatso nakong ea ts'ebetso, ho nkoa e le ho batla ho kopanela liphate. Ho shebella boitsebiso bo litšila ba bootsoa, ​​esita le ntle le ho ipholla litho tsa botona kapa botšehali, ho ka nkoa "ho kopanela liphate" ha ho e-na le ho tsosoa ha thobalano.

Batho ba hloka ka potlako bafuputsi ba tla sebelisa saense e utloahalang (le sauroscience) hore ba etse lipatlisiso ka thobalano ea batho le liphello tsa tikoloho e ikhethang ea ho kopanela liphate kajeno. Hase li-propagandists tse sebeletsang likhahla tse khubelu.

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EXCERPT #15: Masoabi bana, Thuto e le 'ngoe feela e amana le "ho itlhahisa joaloka motho ea lemaletseng boitšoaro bo bobe" ka nako e ngata, bolumeli le boitšoaro bo hlephileng ba tšebeliso ea litšoantšo tsa bootsoa

SLATE EXCERPT: Ha u bua le pelo ea bothata, bothata bo bong bo boholo ho basebelisi ba bang ba litšoantšo ke lihlong. Ho hlajoa ke lihlong ka ho shebella lifilimese tsa thobalano ho bokelloa ke sechaba ka indasteri ea phekolo ea ho lemalla ho kopanela liphate (bakeng sa phaello), ke mecha ea phatlalatso (bakeng sa clickbait), le ka lihlopha tsa bolumeli (ho laola ho kopanela liphate). Ka bomalimabe, ho sa tsotellehe hore na u lumela ho sheba litšoantšo tsa bootsoa kapa che, ho shebella ho shebella lifilimi ho ka 'na ha tlatsetsa bothateng. Ha e le hantle, a palo ea lithuto tse eketsehileng bontša hore batho ba bangata ba khethollang e le "litlokotsi tsa bootsoa" ha ba talime lifilimi tsa thobalano ho feta batho ba bang. Ba mpa ba ikutloa ba hlajoa ke lihlong haholo ka boitšoaro ba bona, bo amanang le ho hōla mokhatlong oa bolumeli kapa oa ho thibela thobalano.

Karabelo ea kemiso #15 e kopantsoe le ho arabela karolong e qaqileng ea #19 ka tlase, ka bobeli ba sebetsana le bothata bo le bong ba litšoantšo tsa bootsoa (CPUI-9) le litšōmo tse potolohileng eona le lithuto tse li sebelisang.

Tlhokomeliso: Tlhaloso ea mantlha e kenyelletsoeng ka holimo ke ea bohata joalokaha ho le joalo thuto e le 'ngoe feela e amanang ka ho toba le boikhohomoso ba litlolo tsa bootsoa ka nako e ngata, bolumeli le boitšoaro bo khahlanong le tšebeliso ea litšoantšo. Liphuputso tsa eona li hanana le pale e hahiloeng ka hloko mabapi le "ho lemalla ho lemalla lit soant so tsa bootsoa" ke lihlong tsa bolumeli / boitšoaro bo sa amoheleheng ") - e ipapisitseng le lithuto tse sebelisang sesebelisoa se fosahetseng se bitsoang CPUI-9. Thutong e le 'ngoe feela ea khokahano e tobileng, khokahano e matla ka ho fetesisa le ho itlhahloba joaloka lekhoba la tahi lihora tse ngata tsa tšebeliso ea litšoantšo. Bolumeli bo ne bo se na thuso, 'me ha ho ntse ho e-na le likamano tse ling pakeng tsa ho itšepa e le lithethefatsi le boitšoaro bo hlephileng mabapi le tšebeliso ea litšoantšo, e ne e le halofo lihora tsa ho sebelisana ha li-correlation.

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EXCERPT #16: Ho qobelloa ha ho tšoane le tlhahlobo ea "Compulsive Sexual Behaeve Disorder" ho ICD-11

SLATE EXCERPT: Ke habohlokoa ho hlokomela hore ho qobella hase lentsoe la sekhele le akarelletsang ho lemalla. Ho lemalla ho lemalla, ho hloka boikemisetso, le ho se tsotelle ke mefuta eohle e fapaneng ka mekhoa e fapaneng ea karabelo e hlokang phekolo e fapaneng. Ka mohlala, mefuta e tsitsitseng ea ho lemala noha matšoao a ho ikhula, empa mekhoa ea ho qhekella ha e bolele esale pele hore u tla itokolla. Mehlala ea ho se sebetse noha ho ba le tšenyo e matla ea ho lieha liqeto kapa ho lieha monate o lebelletsoeng, athe mekhoa ea ho qobella batho ho qeta nako e lekaneng ho bolela esale pele ho tiea, ho latela mamello.

Hang hape Prause / Klein / Kohut o leka ho robala ka bohlale. Ba batla hore u lumele hore "ho qobella" ho lumellana le eona Bothata ba ho Kopanela Liphate ka ho Kopanela Liphate ho hlahlojoa, le hore ka hona ICD-11 e reretsoe ho thibela bahlokomeli ba tlhokomelo ea bophelo hore ba se sebelise ho fumana hore na ba na le bothata ba ho kopanela liphate le ho kopanela liphate. Leha ho le joalo, mantsoe ana ha a tšoane, a bolelang hore re ka hlokomoloha karolo ea #17 le boiteko ba eona ba ho ferekanya 'mali.

Leha ho le joalo re batla ho manolla taba ena ka ho eketsehileng hobane ba hanang ho lemalla lithethefatsi joalo ka Prause / Klein / Kohut le basebetsi-'moho le bona ba bonahala ba na le boikhathatso bo itseng. Ba tsitlallela ho ts'ebeliso e mpe ea litšoantšo tsa bootsoa e le "qobello" - ka hona ba fana ka maikutlo a hore e ke ke ea hlola e e-ba "bokhoba".

RE: "Ho qobelloa ho qobella hase lentsoe la sekhele le akarelletsang ho lemala. " Ho itšetlehile ka eo u mo botsitseng, empa potso e joalo ha e na thuso ho ICD-11 Bothata ba ho Kopanela Liphate ka ho Kopanela Liphate ho hlahlojoa. Tšebeliso ea "Compulsive" ho hlahlojoa ha ICD-11 e ncha ha e reretsoe ho hlalosa mekhoa ea methapo ea kelello ea CSBD: "o ile a tsoela pele ho etsa boitšoaro bo bobe ba ho kopanela liphate ho sa tsotellehe liphello tse bohloko”Ho e-na le hoo,“ Ho qobella, ”kamoo e sebelisitsoeng kateng ho ICD-11, ke lentsoe le hlalosang le 'nileng la sebelisoa ka lilemo tse ngata,' me hangata le sebelisoa ka tsela e tšoanang le“ bokhoba ”. (Mohlala, setsebi sa Google se batlile ho qobelloa + ho lemalla e khutlela litlhaloso tsa 130,000.)

Tlhaloso ea #17 e re ka ho hloka tsebo ka kakaretso ea 'nete e tiisitsoeng: The ICD 'me DSM Tsamaiso ke e hlalosang, haholo-holo li-atheoretical classification systems. Ba itšetlehile ka ho ba teng kapa ho ba sieo ha matšoao le matšoao a khethehileng ho theha liteko. Ka mantsoe a mang, ICD le DSM li sitoa ho lumellana le khopolo leha e le efe ea likokoana-hloko e bakang lefu la kelello, ebang ke ho tepella maikutlong, schizophrenia, joala kapa CSBD.

Kahoo, eng kapa eng o kapa mofani oa hao ea tlhokomelo ea bophelo o batla ho e bitsa - "bosodoma," "ho lemalla ho kopanela liphate," "ho lemalla ho kopanela liphate," "boitšoaro bo hlephileng ba ho kopanela liphate," "ho lemalla ho kopanela liphate ka litaba tsa thobalano" - haeba boitšoaro bo oela ka tlas'a "Compulsive Sexual Behavior Disorder" tlhaloso, boemo boo bo ka fumanoa bo sebelisa ho hlahloba ICD-11 CSBD.

Ka ts'ebetso, ha tokollo ea khatiso ea Mokhatlo bakeng sa Tsoelo-pele ea Bophelo bo Botle ba Botona le Botšehali e hlalositsoe, e Bothata ba ho Kopanela Liphate ka ho Kopanela Liphate o tlas'a "mathata a ho laola maikutlo" bakeng sa hona joale empa a ka fetoha joalo ka ha a entse bakeng sa ho becha.

Hona joale, karolo ea motsoali ea ts'oaetso ea CSBD e ncha ke Impulse Control Disorders, e kenyelletsang lits'oaetso tse kang Pyromania [6C70], Kleptomania [6C71] le Intermittent Explosive Disorder [6C73]. Leha ho le joalo lipelaelo li ntse li le teng ka sehlopha se loketseng. Joale, ea bitsoang Yale, ea nang le kelello ea lintho tsa lefutso, e leng Marc Potenza MD, PhD le Mateusz Gola PhD, mofuputsi oa Poland Academy of Sciences le Univesithi ea California San Diego, o re, "Ts'ebetso ea morao-rao ea ho khetholla boloetse ba CSB e le bothata ba ho laola maikutlo. e hlahisitsoeng ...Ho na le lintlha tse bontšang hore CSB e arolelana likarolo tse ngata le lithethefatsi. " 7

Ho kanna ha ba bohlokoa ho hlokomela hore ICD-11 e kenyelletsa tlhahlobo ea Bothata ba ho becha tlasa Mathata ka bobeli ka lebaka la Likhathatso tse lemalloang le tlasa Impulse Control Disorder. Kahoo, karohano ea mathata ha ho hlokahale kamehla hore e be e ikhethang ka bobeli.5 Kemiso e ka fetoha le nako. Bothata ba papali ea chelete bo qaliloe e le bothata ba tšusumetso ho DSM-IV le ICD-10, empa e ipapisitse le tsoelo-pele ea kutlwisiso e matla, Pherekano ea Papali e hlophisitsoe hape e le "Mathata a Amanang le Tlhekefetso ea Lithethefatsi" (DSM-5) le "Ho Ferekana ka lebaka la Boitšoaro bo Bokoali" (ICD-11). Ho ka etsahala hore ena e ncha Tlhahlobo ea CSBD e ka 'na ea latela tsela e tšoanang ea tsoelo-pele kaha ho becha ho na le bothata.

