Mokhoa oa ho lemoha lihlooho tse leeme: Ba qotsa Prause et al., 2015 (ka bohata ba ipolela hore e nyatsa lithethefatsi tsa bootsoa), ha ba tlohela lithuto tsa 50 tsa kelello ho tšehetsa lithethefatsi tsa bootsoa

Selelekela

Lihlooho tse 'maloa le lipuisano li' nile tsa leka ho khutlela morao ho NAKO sengoloa (“Litšoantšo Tsa Bootsoa le Tšokelo ea Bofetoheli ”) Le Qeto ea Utah ho phatlalatsa litšoantšo tsa bootsoa inthaneteng ke bothata ba bophelo bo botle ba sechaba. Ekaba "limpho tse shoeleng" tse 'maloa tseo sengoloa se joalo e leng karolo ea leshano feela?

  1. Litsebi tsa kelello David Ley Le / kapa Nicole Prause ho boleloa e le "litsebi," ha e le litsebi tsa mantlha tsa lithethefatsi, ba phatlalalitseng lithuto tse hlomphuoang haholo mabapi le basebelisi ba litšoantšo tsa bootsoa (Voon, Kraus, Potenza, Brand, Laier, Hajela, Kuhn, Gallinat, Klucken, Seok, Sohn, Gola, Banca, jj., ha li siuoe. Ha ho joalo Ley kapa Prause ba tsamaisana le univesithi leha e le efe, leha ho le joalo baqolotsi ba bang ba litaba, mohlomong ba susumetsoa ke Litšebeletso tse matla tsa phatlalatso tsa Prause, ba khetha ka mokhoa o sa tloaelehang ka bobeli ba litsebi tsa mantlha tsa methapo ea matšoafo Univesithing ea Yale, Univesithing ea Cambridge, Univesithing ea Duisburg-Essen le Max Planck Institute. Tsamaea.
  2. Lingoloa li tloaetse ho qotsa Prause a le mong, anomalous 2015 EEG study (Prause et al., 2015) e le bopaki ba hore lithethefatsi tsa bootsoa ha li eo, ha ka nako e tšoanang li siea lithuto tse ling tse 54 tsa methapo ea kutlo le litlhahlobo tsa 31 tsa morao-rao tsa lingoliloeng le litlhaloso: Lethathamo la hona joale la lithuto tsa boko bo sebelisoang ke batho ba sebelisang litšoantšo tsa bootsoa. (lingoloa tse 'maloa li qotsa thuto ea Prause ea 2013 EEG (Steele et al.), e leng, ha e le hantle, o alima tšehetso ho mokhoa oa ho lemalla lithethefatsi le litšoantšo tsa bootsoa-li bakile maemo a ho kopanela liphate).
  3. Lihlooho lia tlohela 31 litlhahlobo tsa morao-rao tsa lingoliloeng le litlhaloso ke tse ling tsa litsebi tsa mantlha tse phahameng ka ho fetisisa lefatšeng. Ts'ehetso eohle ea mohlala oa ho lemalla lithethefatsi
  4. Lingoliloeng ha li bolele letho ka ICD-11 ea WHO), e leng e na le tšoaetso e ncha e loketseng ho lemalla lit soant so tsa bootsoa "Bothata ba ho Kopanela Liphate ka ho Kopanela Liphate. "
  5. Lihlooho lia tlohela Liphuputso tse fetang 60 tse supang keketseho le tloaelo ho basebelisi ba litšoantšo tsa bootsoa (esita le matšoao a ho tlohela).
  6. Lingoloa li siile tsohle Lithuto tse 14 tse tlalehang matšoao a ho tlohela chelete ho basebelisi ba litšoantšo tsa bootsoa.
  7. Lihlooho lia tlohela ho feta lipatlisiso tsa 40 tse amanang le tšebeliso ea litšoantšo tsa thobalano ho mathata a thobalano le ho theoha habonolo ho etsa thobalano (ea Liphuputso tsa pele tsa 7 lethathamong lena li bontša hore ho na le bothata, kaha barupeluoa ba ile ba tlosa tšebeliso ea litšoantšo tsa bootsoa le ho folisa mafu a sa feleng a ho kopanela liphate).
  8. Lihlooho lia tlohela ho feta lipatlisiso tsa 80 tse amanang le litšoantšo tsa bootsoa ho fihlela khotsofalo e fokolang ea thobalano le likamano tse futsanehileng haholo.
  9. Lihlooho lia tlohela Liphuputso tse fetang 85 tse hokahanyang tšebeliso ea litšoantšo tsa bootsoa le bophelo bo futsanehileng ba kelello le maikutlo le litlamorao tse mpe tsa kelello.
  10. Lihlooho lia tlohela liphuputso tse fetang 40 tse hokahanyang tšebeliso ea litšoantšo tsa bootsoa le "maikutlo a sa lekanang" mabapi le basali
  11. Lihlooho li furalla Lithuto tse 280 ho bacha, e leng tlaleho ea hore tšebeliso ea litšoantšo tsa bootsoa e amahanngoa le lintho tse kang barutehi ba futsanehileng, maikutlo a mangata a ho kopanela liphate, ho ba mabifi, bophelo bo futsanehileng, likamano tse futsanehileng, ho khotsofalla bophelo, ho talima batho e le lintho, ho ba le kotsing ea thobalano, ho sebelisa likhohlopo tse seng kae, ho tšoenyeha ho sa hlaloseheng, khatello e kholo ea thobalano, khotsofalo e fokolang ea thobalano, libido tse fokolang, maikutlo a mangata a ho lumella, le ho hongata ho feta.
  12. Lihlooho tsena li bua ka bohata hore litšoantšo tsa bootsoa li mpa li e-na le libido tse phahameng, le hoja lithuto tse fetang tsa 25 li netefalitse meme ena e phetoang hangata.
  13. Ka khale "mokhoa oa astroturfing, ”Lihlooho li kopanela ad hominem tlhaselo ho ba nang le maikutlo a hanyetsang (joalo ka lipolelo tse nyefolang tsa "litaelo tse thibelang", "ho qhekella" le sepheo sa bolumeli le phaello), ntle le ho fana ka bopaki ba sepheo sa liqoso tse joalo.

update loi: Lenaneong lena la 2018 Gary Wilson o senola 'nete ka mor'a lithuto tse belaetsang le tse khelosa tsa 5, ho akarelletsa le lithuto tse peli tsa Nicole Prause EEG (Steele et al., 2013 le Prause et al., 2015): Lipatlisiso Tsa Bootsoa: 'Nete kapa Khopolo-taba?


Netefatso ea 'Nete mabapi le Thuto ea EEG ea 2015 ea Prause (Prause et al., 2015)

Phuputso ea Prause ea 2015 EEG (ho ipolela hore o na le bothata ba ho lemalla lit soant so tsa bootsoa) ehlile e ts'ehetsa boteng ba ts'ebeliso ea lithethefatsi tsa bootsoa hobane sehlopha sa hae se fumane ho hloka boithati ho basebelisi ba bootsoa bo boima.

Ha li bapisoa le litsamaiso, basebelisi ba bangata ba litšoantšo tsa bootsoa hangata tlaase ho sebelisoa ha boko ka nako e le 'ngoe ho pepesehela litšoantšo tsa litšoantšo tsa vanilla. Mongoli ea etelletseng pele, Nicole Prause o re liphello tsa debunk li lemalla ho lemalla lithethefatsi. Leha ho le joalo, liphuputso tsena li lumellana hantle le Kühn & Gallinat (2014), e leng ho fumanoang hore litšoantšo tse ling tsa litšoantšo tse tsosang takatso li tsamaisana le tlaase ho sebetsa ka bokooa ho arabela litšoantšo tsa vanilla porn (le bothata bo bobe ka lehlakoreng le leng). Ka mantsoe a mang, basebeletsi ba litšoantšo tsa bootsoa ba ne ba lahleheloa ke litšoantšo le ho hloka ts'ebeliso e kholo ho feta ba sebelisang litšoantšo tse ts'oanang le litšoantšo. Liphuputso tsena li lumellana le ho mamellana, letšoao la ho lemala. Ho mamella ho hlalosoa e le karabelo ea motho e fokolang ho lithethefatsi kapa ts'ehetso e bakoang ke ho sebelisoa khafetsa. Litokomane tsa 10 tse hlahlobiloeng ke lithaka lumellana le to ile a hlahloba YBOP, e leng hore seo Prause a se fumaneng se lumellana le litlamorao tsa ho lemalla lithutong tsa hae tsa thuto:

  1. Boitsebiso bo bongata ba litšoantšo tsa bootsoa Inthaneteng Ho lemalla: Tlhahlobo le Tlhahlobo (2015)
  2. Ho fokotsa LPP bakeng sa litšoantšo tsa thobalano ho batho ba shebaneng le litšoantšo tse litšila tse tsosang takatso e lumellanang le mekhoa ea ho lemaletse. Lintho tsohle li itšetlehile ka mohlala (2016)
  3. Mokhoa oa ho phekola liketso tsa ho kopanela liphate ka mokhoa o tsitsitseng oa ho kopanela liphate: Setsebi se hlahisang (2016)
  4. Na boitšoaro bo bobe ba ho kopanela liphate bo lokela ho nkoa e le tahi? (2016)
  5. Na Litšoantšo Tsa Bootsoa Tsa Inthanete li baka Mathata a Kopanela Liphate? Tlhahlobo le Litlaleho tsa Bongaka (2016)
  6. Mekhoa ea ho hlokomeleha le e sa hlokomelehang ea maikutlo: Na e khathatsa ka nako e telele ea bootsoa Sebelisa? (2017)
  7. Mekhoa ea ho ba le tšebetso ea kelello ea khatello ea boitšoaro bo hlephileng ba ho kopanela liphate (2018)
  8. Bootsoa bo Inthaneteng: Seo re se Tsebang le Seo re sa se Tsebeng - Tlhahlobo ea Ts'ebetso (2019)
  9. Boqapi le Ntšetso-pele ea Tlhaselo ea ho Kopanela Liphate Tsa Inthanete: Tlhaselo ea Motho ka mong, Mehato ea Matlafatso le Mechine ea Neural (2019)
  10. Etsa maemo a feto-fetohang a ho pepesetsoa ke litšoantšo tse manyala tse hlephisang boitšoaro le pefo li ka ba le phello ho maikutlo a sa tsebeng letho ho banna (2020)

Mongoli oa setsebi sa bobeli, setsebi sa kelello Mateusz Gola, o ile a akaretsa hantle:

"Ka bomalimabe sehlooho se sebete sa Prause et al. (2015) sengoloa se se se bile le tšusumetso ho mecha ea litaba, ka hona ho tumisa sephetho se sa utloahaleng sa mahlale. "

Ke mofuputsi ea tummeng o tla be a re o na le debunked an lefapha lohle la lipatlisiso le ho hana lithuto tsohle tsa pele ka thuto e le 'ngoe ea EEG? (Haufi le lik'hamphani tse potsoeng e ka fifatsa maikutlo a mofuputsi).

Hase feela hore sehlooho se ne se sa nepahala ho latela mahlale, Nicole Prause o ile a re thuto ea hae e na le lithuto tse 122 (N). Ebile, phuputso e ne e na le lihlooho tse 55 feela tse "neng li na le mathata a ho laola pono ea bona ea litšoantšo tsa thobalano". Litaba li ile tsa hiroa ho tsoa Pocatello Idaho, e fetang 50% Mormon. Barupeluoa ba bang ba 67 e ne e le litsamaiso.

Ka lekhetlo la bobeli, Prause et al., 2015 e boletse ka bobeli le ka 'mele oa thuto:

"Tsena ke lintlha tsa pele tse sebetsang tsa 'mele oa batho ba tlalehang mathata a taolo ea VSS".

Ho hlakile hore ha ho joalo, joalo ka Thuto ea Cambridge fMRI e ngotsoe hoo e ka bang selemo pejana.

Karolong ea bobeli ea litlaleho, Nicole Prause o 'nile a tiisa joalo Prause et al., 2015 ke "patlisiso e kholo ka ho fetisisa ea methapo ea bootsoa e kileng ea etsoa". Re lokela ho hlokomela hore ha ho bapisoa le lithuto tsa ho hlahloba boko, lithuto tsa EEG li theko e tlase haholo thutong ka 'ngoe. Ho bonolo ho bokella sehlopha se seholo sa "batho ba lemaletseng litšoantšo tsa bootsoa" haeba u sa shebe litaba tsa bokhoba ba litšoantšo tsa bootsoa kapa boemo bofe kapa bofe ba ho itšehla thajana (mathata a kelello, lithethefatsi, ts'ebeliso ea lithethefatsi tsa psychotropic, jj. Mathata a fokolang ka kopo ea Prause:

  1. Hase thuto ea ho lemalla lit soant so tsa bootsoa haeba e se na ba lemaletseng ho kopanela liphate. Boithuto bona, le lithuto tsa 2 pejana tsa Prause (Prause et al., 2013 & Steele le al., 2013), ha aa ka a hlahloba hore na lihlooho tse ling li ne li lemalloa ke litlolo kapa che. Prause e ile ea lumela ha ho buisanoa hore litaba tse ngata li na le bothata bo boima ba ho laola tšebeliso ea tsona: ha baa ka ba lemalloa. Litaba tsohle li ne li tla be li tiisitsoe hore batho ba lemaletseng litšoantšo tsa bootsoa ba lumella ho bapisoa ho loketseng le sehlopha sa batho ba sa ts'oang likobo. Ho phaella moo, lithuto tsa Prause li ile tsa etsa eseng lihlooho tsa mathata a kelello, boitšoaro bo qobelloang, kapa lithethefatsi tse ling. Likotlo tse 'ne ho tse leshome tse hlahlojoang ke lithaka tse' ne li supa liphoso tsena tse bolaeang: 2, 3, 4, 8.
  2. "HPA axis dysregulation ho banna ba nang le lefu la hypersexual" (2015) e ka nkuoa e le thuto e kholo ka ho fetesisa ea methapo ea kutlo ho fihlela joale ho "li-hypersexourse" (ka lithuto tsa 67 kalafong ea bokhoba ba thobalano, ha li bapisoa le lithuto tsa Prause tsa 55 tse neng li halefisitsoe ke ts'ebeliso ea bona ea thobalano). Phuputso e ile ea lekola karabelo ea boko khatello ea maikutlo ka ho lekola tlhahiso ea lihormone ke boko (ACTH), le hormone e laoloang ke boko (cortisol). Ha thuto ena e ntse e phatlalatsoa likhoeli tse 'maloa kamora moo Prause et al., 2015, Nicole Prause o tsoela pele ho bolela hore thuto ea hae ea EEG ke eona e kholo ka ho fetisisa.
  3. Matla a Bokooa le Mokhoa o Sebetsang Ho Sebelisana le Litšoantšo Tsa Bootsoa Tšebeliso: Brain ka Porn (2014) - E ka nkuoa e le kholo ho feta Prause et al., 2015, hobane e ne e e-na le lihlooho tse 64, 'me kaofela li ile tsa hlahlojoa ka hloko bakeng sa lintho tse khelosoang tse kang ho lemalla, tšebeliso ea lithethefatsi, mathata a kelello, le mathata a bongaka le methapo ea kutlo. Lithuto tsa 3 tsa Prause ha lia ka tsa etsa sena.

U ke ke ua "Debunk Porn Addiction" haeba Bafo ba Hao e se Lithethefatsi Tsa Litšoantšo Tsa Bootsoa

Thuto ea Practitioner ea 3 (Prause et al., 2013, Prause et al., 2015, Steele et al., 2013.) bohle ba amehang lihlooho tse tšoanang. Mona ke seo re se tsebang ka "basebelisi ba lemaletseng litšoantšo tsa bootsoa" lithutong tsa 3 tsa Prause ("Prause Study"): E ne e se batho ba lemalloang, kaha ha ho mohla ba kileng ba hlahlojoa bakeng sa bokhoba ba litšoantšo tsa bootsoa. Kahoo, li ka se sebelisoe ka nepo ho "thetsa" eng kapa eng e amanang le mofuta oa tahi. Ha e le sehlopha ba ne ba hlonamisitsoe kapa ba tloaetse ho sheba litšoantšo tsa bootsoa tsa vanilla, e leng se lumellanang le se boletsoeng esale pele ka mofuta oa tahi. Mona ke seo thuto ka 'ngoe e leng sona ha e le hantle e tlalehile ka litaba tsa "lithethefatsi tse lemalloang"

  1. Prause et al., 2013: "Basebelisi ba lemaletseng litšoantšo tsa bootsoa" ba tlaleha bolutu le litšitiso tse ngata ha ba ntse ba shebella litšoantšo tsa bootsoa tsa vanilla.
  2. Steele et al., 2013: Batho ba nang le boiphihlelo bo boholo ba ho sheba litšoantšo tsa bootsoa ba ne ba na le Nyane takatso ea ho kopanela liphate le molekane, empa e seng takatso ea ho ipholla litho tsa botona kapa botšehali.
  3. Prause et al., 2015: "Porn lemaletse basebelisi" ne Nyane bokhoni ba bokooa ho etsa litšoantšo tse tsitsitseng tsa vanilla tse hlephisang boitšoaro. Litemana tsa EEG tse tlaase li bolela hore "batho ba ts'oanang le lithethefatsi" ba ne ba sa ele hloko litšoantšo.

Tlhahlobo e hlakileng e tsoa lithutong tsena tse tharo: Basebelisi ba litšoantšo tsa bootsoa hangata ba ne ba lahleheloa ke maikutlo kapa ba tloaetse ho ba le litšoantšo tsa bootsoa, ​​'me ba nang le boikutlo ba ho kopanela liphate ba ratang ho ipholla litho tsa botona kapa botšehali ho feta ho kopanela liphate le motho oa sebele. Ka mantsoe a bonolo ba ne ba lahleheloa ke maikutlo (e leng pontšo e tloaelehileng ea ho lemaletse) 'me ba khetha tšusumetso ea maiketsetso ho moputso o matla haholo oa tlhaho (thobalano e arohaneng). Ha ho na mokhoa oa ho hlalosetsa liphetho tsena ha u khelosa ho lemalla lit soant so tsa bootsoa.

