Phuputso e Ntle le Lihlooho Tse Mabapi le Liithuti

Ka tlaase ho kenyelletso ena e telele ho na le likaroloana tse ngata tse nang le lithuto tse nepahetseng.

Phuputso e Tsoelang Pele - pele re na le lenane la lithuto tse fanang ka ts'ehetso bakeng sa liqoso tse entsoeng ke YBOP. (Bona Lithuto tse belaetsang le tse khelosang bakeng sa lipampiri tse phatlalalitsoeng haholo tseo e seng seo ba ipolelang hore ke tsona.):

  1. Ho lemalla ho kopanela liphate / thobalano Leqephe lena le thathamisa Liphuputso tse thehiloeng ho 57 tse fanang ka maikutlo a kelello (MRI, fMRI, EEG, neuropsychological, lihormone). Bohle haese e le 'ngoe ba fana ka ts'ehetso bakeng sa mofuta oa bokhoba ba tahi ha liphetho tsa bona li bonahatsa se fumanoeng ke methapo e tlalehiloeng lithutong tsa bokhoba ba lithethefatsi.
  2. Litsebi tsa sebele 'maikutlo a ho lemalla ho kopanela liphate le ho kopanela liphate? Lethathamo lena le na le 34 litlhahlobo le litlhaloso tsa lingoliloeng tsa morao-rao tse thehiloeng ho neuroscience ke tse ling tsa litsebi tsa mantlha tse phahameng ka ho fetisisa lefatšeng. Ts'ehetso eohle ea mohlala oa ho lemalla lithethefatsi
  3. Lipontšo tsa ho lemala le ho nyolohela ho lintho tse feteletseng? Ho feta lipatlisiso tsa 60 liphuputso tsa tlaleho li lumellana le ho eketseha ha tšebeliso ea litšoantšo tsa bootsoa (ho mamella), tloaelo ea bootsoa, ​​esita le matšoao a ho tlohela (matšoao ohle le matšoao a amanang le ho lemalla). Leqephe le eketsehileng ka Lithuto tse 14 tse tlalehang matšoao a ho tlohela chelete ho basebelisi ba litšoantšo tsa bootsoa.
  4. Tlhahlobo ea molao? Buka e sebelisoang haholo ka ho fetisisa lefapheng la bongaka, Selemo sa Machaba sa Mafu (ICD-11), e na le tšoaetso e ncha e loketseng ho lemalla lit soant so tsa bootsoa "Bothata ba ho Kopanela Liphate ka ho Kopanela Liphate. "
  5. Ho nyenyefatsa ntlha e sa tšehetsoeng e reng "takatso ea ho kopanela liphate e phahameng" e hlalositse boitšoaro bo hlephileng ba ho kopanela liphate kapa ho lemalla thobalano: Liphuputso tse fetang 25 li thetsa taba ea hore batho ba kopanelang liphate le batho ba lemaletseng ho kopanela liphate "ba na le takatso e phahameng ea thobalano"
  6. Lit soant so le mathata a thobalano? Lethathamo lena le na le lipatlisiso tse fetang 50 tse amanang le tšebeliso ea litšoantšo tsa bootsoa / lithethefatsi tsa bootsoa litabeng tsa thobalano le ho fokotsa ho tsosoa takatso ea thobalano. The Liphuputso tsa pele tsa 7 lenaneong li bontša ho baka, kaha barupeluoa ba ile ba tlosa tšebeliso ea litšoantšo tsa bootsoa 'me ba phekola likotsi tse sa feleng tsa thobalano.
  7. Litla-morao tsa litabeng tsa likamano? Liphuputso tse fetang 80 li hokahanya litšoantšo tsa bootsoa le batho ba futsanehileng ba thobalano le khotsofalo ea kamano. Ho ea kamoo re tsebang kateng bohle lithuto tse amanang le banna li tlalehile tšebeliso e mpe ea litšoantšo tse amanang le eona ea futsanehile thobalano kapa khotsofalo ea kamano. Le ha lithuto tse ling li tlaleha phello e nyane ea ts'ebeliso ea basali ea bootsoa ho khotsofalo ea basali ea thobalano le kamano, ba bangata do tlaleha litlamorao tse mpe: Lithuto tsa bootsoa tse amanang le litaba tsa basali: Litholoana tse mpe ka ho tsosoa, ho khotsofatsa thobalano le likamano
  8. Ho sebelisa litšoantšo ho ama bophelo ba kelello le kelellong? Liphuputso tse fetang 90 li hokahanya litšoantšo tsa bootsoa le bophelo bo futsanehileng ba kelello le maikutlo le litlamorao tse mpe tsa kelello.
  9. Tšebeliso ea litšoantšo e ama litumelo, maikutlo le boitšoaro? Hlahloba lithuto tsa motho ka bomong - ho feta lipatlisiso tsa 40 tse amanang le litšoantšo tsa bootsoa li sebelisa "maikutlo a sa lokelang" ho basali le maikutlo a ho kopanela liphate - kapa kakaretso ka tlhaiso-leseling ea meta ea 2016 ea lithuto tse 135 tse loketseng: Mecha ea phatlalatso le ho kopanela liphate: Puso ea Boipheliso ba Puso, 1995-2015. Tlhaloso:

Sepheo sa tlhahlobo ena e ne e le ho etsa lipatlisiso tsa lipatlisiso tsa lipatlisiso tsa ho kopanela liphate mecheng ea litaba. Sepheo se ne se lebisitsoe ho lipatlisiso tse hatisitsoeng litabeng tsa lipuo tsa Senyesemane pakeng tsa 1995 le 2015. Kakaretso ea lingoliloeng tsa 109 tse nang le lithuto tsa 135 li ile tsa hlahlojoa. Liphuputso tsena li fane ka bopaki bo tsitsitseng ba hore bohlahlobi ba laboratori le kakaretso ea letsatsi le leng le le leng ho tse kenyelletsoeng letsatsi le leng le le leng li amana ka ho toba le liphello tse ngata, ho kenyelletsa le maemo a phahameng a ho se khotsofale ha 'mele, ho ikemela ho hoholo, tšehetso e kholo ea litumelo tsa thobalano le litumelo tsa thobalano, mamello e kholo ea thobalano ho basali. Ho feta moo, tlhahiso ea liteko ho tsena li lebisa basali le banna ho ba le maikutlo a fokolang a bokhoni ba basali, boitšoaro le botho.

  1. Ho thoe'ng ka tlhekefetso ea ho kopanela liphate le tšebeliso ea litšoantšo Tlhahlobo e 'ngoe ea litlhahlobo: Tlhahlobo ea Litšoantšo tsa Litšoantšo Tsa Litšoantšo Tsa Bootsoa le 'Nete Liketso Tsa Liketso Tsa Botona le Botšehali ho Lipatlisiso ka Kakaretso Tsa Batho (2015). Tlhaloso:

Lipatlisiso tsa 22 tse tsoang linaheng tse fapaneng tsa 7 li ile tsa hlahlojoa. Tšebeliso e ne e amahanngoa le tlhekefetso ea thobalano United States le linaheng tse ling, har'a banna le basali, le liphuputsong tse arohaneng le ka nako e telele. Mekhatlo e ne e le matla haholo bakeng sa mantsoe ho feta thobalano ea thobalano, le hoja ka bobeli e ne e le ea bohlokoa. Phello ea kakaretso e fana ka maikutlo a hore litaba tse mabifi li ka 'na tsa e-ba matla haholo.

"Empa litšoantšo tsa bootsoa ha li sebelise ho fokotsa lipalo tsa ho betoa?Tlhōlisano ea lits'oaetso e ntse e eketseha, ka hona, hlokomoloha liphatlalatso tsa bootsoa bo hlephisang boitšoaro. ”Bona leqephe lena bakeng sa lithuto tse fetang 110 tse hokahanyang tšebeliso ea litšoantšo tsa bootsoa le tlhekefetso ea thobalano, khatello le pefo, le tlhatlhobo e pharaletseng ea polelo e lulang e phetoa ea hore ho ba teng ha porno ho felletse ka hore litheko tsa peto li fokotsehe.