Ha CSBD e shebahala e le lithethefatsi le lithethefatsi tse kang lithethefatsi, e qala ka "Impulse Control Disorders" bakeng sa mabaka a lipolotiki. Bo-ralipolotiki ka ntle, litsebi tsa bo-rasaense ba phatlalatsang liphuputso tsa boko ka litaba tsa CSB li lumela ka matla hore ntlo ea eona e nepahetseng e na le lithethefatsi tse ling. Ho tswa ho Lancet tlhaloso, Na boitšoaro bo feteletseng ba ho kopanela liphate ke lefu la ho lemala? (2017):

KleinHo kula ha boitšoaro bo hlephileng ba ho kopanela liphate ho bonahala ho lumellana hantle le mathata a sa lemaleng a ho lemalla lithethefatsi a hlophisitsoeng bakeng sa ICD-11, e lumellanang le nako e fokolang ea ho lemalla ho kopanela liphate hona joale e hlophisitsoeng bakeng sa khatello ea boitšoaro bo hlephileng ba ho kopanela liphate Websaeteng ea maqephe a ICD-11. Re lumela hore likarolo tsa khatello ea boitšoaro bo bobe ba ho kopanela liphate e le bothata ba ho lemalla ho lemalla lits'oaetso li lumellana le lintlha tsa morao-rao 'me li ka' na tsa rua lingaka, bafuputsi le batho ba nang le khatello ea lefu lena.

Ka tsela ena, leha "Compulsive Sexual Behaeve Disorder" qetellong e fallisetsoa karolong ea "Disorder Ka lebaka la Boitšoaro bo Tlarehang" e ntse e tla bitsoa "Compulsive Sexual Behaeve Disorder." Hape, "ho qobelloa" ha ho tšoane le ho hlahlojoa ha CSBD.

RE: Ho lemalla ho lemalla, ho hloka boikemisetso, le ho se tsotelle ke mefuta eohle e fapaneng ka mekhoa e fapaneng ea karabelo e hlokang phekolo e fapaneng.

Ntlha ea pele, khokahanyo e e-ea pampiri e ferekanyang e hlahisang "mokhoa oa ho lemalla ho kopanela liphate" oa mekhoa ea ho kopanela liphate E tloaelehileng mekhoa ea ho kopanela liphate ea ho utloa bohloko, ho etsa ketso, le ho se utloe nako e telele horny. Mohlala:

Ka ho khetheha, ho potoloha boitšoaro bo bobe ho bontša hore potoloho ea boitšoaro ba thobalano e na le mekhahlelo e mene e khethollang le e ts'oanang e hlalositsoeng e le takatso ea ho kopanela liphate, boitšoaro bo bobe ba ho kopanela liphate, ho kopanela liphate le ho phomola ka thobalano.

Ho felile ke lehlohonolo. Sena se nkhothaletsa ho phatlalatsa mofuta oa ka oa thuto oa ho ja, o nang le mekhahlelo e mene e latellanang: ho lapa, ho lakatsa ho ja, ho ja, ho ikutloa ke khora le ho emisa. Koranta eo e ile ea kōpa litlhaloso mabapi le “potoloho ena ea boitšoaro ba ho kopanela liphate.” Ke khothaletsa ena: Ho Khetholla Mekhoa e Etsoang ka Makhetlo a Mabeli ho Hlahloba Litlhapi Tsa Sesole Tsa ho Kopanela Liphate ho Kopanela Liphate e le Boloetse.

Ea bobeli, lithuto tsa lithethefatsi li tlaleha khafetsa hore lithethefatsi li na le likarolo tsa ka bobeli ho hloka boikutlo le ho qobella. (Patlisiso ea Google Scholar ho lemala + ho se tsitsisehe + ho khutlisetsa maikutlo ho khutlisetsa 22,000 litemana.) Mona ke litlhaloso tse bonolo tsa ho se tsotelle 'me ho qobella:

  • Ho se tsitsisehe: Ho sebetsana ka potlako le ntle le ho nahana kapa ho rera ka ho lekaneng ho arabela ka maikutlo a ka hare kapa a ka ntle. Sebopeho sa ho amohela mekhoa e menyenyane ea potlako hang-hang ka lebaka la ho lieha ho khotsofatsa le ho sitoa ho emisa boitšoaro ho ho khotsofatsoa hang ha e qalile.
  • Ho qobelloa: E bua ka mekhoa ea ho pheta-pheta e etsoang ho ea ka melao e itseng kapa ka mokhoa o ts'oanang. Boitšoaro bona bo mamella esita leha ho tobane le liphello tse bohloko.

Ho boleloa esale pele, ho lemalla lithethefatsi hangata e bontša ho lemalla joaloka ho ntlafatsa ho tloha ho se nahane boitšoaro bo batlang bo thabisang boitšoaro bo qobelloang ba ho pheta-pheta ho qoba ho se utloise bohloko (joalo ka bohloko ba ho tlohela). Kahoo, lithethefatsi li na le tse ling tsa bobeli, hammoho le lisebelisoa tse ling. Kahoo phapang pakeng tsa "mehlala" ea ho se ts'oane le ho qobella ha li amana le CSBD ha e fuoe ebile e omisitsoe.

Taba ea boraro, ho ameha ka litlhoko tse fapaneng tsa kalafo bakeng sa mofuta o mong le o mong ke herring e khubelu kaha ICD-11 ha e tšehetse kalafo efe kapa efe ea CSBD kapa bokuli bofe kapa bofe ba kelello kapa ba 'mele. Ho ho setsebi sa tlhokomelo ea bophelo. Leqepheng la hae la 2018, "Boitšoaro bo hlephileng ba ho kopanela liphate: Tsela e se nang toka, Setho sa sehlopha sa sehlopha sa CSBD Jon Grant (setsebi se tšoanang seo Prause / Klein / Kohut a ileng a se bua hampe pejana) se koahetse ho se tsebe hantle, ho khetholla ho khetholla, ho bolaoa ke mafu le mekhoa e fapaneng ea kalafo e amanang le tlhahlobo e ncha ea CSBD. Ka tshohanyetso, Grant o re Compulsive Sexual Behaeve e boetse e bitsoa "bokhoba ba thobalano" pampiring eo!

"Ha se bokhoba, ke qobello." Sena se re tlisa puisanong ea 'ho qobelloa' le 'ho lemalla'. lemalla ntho e 'me ho qobelloa ke mabitso ka bobeli a keneng puo ea rona ea letsatsi le leng le le leng. Joaloka mantsoe a mangata a tloaelehileng, a ka 'na a sebelisoa hampe le ho se utloisisoe hantle.

Ha ba pheha khang khahlanong le mohopolo oa ho lemalla boitšoaro bo hlephileng, haholo-holo bokhoba ba litšoantšo tsa bootsoa, ​​batho ba belaelang hangata ba re ho lemalla litšoantšo tsa bootsoa ke 'ho qobelloa' eseng 'tahi' ea 'nete. Ba bang ba bile ba tsitlella hore ho lemalla lithethefatsi “ho tšoana le” Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD). Ha ba hatelloa ka ho eketsehileng mabapi le hore na 'ho qobelloa ho sebelisa X' ho fapana joang le methapo ea kutlo le 'ho lemalla X', ho khutla ho tloaelehileng ha basomi bana ba sa tsebeng letho ke hore "ho lemalla boitšoaro ke mofuta oa OCD feela." Ha se 'nete.

Litsela tse ngata tsa lipatlisiso li bontša hore lithethefatsi li fapane le OCD ka litsela tse ngata, ho kenyeletsa le ho se tšoane ha maikutlo. Ke kahoo DSM-5 le ICD-11 li nang le likarolo tse fapaneng tsa ho hlahloba bakeng sa mathata a mangata a ho qobella le bakeng sa mathata a ho lemalla. Liphuputso li siea pelaelo ea hore CSBD ke eseng mofuta oa OCD. Ha e le hantle, palo ea batho ba CSB ba nang le OCD e kopanang e makatsang haholo. Ho tloha Ho nahana le ho hlahloba mathata a Hypersexual Disorder: Tlhahlobo e Hlophisitsoeng ea Lingoliloeng (2016)

Matšoao a mabeli a makatsang a 'nile a nkoa e le ho nahana ka ho kopanela liphate (40) hobane liphuputso tse ling li fumane batho ba nang le boitšoaro bo bobe ba ho kopanela liphate (OCD). OCD bakeng sa boitšoaro bo hlephileng ba ho kopanela liphate ha e lumellane le kutloisiso ea DSM-5 (1) ea ho hlahloba OCD, e sa kenyelletseng ho fumanoa ke mekhoa eo ho eona batho ba fumanang thabo. Le hoja menahano e tsotehang ea OCD e atisa ho ba le likamano tsa botona le botšehali, ho qobelloa ho kopanetsoeng ho etsoang ka lebaka la ho phomola ha ho etsoa ka thabo. Batho ba nang le tlaleho ea OCD ba ikutloa ba tšoenyehile ba bile ba nyelisoa ho e-na le takatso ea ho kopanela liphate kapa ba tsosoa ha ba thulana le maemo a bakang li-obsessions le ho qobelloa ho qobelloa, le ho qetella ho etsoa feela ho felisa ho nyahama mehopolo ea boikhohomoso e tsosa. (41)

Ho tloha ka June, thuto ea 2018: Ho pheta-pheta karolo ea ho se ts'oanehe le ho qobelloa ho ba le bothata ba ho ba le bothata ba ho kopanela liphate ka mathata:

Liphuputso tse fokolang li 'nile tsa hlahloba mekhatlo e teng pakeng tsa ho qobella ho kopanela liphate le bosodoma. Har'a banna ba nang le boloetse bo sa phekoleheng ba hypersexual [CSBD], ho ata ha bophelo ka nako e telele ea bothata ba ho qobella motho-e leng lefu la kelello le khetholloang-ho tloha 0% ho ea 14%

Ho hlokomoloha-e ka 'nang ea amahanngoa le boitšoaro bo qobelloang-ho banna ba batlang ho phekola ka bongata ba ho kopanela liphate ho fumanoe e phahame ho sehlopha se bapisoang, empa boholo ba phello ea phapang ena e ne e fokola. Ha mokhatlo o pakeng tsa boemo ba ho itšoara-ho qobella-ho hlahlojoa ke seboka sa Structured Clinical Interview ea DSM-IV (SCID-II) - le boemo ba bosodoma bo ile ba hlahlojoa har'a banna ba batlang ho phekola ba nang le bothata ba hypersexual, mokhoa o lebisang ho mokhatlo o motle, o fokolang o fumanoe. Motheong oa liphello tse boletsoeng ka holimo, ho qobelloa ha maikutlo ho bonahala eka ho tlatsetsa ka mokhoa o batlang o le monyenyane ho ho kopanela liphate [CSBD].