Etsa phoso, kapa Steele et al., 2013 kapa Prause et al., 2015 e hlalositse lihlooho tsena tse 55 e le makhoba a litšoantšo tsa bootsoa kapa basebelisi ba litšoantšo tsa bootsoa. Bafo ba ile ba lumela feela hore ba ikutloa ba "sithabetse" ka ts'ebeliso ea bona ea bootsoa. Ha a netefatsa ho fapana ha bafo ba hae, Prause o ile a lumela ho Puisano ea 2013 hore tse ling tsa litaba tsa 55 li ne li e-na le mathata a mangata feela (a bolelang hore e ne e le eseng ba lemaletseng boitšoaro bo bobe):

“Phuputso ena e ne e kenyelletsa feela batho ba tlalehang mathata, ho tloha ho e nyenyane haholo ho laola mathata a ba sithabetsang, ho laola tsela eo ba talimang litšusumetso tse bonahalang tsa ho kopanela liphate ka eona. ”

Ntle le hore ha hoa ka ha e-ba le hore na ke eng ea lihlooho tseo e neng e le makhoba a ho kopanela liphate, e neng e etsoa ke Prause Studies eseng lihlooho tsa mathata a kelello, boitšoaro bo qobelloang, tšebeliso ea lithethefatsi, kapa lithethefatsi tse ling. Sena se bohlokoa haholo bakeng sa "thuto ea boko" efe kapa efe ka bokhoba ba tahi, ho seng joalo ho ferekana ho ka hlahisa litholoana.

Ka bokhutšoanyane, lithuto tsa Praice ea 3 ha lia ka tsa hlahloba hore na litaba li ne li lemalloa ke litlolo kapa che. Bangoli ba ile ba lumela hore litaba tse ngata li na le bothata bo boholo ba ho laola tšebeliso. Lihlooho tsohle li ne li tla be li tiisitsoe hore batho ba lemaletseng ho kopanela liphate ba lumella ho bapisoa ho loketseng le sehlopha sa batho ba se nang lithethefatsi.

Phumantsong ea 2013 e boletse hore ho sebetsa ka botebo ka bongobo ho ne ho tla bontša mekhoa e metle kapa lithethefatsi

U bala seo ka nepo. Polelo ea Prause ea 2015 ea "ho lemalla ho lemalla lit soant so tsa bootsoa" e emela setšoantšo sa thuto ea hae ea 2013 ea "debunking lithethefatsi tsa bootsoa."

Ho eena Thuto ea 2013 EEG le tse amanang blog ya poso, Prause oa lumela hore e fokotsehile Ho ts'oaroa ha boko ho ne ho tla bontša tloaelo, kapa ho lemalla, empa a re bafo ba hae ha ba bontše ho fokotsa ts'ebetso. Taba ena, leha ho le joalo, e ne e se na motheo joalo ka e hlalositsoe mona. O ne a se na sehlopha se laolang, ka hona o ne a ke ke a bapisa "litlolo tsa bootsoa" "li-EEG tse baliloeng le" bao e seng makhoba ". Ka lebaka leo, thuto ea hae ea 2013 ha e re bolelle letho ka li ballo tsa EEG bakeng sa batho ba phetseng hantle kapa "batho ba etsang thobalano."

Kamora nako, ka 2015 o ile a eketsa lithuto tsa taolo mme a phatlalatsa thuto ea bobeli. Ho joalo, "litaba tsa hae tsa bootsoa" li bontšitsoe e fokotsehile Ts'ebetso ea boko ha e bapisoa le taolo - joalo ka ha ho ne ho ka lebelloa ho basebelisi ba litšoantšo tsa bootsoa ba nang le tloaelo kapa temallo. A sa ts'oenyehe ke liphuputso tse ileng tsa nyenyefatsa sephetho sa hae sa 2013, ka sebete, mme ntle le motheo oa mahlale, a re liqeto tsa hae li lokisitsoe - tse neng li lumellana le boteng ba bokhoba ba tahi - “Khaotsa ho lemalla ho kopanela liphate.” Hona ke ntlha ea ho bua likotoana tsena tsa mashano li kenella, ntle le ts'ehetso ntle le lipolelo tse se nang motheo tsa Prause.

Ha re khutleleng 'me re shebisise maikutlo a Prause ho tsoa thutong ea hae ea 2013 (Steele et al.):

"Ka hona, batho ba nang le takatso e phahameng ea thobalano ba ka bonts'a phapang e kholo ea P300 lipakeng tsa litakatso tsa thobalano le tse sa nke lehlakore ka lebaka la botsitso le maikutlo a maikutlo. Ntle le moo, phapang e nyane kapa e se nang P300 e ka lekanyetsoa ka lebaka la tloaelo ho VSS."

Ka 2013, Prause o boletse hore litlolo tse tsosang takatso ea bootsoa, ​​ha li bapisoa le litaelo, li ka 'na tsa bontša:

  1. e phahameng Litemana tsa EEG ka lebaka la cue-reactivity ho litšoantšo, kapa
  2. tlaase Litemana tsa EEG ka lebaka la tloaelo ea ho kopanela liphate (VSS).

Likhoeli tse hlano pele thuto ea hae ea 2013 EEG e phatlalalitsoe, Prause le David Ley ba ile ba sebetsa ho ngola sena Psychology Kajeno poso ea blog mabapi le thuto ea hae e tlang ea 2013 (le lipolelo tsa eona tse sa tšehetsoeng). Ho eona ba lumela hore "ho fokotsa likarabo tsa motlakase”E ne e tla bontša tloaelo kapa ho hloka tlhompho:

"Empa, ha li-EEG li fuoa batho bana, joalo ka ha ba ne ba nka litšusumetso tse tsosang takatso, litholoana li ile tsa makatsa, 'me ho hang li ne li sa lumellane le khopolo ea bokhoba ba thobalano. Haeba ho shebella litšoantšo tse manyala tse hlephisang boitšoaro e ne e le tloaelo (kapa ho lahla), joaloka lithethefatsi, joale ho shebella litšoantšo tse tsosang takatso ho ne ho tla ba le ho fokotsa matla a motlakase bokong. Ebile, liphethong tsena, ho ne ho se karabelo e joalo. Sebakeng seo, kakaretso ea bankakarolo e bonts'itse likarabelo tse eketsehileng tsa boko ba motlakase litšoantšong tse tsosang takatso tseo ba li bontšitsoeng, joalo ka boko ba "batho ba tloaelehileng"…

Kahoo, re na le Prause ea 2013 "Motlakase o fokotsehile" e ne e tla bontša mokhoa oa ho tloaela kapa oa ho lahla. Leha ho le joalo, hamorao, ho 2015, ha Prause e eketsa lisebelisoa bakeng sa ho bapisa le ba fumane bopaki ba ho hloka boithati (e tloaelehileng bathong ba lemalloang), o re bolella "Motlakase o fokotsehile" ho khelosa lithethefatsi tsa bootsoa. Huh?

Nakong ea lilemo tse peli ho ile ha nka Prause hore a bapise lintlha tsa hae tse khathetsoeng ke mokhathala le sehlopha sa 'nete sa taolo, o ile a phethahatsa flip-flop e feletseng. Ka 2015, o ile a bolela bopaki ba ho hloka boithati bo fumanehang ha a eketsa sehlopha sa taolo ha e joalo bopaki ba tahi (boo a bo boletseng ka 2013 e ka be e bile). Sebakeng seo, bopaki ba ho hloka boithati hona joale (ka mohlolo) "bo hana bokhoba" (leha e le hore bo lumellana le bokhoba ba tahi). Sena ha se lumellane ebile ha se lumellane le mahlale, mme se fana ka maikutlo a hore ho sa tsotelehe liphuputso tse hanyetsanang, o tla lula a ipolela hore o na le "ho lemalla ho lemalla".

Ho Thoe'ng ka Lithuto Tsa Bokoene Tse Etsang Hore ho be le Bothata ba ho Kopanela Liphate?

Ha ho na letho. Ha ho makatse hore ebe Prause et al. sehlopha se ile sa bolela ka sebete hore se entse phoso ea setšoantšo sa ho lemalla lithethefatsi ka serapa se le seng se nkiloeng ho sena "Lengolo le eang ho mohlophisi" la 2016 Ha e le hantle, lengolo le ngotsoeng ke Prause ha lea ka la fosa letho, kaha tlhaloso ena e pharaletseng e senola: Lengolo ho mohlophisi "Prause et al. (2015) mekhoa ea ho qetela ea ho lemala " (2016). Ka bokhutšoanyane, ha ho na lithuto tse "khothalletsang ho lemalla litšoantšo tsa bootsoa." Leqephe lena thathamisa lithuto tsohle tse lekolang sebopeho sa boko le ts'ebetso ea basebelisi ba litšoantšo tsa bootsoa. Ho fihlela joale, thuto e ngoe le e ngoe e fana ka ts'ehetso bakeng sa mofuta oa bokhoba ba litšoantšo tsa bootsoa (ho kenyeletsoa lithuto tse peli tsa Prause tse sa tsoa buuoa) Leha ho le joalo, neng kapa neng ha sengoloa se reng se ka qhekella bokhoba ba litšoantšo tsa bootsoa se qotsa thuto, ke lebelletse hore o tla fumana e 'ngoe ea lithuto tsa hae tse peli tsa EEG, kapa "tlhahlobo" e hlokang boikarabello ea Prause, Ley le Finn. Mona ke tsa tlhaiso-leseling e bonolo:

  1. Takatso ea ho kopanela liphate, eseng bosodoma, e amana le likarabo tsa li-neurophysiological tse hlalositsoeng ke litšoantšo tsa thobalano (Steele et al., 2013)
  2. Ho feto-fetoha ha maikutlo a nako e khutšoanyane ea bokhoni bo botle ka litšoantšo tsa thobalano ka bothata ba basebetsi le litsamaiso tse sa lumellaneng le "lithethefatsi tsa bootsoa" (Prause et al., 2015)
  3. Moemphera ha a na liaparo: Tlhahlobo ea Mohlala oa 'Litšoantšo Tsa Bootsoa', ea David Ley, Nicole Prause & Peter Finn (Ley et al., 2014)

Kinsey Institute grad Nicole Prause ke mongoli ea ka sehloohong oa lithuto tsa 1 le 2, mme ke mongoli oa bobeli pampiring #3. Re se re bone ka holimo ho thuto #2 (Prause et al a., 2015) e fana ka ts'ehetso ho mofuta oa litlolo tsa bootsoa. Empa thuto ea Prause EEG ea 2013 (Steele et al a., 2013), e hlahile mecheng ea litaba e le bopaki khahlanong ho ba teng ha lithethefatsi tse tsosang takatso ea bootsoa, ​​ha e le hantle ho tšehetsa mekhoa e metle ea ho lemalla boitšoaro bo bobe?

Boithuto bona ke feela Ntho ea bohlokoa e fumanoang ke hore batho ba nang le ho hoholo-ho ts'oaroang ke litšoantšo tsa bootsoa o ne a takatso e fokolang ea thobalano le molekane (empa e se takatso e tebileng ea ho ipholla litho tsa botona kapa botšehali). Hlahisa ka tsela e 'ngoe, batho ba nang le ts'ebetso ea boko bo eketsehileng le litakatso tsa bootsoa ba ka rata ho ikhotsofatsa ho feta ho kopanela liphate le motho oa sebele. Sena ke tloaelo ea ho lemalla, eseng litaba tse phetseng hantle.

Moemeli oa lithuto Nicole Prause o boletse hore basebelisi ba litšoantšo tsa bootsoa hangata ba ne ba e-na le libido tse phahameng, leha ho le joalo liphello tsa thuto li re ho hong ho fapaneng haholo. Joalokaha Valerie Voon (le bo-rasaense ba bang ba methapo ea 10) ba hlalositse, Tlhahiso ea 2013 ea Prause ea ho tseba ho ts'oara litšoantšo tsa bootsoa hammoho le takatso e tlase ea thobalano le balekane ba 'nete e tsamaellanang le ea bona Thuto ea ho hlahloba boko ba 2014 litlamong tsa bootsoa. Ka mantsoe a bonolo, liphetho tsa 'nete tsa thuto ea 2013 EEG ha li tšoane le lihlooho tsa "debunking" tse sa tšehetsoeng. Litokomane tse 8 tse hlahlojoang ke lithaka li pepesa 'nete ka thuto ena ea pejana ke sehlopha sa Prause: Litlhaloso tse hlahlojoang ke lithaka tsa Steele et al., 2013. (Hape bona YBOP ena e pharaletseng.)

E le lethathamo la mahlakoreng, thuto ena ea 2013 e tlaleha litlaleho tse phahameng tsa EEG (P300) ha lihlooho li hlahella litšoantšong tsa bootsoa. Liphuputso li bontša khafetsa hore P300 e phahameng e etsahala ha meriana e pepesehela lits'ebetsong (tse kang litšoantšo) tse amanang le lithethefatsi tsa bona. Tlhaloso ena e tšehetsa mokhoa oa ho lemalla lithethefatsi, joalokaha litokomane tse hlalositsoeng ka holimo li hlalositsoe le moprofesa oa thuto ea kelello John A. Johnson o hlalositse ka tlhaloso tlas'a 2013 Psychology kajeno Puisano ea Prause:

"Kelello ea ka e ntse e qhekella polelo ea Prause ea hore boko ba bafo ba hae ha boa ka ba arabela litšoantšong tsa thobalano joalo ka bokooa ba ba lemaletseng lithethefatsi ba arabelang lithethefatsi tsa bona, hobane a tlaleha lipalo tse phahameng tsa P300 bakeng sa litšoantšo tsa thobalano. Joalo ka ba lemalloang ba bonts'a li-spikes tsa P300 ha ba hlahisoa ka lithethefatsi tsa bona tseo ba li ratang. O ne a ka etsa qeto joang e fapaneng le liphello tsa sebele?"

Dr. Johnson, ea se nang maikutlo tabeng ea ho kopanela liphate kapa ho lemalla ho kopanela liphate, o ile a araba ka lekhetlo la bobeli tlas'a puisano ea Prause:

Mocha oa Mustanski o botsa, "Sepheo sa thuto e ne e le eng?" 'Me Prause o arabela, "Phuputso ea rona e ile ea leka hore na batho ba tlaleha mathata a joalo [mathata a ho laola tsela eo ba shebellang li-online erotica] ba shebahala eka ke lithethefatsi tse ling tse tsoang likong tsa bokooa litšoantšong tsa thobalano."

Empa thuto eo ha ea ka ea bapisa boitsebiso ba boko ho batho ba nang le mathata a laolang ho shebella ha bona marang-rang a fapaneng le ho fetisa lithethefatsi ho tsoa lithethefatsong tsa lithethefatsi le lirekoto tsa bokooa ho sehlopha se seng sa taolo ea taolo, eo e ka beng e bile tsela e totobetseng ea ho bona hore na likarabo tsa boko ba sehlopha se nang le mathata li shebahala joalo ka likarabo tsa bokooa tsa batho ba lemaletseng kapa ba seng makhoba… ..

Ntle le lipolelo tse ngata tse sa tšehetsoeng ke boralitaba, hoa ferekanya hore thuto ea Prause ea 2013 EGG e fetisitse tlhahlobo ea lithaka, kaha e ne e na le liphoso tse tebileng tsa mekhoa:

  1. litaba li ne li le teng ho sa tšoanehe (banna, basali, bao e seng litho tsa botona kapa botšehali);
  2. litaba li ne li le teng ha e hlahlojoe ke mathata a kelello kapa lithethefatsi;
  3. thuto e ne e ha ho sehlopha sa taolo sa ho bapisa;
  4. lipotso tsa lipotso li ne li le teng e sa tiisetsoe bakeng sa ho lemalla lithethefatsi.

Pampiri ea boraro e thathamisitsoeng kaholimo ha se thuto ho hang. Sebakeng seo, e shebahala e le "tlhahlobo ea lingoliloeng" e hlokang leeme ea bokhoba ba litšoantšo tsa bootsoa le litlamorao tsa litšoantšo tsa bootsoa. Ha ho letho le ka bang hole le 'nete. Sengoli se etelletseng pele, David Ley, ke sengoli sa Khopolo-taba ea ho lemalla ho kopanela liphate le Nicole Prause ke sengoli sa bobeli. Ley & Prause ha baa kopana feela ho ngola pampiri # 3, hape ba ile ba sebetsa 'moho ho ngola Psychology kajeno poso ea blog ka pampiri #1. Setšoantšo sa blog se hlahile likhoeli tsa 5 pele Pampiri ea Prause e phatlalalitsoe semolao (ka hona ha ho motho ea ka e hanyetsang). Mohlomong u kile ua bona molaetsa oa blog oa Ley o nang le sehlooho se hohelang: "Boko ba Hao ho Litšoantšo Tsa Bootsoa - HA HO LOKELA ”. Ley ka cheseho o hana thobalano le bokhoba ba thobalano. O ngotse li-blog tsa 20 kapa li-blog tse hlaselang liforamo tsa ho hlaphoheloa ha litšoantšo tsa bootsoa, ​​le ho lahla bokhoba ba litšoantšo tsa bootsoa le litšoantšo tsa bootsoa. Ha se rasaense, empa ke setsebi sa kelello ea bongaka, mme joalo ka Prause ha a hiroe ke univesithi kapa setheo sa lipatlisiso. Bala haholoanyane ka Ley & Prause le litšebelisano tsa bona Mona.

Se latelang ke tlhahlobo e telele haholo ea pampiri # 3, e tsamaeang ka tatellano, e bonts'a li-shenanigans Ley & Prause tse kenyellelitsoeng ho "tlhahlobo" ea bona: Moemphera ha a na liaparo: Fairytale e qhetsoeng e hlahang e le tlhahlobo. E felisa ka ho feletseng seo ho thoeng ke tlhahlobo, mme e fana ka litlaleho tse ngata tse fosahetseng tsa lipatlisiso tseo ba li buileng. Ntho e tšosang ka ho fetisisa ea tlhahlobo ea Ley ke hore e tlohetse lithuto tsohle tse ngata tse tlalehileng liphello tse mpe tse amanang le tšebeliso ea litšoantšo tsa bootsoa kapa tse nang le lithethefatsi tsa bootsoa!

E, u balile hantle. Ha a ntse a bolela ho ngola tlhahlobo ea "sepheo", Ley & Prause o ile a lokafatsa ho siea lithuto tse makholo ka lebaka la hore tsena e ne e le lithuto tsa khokahano. Nahana feela? Hoo e batlang e le lithuto tsohle tsa litšoantšo tsa bootsoa li hokahane, esita le tseo ba li qotsitseng, kapa tse sebelisitsoeng hampe. Ho na le, 'me ho tla ba le lintho tse ngata, ke lithuto tsa khokahano feela, hobane bafuputsi ha ba na mokhoa oa ho paka sesosa ka ho bapisa basebelisi le "baroetsana ba litšoantšo tsa bootsoa" kapa ka ho boloka litaba tsa bootsoa nako e telele e le hore ba bapise litlamorao. (Bacha ba likete ba tlohela litšoantšo tsa bootsoa ka boithatelo ka liforamu tse fapa-fapaneng, leha ho le joalo, le liphetho tsa bona li bontša hore ho tlosa litšoantšo tsa bootsoa ke inthaneteng ho latela matšoao a bona le ho khutlisa.)