  1. Ho thoe'ng ka tšebeliso ea litšoantšo tsa bootsoa le bacha? Sheba lenane lena la ka lipatlisiso tsa bocha ba 280, kapa litlhahlobo tsena tsa lingoliloeng: tlhahlobo ea # 1, hlahloba2, tlhahlobo ea # 3, tlhahlobo ea # 4, tlhahlobo ea # 5, tlhahlobo ea # 6, tlhahlobo ea # 7, tlhahlobo ea # 8, tlhahlobo ea # 9, tlhahlobo ea # 10, tlhahlobo ea # 11, tlhahlobo ea # 12, tlhahlobo ea # 13, tlhahlobo ea # 14, tlhahlobo ea # 15, lekola # 16, lekola # 17. Ho tloha qetellong ea tlhahlobo ena ea 2012 ea lipatlisiso - Tšusumetso ea Litšoantšo Tsa Bootsoa Inthaneteng ho Bacha: Tlhahlobo ea Lipatlisiso:

Ho kena ha Inthanete ho eketsehileng ke bacha ho entse menyetla e sa lebelloang bakeng sa thuto ea thobalano, thuto le kholo. Ka lehlakoreng le leng, kotsi ea ho ntša kotsi e hlakileng libukeng e entse hore bafuputsi ba batlisise bacha ba shebaneng le litšoantšo tse litšila tse tsosang takatso ea lipapali Inthaneteng ho leka ho lemoha likamano tsena. Ka kakaretso, lipatlisiso tsena li bontša hore bacha ba jang litšoantšo tse tsosang takatso e ka hlahisa litumelo le litumelo tse sa utloahaleng tsa thobalano. Har'a tse fumanoeng, litekanyetso tse phahameng tsa maikutlo a lumellang thobalano, ho ameha ka thobalano, le liteko tsa pele tsa thobalano li tsamaellana le ts'ebeliso ea litšoantšo tsa bootsoa khafetsa…. Leha ho le joalo, ho fumanoe liphetho tse sa fetoheng tse hokahanyang ts'ebeliso ea bocha ea litšoantšo tsa bootsoa tse bonts'ang pefo e nang le boits'oaro bo matla ba thobalano.

Lingolo li bontša kamano e teng lipakeng tsa tšebeliso ea bacha ba litšoantšo tsa bootsoa le boitlhahlobo. Banana ba tlaleha ba ikutloa ba le betere ho feta basali bao ba ba bonang linthong tse manyala tse hlephisang boitšoaro, athe bashemane ba tšaba hore e kanna eaba ha ba sa le betere kapa ba khona ho etsa joaloka banna ba mecha ea litaba. Bacha ba boetse ba tlaleha hore ts'ebeliso ea bona ea litšoantšo tsa bootsoa e fokotsehile ha boits'epo ba bona le nts'etsopele ea sechaba li eketseha. Ho feta moo, lipatlisiso li fana ka maikutlo a hore bacha ba sebelisang litšoantšo tsa bootsoa, ​​haholo-holo tse fumanehang inthaneteng, ba na le litekanyo tse tlase tsa khokahano ea sechaba, keketseho ea mathata a boits'oaro, litekanyetso tse phahameng tsa boits'oaro, litekanyetso tse phahameng tsa matšoao a sithabetsang, le ho fokotsa tlamahano ea maikutlo le bahlokomeli.

  1. Na lithuto tsohle hase correlative? Nope: Liphuputso tse fetang 90 tse bontšang ts'ebeliso ea inthanete le ts'ebeliso ea litšoantšo tsa bootsoa ho baka liphello tse mpe le matšoao, 'me boko bo fetoha.

Bakeng sa ntlha e 'ngoe ea puisano e buang ka ntho e' ngoe le e 'ngoe le ea ho khethiloeng ke cherry bona tlhaloso ena e pharaletseng: Debunking "Ke Hobane'ng ha re sa Ntšoenyeha ka ho Talima Litšoantšo?? ", E leng Marty Klein, Taylor Kohut le Nicole Prause (2018). Tsela ea ho lemoha lihlooho tse leeme: Ba qotsa Prause et al., 2015 (ka bohata e ipolelang hore e etsa hore motho a be le lithethefatsi tse tsosang takatso ea boitšoaro bo bobe), ha a tlohela lithuto tsa lefu la bokooa ka 50. Bakeng sa lipuo tse utloisisehang habonolo tse buang ka likhopolo-taba tse ngata tse hasoang ke bafuputsi ba li-pro-porn kapa li-blogger, bona livideo tse peli tse ntle tsa Gabe Deem: "LITABA TSA PORN - 'Nete e Bakang Bokhoba le Litlamorao Tsa Thobalano", le “Buka ea Lipapali ea bootsoa: Ho hlobola, Disinform le botumo".

Ho eketsehileng ka tahi

Ho utloisisa temallo ea porno ea inthanete ho bolela ho utloisisa mekhoa ea ho lemalla. Likhakanyo tsohle li utsoa li-neurocircuitry tse tšoanang, tse sebetsang ka li-neurochemicals (le hoja tšebeliso e 'ngoe le e' ngoe e boetse e kenyelletsa E eketsehileng li-circulating neural chemicals le lik'hemik'hale tse fapaneng tse fapaneng pakeng tsa lithethefatsi).

Lipatlisiso tsa moraorao li senola hore lithethefatsi tsa boitšoaro (lijo tse lemalla lijo, papali ea papali ea chelete, papali ea video, Inthaneteng e lemalla 'me ho lemalla ho kopanela liphate) le lithethefatsi tsa lithethefatsi li na le tse ngata tse tšoanang mekhoa ea motheo e isang ho pokello ea liphetoho tse arolelanoeng ka mokhoa oa boko ba bokhoni le oa chemistry.

Sena ha se makatse kaha lithethefatsi li ka matlafatsa kapa tsa thibela mesebetsi e teng ea 'mele. Mokhoa o ikhethileng o sebelisang li-cellular tse sebelisang tšebetso ea cellular o bitsoa "mokhoa oa ts'ebetso". Lithethefatsi tsohle le boits'oaro bo ka bakang tšebeliso ea lithethefatsi li arolelana mokhoa o le mong oa bohlokoa: ho phahamisa dopamine ho nucleus accumbens (hangata e bitsoa setsi sa moputso). Ka lebaka la tsoelo-pele ea morao-rao ea saense, lits'oants'o tsa mekhoa ea ho kopanela liphate le boitšoaro bo hlephileng ha e na motheo ebile ha ea nakoana ('me ha ho liphuputso tse e-s'o fokolise mohlala oa ho lemalla lithethefatsi). Litlhahlobo tsa morao-rao tsa lingoliloeng le litlhaloso li tšehetsa boemo bona ka botlalo:

  1. Na Litšoantšo Tsa Bootsoa Tsa Inthanete li baka Mathata a Kopanela Liphate? Tlhahlobo le Litlaleho tsa Bongaka (2016) - Tlhahlobo e pharaletseng ea lingoliloeng tse amanang le mathata a ho kopanela liphate a bakoang ke ho kopanela liphate. Ho kenyelletsa lingaka tsa Sesole sa Metsing sa US le Gary Wilson, tlhahlobo e fana ka lintlha tsa morao-rao tse senolang keketseho e kholo ea mathata a bocha ba thobalano. E boetse e lekola lithuto tsa methapo e amanang le bokhoba ba litšoantšo tsa bootsoa le ho kopanela liphate ka litšoantšo tsa bootsoa inthaneteng. Lingaka li fana ka litlaleho tsa bongaka tse 3 tsa banna ba ileng ba hlahisa lits'oants'o tse amanang le thobalano. Pampiri ea bobeli ea 2016 ea Gary Wilson e bua ka bohlokoa ba ho ithuta ka litlamorao tsa litšoantšo tsa bootsoa ka ho ba le bafo ba qobang ts'ebeliso ea litšoantšo tsa bootsoa: Tlosa Lintho Tse sa Lebelloang Inthaneteng Litšoantšo Tsa Bootsoa Sebelisa ho Senola Liphetho Tsa Tsona (2016).
  2. Sheba pampiri ena ea 2015 ka lingaka tse peli: Bothata ba ho Kopanela Liphate e le Boloetse: Bopaki ba Tlhahlobo, Tlhahlobo le Karabo ho bahlahlobisisi (2015), e fanang ka chate e nkang liphoso tse tobileng mme e fana ka litemana tse ba khahlanong le tsona.
  3. Bakeng sa tlhahlobo e phethahetseng ea lingoliloeng tsa "neuroscience" tse amanang le mefuta e meng e tlisoang ke bokhoba ba marang-rang, u shebile haholo ts'ebeliso ea lithethefatsi tse litšila tse tsosang takatso inthaneteng. Boitsebiso bo bongata ba litšoantšo tsa bootsoa Inthaneteng Ho lemalla: Tlhahlobo le Tlhahlobo (2015). Tlhahlobo e boetse e tšoaea lithuto tse peli tsa morao-rao tse hapileng lihlooho tsa EEG tse bolelang hore li "debunked" bokhoba ba litšoantšo tsa bootsoa. (Bona leqepheng lena bakeng sa litlhaloso le tlhahlobo ea lithuto tse belaetsang le tse khelosa)
  4. Tlhekefetso ea Cybersex (2015) Litlhaloso tse latelang: Lihloohong tsa morao-rao, lithethefatsi tsa ho kopanela liphate Inthaneteng li nkoa e le mofuta o tobileng oa ho lemalla Inthanete. Liphuputso tse ling tsa morao-rao li batlisitse ho tšoana ho teng pakeng tsa ho lemalla li-cybersex le lithethefatsi tse ling tsa boitšoaro, tse kang Internet Gaming Disorder. Ho nahanoa hore ho na le mokhoa oa bohlokoa oa ho lemalla ho kopanela liphate le batho ba bang le ba bang. Liphuputso tse nang le mekhoa e metle ea tšehetso ea tšehetso ea tšebelisano-'moho le eona li tšehetsa hore ho na le litloaelano tse nang le moelelo pakeng tsa lithethefatsi tsa li-cybersex le tse ling tsa boitšoaro bo hlephileng hammoho le botšepehi.
  5. Tlhahlobo e khuts'oane - Mokhoa oa ho phekola liketso tsa ho kopanela liphate ka mokhoa o tsitsitseng oa ho kopanela liphate: Setsebi se hlahisang (2016) - e phethetseng: "Ho fanoe ho tšoana ho teng pakeng tsa lik'homphieutha tsa CSB le lithethefatsi, mehato ho atleha bakeng sa lithethefatsi ho ka 'na ha e-ba le tšepiso ea CSB, ka hona e fana ka kutloisiso mabapi le lipatlisiso tsa nakong e tlang ho tla hlahloba monyetla ona ka kotloloho. "
  6. Tlhahlobo ea 2016 ea boitšoaro bo qobelloang ba thobalano (CSB) - Na boitšoaro bo bobe ba ho kopanela liphate bo lokela ho nkoa e le tahi? (2016) - o phethile ka hore: "Ho na le likarolo tse fetang pakeng tsa CSB le mathata a tšebeliso ea lithethefatsi. Lits'ebetso tse tloaelehileng tsa "neurotransmitter" li ka kenya letsoho ho CSB le ts'ebeliso ea ts'ebeliso ea lithethefatsi, 'me liphuputso tse entsoeng morao tjena li totobatsa ho tšoana ho amanang le ho lakatsa le ho ba le leeme ka hloko. " Tlhokomeliso: Boholo ba methapo ea kutlo e tšehetsang boteng ba "bokhoba ba thobalano" ha e le hantle e tsoa lithutong tse mabapi le basebelisi ba porno, eseng lithethefatsi tsa thobalano. Ho kopanya marang-rang a litsoantso tsa ho sheba litšoantšo tsa bootsoa le ho lemalla ho etsa thobalano ho fokolisa pampiri.
  7. Boits'oaro ba ho kopanela liphate ka ho kopanela liphate e le mokhoa oa ho lemalla boitšoaro bo bobe: Tšusumetso ea Inthanete le Mathata a mang (2016). Lits'oants'o: "ho hatisoa haholo litabeng tsa inthanete kaha tsena li ka etsa hore boitšoaro ba thobalano bo be bobe."Le"bopaki ba bongaka bo tsoang ho ba thusang le ho tšoara batho ba joalo ba lokela ho fuoa tlhokomelo e khōloanyane ke sechaba sa mafu a kelello. "
  8. Le ha poleloana "hypersexourse" e lokela ho lahloa, ena ke tlhahlobo e ntle e entsoeng ke Max Planck neuroscientist Motheo oa "Neurobiological Hypersexuality" (2016). Leqhetsoana: “Ho kopanngoa, bopaki bo bonahala bo bolela hore liphetoho tse ka pele ho li-lobe, amygdala, hippocampus, hypothalamus, septum, le boko ba libaka tse etsang hore moputso o phetha karolo ea bohlokoa ho ts'ebetsong ea bosodoma. Liphuputso tsa liphatsa tsa lefutso le mekhoa e meng ea phekolo ea neuropharmacological e bontšang hore karolo ea dopaminergic e sebelisoa."
  9. Ho batlisisa ho hlaka ho metsi a nang le seretse: ho nahanisisa nakong e tlang bakeng sa ho khetholla boitšoaro bo bobe ba ho kopanela liphate e le ho lemalla (2016) - Litlhaloso tse hlahang: Re sa tsoa hlahloba bopaki ba ho khetholla boitšoaro bo bobe ba ho kopanela liphate (CSB) e le ho lemalla boitšoaro. Tlhahlobo ea rona e fumane hore CSB e arolelane le lits'ebeletso tsa bophelo bo botle, li-neurobiological le liketsahalo tse ts'oanang le tse nang le mathata a sebelisoang ke lithethefatsi. Le hoja Mokhatlo oa American Psychiatric o hanne boloetse ba hypersexual ho tloha DSM-5, ho hlahlojoa ha CSB (ho feteletseng ho kopanela liphate) ho ka etsoa ho sebelisa ICD-10. CSB e boetse e nkoa ke ICD-11.
  10. Ho kopanya lintlha tsa kelello le tsa methapo ea maikutlo mabapi le nts'etsopele le tlhokomelo ea mathata a itseng a sebelisoang ke Inthaneteng: Ho sebelisana ha motho-Tšoara-Tlhaloso-Tlhahlobo ea ho etsa (2016) - Tlhahlobo ea methati e qalileng nts'etsopele le ho lokisa mafu a itseng a sebelisang inthanete, ho kenyelletsoa le "ho sheba litšoantšo tsa bootsoa ka inthanete". Bangoli ba fana ka maikutlo a hore bokhoba ba litšoantšiso tsa bootsoa (le bokhoba ba cybersex) bo khetholloa e le mathata a ts'ebeliso ea marang-rang mme bo beiloe le lithahasello tse ling tsa boitšoaro tlasa mathata a ts'ebeliso ea lithethefatsi joalo ka boits'oaro bo bobebe.
  11. Ho lemalla ho kopanela liphate khaolo ho tloha ho "Neurobiology of Addictions," Oxford Press (2016) - Excerpt: Re shebisisa motheo oa ts'ebeliso ea lithethefatsi, ho kenyeletsa le ts'ebeliso ea tlholeho kapa ea ts'ebetso, ebe re buisana ka hore na sena se amana joang le kutloisiso ea rona ea thobalano e le moputso oa tlhaho o ka bang "o sa laoleheng" bophelong ba motho ka mong.
  12. Khopolo-taba ea Bo-rasaense e Atamela ho Litšoantšo Tsa Bootsoa Bo Inthaneteng (2017) - Excerpt: Lilemong tse mashome a mabeli tse fetileng, lithuto tse 'maloa tse nang le litsebi tsa ho sebelisa litsebi tsa mokokotlo, haholo-holo litšoantšo tse sebetsang tsa motlakase (fMRI), li ile tsa etsoa ho hlahloba li-neural correlates tsa ho shebella litšoantšo tse manyala tse hlephisang boitšoaro tlas'a maemo a liteko,' me li-neural correlates tsa litšoantšo tse manyala tse hlephisang boitšoaro li sebelisa. Ho fanoe ka liphello tsa nakong e fetileng, tšebeliso e feteletseng ea litšoantšo tsa bootsoa e ka amahanngoa le mekhoa e seng e tsebahala ea neurobiological e bakang ho hlahisoa ha lithethefatsi tse amanang le lithethefatsi.
  13. Na boitšoaro bo feteletseng ba ho kopanela liphate ke lefu la ho lemala? (2017) - Litlhaloso tse hlahang: Lipatlisiso tsa lefu la "neurobiology" la ho qobella batho ho kopanela liphate ka lebaka la ho kopanela liphate li entse hore ho fumanoe liphuputso tse amanang le ho ba le mekhoa e metle, ho ba le boikutlo bo matla ba ho ba le boikutlo ba ho ba le boikutlo ba ho ba le boikutlo ba ho ba le boikutlo bo botle ba maikutlo,. Re lumela hore likarolo tsa khatello ea boitšoaro bo bobe ba ho kopanela liphate e le bothata ba ho lemalla ho lemalla lits'oaetso li lumellana le lintlha tsa morao-rao 'me li ka' na tsa rua lingaka, bafuputsi le batho ba nang le khatello ea lefu lena.
  14. Tlhaloso ea "Neurobiology" ea Litšoantšo Tsa Bootsoa Ho lemalla - Tlhahlobo ea bongaka (De Sousa & Lodha, 2017) - Litlhaloso tse hlahang: Ka kakaretso, lihlooho tsa 59 li ile tsa khetholloa tse kenyelletsang litlhaloso, tlhahlobo ea mini le litokomane tsa lipatlisiso tsa pele litabeng tsa litšoantšo tse manyala tse hlephisang boitšoaro, ho lemalla lithethefatsi le methapo ea maikutlo. Litokomane tsa lipatlisiso tse hlahlobisitsoeng mona li ne li lebisitsoe ho tse hlalosang motheo oa neurobiological oa ho lemalla litšoantšo tsa bootsoa. Sena se ile sa eketsoa ka ho eketsehileng le phihlelo ea botho ea bakuli ba sebetsang khafetsa le bakuli moo ho lemalla litšoantšo tsa bootsoa le ho shebella litlhaku ke letšoao le sithabetsang.
  15. Bopaki ba Pudding boa latsoa: Litaba li Hlokahala ho Lekola Mekhoa le Litlhahiso Tse Amanang le Likhatello tsa Likamano Tsa Botona le Botšehali (2018) - Litlhaloso tse hlahang: Har'a libaka tse ka 'nang tsa fana ka maikutlo a ho tšoana pakeng tsa CSB le mathata a ho lemalla ke lithuto tsa mahlaseli, ka lipatlisiso tse' maloa tsa morao-rao tse sa lumelloeng ke Walton et al. (2017). Liphuputso tsa mantlha li ne li hlahloba CSB mabapi le mefuta ea bokhoba ba tahi (e hlahlojoang Gola, Wordecha, Marchewka, & Sescousse, 2016b; Kraus, Voon, & Potenza, 2016b).
  16. Ho ntšetsa pele litsebo tsa thuto, lihlopha, mekhoa ea phekolo le mekhoa ea lipolotiki Litlhaloso mabapi le: Mathata a boitšoaro bo hlephileng ba ho kopanela liphate ICD-11 (Kraus et al., 2018) - Litlhaloso tse hlahang: Tlhaloso ea morao-rao ea ho khetholla boloetse ba CSB e le lefu la ho laola maikutlo ke ho phehisana khang ha mefuta e meng e hlahisitsoe (Kor, Fogel, Reid, & Potenza, 2013). Ho na le litlaleho tse bontšang hore CSB e arolelana likarolo tse ngata le lithethefatsi (Kraus et al., 2016), ho kenyeletsa le morao-rao boitsebiso bo bontšang ho eketseha ha reactivity ea libaka tsa bokooa tse amanang le moputso ka lebaka la likarolo tse amanang le tšusumetso ea bohata (Moetso, Snagowski, Laier, & Maderwald, 2016; Gola, Wordecha, Marchewka, & Sescousse, 2016; Gola et al., 2017; Klucken, Wehrum-Osinsky, Schweckendiek, Kruse, & Stark, 2016; Voon et al., 2014.
  17. Boitšoaro bo Kopanetsoeng ba ho Kopanela Liphate ho Batho le Mekhoa ea Boipiletso (2018) - Litlhaloso tse hlahang: Boitšoaro bo bobe ba ho kopanela liphate (CSB) bo atile ka ho fetisisa e le "ho lemalla boitšoaro," 'me ke tšoso e khōlō ho boleng ba bophelo le bophelo bo botle ba' meleng le kelellong. Qetellong, tlhaloso ena e akaretsitse lithuto tsa boitšoaro le tsa mahlaseli ho CSB ea batho le ho nyenyefatsoa ka mathata a mang, ho kopanyelletsa le tšebeliso e mpe ea lithethefatsi. Ka kakaretso, lipatlisiso tsena li bontša hore CSB e amahanngoa le liphetoho tse sebetsanang le liphetoho tse sebetsanang le likarolo tse ling tsa mahlakoreng a marang-rang le a prefrontal cortex, amygdala, striatum le thalamus, ho phaella ho fokotsa khokahanyo pakeng tsa amygdala le prefrontal cortex.