Phuputsong e 'ngoe, ho qobelloa ka kakaretso hoa hlahlojoa ho amana le bothata ba bootsoa ho sebelisoa har'a banna, ho bonts'a litloaelano tse ntle empa tse fokolang. Ha ho batlisisoa ka mohlala o rarahaneng haholoanyane, kamano pakeng tsa ho qobella batho ka bongata le bothata ba ho sheba litšoantšo tse litšila tse tsosang takatso e sebelisoa e ne e le lipakeng tsa ho lemalla ho kopanela liphate le ho lemalla lithethefatsi, le ho lemala ka mokhoa o tloaelehileng. Ho kopanngoa, litloaelano pakeng tsa ho qobella ho kopanela liphate le ho kopanela liphate le ho qobelloa ho sebelisoa hampe li bonahala li fokola.

Ho na le phehisano ea morao-rao mabapi le hore na ho molemo hakaakang ho nahana ka boitšoaro bo bobe ba ho kopanela liphate (joalo ka bosodoma le bothata ba litšoantšo tse manyala tse hlephisang boitšoaro), le mefuta e ts'oanang ea tlhōlisano e khothalletsang likarolo tse lekanang le mathata a ho laola maikutlo, mathata a mangata a ho qobella maikutlo, kapa lithethefatsi tsa boitšoaro. Likamano pakeng tsa liphetoho tsa ho fetola maikutlo le ho qobelloa ke liketso tsa thobalano li lokela ho tsebisa tse joalo, le hoja ho hloka boithati le ho qobelloa ho qobelloa ho entsoe ka lithethefatsi.

Ho fumanoa hore ho se tsotelle ho amanang le bosodoma ho fana ka ts'ehetso bakeng sa sebopeho sa khatello ea boitšoaro bo hlephileng ba ho kopanela liphate (joalokaha ho etsoa tlhahiso ea ICD-11; Mokhatlo oa Lefatše oa Bophelo e le lefu la ho laola maikutlo kapa e le ho lemalla boitšoaro. Ha u nahana ka mathata a mang ao hona joale a ntseng a khethoa e le mathata a ho laola maikutlo (mohlala, bothata ba ho phatloha ha li-explosive, pyromania, le kleptomania) le likarolo tse ka sehloohong tsa khatello ea boitšoaro bo bobe ba ho kopanela liphate le mathata a fanoang ka lebaka la boitšoaro bo hlephileng (mohlala, papali ea chelete le mathata a lipapali), tlhophiso ea khatello ea boitšoaro bo hlephileng ba ho kopanela liphate ka sehlopha sa ho qetela e bonahala e tšehetsoa hantle. (Ho hatisoa)

Qetellong, lithuto tsohle tsa 'mele le tsa methapo ea kutlo e hatisitsoeng ho ba sebelisang litšoantšo tsa bootsoa le ba nang le lithethefatsi tse hlephisang boitšoaro (hangata li hlalosoa e le CSB) li tlaleha liphuputso tse lumellanang le mokhoa oa ho lemalla lithethefatsi (joalo ka lipatlisiso tsa tlaleho ea ho tlaleha kapa ho mamella).

a 2016 George F. Koob 'me Nora D. Volkow  e hatisitse tlhahlobo ea eona e ikhethang ho The New England Journal of Medicine: Tsoelo-pele ea Neurobiologic ho tswa ho Bothata ba Bokooa Tlhahlobo ea Boitšoaro. Koob ke Mookameli oa Setsi sa Sechaba ka Tlhekefetso ea Joala le Tlhekefetso ea Lithethefatsi (NIAAA), le Volkow ke mookameli oa Setsi sa Sechaba sa Tlhekefetso ea Lithethefatsi (NIDA). Leqephe lena le hlalosa liphetoho tse kholo tsa boko li amehang ka lithethefatsi le litloaelo tsa boitšoaro, ha ho buuoa serapeng sa eona sa ho qala hore lithethefatsi tsa boitšoaro bo bobe ba ho kopanela liphate li teng:

Re etsa qeto ea hore li-neuroscience li tsoela pele ho tšehetsa mohlala oa lefu la bokooa. Lipatlisiso tsa kelello sebakeng sena ha li fane feela ka menyetla e mecha ea ho thibela le ho phekola lithethefatsi le lithethefatsi tse amanang le boitšoaro (mohlala, lijo, ho kopanela liphate, le papali ea chelete) ....

Pampiri ea Volkow & Koob e hlalositse liphetoho tse 'ne tsa mantlha tse amanang le ts'ebeliso ea lithethefatsi, e leng: 1) Sensitization, 2) Ho hlaseloa ha maikutlo, 3) Libaka tse sa sebetsaneng tsa lipotoloho (boikaketsi), 4) Tsamaiso ea khatello ea kelello e sa sebetseng. Bohle ba 4 ba liphetoho tsena tsa boko bo fumanoe har'a lithuto tse ngata tsa 'mele le tsa methapo ea matšoao tse thathamisitsoeng ho leqepheng lena:

  • Boithuto ba ho tlaleha sensitization (cue-reactivity & cravings) ho basebelisi ba litšoantšo tsa bootsoa / ba lemaletseng thobalano: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25.
  • Liphuputso tsa tlaleho ea ho hloka boithati kapa ho tloaela ho ba teng (ho fella ka ho mamelleha) bathong ba litšoantšo tsa bootsoa / ho kopanela liphate: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8.
  • Lithuto tse tlaleha ho sebetsa ka bofutsana bo sebetsang (hypofrontality) kapa mesebetsi e fetotsoeng pele ho batho ba sebelisang litšoantšo tsa bootsoa kapa lithethefatsi tsa thobalano: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17.
  • Liphuputso tse bontšang khatello ea kelello e sa sebetsanang le batho ba sebelisang litšoantšo tse ts'oanang le litšoantšo tsa thobalano: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5.

Ho senyeha ha bopaki bo potolohileng CSBD ho lumellana le mokhoa oa ho lemala.

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EXCERPT #17: Basebelisi ba litšoantšo ba ts'oanela ho itokolla le ho mamella

SLATE EXCERPT: Ka mohlala, lithethefatsi noha matšoao a ho ikhula, empa mekhoa ea ho qhekella ha e nahane esale pele ho tlohela. Mehlala ea ho se sebetse noha ho ba le tšenyo e matla ea ho lieha liqeto kapa ho lieha monate o lebelletsoeng, athe mekhoa ea ho qobella batho ho qeta nako e lekaneng ho bolela esale pele ho tiea, ho latela mamello.

RE: matšoao a ho tlohela. Taba ke hore matšoao a ho khaotsa ha a hlokehe ho fumana bokhoba ba tahi. Taba ea mantlha, o tla fumana puo "ho se mamellane kapa ho khaotsa ho hlokahala ho lekana kapa ho lekane hore motho a hlahlojoe…" ho DSM-IV-TR le DSM-5. Taba ea bobeli, ho ipolela hore lithethefatsi tsa "'nete" ho baka matšoao a kotsi a ho khaotsa bophelo ka phoso ho itšetleha ka 'mele le ho fetoha ha boko bo amanang le lithethefatsi. Tlhaloso ea tlhahlobo ena ea 2015 ea lingoliloeng e fana ka tlhaloso e eketsehileng (Litsebi tsa ho sheba litšoantšo tsa bootsoa Inthaneteng Ho lemalla: Tlhahlobo le Tlhahlobo):

Ntlha ea bohlokoa ea sethaleng sena ke hore ho tlohela ha hoa ka ha e-ba le liphello tsa 'mele ho tsoa ho ntho e itseng. Ho e-na le hoo, mohlala ona o lekanyetsa ho tlohela ka tsela e mpe e bakoang ke ts'ebetso e ka holimo. Maikutlo a mangata a kang ho tšoenyeha, ho tetebela maikutlong, dysphoria, le ho halefa ke matšoao a ho tlohela mokhoa ona oa ho lemala [43,45]. Bafuputsi ba hanyetsang khopolo ea boitšoaro ba ho lemalla hangata ba hlokomoloha kapa ha ba utloisise tlhaloso ena e boima, ho ferekanya ho tlohela le ho senya [46,47].

Kapa Prause, Klein, kapa Kohut ha e e-s'o hatisitse thuto ea ho lemalla lithethefatsi, 'me e bontša. Ha a bolela hore matšoao a ho tlohela le ho mamella ho tlameha ho ba teng ho fumana hore o lemaletse ba etsa phoso ea rookie ea ho ferekanya ho itšetleha ka 'mele le lemalla ntho. Mantsoe ana ha a tšoane.