Mefuta ea Tlhaho le Likhohlano tsa Thahasello

Ha ho e-s'o ka ho e-ba teng hore mofuputsi ea nepahetseng a ka bolela hore thuto ea bona e le 'ngoe e sa tloaelehang e hlahisitse khopolo-taba e tšehetsoeng ke lithuto tse 'maloa tsa kelello 'me ho etsa lipatlisiso tse mashome a lilemo. Ntle le moo, ke mofuputsi ofe ea ka lumellang a lule a bua ka hore pampiri e le ngoe e lemaletse bokhoba ba porno? Seo mofuputsi ea loketseng a neng a ka se etsa hlasela ka boeona banna bahlankana ke mang ea lihelang liforomo tsa ho phomola? E ne e le mofuputsi ea tummeng oa thobalano o ne a tla ho hlasela (le ka mokhoa o bobebe) letšolo khahlanong le tlhahiso ea 60 (likhohlopo tsa bootsoa)? E ne e tla ba le mofuputsi ea tummeng oa thobalano foto ea hae (ka letsohong le letona) e nkuoe pampiring e khubelu ea mokete oa likhau tsa X-Rated Critics Organisation (XRCO), a kopane le linaleli le baetsi ba litšoantšo tsa bootsoa?. (Ho ea ka Wikipedia ea XRCO Awards li fanoa ke Amerika Bahlahlobisisi ba X-Rated Organisation selemo le selemo ho batho ba sebetsang boithabisong ba batho ba baholo 'me ke eona feela meputso ea likhoebo e baholo e bontšang feela e sebelisetsoang litho tsa indasteri.[1]Bakeng sa litokomane tse ling tse ngata tsa kamano e haufi ea Prause le indasteri ea bootsoa, ​​bona: Na Nicole Prause o susumelitsoe ke Khoebo ea Bootsoa?.

Ho etsahalang moo? E batla e le joalo leqephe lena le ngola ntlha ea leqhoa mabapi le tlhekefetso ea Prause le cyberstalking ea mang kapa mang ea bontšang litšoantšo tse hlephisang boitšoaro a ka baka bothata. Ka kamohelo ea hae, ha a hane taba ea ho lemalla lit soant so tsa bootsoa. Ka mohlala, tlhaloso ho tsoa morao tjena Sehlooho sa Martin Daubney mabapi le thobalano / lithethefatsi tsa bootsoa:

Dr. Nicole Prause, mofuputsi ea ka sehloohong oa Sexual Psychophysiology le Laboratori ea Affective Neuroscience (Span) Laboratory ea Los Angeles, o ipitsa "Debunker ea setsebi" ea ho lemalla ho kopanela liphate.

Ntle le moo, ea mehleng oa Nicole Prause Twitter slogan e fana ka maikutlo a hore a ka 'na a hloka ho hloka leeme ho etsa lipatlisiso tsa saense:

“Ho ithuta hore na hobaneng batho ba khetha ho etsa thobalano ntle le ho tsuba bokhoba ba tahi ”

Lintlafatso ho polelo ea twitter ea Nicole Prause:

  1. UCLA ha ea ka ea nchafatsa konteraka ea Prause. Ha esale a hiroa ke yunivesithi efe kapa efe ho tloha mathoasong a 2015.
  2. Ka October, 2015 Tlaleho ea pele ea Twitter ea Prause e emisetsoa ruri ka lebaka la ho hlekefetsoa.

Le ha lingoliloeng tse ngata li ntse li tsoela pele ho hlalosa Prause e le mofuputsi oa UCLA, ha a e-s'o hiroe ke univesithi efe kapa efe ho tloha qalong ea 2015. Qetellong, ho bohlokoa ho tseba hore Moruti ea makatsang o fane ka bopaki ba hae ba "setsebi" khahlano le thobalano ho lemalla joala le ho lemalla lithethefatsi. Ho bonahala eka Prause o leka ho rekisa litšebeletso tsa hae ho rua molemo ka liqeto tse sa tšehetsoeng tse khahlanong le litšoantšo tsa bootsoa tsa lithuto tsa hae tse peli tsa EEG (1, 2), le hoja litlhahlobo tse hlahlobisitsoeng ke litlhahlobo tsa 18 li re lithuto tse peli li tšehetsa mokhoa oa ho lemala!

E lefisoa ke indasteri ea bootsoa. Khohlano e hlakileng ea lichelete, David Ley o joalo e buselitsoe ke indasteri ea litšoantšo tsa bootsoa X-hamster ho khothaletsa liwebosaete tsa bona le ho kholisa basebelisi hore bokhoba ba litšoantšo tsa bootsoa le ho lemalla thobalano ke litšōmo! Ka ho khetheha, David Ley le ba sa tsoa thehoa Alliance Health Health Alliance (SHA) ba le e kopanetsoeng le webosaete ea X-Hamster (Strip-Chat). Bona "Stripchat e hokahanya le Health Health Alliance ho otla kelello ea hau e nang le ts'oaetso ea litšoantšo tsa bootsoa":

Mokhatlo o mocha oa bophelo bo botle ba thobalano (SHA) boto ea likeletso o kenyelletsa David Ley le ba bang ba babeli RealYourBrainOnPorn.com "litsebi" (Justin Lehmiller le Chris Donahue). RealYBOP ke sehlopha sa pepenene pro-porno, eo ho buuoang ka eona e le “litsebi” tse ipitsang tsa Nicole Prause. Sehlopha sena se kenelletse hona joale tlhekefetso ea lets'oao e seng molaong le squat e lebisitsoe ho YBOP e molaong. Ka mantsoe a bonolo, ba lekang ho khutsisa YBOP le bona ba ntse ba lefuoa ke indasteri ea litšoantšo tsa bootsoa ho ntshetsa pele likhoebo tsa bona, le ho netefatsa basebelisi hore libaka tsa bootsoa le tsa mantlha ha li na mathata (hlokomela: Nicole Prause o haufi le indastering ea litšoantšo tsa bootsoa joalo ka ha a. E ngotsoe ka botlalo leqepheng lena).

In Sehloohong sena, Ley o tebela khothatso ea hae e lefelletseng ea indasteri ea litšoantšo tsa bootsoa:

Ke 'nete, litsebi tsa bophelo bo botle ba thobalano tse sebelisanang ka kotloloho le li-forum tsa porno tsa khoebo li tobana le mathata a ka bang teng, haholo bakeng sa ba ratang ho itlhahisa ba sa hloname ka ho felletseng. Ley, eo lenane la hae le sebetsang le ho sheba litšoantšo tsa bootsoa, ​​o re: "Ke lebelletse ka botlalo [babuelli ba litšoantšo tsa bootsoa] hore ba tle ba hooe kaofela, 'Joale bona, David Ley o sebeletsa litšoantšo tsa bootsoa.' Lebitso le lula le boleloa khafetsa ka nyeliso bathong ba khahlano le ho ipholla litho tsa botona kapa botšehali joaloka NoFap.

Empa le haeba mosebetsi oa hae le Stripchat ntle ho pelaelo o tla fa mang kapa mang ea labalabelang ho mo ngolla a le leeme kapa ka pokothong ea kamohelong ea bootsoa, ​​bakeng sa Ley, hore khoebo eo e lokela. O re: "Haeba re batla ho thusa [batho ba nang le bothata ba ho sheba litšoantšo tse litšila tse tsosang takatso], re tlameha ho ea ho bona. "Sena ke ka tsela eo re etsang seo ka eona."

E khahloa? Ley o re hopotsa lingaka tse tummeng tsa koae, le Mokhatlo oa bophelo bo botle ba thobalano, Setsi sa koae.

Ntle le moo, David Ley ke ho lefshoa ho lemalla ho lemalla porno le thobalano. Qetellong ea sena Psychology kajeno blog ya poso Ley o re:

Ho senola: David Ley o fane ka bopaki linyeoeng tsa molao tse amang taba ea ho lemalla ho kopanela liphate. ”

Webosaeteng e ncha ea 2019 David Ley e fane ka ea hae lits'ebeletso tse hantle tse lefshoang hantle:

David J. Ley, Ph.D., ke setsebi sa kelello ea bongaka le mookamedi ea netefalitsoeng oa AASECT oa kalafo ea thobalano, e thehiloeng Albuquerque, NM. O fane ka bopaki ba botsebi le bopaki ba forensiki maemong a mangata ho potoloha United States. Ngaka Ley o nkuoa e le setsebi litlalehong tse qhekellang tsa bokhoba ba thobalano, mme o netefalitsoe e le paki e nang le tsebo sehloohong sena. O pakile makhotleng a mmuso le a mmuso.

Ikopanye le eena ho fumana kemiso ea hae ea litefiso 'me u hlophise nako ea ho buisana ka thahasello ea hau.

Ley o boetse o fumana phaello ka ho rekisa libuka tse peli tse hanang ho lemalla ho kopanela liphate le batho ba bang ("Khopolo-taba ea ho lemalla ho kopanela liphate, ”2012 le"Litšoaneleho Tsa Boitšoaro Litulong,”2016). Pornhub (eo e leng ea motho ea nang le litšoantšo tsa porno MindGeek) ke e 'ngoe ea tsebiso ea morao-rao e koahetseng buka ea Ley's 2016 mabapi le litšoantšo tsa bootsoa.

Tlhokomeliso: PornHub e ne e le ak'haonte ea bobeli ea Twitter ea ho beha tweet ea pele ea RealYBOP ho phatlalatsa sebaka sa eona sa "setsebi", ho fana ka tlhahiso ea boikitlaetso bo kopanetsoeng pakeng tsa PornHub le Litsebi tsa RealYBOP. Joooh!

Qetellong, David Ley o etsa chelete ka Lisemina tsa CEU, moo a khothalletsang mohopolo oa batho ba lemaletseng bokhobeng o boletsoeng libukeng tsa hae tse peli (o hlokomolohang ka mokhoa o sa tsotelleng lithuto tse makholo le bohlokoa ba tse ncha Tlhatlhobo ea Ts'ebetso ea thobalano e tlamang bukeng ea tlhahlobo ea Lefapha la Bophelo bo Botle ea Lefatše). Ley o putsoa ka lipuo tsa hae tse ngata tse nang le maikutlo a hae a leeme ka porno. Papatsong ena ea 2019 Ley o bonahala a ts'ehetsa le ho khothaletsa ts'ebeliso ea porno ea bongoana: Ho nts'etsapele thobalano e ntle le ts'ebeliso e mpe ea boitšoaro bo litšila ba litšoantšo tsa bootsoa ho Bacha.

Se kaholimo ke ntlha ea sehloho sa iceuse sa Prause le Ley.

Ho nyahamisa Lintlha tsa ho Bua tsa Naysayers

Haeba u batla ho hanoa kapele ke lipolelo tsa bo-rasaense tsa mahlale a hore ba "felisitse bokhoba ba bootsoa," shebella video ea Gabe Deem: LITLHAKISO TSA BORA - 'Nete e Tlisoang ke Bokhoba ba Litaba tsa ho Kopanela Liphate le ho Kopanela Liphate.

Lihlooho tse latelang li qotsa lithuto tse ngata, li fana ka mehlala ea litšoantšo, le mabaka a utloahalang a utloahalang a ho felisa mefuta e mengata e tloaelehileng e khahlanong le lithethefatsi le lithethefatsi tse buang ka lintlha tse latelang:

Karolo ena e bokella lithuto tseo YBOP le ba bang ba nang le tsona - Lithuto tse belaetsang le tse khelosang. Ho tse ling, mokhoa ona o baka mathata. Ho ba bang, liqeto li bonahala li sa tšehetsoe ka mokhoa o sa lokelang. Ho ba bang, tlotla kapa mantsoe a sebelisitsoeng a khelosa a fane ka liphetoho tsa sebele tsa thuto. Tse ling li bua hampe ka liphihlelo tsa sebele.

Boitsebiso bohle ba Neuroscience bo Thusa Mofuta oa Litlamo Tsa Bootsoa

Lintlha tse ka tlaase mona li na bohle lipatlisiso tsa ho hlahloba sebopeho sa boko le ts'ebetso ea basebelisi ba litšoantšo tsa bootsoa ba Internet (esita le ea bolelang hore o na le bothata ba ho lemalla lithethefatsi). Ho fihlela joale thuto e 'ngoe le e' Liphetho tsa lipatlisiso tsena tsa 53 (le lithuto tse tlang) li lumellana le 370 + Inthaneteng e lemalla boko lithuto tsa, tseo boholo ba tsona li kenyeletsang tšebeliso ea litšoantšo tsa bootsoa. Ho fihlela joale thuto e 'ngoe le e'ha ho liphuputso tse senyang mohlala oa ho lemalla lithethefatsi), joalo ka 29 litlhahlobo tsa morao-rao tse nang le litsebi tsa boitsebiso ba libuka:

  1. Boitsebiso bo bongata ba litšoantšo tsa bootsoa Inthaneteng Ho lemalla: Tlhahlobo le Tlhahlobo (2015). Tlhahlobo e boetse e tšoaea lithuto tse peli tsa morao-rao tse hapileng lihlooho tsa EEG tse bolelang hore li "debunked" bokhoba ba litšoantšo tsa bootsoa.
  2. Bothata ba ho Kopanela Liphate e le Boloetse: Bopaki ba Tlhahlobo, Tlhahlobo le Karabo ho bahlahlobisisi (2015), e fanang ka chate e nang le litlhahiso tse tobileng mme e fana ka litemana tse ba khahlanong le tsona.
  3. Mokhoa oa ho phekola liketso tsa ho kopanela liphate ka mokhoa o tsitsitseng oa ho kopanela liphate: Setsebi se hlahisang (2016) Leqhetsoana: “Ho fanoe ka ho tšoana ho teng pakeng tsa lik'homphieutha tsa CSB le lithethefatsi, mehato e atlehang bakeng sa lithethefatsi e ka 'na ea e-ba le tšepiso ea CSB, kahoo e fana ka temohisiso mabapi le lipatlisiso tsa nakong e tlang hore li hlahlobe monyetla ona ka ho toba. "
  4. Na boitšoaro bo bobe ba ho kopanela liphate bo lokela ho nkoa e le lithethefatsi? (2016) Leqhetsoana: “Ho na le likarolo tse tlolang pakeng tsa CSB le mathata a ts'ebeliso ea lithethefatsi. Litsamaiso tse tloaelehileng tsa methapo ea kutlo li ka tlatsetsa ho CSB le mathata a ts'ebeliso ea lithethefatsi, mme lithuto tsa morao-rao tsa neuroimaging li totobatsa ho tšoana ho amanang le takatso le tlhokomelo. Litlhare tse tšoanang tsa kalafo ea kalafo ea meriana le psychotherapeutic li ka sebetsa ho CSB le ho lemalleng lithethefatsi ”
  5. Motheo oa "Neurobiological Hypersexuality" (2016). Leqhetsoana: “Ho kopanngoa, bopaki bo bonahala bo bolela hore liphetoho tse ka pele ho li-lobe, amygdala, hippocampus, hypothalamus, septum, le boko ba libaka tse etsang hore moputso o phetha karolo ea bohlokoa ho ts'ebetsong ea bosodoma. Liphuputso tsa liphatsa tsa lefutso le mekhoa e meng ea phekolo ea neuropharmacological e bontšang hore karolo ea dopaminergic e sebelisoa."
  6. Boitšoaro bo bobe ba ho Kopanela Liphate e le Boits'oaro ba Boits'oaro: Tšusumetso ea Inthanete le Litaba Tse Ling (2016)  Lits'oants'o: "ho hatisoa haholo litabeng tsa inthanete kaha tsena li ka etsa hore boitšoaro ba thobalano bo be bobe."Le"bopaki ba bongaka bo tsoang ho ba thusang le ho tšoara batho ba joalo ba lokela ho fuoa tlhokomelo e khōloanyane ke sechaba sa mafu a kelello. "
  7. Tlhekefetso ea Cybersex (2015) Litlhaloso tse latelang: Lihloohong tsa morao-rao, lithethefatsi tsa ho kopanela liphate Inthaneteng li nkoa e le mofuta o itseng oa ho lemalla lithethefatsi. Sho etsa lipatlisiso tsa morao-rao ho hlahlojoa ho tšoana ho teng pakeng tsa ho lemalla li-cybersex le lithethefatsi tse ling tsa boitšoaro, tse kang Internet Gaming Disorder. Ho nahanoa hore ho na le mokhoa oa bohlokoa oa ho lemalla ho kopanela liphate le batho ba bang le ba bang. Liphuputso tsa mahlale a tšehetsang maikutlo li tšehetsa ho nahana ka lintho tse tloaelehileng tse tloaelehileng pakeng tsa lithethefatsi tsa li-cybersex le mekhoa e meng ea lithethefatsi hammoho le ho itšetleha ka lintho.
  8. Ho batlisisa ho hlaka ho metsi a nang le seretse: ho nahanisisa nakong e tlang bakeng sa ho khetholla boitšoaro bo bobe ba ho kopanela liphate e le ho lemalla (2016) - Litlhaloso tse hlahang: Re sa tsoa hlahloba bopaki ba ho khetholla boitšoaro bo bobe ba ho kopanela liphate (CSB) e le ho lemalla boitšoaro. Tlhahlobo ea rona e fumane hore CSB e arolelane le lits'ebeletso tsa bophelo bo botle, li-neurobiological le liketsahalo tse ts'oanang le tse nang le mathata a sebelisoang ke lithethefatsi. Le hoja Mokhatlo oa American Psychiatric o hanne boloetse ba hypersexual ho tloha DSM-5, ho hlahlojoa ha CSB (ho feteletseng ho kopanela liphate) ho ka etsoa ho sebelisa ICD-10. CSB e boetse e nkoa ke ICD-11.
  9. Na Litšoantšo Tsa Bootsoa Tsa Inthanete li baka Mathata a Kopanela Liphate? Tlhahlobo le Litlaleho tsa Bongaka (2016) - Tlhahlobo e pharaletseng ea lingoliloeng tse amanang le mathata a ho kopanela liphate a bakoang ke ho kopanela liphate. E kenyelletsa lingaka tsa Sesole sa Metsing sa US, tlhahlobo e fana ka lintlha tsa morao-rao tse senolang keketseho e kholo ea mathata a bocha ba thobalano. E boetse e lekola lithuto tsa methapo e amanang le bokhoba ba litšoantšo tsa bootsoa le ho kopanela liphate ka litšoantšo tsa bootsoa inthaneteng. Lingaka li fana ka litlaleho tsa 3 tsa bongaka tsa banna ba ileng ba hlahisa lits'oants'o tse amanang le thobalano.
  10. Ho kopanya lintlha tsa kelello le tsa methapo ea maikutlo mabapi le nts'etsopele le tlhokomelo ea mathata a itseng a sebelisoang ke Inthaneteng: Ho sebelisana ha motho-Tšoara-Tlhaloso-Tlhahlobo ea ho etsa (2016) - Tlhahlobo ea methati e qalileng nts'etsopele le ho lokisa mafu a itseng a sebelisang inthanete, ho kenyelletsoa le "ho sheba litšoantšo tsa bootsoa ka inthanete". Bangoli ba fana ka maikutlo a hore bokhoba ba litšoantšiso tsa bootsoa (le bokhoba ba cybersex) bo khetholloa e le mathata a ts'ebeliso ea marang-rang mme bo beiloe le lithahasello tse ling tsa boitšoaro tlasa mathata a ts'ebeliso ea lithethefatsi joalo ka boits'oaro bo bobebe.
  11. Ho lemalla ho kopanela liphate khaolo ho tloha ho "Neurobiology of Addictions," Oxford Press (2016) - Excerpt: Re shebisisa motheo oa ts'ebeliso ea lithethefatsi, ho kenyeletsa le ts'ebeliso ea tlholeho kapa ea ts'ebetso, ebe re buisana ka hore na sena se amana joang le kutloisiso ea rona ea thobalano e le moputso oa tlhaho o ka bang "o sa laoleheng" bophelong ba motho ka mong.
  12. Khopolo-taba ea Bo-rasaense e Atamela ho Litšoantšo Tsa Bootsoa Bo Inthaneteng (2017) - Excerpt: Lilemong tse mashome a mabeli tse fetileng, lithuto tse 'maloa tse nang le litsebi tsa ho sebelisa litsebi tsa mokokotlo, haholo-holo litšoantšo tse sebetsang tsa motlakase (fMRI), li ile tsa etsoa ho hlahloba li-neural correlates tsa ho shebella litšoantšo tse manyala tse hlephisang boitšoaro tlas'a maemo a liteko,' me li-neural correlates tsa litšoantšo tse manyala tse hlephisang boitšoaro li sebelisa. Ho fanoe ka liphello tsa nakong e fetileng, tšebeliso e feteletseng ea litšoantšo tsa bootsoa e ka amahanngoa le mekhoa e seng e tsebahala ea neurobiological e bakang ho hlahisoa ha lithethefatsi tse amanang le lithethefatsi.
  13. Na boitšoaro bo feteletseng ba ho kopanela liphate ke lefu la ho lemala? (2017) - Litlhaloso tse hlahang: Lipatlisiso tsa lefu la "neurobiology" la ho qobella batho ho kopanela liphate ka lebaka la ho kopanela liphate li entse hore ho fumanoe liphuputso tse amanang le ho ba le mekhoa e metle, ho ba le boikutlo bo matla ba ho ba le boikutlo ba ho ba le boikutlo ba ho ba le boikutlo ba ho ba le boikutlo bo botle ba maikutlo,. Re lumela hore likarolo tsa khatello ea boitšoaro bo bobe ba ho kopanela liphate e le bothata ba ho lemalla ho lemalla lits'oaetso li lumellana le lintlha tsa morao-rao 'me li ka' na tsa rua lingaka, bafuputsi le batho ba nang le khatello ea lefu lena.
  14. Bopaki ba Pudding boa latsoa: Litaba li Hlokahala ho Lekola Mekhoa le Litlhahiso Tse Amanang le Likhatello tsa Likamano Tsa Botona le Botšehali (2018) - Litlhaloso tse hlahang: Har'a libaka tse ka 'nang tsa fana ka maikutlo a ho tšoana pakeng tsa CSB le mathata a ho lemalla ke lithuto tsa mahlaseli, ka lipatlisiso tse' maloa tsa morao-rao tse sa lumelloeng ke Walton et al. (2017). Liphuputso tsa mantlha li ne li hlahloba CSB mabapi le mefuta ea bokhoba ba tahi (e hlahlojoang Gola, Wordecha, Marchewka, & Sescousse, 2016b; Kraus, Voon, & Potenza, 2016b).
  15. Ho ntšetsa pele litsebo tsa thuto, lihlopha, mekhoa ea phekolo le mekhoa ea lipolotiki Litlhaloso mabapi le: Mathata a boitšoaro bo hlephileng ba ho kopanela liphate ICD-11 (Kraus et al., 2018) - Litlhaloso tse hlahang: Tlhaloso ea morao-rao ea ho khetholla boloetse ba CSB e le lefu la ho laola maikutlo ke ho phehisana khang ha mefuta e meng e hlahisitsoe (Kor, Fogel, Reid, & Potenza, 2013). Ho na le litlaleho tse bontšang hore CSB e arolelana likarolo tse ngata le lithethefatsi (Kraus et al., 2016), ho kenyeletsa le morao-rao boitsebiso bo bontšang ho eketseha ha reactivity ea libaka tsa bokooa tse amanang le moputso ka lebaka la likarolo tse amanang le tšusumetso ea bohata (Moetso, Snagowski, Laier, & Maderwald, 2016; Gola, Wordecha, Marchewka, & Sescousse, 2016; Gola et al., 2017; Klucken, Wehrum-Osinsky, Schweckendiek, Kruse, & Stark, 2016; Voon et al., 2014.
  16. Boitšoaro bo Kopanetsoeng ba ho Kopanela Liphate ho Batho le Mekhoa ea Boipiletso (2018) - Litlhaloso tse hlahang: Boitšoaro bo bobe ba ho kopanela liphate (CSB) bo atile ka ho fetisisa e le "ho lemalla boitšoaro," 'me ke tšoso e khōlō ho boleng ba bophelo le bophelo bo botle ba' meleng le kelellong. Qetellong, tlhaloso ena e akaretsitse lithuto tsa boitšoaro le tsa mahlaseli ho CSB ea batho le ho nyenyefatsoa ka mathata a mang, ho kopanyelletsa le tšebeliso e mpe ea lithethefatsi. Ka kakaretso, lipatlisiso tsena li bontša hore CSB e amahanngoa le liphetoho tse sebetsanang le liphetoho tse sebetsanang le likarolo tse ling tsa mahlakoreng a marang-rang le a prefrontal cortex, amygdala, striatum le thalamus, ho phaella ho fokotsa khokahanyo pakeng tsa amygdala le prefrontal cortex.
  17. Dysfunctions tsa thobalano Inthaneteng Era (2018) - Excerpt: Har'a mekhoa ea boitšoaro bo hlephileng, ho sebelisoa ha Inthanete ka bothata le ho sebelisa litšoantšo tse manyala tse hlephileng tsa bootsoa hangata ho boleloa ka hohle kamoo ho ka khonehang lisosa tsa kotsi bakeng sa ho se sebetse ka thobalano, hangata ho se na moeli o tiileng pakeng tsa lintho tse peli tse etsahalang. Basebelisi ba Inthanete ba khahloa ke litšoantšo tse manyala tse hlephisang boitšoaro tsa Inthanete ka lebaka la ho se tsejoe ha tsona, ho khoneha, le ho fumaneha habonolo, 'me maemong a mangata tšebeliso ea eona e ka lebisa basebelisi ka ho lemalla ho kopanela liphate le ba bang Inthaneteng: maemong ana, basebelisi ba ka lebala karolo ea "ho iphetola" ha thobalano, ho fumana thabo e eketsehileng ea lintho tse hlalosang thobalano ka boithatelo ho feta ho kopanela liphate.
  18. Mekhoa ea ho ba le tšebetso ea kelello ea khatello ea boitšoaro bo hlephileng ba ho kopanela liphate (2018) - Excerpt: Ho tla fihlela joale, lipatlisiso tse ngata tsa ho kopanela liphate ka boitšoaro bo hlephileng ba ho kopanela liphate li fane ka bopaki ba mekhoa e feteletseng ea boitšoaro bo bobe ba ho kopanela liphate le lithethefatsi tse seng tsa thobalano. Boitšoaro bo hlephileng ba ho kopanela liphate bo amahanngoa le ho sebetsa ho fetotsoeng libakeng tsa boko le marang-rang a amehang tabeng ea ho khothaletsa, ho tloaela, ho tsitsisa maikutlo, le ho fumana moputso oa lipapali tse kang lintho, ho becha le lithethefatsi tsa lipapali. Libaka tse kholo tsa boko tse amanang le likarolo tsa CSB li kenyelletsa li-cortices tse ka pele le tsa nakoana, amygdala le striatum, ho kenyeletsa le nucleus accumbens.
  19. Tlhahlobo ea Hona joale ea Boits'oaro bo Nang le Boikutlo bo Botle ba ho Kopanela Liphate le ho Tšoenya Litšoantšo Tse Tšoanang le Litšila Tse Sebetsang - Excerpt: Liphuputso tsa morao-rao tsa theo ea likokoana-hloko li senoletse hore boitšoaro bo hlephileng ba ho kopanela liphate bo amahanngoa le ho fetoloa ho sebetsanoang le lisebelisoa tsa thobalano le ho fapana ha sebopeho sa boko le mosebetsi Le hoja liphuputso tse seng kae tsa leano la boloetse ba boloetse ba boloetse ba CSBD li 'nile tsa khannoa ho fihlela joale, boitsebiso bo teng bo bontša hore ho na le lintho tse sa tloaelehang tse amanang le likarolo tse ling tse kang ho sebelisoa ha lithethefatsi le ho becha. Ka hona, data e teng e fana ka maikutlo a hore mekhahlelo ea eona e ka ba e loketseng e le ho lemalla boitšoaro ho e-na le bothata ba ho laola maikutlo.
  20. Ventral Striatal Reactivity In Compulsive Sexual Behaviors (2018) - Excerpt: Har'a lipatlisiso tse fumanehang hona joale, re fumane libuka tse robong (Letlapa 1) e sebelisoang litšoantšong tse sebetsang tsa matla a motlakase. Ke tse 'nè feela ho tsena (36-39) ho batlisisitsoe ka ho hlaka ho sebetsana le litlhahiso tsa boets'oaro le / kapa meputso le ho tlaleha liphuputso tse amanang le ts'ebetso ea ventral striatum. Liphuputso tse tharo li bontša ho eketseha ha maikutlo ho hlaselang batho ba nang le tšusumetso e matla bakeng sa tšusumetso e mpe ea tlhaho (36-39) kapa ho bolela hore ho na le ntho e joalo e ka hlalosang (36-39). Liphuputso tsena li lumellana le Khopolo ea Sentience ea Khothaletso (IST) (28), e 'ngoe ea mekhoa e hlaheletseng e hlalosang bokhoni ba boko bo lemalla.
  21. Bootsoa bo Inthaneteng: Seo re se Tsebang le Seo re sa se Tsebeng - Tlhahlobo ea Ts'ebetso (2019) - Excerpt: Ho latela seo re se tsebang, lipatlisiso tse 'maloa tsa morao-rao li tšehetsa mokhatlo ona e le lithethefatsi le lits'oants'o tsa bohlokoa tsa kliniki tse kang ho se sebetse ka thobalano le khotsofalo ea kelello. Boholo ba mosebetsi o teng o thehiloe lipatlisisong tse tšoanang tse entsoeng ka lithethefatsi tsa lithethefatsi, ho itšetlehile ka khopolo-taba ea litšoantšo tse manyala tse hlephisang boitšoaro e le 'boipheliso bo phahameng' ho ea ho ntho e le 'ngoe eo ka eona ho sebelisoang ho sebelisoang, ho ka hlahisang boloetse ba ho lemalla.
  22. Boemo le nts'etsopele ea lithethefatsi tse ts'oanang le lithethefatsi tsa Inthanete: maemo a ho ikemela ka bomong, mekhoa e matlafatsang le mekhoa ea methapo (2019) - Excerpt: Phihlelo ea nako e telele ea litšoantšo tse manyala tse tsosang takatso ea ho sheba litšoantšo tsa bootsoa e entse hore batho ba joalo ba khothatse litlhahiso tse amanang le litšoantšo tse manyala tse hlephisang boitšoaro, tse entseng hore ho be le takatso e matla ea ho lakatsa litšoantšo tse litšila tse tsosang takatso, ka lebaka la liteko tse peli tsa teko le ho se sebetse hantle. Moelelo oa khotsofalo o fumanoang ho oona o ntse o fokola haholo, kahoo litšoantšo tse manyala tse hlephisang boitšoaro tsa Inthaneteng li hlokahalang ho boloka boemo ba pele ba maikutlo le ho ba lemalla.
  23. Likhopolo, thibelo, le kalafo ea ts'ebeliso e mpe ea tšebeliso ea litšoantšo tsa bootsoa (2019) - Excerpt: Boloetse bo qobelloang ba boitšoaro ba thobalano, bo kenyelletsang tšebeliso e mpe ea litšoantšo tsa bootsoa, ​​bo kenyellelitsoe ho ICD-11 e le khatello ea taolo ea tšusumetso. Litlhahlobo tsa bokhopo bona, leha ho le joalo, li tšoana hantle le litekanyetso tsa mafu a bakoang ke boitšoaro bo tlatsetsang… Maikutlo a kelello le bopaki bo matla ba maikutlo a hore mekhoa ea kelello le neurobiological e kenyelletsang litabeng tsa bokhoba ba ts'ebeliso ea bongaka e boetse e nepahetse molemong oa tšebeliso ea litšoantšo tsa bootsoa.
  24. Ts'ebeliso ea Mathata a Litšoantšo tsa Bootsoa e Ikutloisang: Moetso o Hloekileng o tsoang ho Patlisiso ea Domain Criteria le pono ea tikoloho (2019) - Excerpt: Ts'ebeliso ea bothata ba litšoantšo tsa bootsoa tse ipitsang e bonahala e amana le likarolo tse ngata tsa tlhahlobo le lits'ebetso tse fapaneng nthong ea setho. Ho latela liphumano kahare ho paro ea RDoC e hlalositsoeng ka holimo, hoa khonahala ho theha mofuta o kopaneng oo likarolo tse fapaneng tsa tlhahlobo li amang e mong le e mong (sa feiga. 1). Liphetoho tsena kahare ho mekhoa ea boits'oaro kahare ho batho ba nang le SPPPU li ts'oana le tse bonoang ho batho ba lemaletseng lits'ebeliso tsa lithethefatsi, 'me' mapa e le mehlala ea bokhoba.
  25. Tlhahiso ea ts'ebetso ea cybersex: kakaretso ea nts'etsopele le kalafo ea bokuli bo sa tsoa hlaha (2020) - Litemana tse qotsitsoeng: C.bokhoba ba ybersex ke joala bo sa amaneng le lintho tse amanang le tlhekefetso e amanang le thobalano marang-rang. Matsatsing ana, mefuta e fapaneng ea lintho tse amanang le thobalano kapa litšoantšo tsa bootsoa e fumaneha habonolo ka mecha ea phatlalatso ea inthanete. Indonesia, likamano tsa botona le botšehali hangata li nkoa li le bohlasoa empa bacha ba bangata ba pepesitsoe litšoantšo tse litšila tse tsosang takatso. Ho ka lebisa ho lemeneng le litlamorao tse ngata tse mpe ho basebelisi, joalo ka likamano, chelete le mathata a kelello joalo ka khatello e kholo ea maikutlo le mathata a ho tšoenyeha.
  26. Ke Maemo Afe A Lokelang ho Nkoa E le Litšitiso Khethong ea Machaba ea Maloetse (ICD-11) Tlhaloso ea "Mathata a Mang a Ikhethileng Ka lebaka la Boitšoaro bo Ts'oanang"? (2020) - Litlhaloso tse hlahang: Tlhahiso-leseling e tsoang tlalehong ea boits'oaro, boits'oaro, electrophysiological, le neuroimaging e bonts'a ho kenya letsoho ha lits'ebetso tsa kelello le lithuto tsa motheo tsa neural tse fumanoeng lipatlisiso le ho theoleloa maemong a fapaneng a mathata a ts'ebeliso ea lithethefatsi le mathata a papali ea chelete / papali ea bohloeki (3). Lits'oants'o tsa boitšoaro tse hlokometsoeng lithutong tsa pejana li kenyelletsa ho etsa mosebetsi o mongata le ho lakatsa lintho tse amanang le ts'ebetso libakeng tsa boko tse amanang le moputso, khethollo ea kelello, ho nka liqeto tse mpe, le (taolo e tobileng) taolo ea thibelo.
  27. Sebopeho sa ho itšireletsa ka likamano tsa botona le botšehali tse qobelloang le tšebeliso e thata ea litšoantšo tse manyala tse hlephisang boitšoaro Inthaneteng: Tlhahlobo - Litlhaloso tse hlahang: Liphuputso tse fumanehang li fana ka maikutlo a hore ho na le likarolo tse 'maloa tsa CSBD le POPU tse lumellanang le litšobotsi tsa bokhoba ba tahi, le hore mehato e thusang ho lebisa tlhokomelo litlamong tsa boitšoaro le lithethefatsi e fana ka tumello ea ho ikamahanya le ts'ebeliso ho ts'ehetsa batho ba nang le CSBD le POPU…. Neurobiology ea POPU le CSBD e kenyelletsa likamano tse 'maloa tse arolelanoang tsa neuroanatomical tse nang le mathata a ts'ebeliso ea lithethefatsi, lits'ebetso tse ts'oanang tsa neuropsychological, hammoho le liphetoho tse tloaelehileng tsa neurophysiological tsamaisong ea moputso oa dopamine.
  28. Boitšoaro bo sa sebetseng ba thobalano: Tlhaloso, maemo a kliniki, profiles ea neurobiological le kalafo (2020) - Litlhaloso tse hlahang: Ho lemalla lit soant so tsa bootsoa, ​​leha e le mokhoa o fapaneng oa ho lemalla ho kopanela liphate, e ntse e le mofuta oa boits'oaro bo hlephileng…. mathata le mathata a likamano…
  29. Ke eng e lokelang ho kenyelletsoa maemong a tlhekefetso ea boits'oaro ba thobalano? (2020) - Litlhaloso tse hlahang: Sehlopha sa CSBD e le bothata ba ho laola maikutlo le sona se hloka hore ho nahanoe. … Liphuputso tse ling li ka thusa ho ntlafatsa tlhophiso e nepahetseng ka ho fetesisa ea CSBD joalo ka ha ho etsahetse ka bothata ba papali ea chelete, e hlophisitsoeng bocha ho tloha sehlopheng sa mathata a taolo ea ts'usumetso ho litlamorao tse seng tsa lithethefatsi kapa tsa boitšoaro ho DSM-5 le ICD-11. … Ho se be le takatso e matla ea ho etsa lintho tse fosahetseng ho ka se tlatsetse ka matla ts'ebelisong e litšila ea litšoantšo tsa bootsoa joalo ka ha ba bang ba hlahisitse (Bőthe et al., 2019).
  30. Ho etsa liqeto bothateng ba papali ea chelete, ho sebelisa bothata ba ho sheba litšoantšo tse manyala tse hlephisang boitšoaro le bothata ba ho itlopa joala: ho tšoana le phapang (2021) - Litlhaloso tse hlahang: Ho tšoana lipakeng tsa CSBD le lithethefatsi ho hlalositsoe, le taolo e holofetseng, ts'ebeliso e phehellang leha ho na le litlamorao, mme litloaelo tsa ho etsa liqeto tse kotsi li ka arolelanoa likarolo (37••, 40). Batho ba nang le mathata ana hangata ba bontša ho holofala ha taolo ea kelello le ho nka liqeto tse seng ntle [12, 15,16,17]. Ho fumanoe likhaello mekhoeng ea ho etsa liqeto le ho ithuta ka sepheo sa sepheo ho feta mathata a mangata.