  18. Dysfunctions tsa thobalano Inthaneteng Era (2018) - Excerpt: Har'a mekhoa ea boitšoaro bo hlephileng, ho sebelisoa ha Inthanete ka bothata le ho sebelisa litšoantšo tse manyala tse hlephileng tsa bootsoa hangata ho boleloa ka hohle kamoo ho ka khonehang lisosa tsa kotsi bakeng sa ho se sebetse ka thobalano, hangata ho se na moeli o tiileng pakeng tsa lintho tse peli tse etsahalang. Basebelisi ba Inthanete ba khahloa ke litšoantšo tse manyala tse hlephisang boitšoaro tsa Inthanete ka lebaka la ho se tsejoe ha tsona, ho khoneha, le ho fumaneha habonolo, 'me maemong a mangata tšebeliso ea eona e ka lebisa basebelisi ka ho lemalla ho kopanela liphate le ba bang Inthaneteng: maemong ana, basebelisi ba ka lebala karolo ea "ho iphetola" ha thobalano, ho fumana thabo e eketsehileng ea lintho tse hlalosang thobalano ka boithatelo ho feta ho kopanela liphate.
  19. Mekhoa ea ho ba le tšebetso ea kelello ea khatello ea boitšoaro bo hlephileng ba ho kopanela liphate (2018) - Excerpt: Ho tla fihlela joale, lipatlisiso tse ngata tsa ho kopanela liphate ka boitšoaro bo hlephileng ba ho kopanela liphate li fane ka bopaki ba mekhoa e feteletseng ea boitšoaro bo bobe ba ho kopanela liphate le lithethefatsi tse seng tsa thobalano. Boitšoaro bo hlephileng ba ho kopanela liphate bo amahanngoa le ho sebetsa ho fetotsoeng libakeng tsa boko le marang-rang a amehang tabeng ea ho khothaletsa, ho tloaela, ho tsitsisa maikutlo, le ho fumana moputso oa lipapali tse kang lintho, ho becha le lithethefatsi tsa lipapali. Libaka tse kholo tsa boko tse amanang le likarolo tsa CSB li kenyelletsa li-cortices tse ka pele le tsa nakoana, amygdala le striatum, ho kenyeletsa le nucleus accumbens.
  20. Tlhahlobo ea Hona Joale ea Boits'oaro bo Botle ba ho Kopanela Liphate le Bothata ba Litšoantšo Tsa Bootsoa Ho Sebelisa (2018) - Excerpt: Liphuputso tsa morao-rao tsa theo ea likokoana-hloko li senoletse hore boitšoaro bo hlephileng ba ho kopanela liphate bo amahanngoa le ho fetoloa ho sebetsanoang le lisebelisoa tsa thobalano le ho fapana ha sebopeho sa boko le mosebetsi Le hoja liphuputso tse seng kae tsa leano la boloetse ba boloetse ba boloetse ba CSBD li 'nile tsa khannoa ho fihlela joale, boitsebiso bo teng bo bontša hore ho na le lintho tse sa tloaelehang tse amanang le likarolo tse ling tse kang ho sebelisoa ha lithethefatsi le ho becha. Ka hona, data e teng e fana ka maikutlo a hore mekhahlelo ea eona e ka ba e loketseng e le ho lemalla boitšoaro ho e-na le bothata ba ho laola maikutlo.
  21. Ventral Striatal Reactivity In Compulsive Sexual Behaviors (2018) - Excerpt: Har'a lipatlisiso tse fumanehang hona joale, re fumane libuka tse robong (Letlapa 1) e sebelisoang litšoantšong tse sebetsang tsa matla a motlakase. Ke tse 'nè feela ho tsena (36-39) ho batlisisitsoe ka ho hlaka ho sebetsana le litlhahiso tsa boets'oaro le / kapa meputso le ho tlaleha liphuputso tse amanang le ts'ebetso ea ventral striatum. Liphuputso tse tharo li bontša ho eketseha ha maikutlo ho hlaselang batho ba nang le tšusumetso e matla bakeng sa tšusumetso e mpe ea tlhaho (36-39) kapa ho bolela hore ho na le ntho e joalo e ka hlalosang (36-39). Liphuputso tsena li lumellana le Khopolo ea Sentience ea Khothaletso (IST) (28), e 'ngoe ea mekhoa e hlaheletseng e hlalosang bokhoni ba boko bo lemalla.
  22. Bootsoa bo Inthaneteng: Seo re se Tsebang le Seo re sa se Tsebeng - Tlhahlobo ea Ts'ebetso (2019) - Excerpt: Ho latela seo re se tsebang, lipatlisiso tse 'maloa tsa morao-rao li tšehetsa mokhatlo ona e le lithethefatsi le lits'oants'o tsa bohlokoa tsa kliniki tse kang ho se sebetse ka thobalano le khotsofalo ea kelello. Boholo ba mosebetsi o teng o thehiloe lipatlisisong tse tšoanang tse entsoeng ka lithethefatsi tsa lithethefatsi, ho itšetlehile ka khopolo-taba ea litšoantšo tse manyala tse hlephisang boitšoaro e le 'boipheliso bo phahameng' ho ea ho ntho e le 'ngoe eo ka eona ho sebelisoang ho sebelisoang, ho ka hlahisang boloetse ba ho lemalla.
  23. Boemo le nts'etsopele ea lithethefatsi tse ts'oanang le lithethefatsi tsa Inthanete: maemo a ho ikemela ka bomong, mekhoa e matlafatsang le mekhoa ea methapo (2019) - Excerpt: Phihlelo ea nako e telele ea litšoantšo tse manyala tse tsosang takatso ea ho sheba litšoantšo tsa bootsoa e entse hore batho ba joalo ba khothatse litlhahiso tse amanang le litšoantšo tse manyala tse hlephisang boitšoaro, tse entseng hore ho be le takatso e matla ea ho lakatsa litšoantšo tse litšila tse tsosang takatso, ka lebaka la liteko tse peli tsa teko le ho se sebetse hantle. Moelelo oa khotsofalo o fumanoang ho oona o ntse o fokola haholo, kahoo litšoantšo tse manyala tse hlephisang boitšoaro tsa Inthaneteng li hlokahalang ho boloka boemo ba pele ba maikutlo le ho ba lemalla.
  24. Likhopolo, thibelo, le kalafo ea ts'ebeliso e mpe ea tšebeliso ea litšoantšo tsa bootsoa (2019) - Excerpt: Boloetse bo qobelloang ba boitšoaro ba thobalano, bo kenyelletsang tšebeliso e mpe ea litšoantšo tsa bootsoa, ​​bo kenyellelitsoe ho ICD-11 e le khatello ea taolo ea tšusumetso. Litlhahlobo tsa bokhopo bona, leha ho le joalo, li tšoana hantle le litekanyetso tsa mafu a bakoang ke boitšoaro bo tlatsetsang… Maikutlo a kelello le bopaki bo matla ba maikutlo a hore mekhoa ea kelello le neurobiological e kenyelletsang litabeng tsa bokhoba ba ts'ebeliso ea bongaka e boetse e nepahetse molemong oa tšebeliso ea litšoantšo tsa bootsoa.
  25. Ts'ebeliso ea Mathata a Litšoantšo tsa Bootsoa e Ikutloisang: Moetso o Hloekileng o tsoang ho Patlisiso ea Domain Criteria le pono ea tikoloho (2019) - Excerpt: Ts'ebeliso ea bothata ba litšoantšo tsa bootsoa tse ipitsang e bonahala e amana le likarolo tse ngata tsa tlhahlobo le lits'ebetso tse fapaneng nthong ea setho. Ho latela liphumano kahare ho paro ea RDoC e hlalositsoeng ka holimo, hoa khonahala ho theha mofuta o kopaneng oo likarolo tse fapaneng tsa tlhahlobo li amang e mong le e mong (sa feiga. 1). Liphetoho tsena kahare ho mekhoa ea boits'oaro kahare ho batho ba nang le SPPPU li ts'oana le tse bonoang ho batho ba lemaletseng lits'ebeliso tsa lithethefatsi, 'me' mapa e le mehlala ea bokhoba.
  26. Tlhahiso ea ts'ebetso ea cybersex: kakaretso ea nts'etsopele le kalafo ea bokuli bo sa tsoa hlaha (2020) - Litemana tse qotsitsoeng: C.bokhoba ba ybersex ke joala bo sa amaneng le lintho tse amanang le tlhekefetso e amanang le thobalano marang-rang. Matsatsing ana, mefuta e fapaneng ea lintho tse amanang le thobalano kapa litšoantšo tsa bootsoa e fumaneha habonolo ka mecha ea phatlalatso ea inthanete. Indonesia, likamano tsa botona le botšehali hangata li nkoa li le bohlasoa empa bacha ba bangata ba pepesitsoe litšoantšo tse litšila tse tsosang takatso. Ho ka lebisa ho lemeneng le litlamorao tse ngata tse mpe ho basebelisi, joalo ka likamano, chelete le mathata a kelello joalo ka khatello e kholo ea maikutlo le mathata a ho tšoenyeha.
  27. Ke Maemo Afe A Lokelang ho Nkoa E le Litšitiso Khethong ea Machaba ea Maloetse (ICD-11) Tlhaloso ea "Mathata a Mang a Ikhethileng Ka lebaka la Boitšoaro bo Ts'oanang"? (2020) - Litlhaloso tse hlahang: Tlhahiso-leseling e tsoang tlalehong ea boits'oaro, boits'oaro, electrophysiological, le neuroimaging e bonts'a ho kenya letsoho ha lits'ebetso tsa kelello le lithuto tsa motheo tsa neural tse fumanoeng lipatlisiso le ho theoleloa maemong a fapaneng a mathata a ts'ebeliso ea lithethefatsi le mathata a papali ea chelete / papali ea bohloeki (3). Lits'oants'o tsa boitšoaro tse hlokometsoeng lithutong tsa pejana li kenyelletsa ho etsa mosebetsi o mongata le ho lakatsa lintho tse amanang le ts'ebetso libakeng tsa boko tse amanang le moputso, khethollo ea kelello, ho nka liqeto tse mpe, le (taolo e tobileng) taolo ea thibelo.
  28. Sebopeho sa ho itšireletsa ka likamano tsa botona le botšehali tse qobelloang le tšebeliso e thata ea litšoantšo tse manyala tse hlephisang boitšoaro Inthaneteng: Tlhahlobo - Litlhaloso tse hlahang: Liphuputso tse fumanehang li fana ka maikutlo a hore ho na le likarolo tse 'maloa tsa CSBD le POPU tse lumellanang le litšobotsi tsa bokhoba ba tahi, le hore mehato e thusang ho lebisa tlhokomelo litlamong tsa boitšoaro le lithethefatsi e fana ka tumello ea ho ikamahanya le ts'ebeliso ho ts'ehetsa batho ba nang le CSBD le POPU…. Neurobiology ea POPU le CSBD e kenyelletsa likamano tse 'maloa tse arolelanoang tsa neuroanatomical tse nang le mathata a ts'ebeliso ea lithethefatsi, lits'ebetso tse ts'oanang tsa neuropsychological, hammoho le liphetoho tse tloaelehileng tsa neurophysiological tsamaisong ea moputso oa dopamine.
  29. Boitšoaro bo sa sebetseng ba thobalano: Tlhaloso, maemo a kliniki, profiles ea neurobiological le kalafo (2020) - Litlhaloso tse hlahang: Ho lemalla lit soant so tsa bootsoa, ​​leha e le mokhoa o fapaneng oa ho lemalla ho kopanela liphate, e ntse e le mofuta oa boits'oaro bo hlephileng…. mathata le mathata a likamano…
  30. Ke eng e lokelang ho kenyelletsoa maemong a tlhekefetso ea boits'oaro ba thobalano? (2020) - Litlhaloso tse hlahang: Sehlopha sa CSBD e le bothata ba ho laola maikutlo le sona se hloka hore ho nahanoe. … Liphuputso tse ling li ka thusa ho ntlafatsa tlhophiso e nepahetseng ka ho fetesisa ea CSBD joalo ka ha ho etsahetse ka bothata ba papali ea chelete, e hlophisitsoeng bocha ho tloha sehlopheng sa mathata a taolo ea ts'usumetso ho litlamorao tse seng tsa lithethefatsi kapa tsa boitšoaro ho DSM-5 le ICD-11. … Ho se be le takatso e matla ea ho etsa lintho tse fosahetseng ho ka se tlatsetse ka matla ts'ebelisong e litšila ea litšoantšo tsa bootsoa joalo ka ha ba bang ba hlahisitse (Bőthe et al., 2019).
  31. Ho etsa liqeto bothateng ba papali ea chelete, ho sebelisa bothata ba ho sheba litšoantšo tse manyala tse hlephisang boitšoaro le bothata ba ho itlopa joala: ho tšoana le phapang (2021) - Litlhaloso tse hlahang: Ho tšoana lipakeng tsa CSBD le lithethefatsi ho hlalositsoe, le taolo e holofetseng, ts'ebeliso e phehellang leha ho na le litlamorao, mme litloaelo tsa ho etsa liqeto tse kotsi li ka arolelanoa likarolo (37••, 40). Batho ba nang le mathata ana hangata ba bontša ho holofala ha taolo ea kelello le ho nka liqeto tse seng ntle [12, 15,16,17]. Ho fumanoe likhaello mekhoeng ea ho etsa liqeto le ho ithuta ka sepheo sa sepheo ho feta mathata a mangata.
  32. Mekhoa ea ho nahanisisa e amanang le bothata ba ho sebelisa litšoantšo tse manyala tse hlephisang boitšoaro (PPU): Tlhahlobo e hlophisehileng ea lithuto tsa liteko (2021) - Litlhaloso tse hlahang: Pampiring ea hajoale, re lekola le ho hlophisa bopaki bo fumanoeng liphuputsong tse 21 tse batlisisang lits'ebetso tsa ts'ebeliso ea maikutlo tse thehiloeng ho PPU. Ka bokhutšoanyane, PPU e amana le: (a) khethollo ea maikutlo ho tsa thobalano, (b) taolo e haelloang ea thibelo (haholoholo, ho mathata a thibelo ea makoloi le ho suthisetsa tlhokomelo hole le litšitiso tse sa amaneng), (c) ts'ebetso e mpe le ho feta mesebetsing. ho lekola mohopolo oa ho sebetsa, le (d) mathata a ho etsa liqeto.