Mohlala, batho ba limilione ba noa meriana e phahameng joalo ka li-opioid bakeng sa bohloko bo sa foleng, kapa prednisone bakeng sa maemo a itšireletsang mafung. Boko ba bona le lisele tsa bona li se li its'etleha ho bona, 'me ho emisa hanghang ha ts'ebeliso ho ka baka matšoao a matla a ho ikhula. Leha ho le joalo ha se hakaalo hore li lemaletse. Ho lemalla ho kenyelletsa liphetoho tse ngata tse tsebahalang tsa boko tse lebisang ho seo re se tsebang e le "temallo ea phenotype". Haeba phapang e sa hlaka, ke khothaletsa sena tlhaloso e bonolo ea NIDA:

Ho lemalla lithethefatsi — kapa ho sebelisa lithethefatsi hampe ho sa tsotellehe liphello tse kotsi — ho khetholloa ka ho se khone ho khaotsa ho sebelisa sethethefatsi; ho hloleha ho fihlela mesebetsi, boiketlo ba sechaba kapa ba lelapa; 'me, ka linako tse ling (ho latela setlhare), mamello le ho hula. Ea morao-rao e bonts'a ho itšepa ha 'mele moo' mele o ikamahanyang le sethethefatsi, ho hloka hore e eketsehileng ho fihlela katleho e itseng (mamello) le ho hlahisa matšoao a ikhethileng 'meleng kapa kelellong ea ts'ebeliso ea lithethefatsi ha ts'ebeliso ea lithethefatsi e emisoa ka tšohanyetso. Ho itšetleha ka 'mele ho ka etsahala ka ts'ebeliso e sa foleng ea lithethefatsi tse ngata-ho kenyeletsoa le meriana e mengata e fanoeng ke ngaka, leha e ka nkuoa joalo ka ha ho laetsoe. Kahoo, ho itšetleha ka 'mele ka bohona ha ho bolele ho lemalla, empa hangata ho tsamaea le ho lemalla.

Seo se itse, lipatlisiso tsa bootsoa ba Internet 'me litlaleho tse ngata bontša hore batho ba bang ba sebelisang litšoantšo tsa bootsoa ba ba le phihlelo a khaotsa ho tsuba Le / kapa mamello - tseo hangata e leng litšobotsi tsa ho itšetleha 'meleng. Ebile, basebelisi ba litšoantšo tsa bootsoa khafetsa ba tlaleha ka matla ka mokhoa o makatsang matšoao a ho ikhula, e leng sehopotso sa ho khaotsa lithethefatsi: ho hlobaela, ho tšoenyeha, ho teneha, ho fetoha maikutlo, ho hloohoa ke hlooho, ho hloka botsitso, ho senyeha ha maemo, mokhathala, ho tepella maikutlo, ho shoeloa ke sechaba le ho lahleheloa ke ts'oaetso ea mantlha eo bashanyana ba e bitsang 'flatline' (ho hlakileng ho ikhethang ho tlosa litšoantšo tsa bootsoa). Pontšo e 'ngoe ea ho itšetleha ka' mele e tlalehiloeng ke basebelisi ba litšoantšo tse ts'oanang le bootsoa e hloka hore litšoantšo tsa bootsoa li fumane li-erection kapa li be le sekhahla.

Ho fetola labels (CSBD) kapa "model" (ke hore, ho se ts'oanehe) ho sebelisitsoeng ho basebelisi bana ha ho fetole matšoao a 'nete ao ba a tlalehang. (Bona Ho tlohela ho lemalla lit soant so tsa bootsoa ho shebahala joang? le PDF ena e nang le litlaleho tsa “matšoao a ho ikhula. "

Ts'ehetso ea matla? Phuputso e 'ngoe le e' ngoe e utloileng bohloko, e tlaleha matšoao a ho khaotsa: Lithuto tse 10 tse tlalehang matšoao a ho tlohela chelete ho basebelisi ba litšoantšo tsa bootsoa. Mohlala, nahana ka setšoantšo sena ho tsoa thutong ea selemo sa 2017 se tlalehang ntšetso-pele le liteko tsa bothata bo botle ba bootsoa bo sebelisa lipotso. Hlokomela hore bopaki bo bongata ba "mamello" le "ho tlohela" ho fumanoe ho basebelisi ba kotsing le basebelisi ba kotsi.

Klein

Pampiri ea 2018 e tlalehiloeng Ntšetso-pele le ho tiisoa ha Bergen-Yale ho lemalla ho kopanela liphate ka ho kopanela liphate ka sekhahla se seholo sa naha hape lekoa ho tlohela le mamello. Likarolo tse atileng ka ho fetesisa tsa "ho lemalla thobalano" tse bonoang lihloohong tsena e ne e le boqhetseke / takatso le mamello, empa likarolo tse ling, ho kenyeletsoa le ho tlohela, le tsona li hlahile. Boithuto bo bong bo tlalehang bopaki ba ho tlohela kapa mamello ke bokelloa mona.

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EXCERPT #18: Sengoloa sa "Business Insider" ke sona feela seo u nang le sona ho ts'ehetsa polelo ea hau ea mantlha?

SLATE EXCERPT: "Ho lemalla ho kopanela liphate" ho ne ho le joalo e sa kenyelletsoa ICD-11 bakeng sa bopaki bo lekaneng. Qeto ena e lumellana le maikutlo a litsebi tse tšeletseng mekhatlo e nang le eona kliniki le boitsebiso ba lipatlisiso, tse ileng tsa fumana bopaki bo sa lekaneng ba ho tšehetsa khopolo ea hore ho kopanela liphate kapa ho kopanela liphate ho lemalla.

Mabapi le taba ea hore, "Ho lemalla ho kopanela liphate" ho ne ho le joalo e sa kenyelletsoa ICD-11 bakeng sa bopaki bo lekaneng, ehlile, che, e ne e se joalo. Joalokaha ho hlalositsoe libakeng tse ling, ICD-11 kapa DSM-5 ea APA ha e e-s'o sebelise lentsoe "ho lemalla" ho hlalosa bokhoba - ekaba ke ho lemalla papali ea chelete, kapa bokhoba ba heroine. Ka bobeli libuka tsa ho hlahloba li hlahloba litlhahlobo tse kang "mathata" ho fapana. (Lintlha tse mabapi le ho qheleloa ka thoko motsotso oa ho qetela oa "Hypersexual Disorder" ho tsoa ho DSM-5 li fumanoa kaholimo ho Excerpt # 1.) Kahoo, "bokhoba ba thobalano" ha bo so ka bo nkuoa ka molao hore bo kenyeletsoe bukeng efe kapa efe (mme ka hona ha ho mohla ba kileng ba "lahloa" ebang).

Ha e le link ea pele, e ea khutšoanyane Business Insider se ngotsoeng, eseng ho polelo ea molao ea WHO. Ee ho joalo. Mecha ea phatlalatso e tummeng ke eona feela Letlapa sengoloa se fana ka ts'ehetso ea monahano oa bangoli. Leha ho le joalo, Prause / Klein / Kohut o ne a lokela hore ebe o balile sengoloa pele a itšetleha ka sona, joalo ka ha rasaense a le mong ea qotsitseng a bolela hore ho lemalla boitšoaro bo hlephileng ba botona le botšehali ho teng:

Robert Lustig, setsebi sa thuto ea methapo ea mafu e boletse Business Insider pejana selemong sena mesebetsi e mengata e ka tlisang maikutlo a monyaka, joalo ka ho ea mabenkeleng, ho ja, ho bapala lipapali tsa video, ho sebelisa litšoantšo tsa bootsoa, ​​esita le ho sebelisa mecha ea litaba ea sechaba kaofela li na le monyetla oa ho li lemalla ha li fetelletsoa. O re: "E etsa ntho e tšoanang ho methapo ea hau ea mantlha joalo ka ha lithethefatsi tseo kaofela li e etsa." “Ha e etse karolo ea methapo ea methapo. Seo ha se etse hore e se lemalle. E ntse e le lekhoba la tahi, ke feela hore e lemalla ntle le litlamorao. ”

Ke hobane'ng ha ba Letlapa sehlooho se amana le koranta ea saense, joalo ka ena 2017 Lancet hlalosang, e ngotsoeng ke setho sa sehlopha sa basebetsi ba CSBD Shane Kraus, Ph.D? E, hobane Lancet setlhaloso se bolela bopaki bo matla le ts'ehetsang CSBD e khetholloa e le boloetse ba ho lemalla:

Re lumela hore likarolo tsa khatello ea boitšoaro bo bobe ba ho kopanela liphate e le bothata ba ho lemalla ho lemalla lits'oaetso li lumellana le lintlha tsa morao-rao 'me li ka' na tsa rua lingaka, bafuputsi le batho ba nang le khatello ea lefu lena.

Li-ICD-11 Bothata ba ho Kopanela Liphate ka ho Kopanela Liphate ho hlahlojoa ke tlas'a "mathata a ho laola maikutlo" bakeng sa hona joale, empa seo se ka fetoha nakong e tlang, feela joalokaha e entse bakeng sa papali ea chelete. E sehlooho sena se ikarabellang se qotsa baemeli ba WHO, Kraus o siea monyetla oa hore CSBD e qetelle e kentsoe karolong ea "Mathata ka lebaka la Boitšoaro bo Ts'oanelang" bukeng ea tlhahlobo ea Mokhatlo oa Lefatše oa Bophelo.

'Me ha Kraus a re, "Hase feela tharollo ea ho qetela, empa ke sebaka se setle sa ho qala lipatlisiso le phekolo bakeng sa batho."

Eng kapa eng o kapa motho ea u fang tlhokomelo ea bophelo o batla ho e bitsa - "bosodoma," "ho lemalla lit soant so tsa bootsoa," "ho lemalla thobalano," "boitšoaro bo hlephileng ba thobalano" Tlhaloso, boemo bo ka fumanoa bo sebelisa ICD-11 khoutu ea CSBD.