Sheba Lithuto tse belaetsang le tse khelosang bakeng sa lipampiri tse phatlalalitsoeng haholo tseo e seng seo ba ipolelang hore ke tsona.

Sheba leqepheng lena bakeng sa lithuto tse ngata tse hokahanyang tšebeliso ea litšoantšo tsa bootsoa le mathata a thobalano le ho fokotsa khotsofalo ea thobalano le kamano

"Lithuto tsa Boko" (fMRI, MRI, EEG, Neuro-endocrine):

  1. Matla a Bokooa le Mokhoa o Sebetsang Ho Sebelisana le Litšoantšo Tsa Bootsoa Tšebeliso: Brain ka Porn (2014) - Phuputso ena ea Max Planck Institute fMRI e fumane taba e nyane haholo tsamaisong ea moputso (dorsal striatum) e tsamaellanang le palo ea litšoantšo tsa bootsoa tse jeoang. E boetse e fumane hore litšoantšo tse litšila tse tsosang takatso li tsamaisana le moputso o fokolang oa ts'ebetso ea potoloho ha o ntse o shebile lifoto tsa thobalano hakhutšoanyane. Bafuputsi ba lumela hore liphuputso tsa bona li bonts'a ho hloka tlhompho, mohlomong le mamello, e leng tlhoko ea ts'usumetso e kholo ho fihlela maemo a tšoanang. Phuputso e boetse e tlaleha hore ho shebella litšoantšo tse litšila tse tsosang takatso ho ne ho hokahane le likamano tse futsanehileng lipakeng tsa potoloho ea moputso le preortal cortex.
  2. Li-Neural Correlates tsa Liketso Tsa ho Kopanela Liphate Tsa Batho ba Kopanetsoeng ka ho Kopanela Liphate ho Batho ba nang le Likhatello tsa Botona le Botšehali ka ho Kopanela Liphate (le 2014) - Ea pele letotong la lithuto tsa Univesithi ea Cambridge e fumane mokhoa o ts'oanang oa ts'ebetso ea boko joalo ka ha o bonoa ho batho ba lemaletseng lithethefatsi le joala. E boetse e fumane hore makhoba a litšoantšo tsa bootsoa a tšoana le mofuta o amohelehang oa tahi ea ho e batla "ho feta", empa eseng ho e "rata" ho feta. Bafuputsi ba boetse ba tlaleha hore 60% ea lithuto (karolelano ea lilemo: 25) li ne li thatafalloa ke ho fihlela likhetho / tsoho le balekane ba 'nete, leha ho le joalo li ka fihlela likhetho ka litšoantšo tsa bootsoa.
  3. Ho ntlafatsa mekhoa ea ho ela hloko ho kopanela liphate ho batho ba nang le mekhoa ea ho kopanela liphate le ba se nang boikaketsi (2014) - Thuto ea bobeli ea Univesithi ea Cambridge. Tlhaloso: "Liphuputso tsa rona tsa leeme le matlafalitsoeng… li fana ka maikutlo a hore ho ka etsahala ho tlola le ho ba leeme ho hoholo ha ho bonoang lithutong tsa litlhahiso tsa lithethefatsi ha ho na le mathata a tahi.. Liphuputso tsena li lumellana le liphuputso tsa morao-rao tsa li-neural reactivity litabeng tsa ho kopanela liphate [ba lemaletseng lithethefatsi] inthaneteng e tšoanang le e amehang lithutong tsa lithethefatsi-reactivity le ho fana ka ts'ehetso bakeng sa ts'usumetso ea khopolo ea ho lemala e thehiloeng karabong ea thobalano [ litlolo tsa bootsoa]."
  4. Mokhoa o sa tloaelehang, Boemo le ho hlokomoloha litlhohonolofatso tsa thobalano (2015) - Boithuto bo bong ba fMRI University ea Cambridge. Ha ho bapisoa le lits'oants'o tsa batho ba lemaletseng ho sheba litšoantšo tsa bootsoa ba ne ba khetha mokhoa o mocha oa thobalano le litšoantšo tse amanang le litšoantšo tsa bootsoa. Leha ho le joalo, boko ba litšoantšo tse litšila tse tsosang takatso bo tloaetse ho potlakela litšoantšo tsa thobalano. Kaha ho rata lintho tse ncha ho ne ho se teng pele, bokhoba ba litšoantšo tsa bootsoa bo etsa hore batho ba batle lintho tse ncha ka sepheo sa ho hlola tloaelo le boits'oaro.
  5. Mekhoa ea Neural ea Takatso ea ho Kopanela Liphate ho Batho ba nang le Boitšoaro bo Botle ba ho Kopanela Liphate (2015) - Phuputso ena ea Korea ea fMRI e pheta lithuto tse ling tsa boko ho basebelisi ba litšoantšo tsa bootsoa. Joalo ka lithuto tsa Univesithi ea Cambridge e fumane mekhoa e ts'oarellang ea ts'ebeliso ea kelello ho batho ba lemaletseng thobalano e bonts'ang mekhoa ea batho ba lemaletseng lithethefatsi. Tumellanong le lithuto tse 'maloa tsa Majeremane e ile ea fumana liphetoho karolong e ka pele ea cortex e tšoanang le liphetoho tse bonoang ho makhoba a lithethefatsi. Ntho e ncha ke hore liphuputso li tsamaisane hantle le li-prefrontal cortex activation mekhoa e hlokometsoeng ho batho ba lemaletseng lithethefatsi: Mokhoa o moholo oa ho sebetsana le litšoantšo tsa thobalano, leha ho le joalo e thibetsoe ho arabela linthong tse ling tse tloaelehileng.
  6. Takatso ea ho kopanela liphate, eseng bosodoma, e amana le likarabo tsa li-neurophysiological tse hlalositsoeng ke litšoantšo tsa thobalano (2013) - Thuto ena ea EEG e ile ea etsoa mecheng ea litaba e le bopaki khahlanong le boteng ba ho lemalla ho kopanela liphate le ho kopanela liphate Ha ho joalo. Steele et al. 2013 ha e le hantle e fana ka ts'ehetso ea ho ba teng ha lithethefatsi tse hlephisang boitšoaro le litšoantšo tse hlephisang boitšoaro li sebelisa ho laola takatso ea thobalano. Joang joale? Phuputso e ile ea tlaleha litlaleho tse phahameng tsa EEG (ho amana le litšoantšo tse sa nke lehlakore) ha lihlooho li ne li pepesitsoe lifoto tse litšila tse tsosang takatso. Liphuputso li bontša khafetsa hore P300 e phahameng e etsahala ha meriana e pepesehela lits'ebetsong (tse kang litšoantšo) tse amanang le lithethefatsi tsa bona. Tumellanong le Boko ba Univesithi ea Cambridge bo hlahloba lithuto, thuto ena ea EEG e boetse e ho tlalehile hore ho na le boitsebiso bo bongata ba ho shebella litšoantšo tse litšila tse amanang le thobalano. Ho beha ka tsela e 'ngoe - batho ba nang le bokooa bo eketsehileng ba ho kopanela liphate ba ka rata ho ikhotsofatsa ho feta ho kopanela liphate le motho oa sebele. Ho makatsa, 'muelli oa thuto Nicole Prause a bolela hore ba sebelisang litšoantšo tsa bootsoa ba mpa ba e-na le "libido e phahameng," leha ho le joalo liphello tsa thuto li re e fapaneng ka ho toba (takatso ea lihlooho tsa thobalano e kopanetsoeng e ne e theoha ho amanang le tšebeliso ea bona ea litšoantšo). Hammoho tsena tse peli Steele et al. liphuputso li bonts'a tšebetso e kholo ea boko ho etsa litšoantšo (litšoantšo tsa bootsoa), leha ho le joalo e se e sa sebetse haholo ho meputso ea tlhaho (thobalano le motho). Ho hlohlelletsa le ho hlonamisa batho, e leng matšoao a ho lemala. Litokomane tse robeli tse hlahlojoang ke lithaka li hlalosa 'nete: Litlhaloso tse hlahlojoang ke lithaka tsa Steele et al., 2013. Hape sheba sena YBOP e batsi haholo.
  7. Ho feto-fetoha ha molumo oa menyetla e metle ea morao-rao ka litšoantšo tsa thobalano ho basebelisi ba mathata le taolo e sa lumellaneng le "Tlhekefetso ea Litšoantšo" (2015) - Phuputso e 'ngoe ea SPAN Lab EEG (brain-wave) e bapisang lihlooho tsa 2013 ho tloha thuto e ka holimo ho sehlopha sa 'nete sa taolo (leha ho le joalo e ile ea ba le mathata a tšoanang le a mekhoa e boletsoeng kaholimo). Liphetho: ha li bapisoa le taolo "batho ba nang le mathata a ho laola ho sheba litšoantšo tsa bootsoa" ba bile le tlaase boko bo arabela motsotsoana o le mong ho lifoto tsa litšoantšo tsa bootsoa tsa vanilla. Sengoli se etelletseng pele, Nicole Prause, o re sephetho sena ke "debunk porno". Ke rasaense ea utloahalang ea ka bolelang hore thuto ea bona e le 'ngoe e sa tloaelehang e entse debunked an tšimo eohle ea thuto? Ha e le hantle, liphuputso tsa Prause et al. 2015 lumellana ka ho phethahetseng le Kühn le Gallinat (2014), e ileng ea fumana hore litšoantšo tse ling tsa bootsoa li tsamaisana le ts'ebetso e nyane ea boko ho arabela litšoantšo tsa porno ea vanilla. Liphetho tsa Prause le tsona li tsamaellana le Banca et al. 2015 e leng #4 lenaneng lena. Ho feta moo, thuto e 'ngoe ea EEG e fumane hore tšebeliso e mpe ea litšoantšo tsa bootsoa ho basali e tsamaellanang le ts'ebeliso e nyane ea boko ho litšoantšo tsa bootsoa. Lipalo tse tlase tsa EEG li bolela hore lihlooho ha li ele hloko litšoantšo. Ka mantsoe a bonolo, basebelisi ba litšoantšo tse manyala tse hlephisang boitšoaro khafetsa ba ne ba sa rate litšoantšo tse litšila tsa litšoantšo tsa bootsoa tsa vanilla. Ba ne ba jeoa ke bolutu (ba tloaetse kapa ba sa rate). Bona sena YBOP e batsi haholo. Lipampiri tse leshome tse hlahlobetsoeng ke lithaka lia lumela hore thuto ena e hlile e fumane boikemisetso / bolulo ho batho ba sebelisang litšoantšo tsa bootsoa khafetsa (bo lumellanang le temallo): Litlhaloso tse hlahlojoang ke lithaka tsa Prause et al., 2015
  8. HPA ho nyenyefatsa ha batho ba nang le lefu la hypersexual (2015) - Boithuto bo entsoeng le ba lemaletseng ho kopanela liphate le banna ba 67 le taolo e lumellanang le lilemo tse 39. Motsoako oa Hypothalamus-Pituitary-Adrenal (HPA) ke sebapali se bohareng karabong ea khatello ea maikutlo. Bokhoba fetola lipotoloho tsa khatello ea boko e leng se lebisang ho axisisi e sa sebetseng ea HPA. Phuputso ena ho batho ba lemaletseng ho kopanela liphate (ho kopanela liphate) e fumanoe e fetotsoe likarabo tsa khatello tse bontšang lithethefatsi tsa lithethefatsi.
  9. Boikarabello ba ho "Neuroinflammation" ho Pathophysiology ea Hypersexual Disorder (2016) - Phuputso ena e tlalehile maemo a holimo a ho potoloha Tumor Necrosis Factor (TNF) ho batho ba lemaletseng thobalano ha ba bapisoa le taolo e nepahetseng. Methati e phahameng ea TNF (letšoao la ho ruruha) le eona e fumanoe ho batho ba sebelisang hampe lithethefatsi le liphoofolo tse lemaletseng lithethefatsi (joala, heroin, meth). Ho bile le likamano tse matla lipakeng tsa maemo a TNF le litekanyo tsa litekanyetso tse lekanyang bosodoma.
  10. Methylation ea HPA Axis Matšoao a amanang le banna ka Hypersexual Disorder (2017) - Ena ke tšalo-morao ea #8 ka holimo e leng ho fumanoang hore lithethefatsi tsa batho ba kopanelang liphate li na le mekhoa ea khatello ea kelello e sa sebetseng - phetoho e kholo ea phetoho e bakoang ke ho lemalla. Phuputso ea morao-rao e fumane liphetoho tsa epigenetic liphatseng tsa lefutso tse kenang mofuteng oa khatello ea motho le ho amana haufi le ho lemala. Ka liphetoho tsa epigenetic, ho latellana ha DNA ha ho fetoloe (joalokaha ho etsahala ka phetoho ea maikutlo). Ho e-na le hoo, liphatsa tsa lefutso li ngotsoe 'me polelo ea eona e nyoloha kapa e theoha (video e khutšoanyane e hlalosang epigenetics). Liphetoho tsa epigenetic tse tlalehiloeng thuputsong ena li entse hore ho fetoloe mosebetsi oa liphatsa tsa lefutso la CRF. CRF ke neurotransmitter le hormone e khanna boitšoaro bo hlephileng tse kang litakatso, 'me ke sebapali se seholo ka matšoao a mangata a ho tlohela a amanang le 'ona lisebelisoa 'me boitšoaro bo hlephileng ba boitšoaro, ho kenyelletswa le ho lemalla ho kopanela liphate.
  11. Boitšoaro bo hlephileng ba ho kopanela liphate: Bo-prefrontal le limbic volume le likamano (2016) - Ha ho bapisoa le taolo e phetseng hantle bafo ba CSB (makhoba a bootsoa) ba ne ba eketsehile ka bongata ba amygdala mme ba fokotsa khokahano e sebetsang lipakeng tsa amygdala le dorsolateral prefrontal cortex DLPFC. Khokahano e fokotsehileng ea ts'ebetso lipakeng tsa amygdala le prefrontal cortex e tsamaellanang le lithethefatsi. Ho nahanoa hore khokahano e futsanehileng e fokotsa taolo ea "prefrontal" ea "cortex" holima tšusumetso ea mosebelisi ea ho kenella boitšoarong bo hlephileng. Phuputso ena e fana ka maikutlo a hore chefo ea lithethefatsi e ka lebisa ho taba e se nang bohlooho mme ka hona ea fokotsa bophahamo ba amygdala ho makhoba a lithethefatsi. Amygdala e lula e le mafolofolo nakong ea ho shebella litšoantšo tsa bootsoa, ​​haholo-holo nakong ea ho pepesehela thobalano. Mohlomong khafetsa thobalano ho tsebahala le ho batlisisa le ho batla ho lebisa phello e ikhethang ho amygdala ho basebelisi ba ts'oaetso ea bootsoa. Ntle le moo, lilemo tsa bokhoba ba litšoantšo tsa bootsoa le litlamorao tse mpe li bohloko haholo - mme cho imeloa kelellong kelellong ho amana le e eketsehile amygdala volume. Thuto #8 ka holimo ba fumane hore "makhoba a thobalano" a na le khatello ea maikutlo e fetelletseng. Na ho imeloa kelellong ho sa feleng ho amanang le ho lemalla ho kopanela liphate le ho kopanela liphate, hammoho le lisosa tse etsang hore batho ba kopanele liphate ka tsela e ikhethang, li ka etsa hore boholo ba li-amygdala bo be boholo?
  12. Na Litšoantšo Tsa Litšoantšo Tsa Bootsoa li ka ba Tsa Lematsa? Thuto ea fMRI ea Batho ba Batlang Phekolo ea Litšoantšo Tsa Bootsoa Tse Senyang Bothata Sebelisa (2017) - Litlhaloso tse hlahang: Batho ba nang le litšoantšo tsa bootsoa ba bile ba se na mathata (PPU) ba fapane ka tsela eo ba bonang litšoantšo ka eona, empa ha ba itšoare ka litšoantšo tse tsosang takatso, ka tsela e lumellanang le ho khothalletsa khopolo ea ho hloka taolo. Ts'ebetso ena ea boko e ne e tsamaea le boikutlo bo eketsehileng ba boits'oaro ba ho sheba litšoantšo tse tsosang takatso (ho 'batla' holimo). Tlhahiso-pele ea ho hlasela ha li-ventral bakeng sa ho tseba litšoantšo tse tsosang takatso e ne e amana haholo le matla a PPU, palo ea litšoantšo tse manyala tse hlephisang boitšoaro tse sebelisoang beke le palo ea ho ipholla litho tsa beke le beke. Liphuputso tsa rona li fana ka maikutlo a hore joaloka tšebeliso ea lithethefatsi le papali ea chelete ho senyeha mekhoa ea neural le ea boitšoaro e amanang le ts'ebeliso ea ts'ebetso ea lits'ebeletso e amana le bohlokoa ho likarolo tse sebetsang tsa PPU. Liphuputso tsena li fana ka maikutlo a hore PPU e ka 'na ea emela ho lemalla boitšoaro le hore mehato e thusang ho lebisa tlhokomelo ea boitšoaro le lithethefatsi tsa lithethefatsi ho nahana ka ho fetola le ho sebelisa ho thusa banna ba nang le PPU.
  13. Boemo bo fetotsoeng ba ho ba le takatso ea ho ba le takatso ea ho ba le takatso ea ho ba le takatso ea ho kopanela liphate (2016) - Phuputso ea Jeremane ea fMRI e hatisang liphuputso tse peli tse kholo ho tsoa ho Voon et al., 2014 'me Ho tloha 2014. Liphuputso tse ka sehloohong: Li-correlate tsa neural tsa boemo ba ho khotsofatsa le ho kopanya li-neural li fetotsoe sehlopheng sa CSB. Ho ea ka bafuputsi, phetoho ea pele - ts'ebetso e matlafalitsoeng ea amygdala - e kanna ea bonts'a maemo a nolofalitsoeng ("wiring" e kholo ho se neng se sa jele paate se neng se bolela litšoantšo tse litšila). Phetoho ea bobeli - phokotso ea khokahano lipakeng tsa ventral striatum le preortal cortex - e ka ba sesupo sa ho holofala ha bokhoni ba ho laola maikutlo. Bafuputsi ba itse, "Liphetoho tsena li lumellana le lithuto tse ling ho etsa lipatlisiso ka li-neural correlates tsa mathata a ho lemalla ho lemalla ho lemala le ho ba le tšusumetso ho laola ho laola. ” Liphuputso tsa ts'ebetso e kholo ea amygdalar ho li-cues (ho hlohlelletsa) le ho fokotsa ho hokahanya pakeng tsa setsi sa moputso le prefrontal cortex (boikaketsi) ke liphetoho tse peli tse kholo tsa boko tse bonoang bokhobeng ba lithethefatsi. Ho phaella moo, 3 ea basebelisi ba bootsoa ba 20 ba qobelloang ba na le "orgasmic-erection disorder".
  14. Ho qobelloa ho qobelloa ho sebelisoa hampe ha meriana ea lithethefatsi le e sa sebeliseng lithethefatsi (2016) - Phuputso ea Univesithi ea Cambridge e bapisa likarolo tsa ho lemalla joala, ba jang joala, ba lemaletseng papali ea video le makhoba a bootsoa (CSB). Litemana tse qotsitsoeng: Lihlooho tsa CSB li ne li le potlako ho ithuta ho tsoa meputsong ea phaello ea boipheliso ho bapisoa le baithaopi ba phetseng hantle 'me ba ne ba ka ba le monyetla oa ho tsitsisa kapa ho sala ka mor'a tahlehelo kapa ho hlōla boemo ba Moputso. Liphuputso tsena li lumellana le liphuputso tsa rona tsa pele tsa khethollo e ntlafetseng bakeng sa mekhoa e amanang le thobalano kapa liphello tsa lichelete, ka kakaretso ho fana ka maikutlo a ho matlafatsa kutloisiso ea litlhohonolofatso (Banca et al., 2016).
  15. Na litšoantšo tsa bootsoa li ka lemalla? Phuputso ea fMRI ea banna ba batlang phekolo ea litšoantšo tse manyala tse hlephisang boitšoaro sebelisa (2017) - Litlhaloso tse hlahang: Banna ba nang le bothata ba ho kopanela liphate le ba se nang mathata (PPU) ba fapane le boikutlo ba boko ba ho etsa hore ho be le litšoantšo tse tsosang takatso, empa eseng ka liketso tsa litšoantšo tse tsosang takatso, tse lumellanang le ho khothalletsa khopolo ea ho hloka taolo. Ts'ebetso ena ea boko e ne e tsamaea le boikutlo bo eketsehileng ba boits'oaro ba ho sheba litšoantšo tse tsosang takatso (ho 'batla' holimo). Tlhahiso-pele ea ho hlasela ha li-ventral bakeng sa ho tseba litšoantšo tse tsosang takatso e ne e amana haholo le matla a PPU, palo ea litšoantšo tse manyala tse hlephisang boitšoaro tse sebelisoang beke le palo ea ho ipholla litho tsa beke le beke. Liphuputso tsa rona li fana ka maikutlo a hore joaloka tšebeliso ea lithethefatsi le papali ea chelete ho senyeha mekhoa ea neural le ea boitšoaro e amanang le ts'ebeliso ea ts'ebetso ea lits'ebeletso e amana le bohlokoa ho likarolo tse sebetsang tsa PPU. Liphuputso tsena li fana ka maikutlo a hore PPU e ka 'na ea emela ho lemalla boitšoaro le hore mehato e thusang ho lebisa tlhokomelo ea boitšoaro le lithethefatsi tsa lithethefatsi ho nahana ka ho fetola le ho sebelisa ho thusa banna ba nang le PPU.
  16. Mekhoa ea ho hlokomeleha le e sa hlokomelehang ea maikutlo: Na e khathatsa ka nako e telele ea bootsoa Sebelisa? (2017) - Boithuto bo ile ba lekola likarabo tsa mosebelisi oa litšoantšo tsa bootsoa (ho baloa ha EEG le Karabelo ea Qalo) ho litšoantšo tse fapaneng tse susumetsang maikutlo - ho kenyeletsoa le maikutlo. Phuputso e fumane phapang e mengata ea methapo pakeng tsa basebelisi ba litšoantšo tse manyala tse hlephisang boitšoaro le basebelisi ba litšoantšo tse litšila tse tsosang takatso. Tlhaloso: Liphuputso li bontša hore ho eketseha ha litšoantšo tse manyala tse hlephisang boitšoaro ho bonahala eka ho na le tšusumetso ho likarabo tsa boko tse sa tsebeng ho ba le tšusumetso ea maikutlo e sa bontšoang ka tlaleho e hlakileng ea boipiletso.
  17. Tlhahlobo ea pele ea litšobotsi tse sa tsitsang le tse kotsi tsa ho kopanela liphate (2009) - Haholo-holo makhoba a thobalano. Boithuto bo tlaleha boits'oaro bo fetelletseng morerong oa Go-NoGo ho batho ba lemaletseng ho kopanela liphate (hypersexourse) ha o bapisoa le barupeluoa ba laolang. Litekanyetso tsa bong li senotse hore batho ba lemaletseng ho kopanela liphate ba na le taba e tšoeu ea prefrontal cortex e sa hlophisehang haholoanyane. Tlhahiso ena e tsamaellana le boikaketsi, e leng sesupo sa bokhoba ba tahi.
  18. Litšoantšo tse litšila tse tsosang takatso Tšoaetso e thehiloeng Neurophysiological Computational Approach (2018) - Phuputso ea EEG e tlaleha phapang e 'maloa ea meriana pakeng tsa ba lemaletseng ho kopanela liphate le bao e seng lithethefatsi. E ikhethang ka hore lihlooho tsa bobeli ba lilemo li ne li le 14.
  19. Boitsebiso bo bobe ba taba le ho fetola boemo ba ho phomola ha boemo boemong bo phahameng ba gyrus har'a batho ba nang le boitšoaro bo hlephileng ba ho kopanela liphate (2018) - Thuto ea fMRI. Kakaretso:… boithuto bo bontšitse likhaello tsa taba e bohlooho mme bo fetotse khokahano e sebetsang ho gyrus ea nakoana hara batho ba nang le PHB (ba lemaletseng thobalano). Habohlokoa le ho feta, sebopeho se fokotsehileng le ts'ebetso cho se tsotelle ho ne ho sa tsamaisane le matla a PHB. Liphuputso tsena li fana ka lintlha tse ncha mabapi le mekhoa e meholo ea li-neural ea PHB.
  20. Mosebetsi oa ho fetola li-frontrontal le oa boemo bo tlaasana ba mosebetsi oa nako nakong ea mosebetsi oa Stroop ho Batho ba nang le bothata ba ho ba le maikutlo a tsitsitseng (Hypersexual behavior)Seok le Sohn, 2018) - [taolo e futsanehileng ea phethahatso- ts'ebetso ea PFC e sa sebetseng. Tlhaloso: Liphuputso tsa rona li fana ka maikutlo a hore batho ba nang le PHB ba fokolitse ts'ebetso ea ho laola le ho se sebetse hantle DLPFC le marang-rang a tlaase a parietal, ho fana ka motheo oa neural oa PHB.
  21. Hypermethylation-amanang le theolohileng la microRNA-4456 ho tsitsipano ea hypersexual le tšusumetso e tlisoang ke ho saena hoa oxytocin: Tlhatlhobo ea methapo ea methapo ea methapo ea methapo ea lefu la methapo ea methapo ea methapo ea kutlo (2019) - Boithuto ba lithuto tse nang le tšibollo ea botona kapa botšehali tse amanang le botona le botšehali) li tlaleha liphetoho tse etsahalang ka seiponeng tse etsahalang bokhobeng ba joala. Liphetoho tsa epigenetic li etsahetse ka liphatsa tsa lefutso tse amanang le sistimi ea oxytocin (e bohlokoa leratong, tlamahanong, bokhobeng, khatello ea maikutlo, ts'ebetso ea thobalano, jj.).
  22. Phapang ea litheko tsa bokhutšoane taolong ea tšusumetso le likhathatso tse lemalloang (Draps et al., 2020) - Litlhaloso tse hlahang: Batho ba amehileng ba qobelloang ke boits'oaro ba thobalano (CSBD), boloetse ba papali ea chelete (GD), le ts'ebeliso ea joala (AUD) ha e bapisoa le taolo e bontšitse li-GMV tse nyane karolong e ka pele ea leqele, haholo-holo karolong ea orbitofrontal cortex. GMV ka lehlakoreng le letona la anterior cingulate gyrus… Liphuputso tsa rona li fana ka maikutlo a ts'oanang lipakeng tsa mathata a itseng a taolo ea ts'usumetso le lithethefatsi.
  23. Testosterone e tloaelehileng empa litekanyetso tsa Hormone ea Hormone e Phahameng ho banna ba nang le Hypersexual Disorder (2020) - Litlhaloso tse hlahang: Mechini e reriloeng e ka kenyelletsa tšebelisano ea HPA le HPG, marangrang neural network, kapa thibelo ea taolo e mabapi le taolo ea libaka tsa preortal cortex.32 Qetellong, re tlaleha ka lekhetlo la pele ho eketseha ha maemo a plasma a LH ho banna ba makhopho ha a bapisoa le baithaopi ba phetseng hantle. Liphumano tsena tsa mantlha li kenya letsoho ho matlafatseng lingoliloeng mabapi le ho kenya letsoho ha litsamaiso tsa neuroendocrine le ho bala ka HD.
  24. Maemo a Plasma Oxytocin a phahameng ho banna ba nang le lefu la Hypersexual Disorder (2020) - Litlhaloso tse hlahang: Liphetho li hlahisa sistimi ea hyperactive oxytonergic ho bakuli ba banna ba nang le khatello ea maikutlo e ka bang mochine o tlatselletsang ho fihlela khatello ea methapo ea mali. Phekolo ea sehlopha sa CBT e atlehileng e ka ba le phello tsamaisong ea hyperactive oxytonergic.
  25. Taolo ea thibelo le tšebeliso ea mathata a marang-rang a litšoantšo tse manyala tse hlephisang boitšoaro - Karolo ea bohlokoa ea ho leka-lekanya ea insula (2020) - Litlhaloso tse hlahang: Litlamorao tsa mamello le likarolo tse susumetsang li ka hlalosa ts'ebetso e ntle ea taolo ea thibelo ho batho ba nang le matšoao a phahameng a neng a amahanngoa le ketsahalo e fapaneng ea ts'ebetso ea ho nahana le ho bonts'a maikutlo. Taolo e khaotsoeng ts'ebeliso ea ts'ebeliso ea IP mohlomong e hlahisoa ke tšebelisano lipakeng tsa lits'ebetso tse sa sisinyeheng, tse bonts'ang, le tse hohelang litaba.
  26. Litaba tsa thobalano li fetola ts'ebetso ea ho hopola le ts'ebetso ea kelello ho banna ba nang le boits'oaro bo matla ba thobalano (2020) Litlhaloso tse latelang: Liphumano tsena li tsamaellana le mohopolo oa tšusumetso ea bokhoba, haholo-holo ts'ebetso e hokahantsoeng le marang-rang a ts'ebetso ea ts'ebetso joalo ka senotlolo sa ts'ebetso le ts'ebetso e phahameng ea puo nakong ea ts'ebetso ea litšoantšo tsa bootsoa ho latela ts'ebeliso ea morao tjena ea litšoantšo tsa bootsoa.
  27. Boleng ba moputso bo ikhethileng ba takatso ea thobalano bo bontšitsoe ho criex ea motho le orbitofrontal cortex (2020) - Litemana tse qotsitsoeng: Ha rea ​​fumana setsoalle sa NAcc le ts'ebetso ea Caudate feela le litekanyetso tsa botona kapa botšehali nakong ea ho shebella VSS empa matla a mokhatlo ona a ne a le matla ha taba e ne e tlaleha tšebeliso e mpe ea tšebeliso ea litšoantšo tsa bootsoa. Sephetho se ts'ehetsa hypothesis, hore likarabelo tsa boleng bo khothalletsang ho NAcc le caudate li khetholla ka mokhoa o matla lipakeng tsa tšusumetso e ratoang, ho feta ha thuto e ba le PPU. 
  28. Li-Neuroscience tsa Puisano ea Bophelo: Tlhatlhobo ea fNIRS ea Prefrontal Cortex le Ts'ebeliso ea Litšoantšo ho Basali ba Bacha bakeng sa Nts'etsopele ea Mananeo a Thibelo ea Bophelo (2020) - Litlhaloso tse hlahang: Liphetho li bonts'a hore ho shebella sekhechana sa litšoantšo tsa bootsoa (vs. v. Clip clip) ho baka ts'ebetsong ea sebaka sa Brodmann sa 45 ea hemisphere e nepahetseng. Phello e boetse e hlaha lipakeng tsa boemo ba ts'ebeliso e itlalehang le ts'ebeliso ea BA 45 e nepahetseng: boemo bo phahameng ba ts'ebeliso e itlalehang, ts'ebetso e kholo. Ka lehlakoreng le leng, bankakarolo bao ho seng mohla ba kileng ba sebelisa litšoantšo tse manyala tse hlephisang boitšoaro ha ba bontše tšebetso ea BA 45 e nepahetseng ha e bapisoa le sekhechana sa taolo (se bontšang phapang ea boleng lipakeng tsa bao e seng bareki le bareki. Liphetho tsena li lumellana le lipatlisiso tse ling tse entsoeng lebaleng ea lithethefatsi.
  29. Liketsahalo tse amanang le ketsahalo ketsahalong e 'meli ea oddball ea boits'oaro bo fosahetseng ba boits'oaro har'a banna ba nang le tloaelo ea ho lemalla ho ts'oaroa ka cybersex (2020) - Litlhaloso tse hlahang: Khopolo-taba, liphetho tsa rona li bonts'a ho lemalla ts'oaetso ea cybersex ho tšoana le ts'ebeliso ea lithethefatsi le ts'oaetso ea taolo ea maikutlo ho latela ho ts'oenyeha maemong a elektroniki le boits'oaro. Seo re se fumaneng se ka baka moferefere o phehellang mabapi le monyetla oa ho lemalla ts'oaetso ea cybersex e le mofuta o mocha oa lefu la kelello.
  30. Taba e tšoeu e mabapi le boits'oaro ba tlhekefetso ea thobalano - Boithuto ba ho Tšoenyeha ka Tensor (2020) - Litlhaloso tse hlahang: Ena ke e 'ngoe ea lithuto tsa pele tsa DTI tse lekolang phapang lipakeng tsa bakuli ba nang le Bothata ba Likhatello tsa Thobalano e Khopisang le taolo e phetseng hantle. Tlhahlobo ea rona e senotse phokotso ea FA libakeng tse tšeletseng tsa boko lihloohong tsa CSBD, ha li bapisoa le taolo. Lintlha tsa rona tsa DTI li bonts'a hore li-neural correlates tsa CSBD lia kopana le libaka tse tlalehiloeng pejana lingoliloeng joalo ka ha li amana ka bobeli, ho lemalla lithethefatsi le OCD.