Liphetoho tse 'nè tse kholo tsa boko li ameha ka lithethefatsi le lits'ilafatso tsa boitšoaro, joalokaha ho boletsoe leqepheng lena le hatisitsoeng selemo sena The New England Journal of Medicine: "Tsoelo-pele ea Neurobiologic ho tswa ho Bothata ba Bokooa Tlhahlobo ea Boitšoaro (2016)“. Tlhahlobo ena e bohlokoa ea tataiso ke Motsamaisi oa Setsi sa Naha sa Ts'ebeliso e Mpe ea Joala le Tai Joang (NIAAA) George F. Koob, le motsamaisi oa Setsi sa Sechaba sa Tlhekefetso ea Meriana ea Meriana (NIDA) Nora D. Volkow, ha e hlalose feela liphetoho tsa boko tse amehang tseleng ea ho lemalla, hape e re serapeng sa eona se qalang, ho lemalla ho kopanela liphate ho teng:

"Re etsa qeto ea hore li-neuroscience li tsoela pele ho tšehetsa mohlala oa lefu la bokooa. Lipatlisiso tsa kelello sebakeng sena ha li fane feela ka menyetla e mecha ea ho thibela le ho phekola lithethefatsi tsa lithethefatsi le mekhoa e amanang le boitšoaro (mohlala, ho lijo, ho kopanela liphate, le papali ea chelete) .... "