Re: "mekhatlo e tšeletseng ea litsebi." Ha e le hantle, e Letlapa sehlooho se fane ka li-link tsa 3 ho "mekhatlo ea botsebi" 'me e kopane le lekhetho la poso la 2012 David Ley ka DSM-5 e tlohelang Hypersexual Disorder (e neng e tšohloa tlas'a tlhaloso #1). Ha re shebeng ts'ehetso ena e khahlisang.

Khokahanyo #1: Khoka e ea ho phatlalatso e tsebahalang ea 2016 AASECT. AASECT hase mokhatlo oa saense mme ha o bolelle letho ho tšehetsa lipolelo ka boitsebiso ba eona-ho fana ka maikutlo a bona a se nang thuso.

Habohlokoa ka ho fetisisa phatlalatso ea AASECT e ile ea hlohlelletsoa ke Michael Aaron le litho tse ling tse seng kae tsa AASECT tse sebelisang maqheka a "maseru" joalokaha Aaron a lumela ho sena Psychology kajeno poso ea blog: Tlhahlobo: Tsela ea AASECT ea ho lemalla thobalano ea thobalano e entsoe joang. Tlhaloso ea tlhahlobo ena Ho khetholletsa "A positionCT" ho "Sex Addiction", e akaretsa karolo ea poso ea Arone:

Ho fumana mamello ea AASECT ea "mofuta oa bokhoba ba thobalano" e le "boikaketsi bo tebileng," ho 2014 Dr. Aaron o ikemiselitse ho felisa ts'ehetso ea mohopolo oa "bokhoba ba thobalano" maemong a AASECT. Ho fihlela sepheo sa hae, Dr. Aaron o re o jetse ka boomo likhang lipakeng tsa litho tsa AASECT molemong oa ho pepesa ba nang le maikutlo a sa lumellaneng le a hae, mme ebe o khutsisitse maikutlo ao ka ho hlaka ha a ntse a tsamaisa mokhatlo ho hana ho "ho lemalla thobalano." mohlala. ” Ngaka Aaron o ile a lokafatsa ho sebelisa "borabele, likhukhuni"sic] maqiti "ka ho nahana hore o khahlanong le" indasteri e lefang chelete "ea balateli ba" mokhoa oa ho lemalla ho kopanela liphate "eo litšusumetso tsa hae tsa lichelete li neng li tla mo thibela hore a ba tlise ka lehlakoreng le leng ka lebaka la mohopolo le lebaka. Ho e-na le hoo, ho etsa "phetoho e potlakileng" melaetsa ea AASECT, "o ile a leka ho etsa bonnete ba hore mantsoe a ho lemalla ho kopanela liphate ka mantsoe a mang a ne a se a kenyelelitsoe mofuteng oa phetoho ea AASECT.

Boikakaso ba Dr. Aaron bo hlaha ka mokhoa o sa reng letho. Hangata batho ba motlotlo ka ho phatlalatsoa, ​​ho hatella lipuisano tsa thuto le saense. 'Me ho bonahala ho makatsa hore Dr. Aaron o sebelise nako le tjhelete ea ho ba CST e netefalitsoeng ke mokhatlo oo a ileng a o nka "boikaketsi bo tebileng" ka mor'a hore a kene ho oona (haeba ha ho joalo). Haeba ho le joalo, ke Dr. Aaron ea bonahalang a le boikaketsi ha a nyatsa "ho lemalla ho kopanela liphate" litsebi bakeng sa ho ba le letlotlo la lichelete "mokhoa oa ho lemalla ho kopanela liphate", ha ho hlakile hore o na le matsete a tšoanang ho ts'ehetsa maikutlo a hae a hanyetsang

Litlhaloso tse ngata le litlhaloso li senola phatlalatso ea AASECT hore na ke eng: lipolotiking tsa thobalano:

Khokahanyo #2: Khokahano e ea polelong ea Mokhatlo oa Phekolo ea Bahlaseluoa ba Thobalano (ATSA). Ha ho kae kapa kae moo polelo ea boemo e supang hore bokhoba ba thobalano ha bo eo. Sebakeng seo ATSA e re hopotsa hore thobalano e sa lumelloeng ke tlhekefetso ea motabo (mohlala, Harvey Weinstein) mme “mohlomong… eseng phello ea bokhoba ba thobalano.” Ehlile ke 'nete.

Khokahanyo #3: Khokahano e ea ho November, polelo ea boemo ba 2017 ke mekhatlo e meraro e se nang phaello ea kink. 'Bopaki' boo ba bo buileng e ne e le moeli o qhetsoeng ka ho feletseng ka mola o hlalosang: Ho senya pampiri ea "boemo ba sehlopha" e khahlanong le litšoantšo tsa bootsoa le ho kopanela liphate (November, 2017).

Ka tshohanyetso, ho bonahala eka ka bobeli AASECT le mekhatlo ea 3 kink li hlahisitse liphatlalatso tsa bona ka boiteko bo matla ba ho emisa tlhahlobo e ncha ea "CSBD" ho kena ICD-11. Ho hlakile hore, litsebi tsa Mokhatlo oa Lefatše oa Bophelo ha lia ka tsa nkuoa ke nkoe ena ea pampiri e kopantsoeng ka kopanelo, joalo ka ts'oaetso e ncha e hlaha ka mokhoa oa ts'ebetsong ea ICD-11.

Khokahanyo #4: Link e ea ho Tlhekefetso ea ho kopanela liphate: Hape ha e sa amoheloa ke APA. Matšoenyeho a Hypersexual A KE KE a kenyelelitsoe DSM5. Tlhaloso ena ea David Ley e hlokomelehile hobane e fana ka mohlala oa leqheka le chitja le sebelisoang hohle Letlapa sehlooho sa balekane ba Ley ba haufi. Ha DSM-5 e lahla sekhele sa lefu la "Hypersexual Disorder" Ley le chums ea hae ba ile ba e taka e le ho lahla "Sex Addiction. ” Leha ho le joalo ha ICD-11 e kenyelletsa sekhele sa ts'oaetso ea "Compulsive Sexual Behaeve Disorder" ba ile ba se taka joaloka ntle ho naha "Sex Addiction. "Ke hobane'ng ha u tšoenyehile ka ho se lumellane ka hare, ho nepahetse? Etsa feela hore bosoeu bo bosoeu, 'me u pheta-pheta ka tweets, lethathamong le Facebook le lihlooho tse kang ena ka Klein / Kohut / Prause.

Ka mor'a moo, khutlela ha u se u se u sebelisa e leng theko e phahameng ea PR. E ka etsa hore uena le leshano la hao le behoe libakeng tse ngata tse fapaneng tsa mecha ea phatlalatso, ho u fa litsebi tsa lefatše. Ha ho tsotellehe hore na ha u seithuti, ha u e-s'o kopane le univesithi ka lilemo tse ngata, kapa u fumane PhD ea hau setsing se seng sa tumello ea ho kopanela liphate.

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LITSEBISO # 15 & # 19: The ho ithuta feela ho amahanya "ho itlhahisa joaloka motho ea lemaletseng boitšoaro bo bobe" ka lihora tse ngata tsa tšebeliso, bolumeli le boitšoaro bo sa amoheleheng o fumane hore tšebeliso ea bootsoa ke eona e molemo ka ho fetisisa ea ho lumela hore u lemaletse litšoantšo tsa bootsoa

SLATE EXCERPT: Ha u bua le pelo ea bothata, bothata bo bong bo boholo ho basebelisi ba bang ba litšoantšo ke lihlong. Ho hlajoa ke lihlong ka ho shebella lifilimese tsa thobalano ho bokelloa ke sechaba ka indasteri ea phekolo ea ho lemalla ho kopanela liphate (bakeng sa phaello), ke mecha ea phatlalatso (bakeng sa clickbait), le ka lihlopha tsa bolumeli (ho laola ho kopanela liphate). Ka bomalimabe, ho sa tsotellehe hore na u lumela ho sheba litšoantšo tsa bootsoa kapa che, ho shebella ho shebella lifilimi ho ka 'na ha tlatsetsa bothateng. Ha e le hantle, a palo ea lithuto tse eketsehileng bontša hore batho ba bangata ba khethollang e le "litlokotsi tsa bootsoa" ha ba talime lifilimi tsa thobalano ho feta batho ba bang. Ba mpa ba ikutloa ba hlajoa ke lihlong haholo ka boitšoaro ba bona, bo amanang le ho hōla mokhatlong oa bolumeli kapa oa ho thibela thobalano.

SLATE EXCERPT: Qeto ea ho kenyelletsa ho kopanela liphate ICD-11 e re hlasela e le e sa tloaelehang hobane lits'ebetso tse tobileng tsa ho hlahloba ha li e-s'o hlahlojoe. Ha e le hantle, ICD-11 e bolela hore mang kapa mang ea tšoenyehileng ka boitšoaro ba bona ba ho kopanela liphate hangata ka lebaka la "likahlolo tsa boitšoaro le ho hana litabatso tsa thobalano, litakatso, kapa mekhoa ea boitšoaro" a lokela ho behoa kotsing ea ho hlahlojoa. Leha ho le joalo, litloaelo tsa boitšoaro le ho se amohelehe ke lipolelo tse matla ka ho fetisisa tsa motho ea lumelang hore li lemaletse litšoantšo tsa bootsoa sebakeng sa pele.

Mantsoe ana a latelang ke karabo e kopanetsoeng ho likaroloana tsa 15 le 19 ha bobeli ba sebetsana le litlhahiso tse le 'ngoe tsa bootsoa (CPUI-9) le lithuto tse li sebelisang.