Liphuputso tse ka holimo li bohle "lithuto tsa boko" tse phatlalalitsoeng (kapa tsa boralitaba) ho basebelisi ba litšoantšo tsa bootsoa.

Ka bobeli lithuto tsena tsa boko li fumanoe:

  1. Boko bo boholo bo amanang le lithethefatsi ba 3 bo fetoha: ho hlohlelletsa, ho hloka boithati, 'me boikaketsi.
  2. Litšoantšo tse ling tsa litšoantšo tse ts'oanang le tsa bootsoa lia kopana le taba e se nang bohlooho potolohong ea moputso (dorsal striatum).
  3. Litšoantšo tse ling tsa litšoantšo tse ts'oanang le litšebeliso tsa bootsoa li tsamaisana hantle le ho ba le moputso o monyenyane oa tšebeliso ea potoloho ha ho sheba litšoantšo tsa thobalano ka bokhutšoanyane
  4. Litšebeliso tse ling tsa litšoantšo tse ts'oanang le litšebelisano tse hlephisang boitšoaro li sebelisana hantle le ho ferekanya li-neural connection pakeng tsa potoloho ea moputso le prefrontal cortex
  5. Batho ba lemaletseng lits'oaetso ba ne ba e-na le mosebetsi o moholo oa ho kopanela liphate, empa bokooa bo fokolang bo sebetsanang le tšusumetso e tloaelehileng (ho tsuba lithethefatsi).
  6. 60% ea batho ba lemaletseng ho kopanela liphate ba lemaletseng ho kopanela liphate thutong e le 'ngoe ba na le li-ED kapa li-libido tse tlase le balekane ba bona, empa eseng le litšoantšo tsa bootsoa: bohle ba boletse hore ts'ebeliso ea porno ea inthanete e bakile ED / low libido ea bona.
  7. Ho ntlafatsa boiketlo ba tlhokomelo e bapisoa le basebelisi ba lithethefatsi. E bontša ho khothaletsoa (sehlahisoa sa DeltaFosb).
  8. Ho batla le ho lakatsa litšoantšo tsa bootsoa haholo, empa eseng ho li rata haholo. Sena se ikamahanya le mofuta o amohelehang oa bokhoba - khothatso ea ho khothatsa.
  9. Batho ba nang le boits'oaro ba bobebe ba na le boikhethelo bo bongata ba ho kopanela liphate empa boko ba bona bo potlakile ka mokhoa o potlakileng litšoantšong tsa thobalano. Ha e e-s'o ka e le teng.
  10. Bacha ba sebelisang litšoantšo tse ts'oanang le ba bang ka ho fetisisa ba e-na le reactivity e bakoang ke mohloli setsing sa moputso.
  11. EEG e phahameng (P300) e baloang ha basebeletsi ba litšoantšo ba bobebe ba pepesehela litšoantšo tsa bootsoa (tse etsahalang lits'etsong tse ling).
  12. Tlhokahalo e fokolang ea ho kopanela liphate le motho ea amanang le khopolo e kholo-ea ho fetola litšoantšo tsa bootsoa.
  13. Ho sebelisa litšoantšo tse ling tse hlephisang boitšoaro ho amana le litekanyo tse tlase tsa LPP ha u shebella lifoto tsa ho kopanela liphate ka bokhutšoanyane: e bontša tloaelo kapa ts'ebeliso ea boithati.
  14. Axi e sa sebetseng ea HPA e bonahatsang lipotoloho tsa khatello ea kelello e fetotsoeng, e hlahang litlamong tsa lithethefatsi (le boholo ba amygdala volume, e amanang le khatello ea kelello e sa feleng).
  15. Liphetoho tsa Epigenetic liphatseng tsa lefutso tse kenang mohatsong oa batho le khatello ea maikutlo.
  16. Mefuta e phahameng ea Mokokotlo oa Necrosis Factor (TNF) - e leng hape e hlahelang ho sebelisa lithethefatsi hampe le ho lemalla lithethefatsi.
  17. Bofokoli boemong bo botala ba nakoana; ho hokahanngoa ho futsanehileng pakeng tsa mekhatlo ea nakoana le libaka tse ling tse 'maloa

Neuro-Psychological Studies on Porn Users (ka likarolo tse nyenyane):

  1. Ho se tšoane ho tlalehiloeng ka boithati ka mekhoa ea boits'oaro ba tsamaiso le boitšoaro ba ho kopanela liphate ho batho ba nang le meriana le metseng ea banna (2010) - Bakuli ba batlang thuso bakeng sa boits'oaro ba bosodoma hangata ba bonts'a likarolo tsa ho se ts'oenyehe, ho ba le kutloisiso e thata, kahlolo e fosahetseng, khaello ea taolo ea maikutlo, le ho ameha haholo ka thobalano. Tse ling tsa litšoaneleho tsena li boetse li atile har'a bakuli ba hlahisang mafu a methapo a amanang le ho se sebetse ha phethahatso. Litemoso tsena li lebisitse lipatlisisong tsa hajoale tsa phapang lipakeng tsa sehlopha sa bakuli ba hypersexual (n = 87) le sampole ea sechaba se seng sa hypersexual (n = 92) ea banna ba sebelisang Behaeve Rating Inventory ea Executive Function-Adult Version Boitšoaro ba Hypersexual bo ne bo amana hantle ka li-indices tsa lefats'e tsa ho se sebetse hantle le li-subscales tse 'maloa tsa BRIEF-A. Liphuputso tsena li fana ka bopaki ba pele bo tšehetsang khopolo-taba ea hore ho se sebetse hoa phethahatso ho ka ameha boitšoarong ba bosodoma.
  2. Ho shebella Litšoantšo Tsa Litšoantšo Tsa Porn Porn Inthaneteng: Karolo ea Litlhahlobo Tsa ho Kopanela Liphate Tsa Botona le Botšehali le Matšoao a Maiketsetso-Maqakabetsing a Maiketsetso a ho Sebelisa Inthaneteng Litabeng Tsa ho Kopanela Liphate Inthaneteng (2011) - Liphello li bontša hore mathata a boits'oaro ba bophelo ba letsatsi le leng le le leng a amanang le liketso tsa ho kopanela liphate ka inthaneteng li ne li boleloa ka likamano tsa ho kopanela liphate tse tsosang takatso ea boitšoaro bo hlephileng ba maikutlo a bootsoa, ​​palo ea liketso tsa kelello, le palo ea liketso tsa thobalano tse sebelisoang ha li ntse li le lik'homphieutheng tsa bophelo ba letsatsi le leng le le leng, ha nako e sebelisitsoeng ho libaka tsa ho kopanela liphate Inthaneteng (metsotso ka letsatsi) ha ea ka ea kenya letsoho ho hlalosang phapang pakeng tsa likarolo tsa IATsex. Re bona ho tšoana ho teng pakeng tsa mekhoa ea kutloisiso ea bokooa le ea boko e ka tlatsetsang ho boloka li-cybersex tse feteletseng le tse hlalosoang bakeng sa batho ba nang le ts'ebeliso ea lithethefatsi
  3. Ho shebella litšoantšo tsa litšoantšo tse litšila ho sitisa mosebetsi oa ho boloka mohopolo (2013) - Batho ba bang ba tlaleha mathata nakong ea kamano ea thobalano le kamora 'marang-rang, joalo ka ho se robale le ho lebala likhetho, tse amanang le liphello tse mpe tsa bophelo. Mokhoa o mong o ka lebisang mefuteng ena ea mathata ke hore ho tsosoa ha thobalano nakong ea thobalano ea Inthanete ho ka kena-kenana le matla a ho boloka mohopolo (WM), e leng se fellang ka ho hlokomoloha tlhahisoleseding e nepahetseng ea tikoloho mme kahoo ho etsa liqeto tse mpe. Lipatlisiso li senola bobebe ba WM boemong ba litšoantšo tsa bootsoa ba mosebetsi oa 4-khutla ha o bapisoa le maemo a mararo a setšoantšo. Liphuputso li tšohloa mabapi le lithethefatsi tsa Inthanete hobane ho kena-kenana ha WM le litsebi tse amanang le lithethefatsi li tsejoa haholo ho tsoa mekhatlong ea lithethefatsi.
  4. Likamano tsa ho kopanya liphate tsa ho kopanela liphate ka ho etsa liqeto ka tlase-taba (2013) - Mosebetsi oa ho etsa liqeto o ne o le bobebe ha litšoantšo tsa thobalano li ne li amahanngoa le likarolo tse kotsi tsa karete ha li bapisoa le ts'ebetso ea ha litšoantšo tsa thobalano li ne li amana le mekotla ea bohlokoa. Ho tsosoa ka thobalano ka thobalano ho lekanya kamano pakeng tsa maemo a mosebetsi le ho etsa liqeto. Phuputso ena e hatelitse hore ho tsosoa ha thobalano ho sitisa ho etsa liqeto, e leng se ka hlalosang hore na ke hobane'ng ha batho ba bang ba e-ba le liphello tse mpe ho latela taba ea ho sebelisa li-cybersex.
  5. Ho lemalla ha Cybersex: Ho tsosoa takatso ea ho kopanela liphate ha motho a shebeletse litšoantšo tse manyala tse hlephisang boitšoaro, eseng liketso tsa ho kopanela liphate le batho ba bang, - Liphello li bontša hore lits'oants'o tsa ho kopanela liphate li tsosoa le ho lakatsa ho sheba litšoantšo tsa bootsoa tsa Inthaneteng mekhoa e boletsoeng esale pele ea ho lemalla ho kopanela liphate ka litaba tsa thobalano nakong ea thuto ea pele. Ho feta moo, ho ile ha bontšoa hore basebelisi ba nang le bothata ba ho kopanela liphate ka Inthaneteng ba tlaleha ho tsosa takatso e matla ea ho kopanela liphate le ho labalabela ho itšoara ka lebaka la litšoantšo tsa bootsoa. Liphuputsong tsena ka bobeli, palo le boleng bo nang le boits'oaro ba ho kopanela liphate bophelong ba sebele bo ne bo sa kopane le ho lemalla ho kopanela liphate ka litaba tsa thobalano. Liphello li tšehetsa khopolo ea ho khotsofatsa, e leng ho qalang ho matlafatsa, ho ithuta mekhoa, le ho lakatsa ho ba le mekhoa e nepahetseng ho nts'etsopele le ho lokisoa ha lithethefatsi tsa litaba tsa thobalano. Batho ba futsanehileng kapa ba sa khotsofatsang mabitso a bophelo ba ho kopanela liphate ba ke ke ba hlalosetsa ka mokhoa o lekaneng hore na lithethefatsi tsa Inthanete li lemalla hakae
  6. Bokhoba ba Cybersex ba sebelisang basali ba bong bo fapaneng ba ho sheba litšoantšo tsa bootsoa li ka hlalosoa ka ho khotsofatsa maikutlo (2014) - Liphello li bontšitse hore ba sebelisang litšoantšo tsa bootsoa Inthaneteng ba ile ba etsa litšoantšo tse litšila tse tsosang takatso e le tse tsosang takatso mme ba tlaleha takatso e kholo ea papiso ea litšoantšo tsa bootsoa e bapisoa le bao e seng basebelisi Ho feta moo, takatso ea ho kopanela liphate ho tsosoa ha litšoantšo, kutloisiso ea maikutlo a ho kopanela liphate, boitšoaro bo bobe ba likamano tsa botona le botšehali le ho tiea ha matšoao a kelello ho boletsoe mekhoa ea ho lemalla ho kopanela liphate le batho ba bang le litšoantšo tsa thobalano. Ho ba kamanong, palo ea batho ba kopanelang liphate, khotsofalo le batho ba kopanelang liphate, le tšebeliso ea ho kopanela liphate le ho kopanela liphate ho kopanela liphate ha lia ka tsa amahanngoa le lithethefatsi tsa thelevishene.
  7. Tlhahlobo ea Boipiletso le Tlhahlobo ea Theory ka Lintlha Tse Etsang Hore ho be le Tšebeliso ea ho Kopanela Liphate ka Tšebelisano le Boikutlo ba ho Kopanela Liphate ka Tšebelisano le Maikutlo a Maikutlo (2014) - Mosebetsi o fetileng o fana ka maikutlo a hore batho ba bang ba ka 'na ba hlaseleha habonolo ho CA, athe ts'ebetso e ntle ea ho matlafatsa le ho qeta nako e ntse e nkoa e le mekhoa ea motheo ea ntshetsopele ea CA. Phuputsong ena, banna ba 155 ba bong bo fapaneng ba ile ba lekanya litšoantšo tsa bootsoa ba 100 'me ba bontša tsoelo-pele ea bona ea ho kopanela liphate. Ho feta moo, litloaelo tsa CA, ho ts'oanela ho ts'oanela ho kopanela liphate, le tšebeliso e sa sebetsang ea thobalano ka kakaretso li ile tsa hlahlojoa. Liphello tsa lipatlisiso li bontša hore ho na le lisosa tsa ts'oaetso ea CA le ho fana ka bopaki ba karolo ea ho khotsofatsa thobalano le ho sebetsana ka tsela e sa sebetseng ho nts'etsopele ea CA.
  8. Tlhokomelo ea Prefrontal le ho lemalla li-intanete: mokhoa oa ho itlhahloba le ho hlahlojoa ha liphuputso tsa methapo ea matšoao le lihlooho tsa motlakase (2015) - Ho lumellana le sena, liphello tse tsoang ho ts'ebetso ea ho sebetsa ha pelo le tse ling tsa lithuto tsa lefu la pelo li bontša hore cue-reactivity, takatso le ho etsa liqeto ke lintlha tsa bohlokoa bakeng sa ho utloisisa ho lemalla lithethefatsi. Liphuputso tse fokotsoang ho fokotsa taolo ea batsamaisi li lumellana le lits'ebetso tse ling tsa boitšoaro, tse kang ho becha. Ba boetse ba totobatsa lihlopha tsa ts'ebetso ena e le tahi, hobane ho boetse ho na le litsela tse ngata tse tšoanang le tse fumanoang ka ho itšetleha ka lintho tse ngata.  Ho phaella moo, liphello tsa phuputso ea morao tjena li tšoana le liphuputso tse entsoeng ke lipatlisiso tsa ho itšetleha ka lintho tsa tlhaho le ho hatisa li-analogue pakeng tsa ho lemalla lithethefatsi le lithethefatsi kapa lithethefatsi tse ling tsa boitšoaro.
  9. Mekhatlo e tobileng ea ho lemalla ho kopanela liphate ka litaba tsa thobalano: Ho Fetola Tlhahlobo e Kopaneng ea Mokhatlo ka litšoantšo tsa bootsoa. (2015) - Liphuputso tsa morao-rao li bontša ho tšoana pakeng tsa ho lemalla li-cybersex le ho itšunya-tšunya ha lithethefatsi ' Ho itšetlehile ka lintho tse ngata, litloaelano tse tsitsitseng li tsebahala ho phetha karolo ea bohlokoa. Liphello li bonts'a likamano tse ntle pakeng tsa mekhatlo e tsitsitseng ea litšoantšo tsa bootsoa ka maikutlo a matle le mekhoa e metle ea ho lemalla ho kopanela liphate ka litaba tsa thobalano, khatello ea boitšoaro bo botle ba botona le botšehali, kutloisiso tabeng ea ho khahloa ke thobalano hammoho le takatso ea boithati
  10. Matšoao a ho lemalla ho kopanela liphate le ba bang Inthaneteng a ka kopanngoa le bobeli ba atamela le ho qoba tšusumetso ea litšoantšo tse tsosang takatso: liphello ho latela mohlala oa analog oa basebelisi ba kamehla ba inthaneteng ea Internet (2015) - Liphello li bontšitse hore batho ba nang le litšekamelo tsa ho lemalla ho kopanela liphate ka Inthaneteng ba atisa ho atamela kapa ho qoba tšusumetso ea litšoantšo tsa bootsoa. Ho phaella moo, lipatlisiso tsa boipiletso bo itekanetseng li senoletse hore batho ba nang le thabo e phahameng ea thobalano le boitšoaro bo bobe ba likamano tsa botona le botšehali ba bontšitseng mekhoa e metle ea ho itšoara kapa ho qoba, ba tlalehile matšoao a phahameng a ho lemalla li-cybersex. Lintho tse amanang le ho itšetleha ka lithethefatsi, liphello li bontša hore mekhoa e metle ea ho itšireletsa le ea ho qoba e ka ba le seabo ho ho lemalla ho kopanela liphate le ho kopanela liphate.
  11. Ho khomarela litšoantšo tsa bootsoa? Ho hlokomoloha kapa ho hlokomoloha maemo a ts'oanang le litaba tsa ho kopanela liphate ka litaba tsa ho qoqa le ba bang ka litaba tsa thobalano ho na le maemo a mangata a amanang le matšoao a ts'oaetso ea ho kopanela liphate le ba bang ba libanese (2015 - Batho ba nang le mekhoa e metle ea ho lemalla ho kopanela liphate ka litaba tsa ho kopanela liphate ho bonahala eka ba na le tšekamelo ea ho qoba kapa ho atamela boitsebiso ba bootsoa, ​​joalokaha ho buuoe ka mekhoa e susumetsang ea ho lemala. Liphello tsa lipatlisiso tsa morao-rao tse mabapi le karolo ea mesebetsi ea taolo ea batsamaisi, ke hore e sebetsana le mokhatlo oa prefrontal cortex, bakeng sa nts'etsopele le tlhokomelo ea mathata a sithabetsang a ho sebelisa li-cybersex (joalo ka tlhahiso ea Brand et al., 2014). Haholo-holo ho fokotsa matla a ho shebella tshebediso le ho fetola pakeng tsa boitsebiso bo bobebe le litaba tse ling ka sepheo se nepahetseng e ka 'na ea e-ba mokhoa o mong oa nts'etsopele le ho boloka lithethefatsi tsa litaba tsa thobalano.
  12. Tlhahiso-morao Hamorao Meputso ea Thabo ea Hona Joale: Litšoantšo Tsa Bootsoa Li Sebelisoa ke Nako ea ho Kopanela Liphoso le ho lieha Ho Fumana (2015) - Thuto 1: Barupeluoa ba qetile litšoantšo tse manyala tse hlephisang boitšoaro ba sebelisa lipotso tsa lipotso le mosebetsi oa ho fokotsa litheko ho Time 1 ebe hape libeke tse 'ne hamorao. Barupeluoa ba tlalehang tšebeliso e phahameng ea litšoantšo tsa bootsoa ba bonts'a sekhahla se phahameng sa litheolelo ho Time 2, ba laola ho fokotsa litheolelo tsa pele. Thuto 2: Barupeluoa ba neng ba qoba ho sheba litšoantšo tse manyala tse hlephisang boitšoaro ba bonts'a litheolelo tse tlase ho feta tsa barupeluoa ba neng ba sa je lijo tseo ba li ratang. Sephetho se fana ka maikutlo a hore litšoantšo tse manyala tse hlephisang boitšoaro tsa inthanete ke moputso oa thobalano o tlatselletsang ho liehisa litheolelo ka tsela e fapaneng le meputso e meng ea tlhaho. Ka hona ho bohlokoa ho nka litšoantšo tse manyala tse hlephisang boitšoaro e le tšusumetso e ikhethang lithutong tsa moputso, ho se ts'oenyehe le ho lemalla lithethefatsi le ho li sebelisa ka nepo le kalafong ea motho ka mong.
  13. Ho khaotsa ho kopanela liphate le ho se sebetse ka mokhoa o sa sebetseng Ho lekanyetsa ho lemalla ho kopanela liphate ka thobalano ho banna ba bong bo fapaneng (2015) - Liphuputso tsa morao-rao li bontšitse botsoalle pakeng tsa ts'oaetso ea CyberSex Addiction (CA) le lits'oants'o tsa thabo ea thobalano, le hore ho sebetsana le boitšoaro bo bobe ba thobalano ho buisana le kamano pakeng tsa thabo ea thobalano le matšoao a CA. Sepheo sa thuto ena e ne e le ho leka ho phelisana ena ka mohlala oa banna ba bong bo tšoanang. Lipotso tse hlahlojoang matšoao a CA, ho utloisisa litakatso tsa thobalano, litšoantšo tse manyala tse hlephisang boitšoaro li sebelisa tšusumetso, boitšoaro bo bobe ba likamano tsa botona le botšehali, matšoao a kelello, le boitšoaro bo bobe ba ho kopanela liphate bophelong ba sebele le inthaneteng. Ho feta moo, barupeluoa ba ne ba shebella livideo tsa bootsoa 'me ba bontša hore ba tsosoa ka thobalano pele le ka mor'a video e hlahisa maikutlo. Liphello li ile tsa bontša likamano tse matla pakeng tsa matšoao a CA le matšoao a tsosang takatso ea thobalano le thabo ea thobalano, ho sebetsana le boitšoaro ba thobalano le matšoao a kelello. CA e ne e sa amahanngoa le boitšoaro bo hlephileng ba ho kopanela liphate le nako ea ho sebelisa li-cybersex ka beke le beke. Ho sebetsana le mekhoa ea ho kopanela liphate ho arolelana kamano pakeng tsa thabo ea thobalano le CA. Liphello li tšoana le tse tlalehoang ka banna le basali ba bong bo fapaneng lithutong tsa nakong e fetileng 'me li tšohloa khahlanong le moelelo oa likhopolo-taba tsa CA, tse totobatsang karolo ea ts'ebeliso e nepahetseng le e mpe ka lebaka la tšebeliso ea litaba tsa Inthanete.
  14. Ho lakatsa ka ho toba litšoantšo tse manyala tse hlephisang boitšoaro le ho ithuta ka ho kopanela liphate ho bolela esale pele mekhoa ea ho itšireletsa ka thobalano ka ho kopanela liphate Inthaneteng ka mohlala oa batho ba tloaetseng ho sebelisa li-cybersex (2016) - Ha ho lumellane mabapi le litekanyetso tsa ho hlahloba ho tsuba ha lithethefatsi. Ba bang ba atamela ho ngola lintho tse tšoanang le ho itšetlehile ka lits'ebetso tsa motsoako, tseo thuto ea ho kopanya le eona e leng mokhoa oa bohlokoa. Phuputsong ena, banna ba 86 banna ba bong bo fapaneng ba ile ba qeta Standard Pavlovian ho ea K'hamphieutheng ea Ts'ebetsong e fetotsoeng ka litšoantšo tsa bootsoa hore ba etse lipatlisiso tsa thuto ea ho kopanela liphate ka ho lemalla lithethefatsi tsa litaba tsa thobalano. Ho phaella moo, takatso ea ho ipeha tlas'a ho shebella litšoantšo tsa bootsoa le mekhoa ea ho lemalla ho kopanela liphate ka litaba tsa ho kopanela liphate e ile ea hlahlojoa. Liphello li bontšitse phello ea ho lakatsa ho ipeha kotsing ka mekhoa ea ho lemalla ho kopanela liphate ka litaba tsa ho kopanela liphate, e itekanetseng ke thuto ea mahlahana  Ka kakaretso, liphuputso tsena li supa ho isa karolong e bohlokoa ea thuto ea ho kopanela liphate bakeng sa ntshetsopele ea ho lemalla lithethefatsi ka Inthanete, ha ho fane ka bopaki bo eketsehileng bo matla ba ho tšoana ho teng ho batho ba nang le ts'ebeliso ea lithethefatsi le ho lemalla lithethefatsi ka litaba tsa thobalano
  15. Ho hlahloba kamano pakeng tsa ho qobelloa ho kopanela liphate le mekhoa ea ho ela hloko ka litaba tsa thobalano ho sehlopha sa batho ba kopanelang liphate (2016) - Phuputso ena e pheta se fumanoeng ke thuto ena ea 2014 Cambridge University eo e bapisoang le boikhathollo ba litšoantšo tse tsosang takatso ea boitšoaro bo bobe ba litšoantšo tse hlephisang boitšoaro. Thuto e ncha e fapana: ho e-na le ho bapisa ba lemalloang ke litšoantšo tsa bootsoa, ​​thuto e ncha e tsamaisana le lintlha tse mabapi le lipotso tsa ho lemalla ho kopanela liphate ho ea liphellong tsa mosebetsi o hlahlobang boikarabello ba tlhokomelo (tlhaloso ea khethollo). Phuputso e hlalositse liphello tse peli tsa bohlokoa: 1) Litekanyetso tse phahameng tsa ho kopanela liphate li amana le ho kena-kenana le ho eketsehileng (tšitiso e eketsehileng) nakong ea mosebetsi oa boiketlo. Sena se lumellana le lithuto tsa tšebeliso e mpe ea lithethefatsi. 2) Har'a batho ba nang le lintlha tse phahameng mabapi le ho lemalla thobalano, ho fokotseha lilemo tsa boiphihlelo ba thobalano li amana le e kholoanyane leeme la tlhokomelo. Bangoli ba fihletse qeto ea hore sephetho sena se ka supa hore lilemo tse ngata tsa "thobalano e qobelloang" li lebisa ho tloaelong e kholo kapa ho felloa ke matla ka karabelo ea boithabiso (desensitization). Karolo e qotsitsoeng karolong ea sephetho: “Tlhaloso e ka 'nang ea e-ba teng bakeng sa liphello tsena ke hore ha motho ea kopanelang likamano tsa botona le botšehali a e-na le boitšoaro bo boima ba ho kopanela liphate, tempele e tsosolositsoeng e tsosoa le hore ha nako e ntse e ea, boitšoaro bo feteletseng bo hlokeha bakeng sa boemo bo tšoanang ba ho tsosoa. Ho tsoela pele ho pheha khang ea hore ha motho e mong a e-na le boitšoaro bo bongata ba ho qobella, methapo ea maikutlo e fetoha boitsebiso bo bongata 'bo tloaelehileng' ba ho kopanela liphate kapa litšoantšo le batho ka bomong ba retelehela holong e 'ngoe e feteletseng' e le hore ba tsebe hore na ba batla eng. "
  16. Boikutlo bo fetohileng ka mor'a ho shebella litšoantšo tse manyala tse hlephisang boitšoaro Inthaneteng bo amana le matšoao a Inthanete-litšoantšo tsa bootsoa-ho sheba bothata (2016) - Litlhaloso tse hlahang: Liphetho tsa mantlha tsa thuto ke hore litloaelo tsa ho sheba litšoantšo tsa bootsoa inthaneteng (IPD) li ne li amahanngoa hampe le ho ikutloa o le motle, o tsohile, o khobile matšoafo hape o na le khatello ea kelello bophelong ba letsatsi le letsatsi le sepheo sa ho sebelisa litšoantšo tse manyala tse hlephisang boitšoaro tsa inthanete mabapi le ho batla nyakallo le ho qoba maikutlo. Ntle le moo, litloaelo tsa IPD li ne li amana hampe le maikutlo pele le kamora ho shebella litšoantšo tsa bootsoa inthaneteng le keketseho ea 'nete ea khutso le khutso. Kamano pakeng tsa litloaelo tsa IPD le thabo e batlang ka lebaka la inthanete-ts'ebeliso ea litšoantšo tsa bootsoa e ile ea lekanyetsoa ke tlhahlobo ea khotsofalo e nang le boiphihlelo. Ka kakaretso, liphetho tsa boithuto li tsamaellana le khopolo-taba ea hore IPD e hokahane le tšusumetso ea ho fumana khotsofalo ea thobalano le ho qoba kapa ho sebetsana ka katleho le maikutlo a ferekanyang le mohopolo oa hore maikutlo a fetoha ka mor'a ts'ebeliso ea litšoantšo tsa bootsoa a hokahane le IPD (Cooper et al., 1999 'me Laier le Brand, 2014).
  17. Boits'oaro ba botona le botšehali bathong ba baholo: Mekhatlo ho pholletsa le mefuta e fapaneng ea lik'hamphani, mekhoa ea ho itšoara le ea maikutlo (2016) - Batho ba nang le mathata a ho ba le mathata a thobalano (PSB) ba bontšitse likhaello tse 'maloa tsa kelello. Liphuputso tsena li bontša hore o futsanehile e sebetsang ka katleho (boikaketsi) e leng boko bo ka sehloohong bo hlahang litsing tsa lithethefatsi. Litlhaloso tse 'maloa: Ho latela litšoantšo tsena, hoa khoneha ho latela mathata a hlahang ho PSB le likarolo tse eketsehileng tsa kliniki, tse kang ho senyeha maikutlo maikutlong, ho senyeheloa ke maikutlo a itseng .... Haeba mathata a ho nahanisisa a hlalositsoeng tlhatlhobo ena e hlile e le karolo ea mantlha ea PSB, sena se ka 'na sa e-ba le litlhaloso tse kholo tsa kliniki.
  18. Tšebeliso e sebetsang ea banna ba kopanelang liphate le ba sa kopaneleng liphate Pele ho 'me ka mor'a ho shebella video ea Erotic (2017) - Ho hlahisa litšoantšo tsa bootsoa ho amme bolaoli bo sebetsang ho banna ba nang le "boitšoaro bo hlephileng ba thobalano", empa e seng taolo e nepahetseng. Motsamaisi ea futsanehileng ea sebetsang ha a pepesetsoa litloaelo tse amanang le bokhoba ba tahi ke sesupo sa mathata a lithethefatsi (a bontšang bobeli ba tsona ho fetoloa lipotoloho tsa prefrontal 'me ho hlohlelletsa). Litlhaloso tse latelang: Tlhaloso ena e bontša hore ho na le mekhoa e metle ea ho ba le tsebo ka mor'a ho kopanela liphate ka litekanyetso ho bapisoa le barupeluoa ba qobellang ho kopanela liphate. Ts'ehetso ea litaba tsena e tšehetsa khopolo ea hore banna ba kopanelang liphate ba se ke ba sebelisa monyetla oa ho ithuta ho tsoa phihlelo, e leng se ka etsang hore ho ntlafatsoe boitšoaro bo ntlafetseng. Hape sena se ka utloisisoa e le ho se be le phello ea thuto ka sehlopha sa likamano tsa botona le botšehali ha ba ne ba tsosoa ka thobalano, ho tšoana le se etsahalang nakong ea ts'oaetso ea thobalano, e qalang ka palo e ntseng e eketseha ea ho lemoha thobalano, e lateloa ke ts'ebetsong ea thobalano litokomane le ho hlahisa maikutlo, hangata ho amanang le ho hlaheloa ke maemo a kotsi.
  19. Ho ipapisa le thobalano ea ho kopanela liphate ho etsa hore ho be le likhaello tse kholoanyane tse lebisang tlhokomelo e eketsehileng ho ho ba le litlokotsi tsa Cyber ​​har'a batho (2017) - Liphuputsong tse peli tse pepeselitsoeng litakatso tsa thobalano li hlahisitse: 1) theolelo e liehang ho feta (ho se khone ho liehisa khotsofalo), 2) tšekamelo e kholo ea ho etsa litšebeletso tsa marang-rang, 3) tšekamelo e kholo ea ho reka thepa ea bohata le ho qhekella akhaonto ea motho e mong ea Facebook. Ho bokella sena ho bonts'a hore ts'ebeliso ea litšoantšo tsa bootsoa e eketsa ho se ts'oenyehe ebile e ka fokotsa mesebetsi e meng ea taolo (boits'oaro, kahlolo, ho bona esale pele litlamorao, ho laola maikutlo). Tlhaloso: Liphuputso tsena li fana ka temohisiso leanong la ho fokotsa ho nka karolo ha banna tlolong ea molao ea cyber; ke hore, ka ho pepesehela litakatso tsa thobalano le ts'ehetso ea boithabiso bo liehang. Liphetho tsa hajoale li fana ka maikutlo a hore ho fumaneha ho hoholo ha lits'oants'o tsa thobalano sebakeng sa marang-rang ho ka amana haholo le boits'oaro ba banna ba boitšoaro bo hlephileng ho feta kamoo ho neng ho nahanoa pele.
  20. Li-predictors bakeng sa (Bothata) Tšebeliso ea Inthanete Tšusumetso ea ho kopanela liphate: Karolo ea Tšoaro-tšebetso ea ho kopanela liphate le Tsela e totobetseng Tendencies ho ea ka litaba tsa thobalano (2017) - Litlhaloso tse hlahang: Phuputso ea hona joale e batlisitse hore na tšusumetso ea thobalano le litloaelo le litloaelo tse nepahetseng mabapi le thobalano ke li-predictors tsa bothata ba SEM bo sebetsang le nako ea letsatsi le letsatsi e shebelang SEM. Ka teko ea boitšoaro, re sebelisitse mokhoa oa ho thibela mokhoa oa ho qoba (AAT) bakeng sa ho lekanya mekhoa e metle ea litloaelo tsa thobalano. Tšebelisano e ntle pakeng tsa mokhoa o tsitsitseng oa SEM le nako ea letsatsi le leng le le leng ho shebella SEM e ka hlalosoa ka liphello tse lebisang tlhokomelo: Tloaelo e hlakileng ea mokhoa o ka hlalosoang e le khethollo e lebisang ho SEM. Taba e nang le khethollo ena e ka 'na ea khahloa haholo ke ho kopanela liphate Inthaneteng e etsang hore nako e ngata e sebelisoe liwebong tsa SEM.
  21. Mekhoa e metle ea ho sheba Inthaneteng-litšoantšo tsa bootsoa-sebelisa bothata: Ho fapana ho banna le basali mabapi le ho hlokomoloha litšoantšo tse litšila tse tsosang takatso (2018) - Litlhaloso tse hlahang: Bangoli ba 'maloa ba nka marang-rang-litšoantšo tse manyala tse hlephisang boitšoaro-ts'ebeliso ea mafu (IPD) e le lefu la ho lemalla. E 'ngoe ea mekhoa e ithutileng ka matla ho ts'ebeliso ea lithethefatsi le e seng ea ts'ebeliso ea lithethefatsi ke ts'ehetso e ntlafalitsoeng e lebisang tlhokomelo lintlheng tse amanang le bokhoba. Ho etsa lipatlisiso tsa karolo ea tlhokomelo e hlokolosi ntlafatsong ea IPD, re batlisitse sampole ea barupeluoa ba 174 ba banna le basali. Khethollo ea tlhokomelo e ne e lekantsoe le Visual Probe Task, moo bankakarolo ba neng ba tlameha ho arabela ka metsu e hlahang kamora litšoantšo tsa bootsoa kapa tse sa nke lehlakore. Ntle le moo, barupeluoa ba ne ba tlameha ho bonts'a tsoho ea bona ea thobalano e susumetsoang ke litšoantšo tsa bootsoa. Ntle le moo, litloaelo tsa IPD li ne li lekantsoe ho sebelisoa Teko ea bokhoba ba thobalano ea inthanete. Liphetho tsa phuputso ena li bonts'a kamano lipakeng tsa leeme la tlhokomelo le ho tiea ha matšoao a IPD ka mokhoa o itseng o kopantsoeng ke lits'oants'o tsa ho ts'oaroa hape le ho lakatsa. Liphetho li ts'ehetsa likhopolo tsa mohopolo tsa mofuta oa I-PACE mabapi le boits'oaro ba maikutlo a amanang le bokhoba 'me li tsamaellana le lithuto tse sebetsanang le cue-reactivity le takatso ea mathata a ts'ebeliso ea lithethefatsi.
  22. Tšoaro le boikutlo bo feteletseng ba bo-'mè ba nang le tšekamelo ea ho sheba Inthaneteng-litšoantšo tsa bootsoa-sebelisa bothata (Antons & Brand, 2018) - Litlhaloso tse hlahang: Ho ea ka mekhoa e mabeli ea mekhoa e metle ea lithethefatsi, liphello e ka 'na ea e-ba pontšo ea ho hloka tekano pakeng tsa mekhoa e tsitsitseng le e bonahalang e ka bakoang ke boitsebiso ba litšoantšo tsa bootsoa. Sena se ka fella ka ho lahleheloa ke taolo ho Internet-litšoantšo tsa bootsoa li sebelisa leha ho e-na le liphello tse mpe.
  23. Likarolo tsa ho se tsotelle le likarolo tse amanang le tsona li khetholla pakeng tsa ho ithabisa le ho sa sebelisoe ka molao ho litšoantšo tsa bootsoa tsa Inthanete (Stephanie et al., 2019) Litlhaloso tse latelang:  Batho ba nang le lits'ebeletso tse sa sebelisoang ka molao ba bonts'a lits'ebeletso tse phahameng ka ho fetisisa bakeng sa ho labalabela, ho se tsotelle, ho lieha ho fokotsa, le ho sebetsana ka katleho le boemo bo tlaase, bakeng sa ho sebetsana ka katleho le ho hloka tlhokomelo. Liphello li bontša hore likarolo tse ling tsa ho hloka ts'oaetso le lintho tse amanang le tsona tse kang ho lakatsa le boikutlo bo fosahetseng haholo ke tsa basebelisi ba IP ba seng molaong. Liphetho li boetse li lumellana le mehlala ea mathata a itseng a ho sebelisa Inthanete le boitšoaro bo hlephileng .... Phello e 'ngoe e thahasellisang ke hore boholo ba pheliso ea liteko tsa post-hoc ka metsotso e' ngoe le e 'ngoe ka nako, ha ho bapisoa le basebelisi ba sa sebelisoang ka molao ba sebelisang boithabiso-khafetsa, e ne e le ho feta ha e bapisoa le lebelo ka beke. Sena se ka 'na sa bontša hore batho ba nang le IP e sa sebelisoang ka molao ba na le mathata a ho khaotsa ho shebella IP nakong ea thuto kapa ba hloka nako e telele ho finyella moputso o lakatsehang, o ka bapisoang le mofuta oa mamello ka mathata a sebelisoang ke lithethefatsi.
  24. Etsa hore batho ba se ke ba hlola ba e-na le tšusumetso ea ho kopanela liphate ho baithuti ba likoleta tsa banna ba kopanelang liphate ba sebelisang litšoantšo tsa bootsoa (2019) - Litlhaloso tse hlahang: Ka kakaretso, liphuputso li fana ka maikutlo a hore mokhoa oa ho lemalla lithethefatsi e ka ba karabelo e potlakileng kapa e ikemiselitseng ho feta ho qoba, e ka hlalosoang ke tšebelisano-'moho ea litšekamelo tse ling tsa boits'oaro mekhoeng e lemalloang… .. Ho feta moo, lintlha tsohle ho BPS li ne li tsamaellana hantle le ho atamela lintlha tse ngata tse bontšang leeme, tse bontšang hore bothata bo boholo ba tšebeliso ea litšoantšo tse manyala tse hlephisang boitšoaro li matlafala, 'me mokhoa oa ho atamela litšusumetso tse tsosang takatso o matla le ho feta ..Grant et al., 2010). Litšoantšo tse litšila tse tsosang takatso (haholo-holo tšebeliso e mpe) li ne li amahanngoa le mekhoa e potlakileng ea tšusumetso ea boetsalibe ho e-na le tšusumetso e sa nkeheng, mokhoa o tloaelehileng oa ho atamela o tšoanang le o fumanoang ke mathata a ho sebelisa joala (Field et al., 2008; Wiers et al., 2011), tšebeliso ea li-cannabis (Cousijn et al., 2011; Field et al., 2006), le mathata a sebelisoang ke koae (Bradley et al., 2004). Phapang pakeng tsa likarolo tsa tsebo le mekhoa ea methapo ea kutlo ea metsoako e bakoang ke lithethefatsi tse peli le litšoantšo tse litšila tse tsosang takatso li bonahala li le teng, tse lumellanang le lithuto tsa pele (Kowalewska et al., 2018; Stark et al., 2018).