Ka tsela e bonolo, le e pharaletseng haholo, mantsoe a feteletseng a bakoang ke ho lemalla boko ke a: 1) Sensitization, 2) Ho hlaseloa ha maikutlo, 3) Libaka tse sa sebetsaneng tsa lipotoloho (boikaketsi), 4) Libaka tse sa sebetseng tsa khatello ea kelello. Bohle ba 4 ba liphetoho tsena tsa boko bo fumanoe har'a holim'a lithuto tsa 55 tse thehiloeng ho neuroscience ho basebelisi ba litšoantšo tsa bootsoa khafetsa le ba lemaletseng thobalano:

  1. Sensitization (cue-reactivity & cravings): Lipotoloho tsa boko tse kenyelletsang ts'usumetso le moputso oa ho batla li ba le kutloelo-bohloko ho mehopolo kapa lintlha tse amanang le boitšoaro bo lemalloang. Sena se fella ka ho "batla" ho eketsehileng kapa ho lakatsa ha ho rata kapa thabo ho fokotseha. Ka mohlala, mantsoe a kang, ho fetola k'homphieutha, ho bona pop-up, kapa ho ba mong, ba qobella ka thata ho hlokomoloha litakatso tsa bootsoa. Ba bang ba hlalosa boikutlo bo tsosang takatso ea bootsoa e le ho 'kena ka kotopo e nang le e' ngoe feela ea ho baleha: litšoantšo tsa bootsoa '. Mohlomong u ikutloa u potlakile, u otla pelo, u bile u thothomela, 'me tsohle tseo u ka nahanang ka tsona ke ho kena mocheng oa hau oa li-tube. Liphuputso tsa tlaleho ea ho fana ka boikutlo ba ho fana ka boitsebiso kapa ho ba le boitsebiso bo ts'oanang-bocha ba basebelisi ba litšoantšo tsa bootsoa / 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27.
  2. Ho hlaseloa ha maikutlo (phokotso ea phokotso ea mamello le mamello): Sena se kenyelletsa liphetoho tsa nako e telele tsa lik'hemik'hale le sebopeho tse sieang motho eo ho se tsotellehe menyaka. Desensitization hangata e bonts'a e le mamello, e leng tlhoko ea tekanyetso e phahameng kapa tsusumetso e kholo ho fihlela karabelo e ts'oanang. Basebelisi ba bang ba litšoantšo tsa bootsoa ba qeta nako e ngata inthaneteng, ba lelefatsa linako ka ho checha, ho shebella ha ba sa iphora, kapa ba batla video e nepahetseng eo ba ka qetellang ka eona. Boikemisetso bo ka nka mofuta oa ho nyolohela ho mefuta e mecha, ka linako tse ling ho le thata le ho feta ho motho osele, kapa ho khathatsehile. Sena ke hobane ho ts'oaroa, ho makala kapa ho tšoenyeha ho ka phahamisa dopamine le ho tsosa takatso ea thobalano. Boithuto bo bong bo sebelisa lentsoe “ho lula” - le ka kenyelletsang mekhoa ea ho ithuta kapa mekhoa ea ho lemalla. Liphuputso tse tlalehoang ho fokotsa ts'oaetso kapa tloaelo ho batho ba sebelisang litšoantšo tsa bootsoa / ho lemalla ho kopanela liphate: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8.
  3. Libaka tse sa sebetsaneng tsa lipotoloho (ho fokolisa boikemisetso + ba hyper-reactivity ho li-cues): Ts'ebetso e sa sebetseng ea preortal cortex kapa liphetoho lipakeng tsa khokahano lipakeng tsa sistimi ea moputso le cortex ea pele e lebisa ho fokotseng taolo ea tšusumetso, leha ho le joalo litakatso tse kholo tsa ho li sebelisa. Likarolo tse sa sebetseng tse etsoang pele ho nako li bonahala e le maikutlo a hore likarolo tse peli tsa boko ba hau li ntoeng. Mekhoa e matlafalitsoeng ea tahi e hooa 'E!' ha 'boko ba hao bo phahameng' bo ntse bo re, 'Che, ha ho joalo hape!' Ha likarolo tse laolang taolo ea boko ba hau li le maemong a fokolang mekhoa e lemalloang hangata e hlola. Liphuputso tse tlalehoang ka mokhoa o bobebe oa boits'oaro (boipaketsi) kapa mosebetsi o fetotsoeng oa basebeletsi ba litšoantšo tsa bootsoa le ba ho kopanela liphate: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20.
  4. Tsamaiso ea khatello ea kelello e sa sebetseng (Litakatso tse kholo le matšoao a ho tlohela) Litsebi tse ling tsa tahi li talima bokhoba e le khatello ea maikutlo, hobane ts'ebeliso e sa foleng e baka liphetoho tse ngata tsamaisong ea khatello ea kelello, hape e ama ho potoloha ha lihormone tsa khatello ea maikutlo (cortisol le adrenaline). Sisteme e sa sebetseng ea khatello ea maikutlo e baka khatello ea maikutlo le e nyane e lebisang litakatsong le ho oeleng hape hobane e etsa litselana tse matla tse matlafatsoang. Ntle le moo, ho tlohela bokhoba ba tahi ho etsa hore khatello ea kelello e be teng e lebisang ho matšoao a mangata a ho ikhula a tloaelehileng ho tsohle tse lemalloang, ho kenyelletsa khatello ea maikutlo, ho hlobaela, ho hlobaela, ho teneha le ho fetoha maikutlo. Kamora nako, karabelo e fetelletseng ea khatello ea maikutlo e thibela likarolo tsa preortal cortex le phethahatso, ho kenyeletsoa taolo ea tšusumetso le bokhoni ba ho utloisisa ka botlalo litlamorao tsa liketso tsa rona. Liphuputso tse bontšang khatello ea kelello e sa sebetsanang le batho ba sebelisang litšoantšo tse ts'oanang le litšoantšo tsa thobalano: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5.

Na ke tsona feela tse fetohang boko? Che. E 'ngoe le e' ngoe ea lipontšo tsena tse pharaletseng e bontša mekhoa e mengata lisebelisoa tse amanang le lithethefatsi le liphetoho tsa lik'hemik'hale-Haeba skena sa hlahala ea mofetše se ne se ke ke sa bonts'a liphetoho tse amanang le li-cellular / lik'hemik'hale. Boholo ba liphetoho tse potelletseng li ke ke tsa hlahlojoa mefuteng ea batho ka lebaka la ho kenella ha theknoloji e hlokahalang. Leha ho le joalo, li bontšitsoe mefuteng ea liphoofolo.

Ka bobeli lithuto tsa boko bo ka holimo li fumaneha:

  1. Boko bo boholo bo amanang le lithethefatsi ba 3 bo fetoha: ho hlohlelletsa, ho hloka boithati, 'me boikaketsi.
  2. Litšoantšo tse ling tsa litšoantšo tse ts'oanang le tsa bootsoa lia kopana le taba e se nang bohlooho potolohong ea moputso (dorsal striatum).
  3. Litšoantšo tse ngata tsa bootsoa li sebelisana hantle le ts'ebetso e seng e tlaase ea moputso ha o shebella litšoantšo tsa thobalano ka bokhutšoanyane.
  4. Litšoantšo tse ling tse ngata tse ts'oanang le litšoantšo li sebelisana hantle le ho ferekanya li-neural connection pakeng tsa moputso le prefrontal cortex.
  5. Batho ba lemaletseng lits'oaetso ba ne ba e-na le mosebetsi o moholo oa ho kopanela liphate, empa bokooa bo fokolang bo sebetsanang le tšusumetso e tloaelehileng (ho tsuba lithethefatsi).
  6. Litšoantšo tse ts'oanang le litšoantšo tsa bootsoa li amana le ho lieha ho fokotsa chelete (ho sitoa ho lieha ho khotsofatsa). Ena ke pontšo ea ho sebetsa ka mokhoa o bobebe.
  7. 60% ea batho ba lemaletseng ho kopanela liphate ba lemaletseng ho kopanela liphate thutong e le 'ngoe ba na le li-ED kapa li-libido tse tlase le balekane ba bona, empa eseng le litšoantšo tsa bootsoa: bohle ba boletse hore ts'ebeliso ea porno ea inthanete e bakile ED / low libido ea bona.
  8. Ho ntlafatsa boiketlo ba tlhokomelo e bapisoa le basebelisi ba lithethefatsi. E bontša ho khothaletsoa (sehlahisoa sa DeltaFosb).
  9. Ho batla le ho lakatsa litšoantšo tsa bootsoa haholo, empa eseng ho li rata haholo. Sena se ikamahanya le mofuta o amohelehang oa bokhoba - khothatso ea ho khothatsa.
  10. Batho ba nang le boits'oaro ba bobebe ba na le boikhethelo bo bongata ba ho kopanela liphate empa boko ba bona bo potlakile ka mokhoa o potlakileng litšoantšong tsa thobalano. Ha e e-s'o ka e le teng.
  11. Bacha ba sebelisang litšoantšo tse ts'oanang le ba bang ka ho fetisisa ba e-na le reactivity e bakoang ke mohloli setsing sa moputso.
  12. EEG e phahameng (P300) e baloang ha basebeletsi ba litšoantšo ba bobebe ba pepesehela litšoantšo tsa bootsoa (tse etsahalang lits'etsong tse ling).
  13. Tlhokahalo e fokolang ea ho kopanela liphate le motho ea amanang le khopolo e kholo-ea ho fetola litšoantšo tsa bootsoa.
  14. Ho sebelisa litšoantšo tse ling tse hlephisang boitšoaro ho amana le litekanyo tse tlase tsa LPP ha u shebella lifoto tsa ho kopanela liphate ka bokhutšoanyane: e bontša tloaelo kapa ts'ebeliso ea boithati.
  15. Li-axis tse sa sebetsaneng tsa HPA le ho fetoloa lipotoloho tsa khatello ea kelello, tse hlahisoang ke lithethefatsi tsa lithethefatsi (le boholo ba amygdala volume, e amanang le khatello ea kelello e sa foleng).
  16. Liphetoho tsa Epigenetic liphatseng tsa lefutso tse kenang mohatsong oa batho le khatello ea maikutlo.
  17. Mefuta e phahameng ea ho potoloha ea Moferefere oa Necrosis Factor (TNF) eo hape e hlahang ho sebelisa lithethefatsi hampe le ho lemalla lithethefatsi.
  18. Bofokoli boemong bo botsoa ba nakoana; ho hokahanngoa ho futsanehileng pakeng tsa mekhatlo ea nakoana le libaka tse ling tse ngata.
  19. Ho susumetsoa haholo ke maemo.
  20. Cortex e theohileng ea pele le e kahare ea boea ba grey e bapisoa le taolo e phetseng hantle.
  21. Phokotso ea lintho tse tšoeu ha e bapisoa le taolo e nepahetseng.