Hlokomela: Tlhaloso ea mantlha e hlalositsoeng likarolong tse peli tsa boitsebiso ke bohata joalokaha ho le joalo thuto e le 'ngoe feela e amanang ka ho toba le boikhohomoso ba litlolo tsa bootsoa ka nako e ngata, bolumeli le boitšoaro bo khahlanong le tšebeliso ea litšoantšo. Liphuputso tsa eona li hanana le pale e hahiloeng ka hloko mabapi le "ho lemalla ho lemalla lit soant so tsa bootsoa" ke lihlong tsa bolumeli / boitšoaro bo sa amoheleheng)) - e ipapisitseng le lithuto tse sebelisang
sesebelisoa se fosahetseng se bitsoang CPUI-9. Thupong e le 'ngoe feela ea ho lokisa likamano, ho lumellana ka matla ka ho fetisisa le ho itšepa ho lekana le ho lemalla ho ne ho e-na le lihora tse ngata tsa tšebeliso ea litšoantšo. Bolumeli bo ne bo se na thuso, 'me ha ho ntse ho e-na le likamano tse ling pakeng tsa ho itšepa e le lithethefatsi le boitšoaro bo hlephileng mabapi le tšebeliso ea litšoantšo, e ne e le halofo lihora tsa ho sebelisana ha li-correlation.

Mona re hlahisa li-synopsis tse khutšoanyane tsa Joshua Grubbs lipotso (CPUI-9), tšōmo ea "ho lemoha ho lemalla litšoantšo tsa bootsoa," le hore na data e nepahetseng e senola eng. Kaha sena se amana le websaete e rarahaneng le e tsitsitseng e nang le likarolo tse ngata, lihlooho tsena tse tharo le lisebelisoa li hlahisitsoe ho hlalosa ka botlalo lipatlisiso tsa CPUI-9:

Ho utloisisa kamoo phuputso e ts'oanang ea ho etsa lipatlisiso e fokolisa lithuto tsohle tsa CPUI-9, semelo se eketsehileng sea thusa. Mantsoe "a lemohe ho lemalla litšoantšo tsa bootsoa" ha a bontše letho ho feta palo: palo eohle ea li-pornography tse latelang tsa 9-sebelisa lipotso tsa lipotso tse nang le lipotso tse tharo tse fapaneng. Tlhaloso ea bohlokoa ke hore CPUI-9 e kenyelletsa lipotso tsa 3 "molato le ho hlajoa ke lihlong / maikutlo a ho tsieleha" eo hangata e fumanoang liletsa tsa ho lemalla. Tsena li skew litholoana tsa eona, ho etsa hore basebelisi ba litšoantšo ba ts'oanang le litšoantšo tsa bootsoa ba leke batho ba phahameng le bao e seng balumeli hore ba fokotse ka tlase ho lihlooho tse sebelisoang mekhoeng e tloaelehileng ea ho lemalla lithethefatsi. Ha e hlophise koro ho 'moko ho latela e lemohiloe vs. e le kannete lemalla. Kapa CPUI-9 ha e hlahlobe sebele ho lemalla lithethefatsi ka mokhoa o nepahetseng.

Karolo e nahannoeng ea ho qobella motho ho ikemela

  1. Ke lumela hore ke lemaletse litšoantšo tsa bootsoa tsa Inthanete.
  2. Ke ikutloa ke sitoa ho emisa tšebeliso ea ka ea litšoantšo tsa bootsoa inthaneteng.
  3. Esita le ha ke sa batle ho shebella litšoantšo tsa bootsoa inthaneteng, ke ikutloa ke hoheloa ke eona

Karolo ea Boiteko ba ho Finyella

  1. Ka linako tse ling, ke leka ho hlophisa kemiso ea ka e le hore nka khona ho ba mong e le hore ke shebe litšoantšo tsa bootsoa.
  2. Ke hanne ho tsamaea le metsoalle kapa ho ea likarolong tse ling tsa sechaba ho ba le monyetla oa ho shebella litšoantšo tsa bootsoa.
  3. Ke tlohetse litšoantšo tsa bootsoa haholo.

Mahlomola a Maikutlo Karolo

  1. Ke hlajoa ke lihlong ka mor'a ho sheba litšoantšo tsa bootsoa inthaneteng.
  2. Ke ikutloa ke tepeletse maikutlo ka mor'a ho shebella litšoantšo tsa bootsoa inthaneteng.
  3. [Mme] Ke kula ha ke qeta ho sheba litšoantšo tsa bootsoa inthaneteng.

Lihlooho ha li "hlahise li le lithethefatsi tsa bootsoa" ho ithuta leha e le efe ea Grubbs: Ba mpa ba arabela lipotso tsa 9 ka holimo, 'me ba fumana palo e feletseng.

Poleloana "ho lemoha bokhoba ba litšoantšo tse manyala tse hlephisang boitšoaro" e khelosa haholo, hobane ke lintlha tse se nang moelelo ho sesebelisoa se hlahisang litholoana tse fosahetseng. Empa batho ba entse joalo ho nahanoa joalo ba utloisisa se boleloang ke "ho lemalla" Ba nahana hore ho bolela hore moetsi oa CPUI-9, Grubbs, o fumane mokhoa oa ho khetholla "temallo" ea 'nete le "tumelo ea tahi". O ne a sa etsa joalo. O ne a sa tsoa fana ka lebitso le thetsang "lethathamong la hae la tšebeliso ea litšoantšo tsa bootsoa," CPUI-9. Grubbs ha a etsa boiteko ba ho lokisa likhopolo tse fosahetseng ka mosebetsi oa hae o ileng oa phatlalatsoa mecheng ea litaba, a sutumetsoa ke li-sexologists tse khahlanong le thobalano le bo-ralitaba ba bona.

Baqolotsi ba litaba ba sothehileng ba ile ba akaretsa ka ho phoso liphetoho tsa CPUI-9 tse kang:

  • Ho lumela ho lemalla lit soant so tsa bootsoa ke mohloli oa mathata a hau, eseng litšoantšo tsa bootsoa.
  • Basebelisi ba litšoantšo tsa bootsoa ha ba hlekefetsoe ke litšoantšo tsa bootsoa (le haeba ba lekana ka holimo ho Grubbs CPUI-9) - ba na le lihlong feela.

Senotlolo: lipotso tsa Matšoenyeho a Maikutlo (7-9) li etsa hore basebelisi ba litšoantšo tsa bootsoa ba fumane lintlha tse phahameng haholo le ba sebelisang litšoantšo tsa bootsoa ho fumana lintlha tse tlase haholo, hape le ho theha kamano e matla lipakeng tsa "boitšoaro bo sa amoheleheng" le lintlha tsohle tsa CPUI-9 ("temallo ea maikutlo") . Ho e beha ka tsela e 'ngoe, haeba u sebelisa feela liphetho tsa lipotso tsa CPUI-9 1-6 (e hlahlobang matšoao a sebele ho lemala), likamano li fetoha ka mokhoa o tsotehang - le lihlooho tsohle tse belaetsang tse bolelang hore lihlong ke "ntho ea sebele" e bakoang ke lithethefatsi tse hlephileng tsa bootsoa e ka be e sa ngoloa.

Ho sheba likamano tse seng kae tse senolang, a re sebeliseng data ho tsoa pampiri ea 2015 Grubbs ("Ho tlōla ho lemalla: Tumelo le Boitšoaro bo sa amoheloe e le baqapi ba ho lemalla ho lemalla litšoantšo tsa bootsoa"). E na le lithuto tse fapaneng tsa 3 le sehlooho sa eona se tsosang takatso e fana ka maikutlo a hore bolumeli le ho amoheloa ha boitšoaro "ba baka" tumelo ea ho lemalla litšoantšo tsa bootsoa.

Litlhahiso tsa ho utloisisa linomoro tafoleng: zero e bolela ho se lumellane pakeng tsa mefuta e 'meli; 1.00 e bolela ho lumellana ho feletseng pakeng tsa mefuta e 'meli. E kholoanyane palo e matla ka ho fetisisa pakeng tsa mefuta ea 2.

Tšebelisanong ena ea pele re bona kamoo boitšoaro bo sa lumellaneng bo lumellanang hantle le maikutlo a molato oa 3 le ho hlajoa ke lihlong (ho tsieleha maikutlong), empa ho fokolloa ke likarolo tse ling tse peli tse hlahlobang ho lemalla ho lemalla (lipotso 1-6). Ho tsieleha maikutlong lipotso tse etsa hore motho a se ke a amoheloa ke boitšoaro e le hore a be le palo e matla ka ho fetisisa ea likarolo tsa CPUI-9 ("ho lemoha ho lemalla").

Empa haeba re sebelisa feela lipotso tsa ho lemalla lithethefatsi (1-6), kopano e ntle haholo ka boitšoaro bo sa amoheleheng (ho saense-ho bua, ho se amohelehe ke boitšoaro bo hlephileng ba ho lemalla lit soant so tsa bootsoa).

Karolo ea bobeli ea pale ke kamoo khatello ea maikutlo ea 3 e fapaneng haholo le maemo a ts'ebetsong ea litšoantšo tsa bootsoa, ​​le hoja lipotso tsa ho lemalla ho lemalla litšoantšo tsa bootsoa (1-6) li lekana ka matla le maemo a sebelisoang ke litšoantšo tsa bootsoa.

Ke kamoo khatello ea maikutlo ea 3 e botsang liphello kateng. Li lebisa ho fokotsa likamano pakeng tsa "lihora tsa tšebeliso ea litšoantšo tsa bootsoa" le lintlha tsohle tsa CPUI-9 ("ho lemoha ho lemalla"). Ka mor'a moo, karolo eohle ea likarolo tsohle tsa 3 tsa tlhahlobo ea CPUI-9 e boetse e bitsoa "ho lemalla" ka Grubbs. Joale, matsohong a batho ba ikemiselitseng ho loantšana le lithethefatsi ba ts'oaetsanoang le bootsoa, ​​"ho lemalla ho lemala" ho fetola "ho ipolela hore ke motho ea lemaletseng boitšoaro bo hlephileng ba litlokotsi." Baetsi ba boipelaetso ba 'nile ba fokotsa ho lekanngoa ho matla le boitšoaro bo hlephileng, boo CPUI-9 kamehla e hlahisa, le presto! hona joale ba re, "tumelo ea ho lemalla lit soant so tsa bootsoa hase ntho e mpe feela!"