Bopaki ba bopaki ba "boitšoaro bo hlephileng ba boitšoaro" bo hlolla

Pele ho phatlalatsoa lithuto tse boletsoeng ka holimo YBOP e boletse hore lithethefatsi tse ts'oanang le lithethefatsi tsa Inthanete e le tsa nnete 'me li bakoa ke boko bo tšoanang bo fetohang joalokaha ho bonoa litlamong tse ling. Re ne re kholisehile ka taba ena hobane litsebi tsa motheo li itšetlehile ka taba ea hore lithethefatsi ha li bōpe letho le lecha kapa le fapane; li mpa li eketsa kapa li fokotsa mesebetsi ea cellular e teng. Re se re ntse re e-na le mechine ea ho lemala (mammalian mating / bonding / lerato la potoloho), le bakeng sa binging (ho boloka lik'hilojule, nako ea ho ikholisa). Ho feta moo, lipatlisiso tsa lilemo tse ngata tsa ho lemalla lithethefatsi li bontšitse ka ho hlaka hore lithethefatsi ke boemo bo le bong, bo bonahatsoang ka mokhoa o tloaelehileng oa lihlopha, matšoao le boitšoaro (Meputso ea tlhaho, Meriana ea ho se Phekolehe ha Meriana, le Lithethefatsi Tse se Nang Meriana (2011).

Ho phaella lithupong tsa bokooa ho ba sebelisang litšoantšo tse ts'oanang le litšoantšo tsa bootsoa, ​​ho ba le lithuto tse ngata ho senola hore ho na le kamano pakeng tsa tšebeliso ea litšoantšo 'me mathata a ts'ebetsong ea thobalano, kamano le ho se khotsofale ka thobalano, le ho fokotsa ts'ebetso ea boko bo fetisetsang maikutlo (sheba lethathamo lena la lithuto tse tsoelang pele). Re atisa ho bona bashanyana ba phetseng hantle ba hlahang ho se sebetse ha erectile e amanang le bootsoa khutlela bophelong bo botle feela ka ho qoba litšoantšo tsa bootsoa. Sena se fana ka maikutlo a hore ha ba na litaba tse ling tse neng li tla ikarabella bakeng sa ho ba kotsing ea bona

Lipatlisiso tsa basebelisi ba litšoantšo tse ts'oanang le litšoantšo tsa bootsoa ha lia lokela ho makatsa hobane li feta 370 + boko lithuto tsa hape o netefatsa hore "bokhoba ba marang-rang" ba nts'etsapele boko bo tšoanang bo amanang le lithethefatsi bo fetoha e etsahalang ka meriana ea lithethefatsi. Liphuputso tse ling tse makholo tse hlahlobelang lithethefatsi tsa Inthanete li khutliselitse seo lithuto tsa boko li fumaneng. Bona likoleke tsa rona:

Litšoantšo tse manyala tse hlephisang boitšoaro tsa inthanete, libapali tsa inthanete le mecha ea litaba ea sechaba, joale li se li nkuoa e le lits'ebetso tse arohaneng kapa mekhahlelo e meng ea ts'ebeliso ea inthanete. Motho a ka lemalla Facebook kapa Internet litšoantšo tsa bootsoa, ​​leha a sena "tumello ea inthanete", joalo ka ha ho hlalositsoe ho sena 2015 tlhahlobo ea lingoliloeng. Phuputso e entsoeng ka 2006 ea Dutch e fumanoe hore ho fokolloa ke metsi ho na le matla a ho lemalla haholo tsa lik'homphieutha tsohle.

Ha ho makatse. Erotica ea marang-rang ke mofuta oa meputso ea tlhaho eo bohle re batlang ho e phehella: monyaka oa ho tsosa takatso ea botona kapa botšehali le menyetla e teng ea ho hanana. Litšoantšo tse manyala tse hlephisang boitšoaro tsa kajeno ke tse seng tsa tlhaho ke “ntho e matlafatsang ea tlhaho” joalo ka lijo tsa kajeno tse se nang thuso. Bona sengoloa sa rona Lit soant so Hona joale le Hona joale: Lumelloa ho Koetliso ea Boko, le sehlooho sena se hlophisitsoeng hantle sa lithaka, le tlhahlobo ea morao-rao ea hore na kelello ea mahlale e hokae mabapi le ho lemalla lithethefatsi tsa Inthanete: Ho lemalla ho sheba litšoantšo tse manyala tse hlephisang boitšoaro - ts'usumetso e fetisisang e nkiloeng moelelong oa "neuroplasticity" (2013).

Ntle ho pelaelo, likelello tse ling li tebile ho feta tse ling ka litlamorao tsa tšusumetso e matla. Leha ho le joalo, ho ka etsahala hore ha moetlo oa rona oa thobalano o hohelang ka matla haholoanyane, o eketseha ka palo ea basebelisi ba tla bontša ho se lekane — esita le ba nang le likelello tse phetseng hantle. Hape, moloko o mong le o mong o sebelisa tšusumetso e fetisisang ho feta ea pele, mme e qala pejana ka litšoantšo tsa bootsoa tsa inthanete tse phahameng (nahana li-smartphones.) Oho, likelello tsa bongoana li feta moo. ba kotsing ea ho lemala 'me boemo ba ho kopanela liphate.

Patlisiso ea morao-rao mabapi le liphetoho tsa boko mabapi le "lijo tse fumanehang habonolo" e ea senola bopaki ba mokhoa oa ho lemalla lithethefatsi. Haeba becha, dipapadi, Tšebeliso ea Inthanete le lijo e ka fetola boko ka tsela ena, e ka ba ho hlollang ho lumela hore litšoantšo tsa bootsoa tsa Inthanete feela li ka ba teng eseng. Ke ka lebaka leo ka 2011, Lingaka tsa 3000 tsa American Society for Addiction Medicine (ASAM) o ile a tsoa le polelo ea phatlalatsa ho hlakisa hore boitšoaro bo hlephileng ba boitšoaro (thobalano, lijo, papali ea chelete) li ka tšoana le ho lemalla lithethefatsi ho latela liphetoho tsa boko. ASAM e re:

“Kaofela re na le meputso ea boko e fanang ka lijo le thobalano. Ebile, ke mokhoa oa ho phonyoha. Bokong bo phetseng hantle, meputso ena e na le mekhoa ea ho fana ka maikutlo a ho satiety kapa 'ho lekane.' Ho motho ea lemaletseng joala, "potoloho" e fetoha e sa sebetseng hantle hoo molaetsa o eang ho motho e mong o "eketsehileng", e lebisang tlhokomelong ea meputso le / kapa phomolo ka ts'ebeliso ea lintho le boits'oaro. ”

ASAM e tobileng ka ho toba ka liketso tsa ho kopanela liphate boitšoarong:

POTSO: Tlhaloso ena e ncha ea tahi e bolela ho lemalla papali ea chelete, lijo le boitšoaro ba thobalano. Na ASAM e hlile e lumela hore lijo le thobalano li lemalla?

KARABO: Tlhaloso e ncha ea ASAM e etsa hore ho tlohe ho lekana le bokhoba ba lithethefatsi ka ho itšetleha ka litheko, ka ho hlalosa hore na ho lemalla tahi ho boetse ho amana joang le boits'oaro bo putsa. … Tlhaloso ena e re ho lemalla ho bua ka ts'ebetso ea ts'ebetso ea kelello le ts'ebetso ea ts'ebetso ea kelello le sebopeho le tšebetso ea kelello ea batho ba lemaletseng phapang e fapana le sebopeho le tšebetso ea kelello ea batho ba se nang temallo. … Litloaelo tsa lijo le tsa thobalano le boitšoaro ba papali ea chelete li ka amahanngoa le "ho phehella meputso" e hlalositsoeng tlhalosong e ncha ea bokhoba.