Ke ntlo ea likarete tse hahiloeng ka 3 molato le potso e hlabisang lihlong e sa fumanoeng tlhahlobisong efe kapa efe ea lithethefatsi, hammoho le nako e khelosang ea moetsi oa lipotso e sebelisang ho ngola lipotso tsa hae tsa 9 (e le tekanyo ea "ho lemoha ho lemalla ho kopanela liphate").

Ntlo ea CPUI-9 ea likarete e ile ea theoha le thuto ea 2017 e fokolang haholo CPUI-9 e le sesebelisoa sa ho hlahloba "ho lemalloa ho lemalla litšoantšo tse tsosang takatso ea bootsoa" kapa ho lemalla ho sheba litšoantšo tsa bootsoa: Etsa Li-Pornography Tse Sebelisang Li-Inventory-9 Lipontšo Tse Bontšang ho Iketsetsa Maikutlo ka Sebele Litšoantšo Tsa Bootsoa Tse Inthaneteng li Sebelisa? Ho Hlahloba Karolo ea Boithaopo. E boetse e fumane hore 1 / 3 ea lipotso tsa CPUI-9 e lokela ho tlosoa ho khutlisa liphello tse nepahetseng tse amanang le "ho se amohelehe boitšoarong," "tšebeletso ea bolumeli," le "lihora tsa tšebeliso ea litšoantšo tsa bootsoa". U bona likarolo tsohle tsa bohlokoa mona, empa Fernandez le al., 2018 ho akaretsa lintho:

Ntlha ea bobeli, lipatlisiso tsa rona li belaella ho nepahala ha ho kenngoa ha Mahlomola a Seholo joaloka karolo ea CPUI-9. Ha e ntse e fumanoa lithutong tse ngata (mohlala, Grubbs et al., 2015a, c), liphihlelo tsa rona li boetse li bontšitse hore palo ea tšebeliso ea IP ha e na kamano le Maikutlo a Matšoenyeho a Maikutlo. Habohlokoa le ho feta, ho qobelloa ho hlile ho le joalo ho na le maikutlo a fapaneng thutong ea hona joale (boiteko ba ho ikhutsa boits'oaro ba boiteko ba ho ithiba) ha ho na kamano le Maikutlo a Matšoenyeho a Maikutlo.

Mahlomola a Maikutlo a ne a boleloa haholo ka boitšoaro bo khahlanong le boitšoaro, tumellanong le lithuto tsa khale tse ileng tsa fumana hore ho na le phapang pakeng tsa tse peli (Grubbs et al., 2015a; Wilt et al., 2016) .... Ka hona, ho kenngoa ha Mahlomola a Maikutlo ho ba karolo ea CPUI-9 e ka fokotsa liphello ka tsela e fokolang palo eohle ea bokhoba ba basebelisi ba IP ba sa amoheleng litšoantšo tse manyala tse hlephisang boitšoaro, 'me e senya palo e lekaneng ea ho lemalla palo ea IP basebedisi ba nang le menyetla e phahameng ea ho qobelloa ho qobella batho, empa ho haneloa ke boitšoaro bo hlephileng ba litšoantšo tsa bootsoa.

Sena se ka 'na sa e-ba hobane ho tsieleha maikutlong ho ne ho itšetlehile ka tekanyo ea pele ea "Boipelaetso" e ileng ea etsoa bakeng sa tšebeliso e khethehileng le batho ba bolumeli (Grubbs et al., 2010), le tšebelisano ea eona le batho bao e seng balumeli e ntse e sa tsitsa ho latela liphello tse latelang e amanang le tekanyo ena.

Mona ke ea Tlhaloso ea motheo: Lipotso tsa "Khatello ea Maikutlo" ea 3 ha u na sebaka ho CPUI-9, kapa leha e le efe ea lipotso tsa ho lemalla lithethefatsi. Lipotso tsena tsa molato le lihlong li etsa joalo eseng hlahloba mahlomola a pota-potileng litšoantšo tse tsosang takatso ea bootsoa kapa "maikutlo a ho lemala." Lipotso tsena tsa 3 li mpa feela li kenya likoloto tsa CPUI-9 ka ho feletseng bakeng sa batho ba ratang bolumeli ha li senya palo e feletseng ea CPUI-9 bakeng sa lithethefatsi tse sa tloaelehang tsa bootsoa.

Ka kakaretso, liqeto le litlaleho tse hlahisoang ke CPUI-9 ha li na thuso. Joshua Grubbs o thehile lipotso tse sa khoneng, le ha ho mohla e ileng ea tiisoa bakeng sa, ho hlophisa "ho lemohuoa" ho tloha ho lemalla: CPUI-9. Le zero saense ea toka he e ngotsoe hape CPUI-9 ea hae e le "lipotso tsa ho lemalla litšoantšo tsa bootsoa".

Hobane CPUI-9 e kenyeletsa lipotso tse ling tse sa amaneng le 3 tse hlahlobang boikutlo ba molato le lihlong, basebelisi ba litšoantšo tsa bootsoa 'CPUI-9 lihlopha li atisa ho tsosoa holimo. Ho ba teng ha lipalo tse phahameng tsa CPUI-9 bakeng sa basebelisi ba litšoantšo tsa bootsoa li ile tsa fepeloa ho mecha ea phatlalatso e le boipiletso bo reng "batho ba bolumeli ba bua ka bohata hore ba lemaletse litšoantšo tsa bootsoa. "Sena se ile sa lateloa ke lithuto tse 'maloa ho hokahanya boitšoaro bo khahlanong le lintlha tsa CPUI-9. Kaha batho ba bolumeli ba le sehlopha ba phahametse boitšoaro bo hlephileng, 'me (kahoo) kakaretso ea CPUI-9, e ne e phatlalatsoa (ntle le ts'ehetso ea sebele) e khahlanong le boitšoaro bo amohelehang bolumeling ke 'nete sesosa sa ho lemalla litšoantšo tsa bootsoa. Ke ho tlōla ho hoholo, ebile ha ho na motheo oa saense.

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EXCERPT #20: Phuputso e qositsoeng ka ho sebelisa linaleli tsa bootsoa joalo ka bafo ba eona mme e tšehelitsoe ka chelete ke k'hamphani e tsekisanang bakeng sa phaello e lekang ho netefatsa semolao sa eona se turang sa ho kopanela liphate…

SLATE EXCERPT: Habohlokoa le ho feta, ha re na lipatlisiso tsa laboratori mabapi le mekhoa ea sebele ea thobalano ho ba tlalehang bothata bona. Phuputso ea pele ea boitšoaro bo kopanetsoeng ba ho kopanela liphate le laborateng, e leng teko ea mohlala oa ho qobella batho ba bang, hona joale e tlas'a tlhahlobo ea lithaka lefapheng la saense. (Tlhaloso: E mong oa bangoli ba lihlooho tsena, Nicole Prause, ke moqapi ea ka sehloohong oa thuto eo) Mokhatlo oa Lefatše oa Bophelo o lokela ho letela ho bona hore na saense efe kapa efe e tšehetsa lenane la bona la libuka pele e beha kotsing ea batho ba limilione ba batho ba phetseng hantle.

“Ha re na lithuto tsa laboratori?” Ha ho joalo. Ho na le lithuto tse ngata tsa laboratori tse phatlalalitsoeng mabapi le litlamorao tsa litšoantšo tsa bootsoa ho sebali (tse thathamisitsoeng ho Tlhaloso #9). Habohlokoa le ho feta, ho na le 50 "lipatlisiso tsa laboratori" ho hlahloba mesebetsi ea boko le mehaho ho basebelisi ba litšoantšo le ba nang le CSB.

Re boetse re na le lithuto tse makholo ho batho ba baholo ho hokahanya tšebeliso ea 'nete ea bophelo ba porno le liphetho tse fapaneng tse fapaneng tse kang khotsofalo e tlase ea thobalano, tlhalo, karohano lenyalong, karohano ea likamano, maemo a tlase a boitlamo, puisano e mpe haholoanyane, thobalano e tlase, ho se sebetse hantle ha motho e mong. , khatello ea mafutsana, memori e sebetsanang le bofutsana, ho jeoa ke bolutu, khatello ea maikutlo, ho tšoenyeha, maikutlo a kopaneng, khatello ea maikutlo, monahano oa paranoid, psychoticism, bokhoba, narcissism, ho fokotseha thabo, mathata a kamano, ho se tšepane likamanong, tlhonamo ea puisano ea thobalano le ho tšoenyeha ka lerato.

Ka ho tšoanang, ea lithuto tsa hape e hokahanya tšebeliso ea litšoantšo tsa bootsoa ba 'nete le maikutlo a mabe a mmele, ho se khotsofale ho feta mesifa, mafura a mmele le bophahamo, khatello e kholo ea maikutlo, ho ameha haholo ka thobalano, ho se thabele boitšoaro bo haufi, ho teneha ho feta thobalano, puisano e fokolang ho balekane ka bobeli, pono e fokotsehileng ea basali boiphihlelo / boits'oaro / botho, tahlehelo ea kutloelo-bohloko ho basali joalo ka bahlaseluoa ba peto, tumelo e kholo ea hore basali ke lintho tsa thobalano, maikutlo a tlase a boemo ba bong, ho hlekefetsa batho ka thobalano, ho hanana le ketso ea boitlamo, ho hloka mamello khahlano le pefo ea thobalano, ho nahana ka basali joalo ka lintho tse teng bakeng sa ho khotsofatsa banna ka tsa thobalano, ho latela tumelo e matla ea hore matla ho basali ke a lakatsehang, ha a arabele hakaalo ho “vanilla sex”, tlhoko e ntseng e eketseha ea bocha le mefuta-futa…. le tse ling tse ngata.

Re na le ho feta lithuto tsa 270 ho bacha ho tlaleha hore ho sebelisa litšoantšo tsa bootsoa ho amana le lintho tse kang baithuti ba futsanehileng, maikutlo a mangata a ho kopanela liphate, ho ba mabifi, bophelo bo futsanehileng, likamano tse futsanehileng, ho khotsofalla bophelo, ho talima batho e le lintho, ho ba le kotsing ea ho kopanela liphate, ho sebelisa likhohlopo tse seng kae, tlhekefetso e kholo ea thobalano , khatello e kholo ea thobalano, khotsofalo e fokolang ea thobalano, ho fokotseha libido, maikutlo a mangata a ho lumella, ho fokotsa maemo a sechaba, ho itšehla thajana, boitšoaro bo bobe ba likamano tsa botona le botšehali, ho lemala, ho ba le likhohlano tsa botona le botšehali, mekhoa e meng ea ho qoba le ho tšoenyeha, boitšoaro bo boima ho noa, ho loana, matšoao a ADHD, bothata ba ho ba le tsebo ea kelello, ho amoheloa ka bongata ka ho kopanela liphate pele ho lenyalo le ho kopanela liphate, tlhahlobo e tlaase ea lenyalo, ts'ehetso ea ho amoheloa ha banna le ho ba makhoba a basali, ho se tšoane ha boleng ba bong, le ho hongata haholo.

Na "Thuto ea laboratori" e tlang e sa tl'o ba le lithuto tse makholo tse entsoeng ka lilemo tse seng kae tse fetileng? Hantle haholo ha re ntse re tseba haholo ka lipatlisiso tsa hae tse tlang mabapi le "boitšoaro bo kopanetsoeng ba ho kopanela liphate." Bobeli ba Prause le khoebo ea khoebo e ruileng e tšehetsang patlisiso ena e 'nile ea lla ka eona ka lilemo.

Banyalani ba bang ba tla etsa eng ka laboraka? Na banyalani ba tla shebella litšoantšo tsa bootsoa? Nope. Na thuto e na le sehlopha sa batho ba hlokang lithethefatsi tse hlephisang boitšoaro ka hloko le sehlopha sa taolo sa ho bapisa? Nope. Tsena ke lipotso tsa bohlokoa, hobane Prause's EEG e tsebahalang ka ho fetisisa o ne a e-na le mefokolo e mengata e bolaeang ea litsela: 1) lihlooho li ne li le teng ho sa tšoanehe (banna, basali, bao e seng litho tsa botona kapa botšehali);; 2) lihlooho li ne li le teng ha e hlahlojoe ke mathata a kelello kapa lithethefatsi;; Thuto ea 3) e ne e le ha ho sehlopha sa taolo sa ho bapisa;; 4) lipotso tsa lipotso li ne li le teng e sa tiisetsoe bakeng sa tšebeliso ea litšoantšo tsa bootsoa kapa ho lemalla bokhoba. 5) Boholo ba lithuto tseo ho thoeng ke ba lemaletseng ho kopanela liphate ha e le hantle e ne e hlile e se ba lemalloang ke bootsoa. Ho sa tsotelehe Thapelo ena e ile ea emela hampe seo a se fumaneng thutong ea hae, joalo ka ha moprofesa oa thuto ea kelello John A. Johnson a pepesa ka maikutlo a mabeli a fapaneng tlasa puisano ea Nicole Prause ho Psychology Today (tlhahiso ea #1, tlhahiso ea #2).

Ebile, lipontšo tsohle tse teng ke hore lihlooho tsa hae tse arohaneng li ke ke tsa etsa letho le amanang le sengoloa sena ke Prause / Kohut / Klein. Mona ke seo re se tsebang ka mosebetsi ona o neng o e-so phatlalatsoe: Prause o laetsoe ke khamphani ea California hore sebaka sa hae sa marang-rang se se thathamisitse e le mohloli o moholo oa chelete, Orgasmic Meditation (eo hape e bitsoang 'OM' le 'OneTaste'), ho ithuta melemo ea clitoral stroking . Ho tsoa webosaeteng ea Prause's Liberos:

Litlamorao tsa methapo le melemo ea bophelo bo botle ea ho thuisa ka nko e monate ” $350,000, Nako: Lilemo tse 2, OneTaste Foundation, Bafuputsi-'moho: Greg Siegle, Ph.D.

OneTaste e lefisa litefiso tse phahameng ho ea lithupelong moo bankakarolo ba ithutang "ho thuisa ka mokhoa o hlasimollang" (mokhoa oa ho pholla mahlo a basali). Khoebo ena e sa tsoa amohela phatlalatso e sa khahliseng, e senolang (mme e ntse e le teng e fuputsitsoeng ke FBI). Litaba tsa litaba ke tsena:

Khampani ea OM / OneTaste e rerile ho sebelisa lithuto tse tlang tsa Prause ho "lekanyetsa" ho rekisa ha tsona ho isa libakeng tse ncha. Ho ea ka sehlooho sa Bloomberg Lefifi le Lefifi la Khampani ea Boikhathollo ea Orgasmic,

Motsamaisi e mocha oa setsi o bolela hore thuto ea OneTaste e tšehetsoe ka melemo ea bophelo bo botle ba OM, e leng ho baloa ke bokooa ho li-pair tsa 130 tsa strokers le strokees, e tla hula matšoele a macha. E eteloa ke bafuputsi ba tsoang Univesithing ea Pittsburgh, ea thuto ho lebeletsoe ho fana ka pampiri ea pele hamorao selemong sena. "Saense e hlahisang hore na sena ke eng le hore na melemo e tla ba khōlō hakae ka ho phahama," Van Vleck o re

Ho sa tsotelehe taba ea hore khoebo ea lipatlisiso ea OM ea Prause e sebetsana le "clitoral stroking" e kopaneng, o se a ntse a supa (joalo ka mona) kapa o tseka pepeneneng (kae kapa kae) hore e thibela tlhahlobo ea ICD-11 e ncha ea "Compulsive sexual boitšoaro disorder" (CSBD). (Boholo ba litlamorao tsa khanyetso ea hae lithutong tsa hae tsa 2013 le 2015 ka bobeli ka tsela e itseng ho lemalloa ho lemalla thobalano.) Ka bokhutšoanyane, leha e le efe phuputso eo rasaense a hiriloeng ho e etsa, o ka betha o tla bolela hore e theola boitšoaro bo hlephileng ba ho kopanela liphate le thobalano, hammoho le CSBD e ncha e tla sebelisoa ho hlahloba bobeli!

Ha e le hantle, Prause o ile a fumana lintlha life bakeng sa patlisiso ea hae ea lihlopha? Ho ea ka li-tweets ke setsebi sa motho e moholo, Prause o fumane ba etsang lipapali tsa bootsoa e le lihlooho tsa thuto tsa OM, ka letsoho le matla ka ho fetisisa la ho qhekella lefapha la bootsoa, ​​e Kopano ea mahala ea puo. Sheba sena phapanyetsano ea Twitter pakeng tsa Prause le sebini se seholo, Ruby the Big Rubousky, Ke mang motlatsi oa mopresidente oa Adult Performers Actors Guild (Prause o tlositse khoele ena)

Prause e araba tweet ea Ruby ke eona e reng motho a ka lemalla litšoantšo tsa bootsoa

Puisano e tsoela pele:

Phumiso e potlakile ho qosa ba bang ka mekhoa ea boipelaetso ntle le ho fana ka bopaki bo thata, empa lipatlisiso tsa hae tsa OM ke mohlala o matla oa khohlano e tšabehang ea thahasello: ho nka makholo a likete tsa liranta ho fumana melemo ea mokhoa o tsoileng matsoho, oa khoebo ... ho fumana lihlooho ka letsoho le matla ka ho fetisisa la ho khomarela indasteri ea bootsoa. Nako eohle ho sebeletsa indasteri ea bootsoa habonolo ka ho bolela hore lipatlisiso tsena li thibela ho hlahlojoa ha CSBD e ncha e tla sebelisoa ho ba nang le boitšoaro bo bobe ba ho kopanela liphate (ho feta 80% ea bona ho tlaleha mathata ka litšoantšo tsa bootsoa tsa inthanete).

Ntoeng e 'ngoe ea lithahasello e amanang le OM, CEO ea Prause le OneTaste Nicole Daedone o lefisitse $ 1,900 motho ka mong bakeng sa thupelo ea matsatsi a 3 e bitsoang "Flow & Orgasm." Joalo ka Prause, Nicole Daedone o na le nalane e telele ea boits'oaro bo belaetsang. Se qotsitsoeng ho tsoa sengoloeng Lefifi le Lefifi la Khampani ea Boikhathollo ea Orgasmic o ile a penta setšoantšo se likhathatso:

Phelong ea eona ea 2009, ea Linako o qotsitse litho tsa mehleng hore Daedone, eo e neng e le CEO ea OneTaste, o na le "matla a kang a bokhelohi ho balateli ba hae" mme "ka linako tse ling o ne a khothaletsa ka matla hore na ke mang ea lokelang ho ratana le mang."

Thupelo ea li-yuppies e kanna ea hlalosoa e le khohlano e habeli ea lithahasello ho Dr. Prause: O lefshoa pele makholo a likete tse makholo ho "paka" melemo e mengata ea ho Thuisa ka Orgasmic, ebe o lefuoa hape ka ho hlahisa OM ea hae e sisinyang lefatše liphuputso tse fumanehang sebakeng se turang sa nako e ncha se bitsang chelete e ngata le OneTaste CEO se neng se se se mo lefelletse ho netefatsa OM. Selikalikoe sa bophelo.

Gig e kholo bakeng sa Prause. Leha ho le joalo, sena se belaella bonnete ba eng kapa eng e tlalehiloeng e fumanoang ke lithuto tsa Prause tsa OM. Re tlameha ho botsa: Lithuto tsa OM tsa Prause li ka etsa joang eseng Leeme? Boemo bona ha bo fapane le hore Eli Lilly o lefelletse mofuputsi ho "ithuta" melemo ea Prozac, ebe o lefa eena mofuputsi eo chelete e kholo ho hlahisa ka Prozac likopanong tsa bongaka.