Bafuputsi ba tummeng ba mabeli ba lefatše, le litho tsa ASAM, ba ile ba fana ka maikutlo a bona lilemo tse ngata pele ho moelelo o mocha:

  1. Hlooho ea Setsi sa Naha sa Ts'ebeliso e Mpe ea Ts'ebeliso ea Lithethefatsi (NIDA) Ngaka Nora Volkow, o khothalelitse lebitso la mokhatlo hore le fetoloe ho "Setsi sa Naha sa Mafu a Ts'ebeliso ea Lithethefatsi," ho sebetsana le litlatsetso tsa boits'oaro bo kang ho betla papali ea kelello, ho tšella tšebeliso e mpe le tšebeliso e litšila ea litšoantšo tsa bootsoa (Litšitiso Tse Eketsehileng, Stigma e Fokolang).
  2. Ho lemalla ho lemalla, Eric Nestler, na le Q & A ena ho ea hae websaeteng, Lest Labs.

POTSO: Na liphetoho tsee li etsahala ka tlhaho bokong ba hau ntle le tšusumetso ea lithethefatsi tsa tlhekefetso?

KAROTSO: "Ho ka 'na ha etsahala hore liphetoho tse tšoanang tsa boko li hlahe maemong a mang a bokooa a akarelletsang ho sebelisoa ho feteletseng ha melemo ea tlhaho, maemo a kang ho ja, ho bapala papali ea chelete, ho lemalla ho kopanela liphate, joalo-joalo."

Empa 'lithethefatsi tsa bootsoa' ha li amoheloe, na?

Joalokaha u ka 'na ua utloa litabeng tsa mecha ea phatlalatso, Mokhatlo oa American Psychiatric Association (APA) o' nile oa hula maoto ka ho akarelletsa ho fumanoa ka mokhoa o lemalloang oa ho sebelisa lithethefatsi ka tsela e lemalloang kapa e qobelloang. Buka ea ho hlahloba le ea litlhahlobo. Ha e le hantle, APA ha ea ka ea nahana ka "ho lemalla lithethefatsi tsa inthanete" bakeng sa khatiso ea eona ea 2013 (DSM-5), ho e-na le hoo ho khetha ho phehisana ka "lefu la hypersexual". Sepheo sa ho qetela sa sekhetho sa boitšoaro bo hlephileng ba ho kopanela liphate se khothalletsoa ho kenngoa ke sehlopha sa DSM-5 ea Sexualality Group ka mor'a lilemo tsa boiteko. Leha ho le joalo, ka hora ea leshome le metso e 'meli "kamoreng ea linaleli" (ho latela setho sa Sehlopha sa Basebetsi), ba bang ba DSM-5 ba ile ba hana bosodoma, ba bolela mabaka a hlalositsoeng a sa utloahaleng. Ka mohlala, DSM-5 e khothalelitse ho tsoela pele ho ithuta inthaneteng ea ho lemalla lipapali tsa "Inthanete ea lipapali tsa ho bapala", ha o ntse o hana ho khothaletsa ho ithuta "Internet Addiction Disorder".

E le ho finyella boemo bona, DSM-5 e hlokomolohile litlaleho tse atileng tsa bakuli le lingaka tsa bona tsa matšoao, matšoao le boitšoaro bo lumellanang le ho lemala, le khothaletso ea molao ea likete tsa litsebi tsa bongaka le tsa lipatlisiso ho American Society of Addiction Medicine. Tlaleho e 'maloa: DSM e na le bahlahlobisisi ba khetholloang ba hanyetsang mokhoa oa eona oa ho hlokomoloha khopolo ea bongaka le ho tiisa hore na matšoao a eona ke afe (ho fapana le thuto ea motheo ea' mele). Sena se fella ka liqeto tse ling tse sa utloahaleng, tsa lipolotiki tse hanyetsang nnete. Ka mohlala, e kile ea arola bosodoma ka tsela e fosahetseng e le lefu la kelello.

Nakoana pele ho phatlalatso ea DSM-5 e 2013, Motsamaisi oa Setsi sa Sechaba sa Bophelo bo Botle ba kelello Thomas Insel o ile a lemosa hore e ne e le nako ea hore lefapha la bophelo bo botle ba kelello le khaotse ho itšetleha ka DSM. DSMbofokoli ke ho hloka matla ha bona, ”O hlalositse,“re ka se atlehe haeba re sebelisa mekhahlelo ea DSM e le "khauta e tloaelehileng. ”A eketsa a re:Ke ka lebaka leo NIMH e tla tsosolosa lipatlisiso tsa eona ntle le likarolo tsa DSM. ”Ka mantsoe a mang, NIMH e ne e ke ke ea hlola e tšehetsa lipatlisiso tse ipapisitseng le tlhahlobo e fumanoeng ho DSM.

Ho tloha phatlalatsong ea DSM-5, ho na le makholo a mangata a lithethefatsi le lipapali tsa lipapali tsa ho bapala lipapali tsa inthanete, le lithuto tse ngata tsa lithethefatsi tse ts'oanang le lithethefatsi li hlahisitse boemo ba DSM-5. Ka ts'ebetso, ho sa tsotellehe litaba tsa mecha ea phatlalatso ea DSM-5, basebetsi ba sebetsang le ba nang le boitšoaro bo bobe ba ho kopanela liphate ba 'nile ba tsoela pele ho hlahloba mathata a joalo. Baa sebetsa ho hlahlojoa hape ho DSM-5 hammoho le e tsoang ho ICD-10 ea hona joale, Mokhatlo oa Lefatše oa Bophelo o sebelisoang haholo ka ho hlahloba, e Kemiso ea Machaba ea Maloetse.

Litaba tse kholo ke hore Mokhatlo oa Lefatše oa Bophelo o lokile phoso ea DSM-5. Ho fapana le bahlophisi ba DSM-5, bahlophisi ba ICD-11 ba etsa tlhahiso ea ho eketsa ho hlahlojoa kelellong e ncha e tla akarelletsa ba nang le mathata a amanang le boitšoaro bo hlephileng ba ho kopanela liphate. Mona ke puo e ncha e hlalositsoeng:

6C92 Ts'oaetso ea boitšoaro bo bobe ba ho kopanela liphate e tšoauoa ka mokhoa o phehellang oa ho sitoa ho laola litakatso tsa thobalano tse matla, tse pheta-phetoang kapa litabatabelo tse lebisang ho phetheng bohlola. Matšoao a ka kenyelletsa liketso tse pheta-phetoang tsa thobalano e ba ntho ea mantlha bophelong ba motho ho isa ntlheng ea ho se tsotelle bophelo bo botle le tlhokomelo ea motho kapa lithahasello tse ling, mesebetsi le boikarabello; liteko tse ngata tse sa atleheng ho fokotsa boitšoaro ba thobalano bo pheta-phetang; mme ra tsoela pele ho pheta-pheta boits'oaro ba thobalano le ha re bile le litlamorao tse mpe kapa re sa khotsofala hanyane ka hanyane.

Sebopeho sa ho se laole taolo e matla, thobalano kapa likeletso le boitšoaro bo pheta-phetoang ba thobalano li bonahatsoa nako e teletsana (mohlala, likhoeli tse 6 kapa ho feta), mme se baka khatello ea maikutlo kapa ts'oenyeho e kholo lithutong tsa botho, lelapeng, sechabeng, thutong, mosebetsing, kapa likarolo tse ling tsa bohlokoa tsa ho sebetsa. Matšoenyeho a amanang ka ho felletseng le melao ea boitšoaro le ho se lumellane ka litšusumetso tsa thobalano, litakatso, kapa boits'oaro ha bo lekane ho fihlela tlhoko ena.

Bakeng sa akhaonto e nepahetseng ea ICD-11, bona sehlooho sena sa morao tjena ke Mokhatlo oa Tsoelo-pele ea Bophelo bo Botle ba Botona le Botšehali (SASH): "Boits'oaro ba ho Kopanela Liphate" ho khethiloe ke World Health Organization e le Mental Health Disorder. Bakeng sa ho pepesa ho shenanigans ka PhD e tsamaisoang ke kemiso, bona - Li-Propagandists li senya litokomane hampe ho fana ka maikutlo a bohata a hore ICD-11 ea WHO "e hanne ho lemalla lit soant so tsa bootsoa le ho lemalla ho kopanela liphate"

Boemo ba ho kopanela liphate

Hase motho e mong le e mong ea nang le bothata ba ho sebelisa litšoantšo tsa bootsoa ke lekhoba. Mathata a mangata a bonahala a bakoa ke bareki ba behang karabelo ea bona ea thobalano ho bootsoa ba inthaneteng. Bakeng sa tse ling bona Ho kopanela liphate.

Likarolo tse nang le likete tse likete tsa lithuto tse sebetsang: