Ho bua ka lipolelo tse sa tšehetsoeng, litlhaselo tsa botho le ho senya lebitso ke Daniel A. Burgess, LMFT (Hlakubele-Hlakubele, 2018)

SELELEKELA: Burgess o re ke lehlatsipa, leha ho le joalo o ile a qala puisano eohle (Facebook, Twitter), a ngola litlhaloso tse ngata tse nyefolang, mme qetellong a tlola letshwao la kgwebo la YBOP ka ho theha "www.realyourbrainonporn.com. "

Pele ho Hlakola, 2018 ke ne ke qala ho utloa ka Daniel Burgess LMFT. Ka tšohanyetso, ho sa lebelloa Monghali Burgess (@BurgessTherapy) o sebelisitse liforomo tse ngata tsa litaba tsa sechaba ho ntlhasela le YBOP. Ho hlekefetsoa le ho nyenyefatsoa ha Burgess ho etsahetse ho Twitter (tlasa tse 'maloa @YourBrainOnPorn tweets) le Facebook (leqephe la Facebook la YBOP, e 'ngoe ea Maqephe a Facebook a Burgess, Le Leqephe la Facebook la Lenyalo le Lelapa).

Ka Phupu, 2020 Daniel Burgess o ile a ngola lengolo le tlatsitsoeng ka leshano bakeng sa Nicole Prause hore a le sebelise ho itšireletsa khahlanong le sutu ea ka ea Anti-SLAPP. Ke hapile nyeoe joalo ka Prause, le bangoli ba hae ba mangolo, ba pepesitsoe e le leshano kapa ba qapa bopaki: Taelo ea Prause ea ho mo hanela e hanoe e le bosaoana ebile o kolota litefiso tse ngata tsa 'muelli oa molao ka qeto ea ant-SLAPP. Lengolo la Burgess, le ngotsoe ka makhetlo a mangata ho tweet, o ile a tsitlella hore ke eena ea hlasetsoeng hobane ke thehile leqephe la hajoale ho pepesa ho senya lebitso la hae, cyberstalking le tlolo ea letšoao la khoebo. E makatsang ka ho felletseng, joalo ka ha Burgess a qalile ho ikopanya le nna (ho nyenyefatsa litlaleho tse 'maloa tsa litaba tsa sechaba), mme a theha www.realyourbrainonporn.com, e hatakela letšoao la ka la khoebo, ha e ntse e le Ak'haonte ea Twitter (@BrainOnPorn) e ile ea ntlhapaola le ba bang ba bangata (ho kenyeletsoa ho fa moratuoa mora oa ka le mme oa hae). Lengolo la Burgess leshano:

  1. hore ke rometse aterese ea hae ea lapeng le nomoro ea mohala ho YBOP (ha a ka a hlahisa skrini sa sena).
  2. hore ke phatlalalitse "maqephe a makholo a liqoso tse nyefolang" (Burgess o fane ka mehlala e zero ea liqoso tsena tse inahaneloang tse nyefolang). Ke phatlalalitse leqephe lena la hajoale le maqephe a mang a mabeli a mantlha a hlalosang:
  3. hore ke behile "litšoantšo" tsa mosali oa hae le ba lelapa ho YBOP. O bonahala a bua ka avatar e amanang le maikutlo a hae a nyefolang a Facebook - ao ke a hlahisang ka tlase mme a ntseng a le teng leqepheng la ka la Facebook!
  4. hore o ile a fumana “litšokelo tse ngata tsa molao.” Ebile, Burgess e amohetse tse 2 feela khaotsa le ho tlohela mangolo - ka bobeli bakeng sa tlolo ea molao ea letšoao la khoebo la YBOP, eo ea pele a ileng ae hlokomoloha ka boomo.

Na Daniel Burgess ke lehlatsipa kapa moetsi oa molato? U be moahloli.

Re qala ka litokomane tsa puso ea lehlakore le le leng ea Burgess ea cyberstalking le nyeliso:

Leqephe la hau la Facebook la YourBrainOnPorn

Screenshots of Burgess e romella litlhaloso tse ngata tse nyelisang leqepheng la Facebook la YBOP (ke mona moo ke kopaneng le Daniel Burgess ka lekhetlo la pele). Very bohlokoa ho elelloa: ho tloha ka Tshitwe, 2020 Litlhaloso tse mpe tsa Burgess li ne li ntse li le moo. ALitaba tse ncha tsa bosholu, kapa 'na ha ke mo ntša / ba lelapa la hae, li monate. 

Kopanya le leqephe leo ke le fileng Burgess (ha a ka a araba sehokela sena): Tlhekefetso e sa Lokang ea Nicole Prause le Tlatsetso ea Gary Wilson le ba Bang. Tlhokomeliso: Burgess o joalo hona joale Ho bolela hore skrini se boletsoeng kaholimo sa ho ntlhorisa le ho ntlhapaola ho leqephe la ka la Facebook ke "doxing" Oo ke mohlala o motle oa DARVO -  Deny ke tlhekefetso e kileng ea etsahala ka nako eo Asebetsana le motho ea hlokofalitsoeng ka lebaka la ho leka ho etsa hore mofosi a ikarabelle; ebe o bua leshano o re motho ea u hlekefetsang ke eena motho ea hlileng a leng maemong Rho khelosa Victim le Omohlohlello.

Ka tsela, 'doxing' e bolela ho beha tlhaiso-leseling ea lekunutu, eo ke sa kang ka e etsa. Maikutlo a hae ke a sechaba, le leqepheng la YBOP Facebook. Ka hlakoreng le leng, ak'haonte ea Twitter tlameletsoe sebakeng sa marang-rang sa Burgess se seng se sentsoeng (@BrainOnPorn) doxed mora oa ka le mme oa hae makhetlo a mangata (~ 90 tweets tse latelang), ho kenyeletsoa mabitso a bona, linepe tsa poraefete, liaterese, libaka tsa mosebetsi le tlhaiso-leseling ea lichelete.

Ho YBOP Twitter Threads

Nakoana kamora polelo e kaholimo ea lipolelo tsa bohata le liketselletso, Burgess o ile a ea ak'haonteng ea hae e sebelisitsoeng hanyane ea Twitter ho hlatsa letšoele la chefo le drivel e sa tšehetsoeng. Li-tweets tse robong ka tatellano li shebile nna (Burgess o se a hlakotse li-tweets tsena mme a fetola lebitso la akhaonto ea Twitter hore e be @MyAscentTherapy):

Ka "Lenyalo le Lelapa Lingaka”Sehlopha sa Facebook

Nakoana kamora hore Burgess a ntlhasele leqepheng la YBOP la Facebook le ho Twitter, o ile a shebella setho sa 6,000 "Lenyalo le Lelapa Lingaka”Sehlopha sa Facebook (lipolelo tsa hae tse sa tšehetsoeng moo mabapi le YBOP mme lipatlisiso li lebisitsoe karolong e latelang). Likarabo tse leshome le metso e robeli ho Burgess ke litsebi Staci Sprout le Forest Benedict ke bongata ba tse setseng tsa Burgess e nyelisang ka matla. Mona ke mohlala oa e 'ngoe ea litlhaloso tse ngata tsa leqephe la MFT Facebook moo Burgess a ileng a ntlhompholla:

Ho bonahala eka Burgess o ile a khethoa "Lenyalo le Lelapa Lingaka"Sehlopha sa Facebook bakeng sa e nyenyefatsa ba bang ka khoele, leha ho le joalo o se a jala pale ea hae ea tšomo hore I qalile ho ikopanya le mo. Feela ho thoeng ke 'lebitso' leo ke le qalileng e ne e le lengolo la Cease & Desist le eang ho Burgess bakeng sa tlolo ea matšoao a khoebo.

Burgess e Etsa Ak'haonte ea Bohata ea Twitter ho Ntlontlolla le ho Nchorisa

Ka June 14, 2019 ke e romelle khoele e latelang ea Twitter ho araba ho hlekefetsoa le litšila tse tsoang ho "RealYourBrainOnPorn" akhaonto ea Twitter. (Joalo e hlalositsoe mona, Sebaka sa marang-rang sa RealYBOP le liakhaonto tsa litaba tsa sechaba li ne li etsa tlolo ea molao ea khoebo e seng molaong le ho leka ho tšoaea matšoao a khoebo.) Ka la 15 Phuptjane ak'haonte ea "Ron Swanson" e kenang molemong oa ka e re o na le semelo sa molao, a nthusa ka molao:

Tlaleho ea Twitter ea "Ron Swanson" e bonahala e le leshano. Tlhahlobo e potlakileng ea "Ron Swanson's" Twitter e senole hore e ne e le leshano ebile mohlomong e ne e le leetong la ho tšoasa litlhapi.

Ke ne ke belaella "Swanson" ke Burgess hobane, ho li-tweets tsa eona tse 20 feela lilemong tse 3, e neng e hokahane le litšoantšo tsa Burgess le mosali oa hae ba neng ba le tlholisanong ea CrossFit (Burgess o ne a na le leqephe la Facebook Ko Khoan Dan). Tweet ea "Ron Swanson" e nang le sehokela:

Khokahano e ea ho poso ena ea Instagram ea NugentTherapy (leqephe esale e nyamela ka mohlolo). Mecha ea litaba ea sechaba ea Nugent Therapy e bonahala e laoloa ke Burgess!

Ha se lekunutu hore Burgess le mosali oa hae ba kopane CrossFit. O bile a theha a Leqephe la Facebook le hlakisa tsena tsohle (ntjhafatso - ka boiteko ba ho pata bopaki, Burgess o hlakotse leqephe). Tlhokomeliso: hobane Burgess ha a mpehe lebitso feela, oa nkotla, o nthomella mangolo a sokelang ka 'muelli oa hae Giampietro, ea etsang tlolo ea molao ea letshwao le hlakileng, le linyeoe tse amanang le tsona, ke qobelletsoe ho ngola boits'oaro ba hae, le mabitso a hae a marang-rang.

Sephiri sa "Ron Swanson" se rarollotsoe.

Burgess o ile a tsoela pele ho sebelisa ea hae @RonSwansonTime botumo. Motsotso RealYBOP e ngotse lengolo la SoCal ACLU (le hlalositsoeng leqepheng lena) @RonSwansonTime tweeted makhetlo a mane, kaofela ka @YourBrainOnPorn. The @RonSwansonTime Ak'haonte e ne e sa romella letho ho tloha ha li-tweets tsa hae tse peli tsa la 15 Phuptjane li leka ho nqhekella ka tlhahiso ea hae ea boeletsi ba molao ba bohlale. Li-tweets tse 'ne:

Burgess ha a sa leka ho pata taba ea hore ke “@RonSwansonTime".

Ka August 21, 2019, Burgess alias@RonSwansonTime o ile a bula skrini ea li-URL tsa bosholu ba boqhekanyetsi (ea maqephe a sa kang a ba teng). E hlahile tlasa a NerdyKinkyCommie tweet e bua ka 'na. Nerdy ke setsebi sa bohlophisi ba puo le Mothusi-mmoho ea fumaneng tumello ea Twitter ea matsatsi a 7 bakeng sa ho ntlhorisa e hlalositsoe mona). RonSwansonTime e ile ea kenella khoeleng ke Nicole Prause le David Ley - ke ketsahalo e makatsang hakakang.

Li-tweets tsena ke 'na, kapa motho e mong oa pele, ea kileng a utloela ka ho ba teng ha li-URL tsa fake (tsa maqephe a seng sieo bothateng ba Wayback Machine ba YBOP). Tatellano ea pele ea liketsahalo ka la 21 Phato:

  1. NerdyKinkyCommie oa nkopa (bakeng sa 100th nako kapa joalo)
  2. @RonSwansonTime hang-hang kenya li-tweets tsa 2 moheleng, ka li-skrini le lihokelo tsa Mochini oa WayBack
  3. Nicole Prause hang-hang Kopanya khoele
  4. David Ley o eketsa lisente tsa hae tse peli

Eaba ke tsoa @RonSwansonTime joalo ka ha ho khoneha Burgess alias, e e felletse ka "Ron ”a beha ak'haonte ea hae ea Twitter hore e" sirelelitsoe "(bopaki bo bong feela ba hore Ron Swanson ke Burgess ea 'nete).

Hobaneng ak'haonte ea bohata ea Twitter e ka ba ea lekunutu? Ho pata bopaki.

Ka bokhutšoanyane, Burgess o se a qapile lipale tseo ke ileng ka qala ho ikopanya le eena le ho "mo hlasela". Joalokaha u bona, Burgess o leshano. Ke eena mohlohlelletsi eseng motho ea hlokofalitsoeng.

Hape, ka Phato, 2019 tse ling tsa litlhaloso tsa Burgess le liakhaonto tsa litaba tsa sechaba li ile tsa nyamela mme a nkoa e le akhaonto ea Twitter ipatile (@RonSwansonTime). Sena se etsahetse kamora:

  1. liketso tsa molao li senotse hore Daniel Burgess ke mong'a hona joale oa ea sebeleyourbrainonporn.com URL (bakeng sa tse ling tse ngata bona - Letšoao la Boitšoaro la Bohlokoa le Tšoaroang Tlas'a Tlhekefetso e Hlalositsoeng ke Litlokotsi Tsa Bokhoba ba Bootsoa (www.realyourbrainonporn.com)
  2. the realyourbrainonporn.com akhaonto ea Twitter (@BrainOnPorn) tsoela pele a 4-day, 110 + tweet defamprate rampage e lebisang Gary Wilson, ha akhaonto ea imeile ea realyourbrainonporn.com e hlekefetsa metsoalle ea Wilson ka litšila tse tšoanang tse litšila. Bakeng sa lintlha, bona:

Ntle le ts'ebetso e mpe ea tšusumetso e mpe e etsoang ke "Real Brain On Porn ”Tlaleho ea Twitter (e leng liipone Letoto la mashano a Nicole Prause), akhaonto ea Twitter (@BrainOnPorn) hape o ile a nqosa ka ho qaqileng bonyane ka makhetlo a 3:

  1. Ho khopamisa basali ka seqo
  2. Ho etsa litšokelo tsa lefu
  3. Ho kena marang-rang

Ho qosa batho phatlalatsa ka mokhoa o feteletseng oa boitšoaro le boitšoaro bo bobe. Ebile, polelo e kaholimo-limo e nkuoa e le "litšila ka bobeli”- ho bolelang hore ha ke hloke ho bonts'a tšenyo ea khoebo molemong oa ho hlaphoheloa (chelete e tsoang bukeng ea ka e ea ho liphallelo). Boeletsi ba tsa molao bo lumela seo Daniel Burgess ke mokete o hlophisitsoeng ka molao. (Ba bang le bona ba sentsoe lebitso ke akhaonto ea Twitter ea "Real Brain On Porn").

Oo e kholo: Boeletsi ba molao ba Prause le Daniel Burgess lintoeng tsa bona tsa ntoa ba loana le nna ke Wayne B. Giampietro. E ne e le e mong oa babuelli ba molao ba pele ba neng ba itšireletsa backpage.com. Ts'ebetso ea morao-rao e koetsoe ke mmuso oa koporasi "bakeng sa ho thusa ka boomo khoebo ea batho le khoebo ea botekatse." (Bona sena USA Today sehlooho: Qoso ea palo ea 93 ka liqoso tsa bosholu ba thobalano e senotsoe khahlanong le bathehi ba Backpage). Qoso e ile ea qosa beng ba Backpage, hammoho le ba bang, ka morero oa ho etsa 'momori oa ho tsamaisa litlolo tsa botekatse ka webosaete. Ba boholong ba pheha khang ea hore batho ba rekisitsoeng ba ne ba kenyelletsa banana ba lilemong tsa bocha. Bakeng sa lintlha tse mabapi le ho nka karolo ha Giampietro bona - https://dockets.justia.com/docket/illinois/ilndce/1:2017cv05081/341956. Ka phetoho e makatsang, backpage.com thepa e hapiloe ke Arizona, le Wayne B. Giampietro LLC e thathamisitsoeng joalo ka ha e lahleheloa ke $ 100,000.

LITABA:

1) Lehlabula, 2019: Ka la 8, 2019 Donald Hilton, MD o ile a kenya letsoho litšila ka bobeli nyeoe khahlano le Nicole Prause & Liberos LLC. Ka Phupu 24, 2019 Donald Hilton o ile a lokisa tletlebo ea hae ea litšila ho totobatsa (1) tletlebo e mpe ea Texas Board of Medical Examiners, (2) liqoso tsa bohata tsa hore Dr. Hilton o thetsitse mangolo a hae, le (3) afidavit ho tsoa ho bahlaseluoa ba bang ba 9 ba Prause ba ho hlekefetsoa le ho nyelisoa joalo (John Adler, MD, Gary Wilson, Alexander Rhodes, Staci Sprout, LICSW, Linda Hatch, PhD, Bradley Green, PhD, Stefanie Carnes, PhD, Geoff Goodman, PhD, Laila Haddad.)

2) Mphalane, 2019: Ka Mphalane 23, 2019 Alexander Rhodes (mothehi oa reddit / nofap 'me NoFap.com) filed nyeoe ea nyefolo khahlanong le Nicole R Prause 'me Liberos LLC. Bona lekgotla la dinyewe mona. Bona leqephe lena bakeng sa litokomane tse tharo tsa lekhotla la mantlha tse kentsoeng ke Rhodes: Mothehi oa NoFap Alexander Rhode o nyefola nyeoe khahlanong le Nicole Prause / Liberos.

3) Pulungoana, 2019: Kamora nako, phatlalatso e 'ngoe e nepahetseng ea phatlalatso ka moqosi oa leshano oa serial, motho ea silafatsang, ea hlekefetsang, moqhekelli oa matšoao a khoebo, Nicole Prause: "Sehlopha sa tšehetso ea lithethefatsi tsa thobalano tsa" Alex Rhod " ka Megan Fox oa PJ Media 'me "Lintoa tsa bootsoa ha li sebetse ka Mots'eanong oa Pherekhong", ka Diana Davison oa The Post Millenial. Davison o boetse o hlahisitse video ena ea metsotso ea 6 mabapi le boits'oaro bo botle ba boitšoaro ba Prause: “Na Litho Tsa Bootsoa li Lemosa?”.

4) Pherekhong, 2020: Alex Rhodes o ile tletlebo e ntlafalitsoeng khahlanong le Prause e boetse e reha akhaonto ea twitter ea RealYBOP (@BrainOnPorn) joalo ka ho etsa litšila. Bakeng sa pale, le litokomane tsohle tsa makhotla, bona leqephe lena: Mothehi oa NoFap Alexander Rhode o nyefola nyeoe khahlanong le Nicole Prause / Liberos. Leshano la RealYBOP, tlhekefetso, ho senya lebitso, le cyberstalking li se li fumane. The @BrainOnPorn Hona joale Twitter e ntse e rehelloa ka linyeoe tse peli tse senyang lebitso. Li-PDF tsa litokomane tsa lekhotla tse rehang @BrainOnPorn:

Ke mang ea ikarabellang ka molao: tsohle "Litsebi" tsa RealYBOP, or Thapelo, kapa mohlomong Daniel Burgess, ke mang ea ngolisitseng URL ea sebaka sa marang-rang?

Lintlha tse qotsitsoeng tse tsoang tletlebong ea Rhode:

Daniel a Burgess, Nicole Prause le balekane ba ts'oanang le litšoantšo tsa bootsoa ba theha ak'haonte e leeme ea twitter ho ts'ehetsa indasteri ea bootsoa le ho hlekefetsa le ho senya motho mang kapa mang ea buang ka litlamorao tse mpe tsa litšoantšo tsa bootsoa.

 

 

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Daniel a burgess LMFT e na le realyourbrainonporn

Ka la 23 Hlakubele 2020, Alex Rhodes o ile a qosa bohanyetsi ba hae ho ba Prause's ho sisinya. Lifaele tsa hae tsa lekhotla li na le liketsahalo le bopaki bo bocha, bahlaseluoa ba tlatsetso ba Prause, moelelo / semelo se seholo: Bokgutshwanyane - maqephe a 26, Phatlalatso - maqephe a 64, Lipontšo - maqephe a 57. @BrainOnPorn ak'haonte ea twitter e reiloe lebitso hape. Litlhaloso tse hlalosang liketsahalo tsena tse ncha tsa tlhekefetso le ho senya lebitso:

Daniel a burgess LMFT e na le realyourbrainonporn

Ketsahalo e 'ngoe:

Daniel a burgess LMFT e na le realyourbrainonporn

Ebile, @BrainOnPorn e phatlalalitse li-tweets tse makholo tse lebisitseng ho Rhodes le Nofap: Nalane e telele ea Nicole Prause, David Ley & @ BrainOnPorn ea ho hobosa le ho nyelisa Alexander Rhode oa NoFap.

Ha a ntse a Daniel Burgess ho tsejoa hore o ngolisitse URL ea RealYBOP (NthabelleyYour), Bopaki bo tšepahalang ka ho fetisisa bo supa Nicole Prause o theha le ho sebetsa webosaete ea RealYBOP le akhaonto ea Twitter.

RealYBOP e lula e hlekefetsa le ho nyenyefatsa ba buang ka litlamorao tse mpe tsa porno (li-tweets tse fetang 800 selemong sa eona sa pele). Rea ipotsa hore na ke mang ea ikarabellang ka molao @BrainOnPornKe manyala le ho hlekefetsoa? Na ho joalo feela Nicole Prause, kapa ke mong'a sebaka sa marang-rang feela, kapa mohlomong ka bobeli? Kapa tsohle tsa "Litsebi" tsa RealYBOP Ho jara boikarabello ba molao le ba lichelete?

Potso ena ha e na thuso joalo ka ha Prause le RealYBOP Twitter ba ameha linyeoeng tse peli tsa bomenemene (Donald Hilton, MD Mothehi oa Nofap Alexander Rhodes), A nyeoe ea litlolo tsa molao tsa khoebo, 'Me le nyeoe ea squatting squatting. Ebile, li-tweets tse 'maloa tsa RealYBOP li kenyellelitsoe lifilaneng bakeng sa linyeoe tse peli tsa ts'ilafalo, le litlalehong tse amanang le tumellano e hlahisitsoeng ke bahlaseluoa ba bang ba Twitter le Prause le RealYBOP (affidavit # 1, affidavit # 2affidavit # 3affidavit # 4affidavit # 5affidavit # 6affidavit # 7affidavit # 8affidavit # 9affidavit # 10affidavit # 11affidavit # 12, affidavit # 13, affidavit # 14, affidavit # 15, affidavit # 16).

5) Ntlafatso (Phato, 2020): Ka Hlakubele oa 2020, Prause o ile a batla taelo ea nakoana e thibelang (TRO) khahlano le nna a sebelisa "bopaki" bo iqapetsoeng le mashano a hae a tloaelehileng (a nqosa ka bohata hore kea qhekella). Ka kopo ea Prause ea taelo ea thibelo o ile a iketsa eka o re ke rometse aterese ea hae ho YBOP le Twitter (Bofetoheli ha bo bocha ho Prause). Ke ile ka hlahisa nyeoe khahlanong le Prause bakeng sa tšebeliso e mpe ea molao (TRO) hore e khutse le ho nkhathatsa. Ka la 6 Phato, Lekhotla le Phahameng la Los Angeles le ile la ahlola qeto ea Prause ea ho fumana taelo e thibelang khahlanong le 'na e hlahisitse nyeoe ea maano le e seng molaong khahlanong le ho nka karolo ha setjhaba ”(hangata e bitsoang" SLAPP sutu "). Ha e le hantle, Lekhotla le fumane hore Prause o hlekefetsa ts'ebetso ea lithibelo ho ntlhorisa hore ke khutse le ho hatakela litokelo tsa ka tsa ho bua ka bolokolohi. Ho ea ka molao, kahlolo ea SLAPP e tlama Prause ho lefa litefiso tsa 'muelli oa ka.



Ho ea ho YBOP ka Hlakubele, sengoloa sa 2018 se hanyetsanang le nyeliso ea Daniel Burgess le mashano a fapakaneng:

Daniel Burgess o ile a ntlhapaola le ho ntlhorisa mecheng ea litaba tsa sechaba - a khutlisa mashano a tloaelehileng a Nicole Prause le mashano a bosholu boo a bo hlatsoitseng ka lilemo tse 'maloa. Bona maqephe ana a pharalletseng bakeng sa liketsahalo tse makholo tse tlalehiloeng

Ka tloaelo YBOP ha e kenye letsoho khafetsa khafetsa le ad hominem claptrap e ngotsoeng mecheng ea litaba tsa sechaba. Leha ho le joalo, nakoana kamora hore Burgess a ntlhapaole ho leqephe la Facebook la YBOP le ho Twitter, o ile a shebella “Lenyalo le Lelapa Lingaka. ”Hobane Burgess o bontsitse tšilafalo ea hae pela lingaka tse fanang ka tumello ea 6,000 le bamameli ba Facebook ba YBOP, ke bone ho hlokahala hore ke qobelle litlhaloso tsa hae tse mpe (le liqoso tsa hae tse sa tšehetsoeng mabapi le ho etsa lipatlisiso tsa bootsoa pele)

Likarabo tse leshome le metso e robeli ho Burgess ke litsebi tsa bophelo bo botle Staci Sprout le Forest Benedict ke tsona kaofela tse setseng Burgess e nyelisang ka matla. Ho bonahala eka Burgess o lelekiloe "Lenyalo le Lelapa Lingaka"Sehlopha sa Facebook bakeng sa ho nqhekella ka khoele ena.

Leqephe la hajoale le na le litlhaloso tse 'maloa tse ngotsoeng ho Lenyalo le Lelapa Therapist Facebook ka sena Daniel Burgess Tlaleho ea Facebook, e lateloa ke likarabo tsa ka. Litlhaloso tsa Burgess ke maroon ebile li entsoe kahare.



Hlakubele, 2018: Daniel Burgess Bohata, E Lateloa ke Likarabo tsa Gary Wilson

Tsena tsohle ke tsa sebele: ho bua leshano le ho kopanela ad hominem e le hore batho ba se ke ba tobetsa li-link le ho bona bopaki bohle bo hlollang, boo Burgess e ke keng ea bo hanyetsa. O koetlisitsoe hantle ke Phumamelo le Ley le li-cronies tsa bona, empa ha ba tsebe letho ka boemo ba hona joale ba lipatlisiso kapa tsa methapo ea methapo ea ho lemala.

Maikutlo ho Daniel Burgess, ho Lenyalo le Lelapa Lingaka Leqephe la Facebook (le neng le na le khokahano ho YBOP):

Seo se ngotsoe ka 1998 mme re tsoa hole ho tloha ka nako eo: https://www.yourbrainonporn.com/research-articles-and-abstracts

Burgess o qala diatribe ea hae:

Daniel Burgess: ke leboha karabo ea hau. Sengoloa sa Dr. Klein se sebetsa ho feta neng kapa neng. O ntse a itloaetsa le bafuputsi ba phahameng litabeng tsa thobalano. Moo o ileng oa nkamahanya le sebaka sa YBOP sa Gary Wilson. Gary ha a tsejoe ka botlalo ka sehlooho feela. O buile leshano ka mokhoa o pheta-phetoang, o itlhahisa hampe, "mangolo" a hae mme o soma basali moleng. Gary ke bomenemene, esita le CBC e mo supile e le bolotsana. O thathamisa lithuto tse makholo sebakeng sa hae sa marang-rang a phatlalatsa hore na ho bonahala joang hore o lemalla joaloka cocaine. Empa HA HO lipatlisiso tse bolelang ntho e joalo. Monna eo oa thetsa. Phatlalatso e ntle haholo, mohlomong e ka ba boemo ba ho hlahlojoa hampe ha batho ba kantle ho dsm.

SEHLOMO SA GARY WILSON:

1) "GARY O ITlhahisa ka Boeena": Ha ke e-s'o bue leshano, 'me ha ke e-s'o itlhahise hampe. Burgess o fumana lintlha tsa hae tsa ho bua ho tsoa ho Ley & Prause, eo le eena a qobang tšebeliso ea lintho le ho etsa ad hominem le mashano. Prause khafetsa o re ke ipitsa moprofesa, mme o ngola skrini ho tsoa webosaeteng e sa sebetseng, eo ke neng ke qala ho kopana le eona, mme bao mabotho a bona ba neng ba mpitsa moprofesa ka phoso. Bona litokomane mona: Prause ka bohata e bolela hore Wilson o senoletse litlaleho tsa hae hampe. (Ba bang ka phoso ba mpitsitse setsebi sa kelello, setsebi sa methapo ea kutlo, jj. Seo se kaholimo ho matla a ka.) Tsela eo ke itlhalosang ka eona esale e le teng mona, 'me ha e so fetohe - https://www.yourbrainonporn.com/about-us

2) "HO TSOA BASALI NTHANENG": Ha ke e-so theole basali marang-rang kapa marang-rang. Ho na le bopaki ba nnete ba polelo ena e khahlisang ea Burgess kapa Prause, feela ha ho na bopaki ba hore Prause o na le taelo ea ho thibela khahlanong le 'na, kapa seo o tlisitse litlaleho tsa sepolesa tse molaong ka 'na. Lintho tsena li entsoe mona, le tse ling tse ngata:

Ha e le hantle, ke Prause ea kentseng letsoho ho cyber-stalking, ho senya lebitso le ho hlekefetsa nna le ba bang ba bangata (ho feta lilemo tse 7). Likarolo tse 'maloa tse tsoang maqepheng a kaholimo li ngotse mabitso a mangata a basebelisi Prause a sebelisetsoang ho ngola maikutlo ka liforamo tsa ho hlaphoheloa ha litšoantšo tsa bootsoa. O entse sena ho ntlhorisa le ho mphoqa le ho ngangisana le banna ba lekang ho tlohela litšoantšo tsa bootsoa kapa ho hlaphoheloa ho tsoa ho ED Mehlala e 'maloa e joalo:

3) LITLHAKISO TSA HO ITHUTA: Burgess o hlokomoloha lithuto tse hlahlojoang ke lithaka tse thathamisitsoeng leqepheng leo. Lithuto tsohle tsa YBOP li teng moo bohle ba ka bonang. Ha ho letho le 'nileng la sebelisoa hampe. Ka lethathamong la ka, lithuto tsohle li na le litlhaloso tse qaqileng 'me li na le likamano ho lipampiri tsa pele. Burgess e lokela ho nka thepa ea bona. Lintlha tsena ke tsena:

  1. Ho lemalla ho kopanela liphate / thobalano Leqephe lena le thathamisa Liphuputso tse thehiloeng ho 55 tse fanang ka maikutlo a kelello (MRI, fMRI, EEG, lefu la methapo ea pelo, li-hormone). Ba fana ka ts'ehetso e matla bakeng sa mehlala ea ho lemalla lithethefatsi ha lithuto tsa bona li bonahatsa litlhaloso tsa methapong tse tlalehiloeng lithutong tsa lithethefatsi.
  2. Litsebi tsa sebele 'maikutlo a ho lemalla ho kopanela liphate le ho kopanela liphate? Lethathamo lena le na le 29 litlhahlobo tsa morao-rao tsa lingoliloeng le litlhaloso ke tse ling tsa litsebi tsa mantlha tse phahameng ka ho fetisisa lefatšeng. Ts'ehetso eohle ea mohlala oa ho lemalla lithethefatsi
  3. Lipontšo tsa ho lemala le ho nyolohela ho lintho tse feteletseng? Ho feta lipatlisiso tsa 55 liphuputso tsa tlaleho li lumellana le ho eketseha ha tšebeliso ea litšoantšo tsa bootsoa (ho mamella), tloaelo ea bootsoa, ​​esita le matšoao a ho tlohela (matšoao le matšoao a amanang le ho lemala).
  4. Tlhahlobo ea molao? Buka e sebelisoang haholo ka ho fetisisa lefapheng la bongaka, Selemo sa Machaba sa Mafu (ICD-11), e na le tšoaetso e ncha e loketseng ho lemalla lit soant so tsa bootsoa "Bothata ba ho Kopanela Liphate ka ho Kopanela Liphate. "
  5. Ho nyenyefatsa ntlha e sa tšehetsoeng e reng "takatso ea ho kopanela liphate e phahameng" e hlalositse boitšoaro bo hlephileng ba ho kopanela liphate kapa ho lemalla thobalano: Bonyane lithuto tsa 25 li qhekella taba ea hore batho ba kopanelang liphate le ba lemaletseng ho kopanela liphate "ba na le takatso e phahameng ea thobalano"
  6. Lit soant so le mathata a thobalano? Lethathamo lena le na le lipatlisiso tse fetang 40 tse amanang le tšebeliso ea litšoantšo tsa bootsoa / lithethefatsi tsa bootsoa litabeng tsa thobalano le ho fokotsa ho tsosoa takatso ea thobalano. The Liphuputso tsa pele tsa 7 lenaneong li bontša ho baka, kaha barupeluoa ba ile ba tlosa tšebeliso ea litšoantšo tsa bootsoa 'me ba phekola likotsi tse sa feleng tsa thobalano.
  7. Litla-morao tsa litabeng tsa likamano? Lipatlisiso tsa 75 li amahanya litšoantšo tsa bootsoa le ho sebelisa thobalano e nyenyane le khotsofalo ea kamano. Ho ea kamoo re tsebang kateng bohle lithuto tse amanang le banna li tlalehile tšebeliso e mpe ea litšoantšo tse amanang le eona ea futsanehile ho khotsofala ka thobalano kapa kamano.
  8. Ho sebelisa litšoantšo ho ama bophelo ba kelello le kelellong? Liphuputso tse fetang 85 li hokahanya tšebeliso ea litšoantšo tsa bootsoa le bophelo bo futsanehileng ba kelello le maikutlo le litlamorao tse mpe tsa kelello.
  9. Tšebeliso ea litšoantšo e ama litumelo, maikutlo le boitšoaro? Hlahloba lithuto tsa motho ka bomong - ho feta lipatlisiso tsa 40 tse amanang le litšoantšo tsa bootsoa li sebelisa "maikutlo a sa lokelang" ho basali le maikutlo a ho kopanela liphate - kapa kakaretso ea tlhahlobo ea meriana ea 2016: Mecha ea phatlalatso le ho kopanela liphate: Puso ea Boipheliso ba Puso, 1995-2015. Tlhaloso:

Sepheo sa tlhahlobo ena e ne e le ho etsa lipatlisiso tsa lipatlisiso tsa lipatlisiso tsa ho kopanela liphate mecheng ea litaba. Sepheo se ne se lebisitsoe ho lipatlisiso tse hatisitsoeng litabeng tsa lipuo tsa Senyesemane pakeng tsa 1995 le 2015. Kakaretso ea lingoliloeng tsa 109 tse nang le lithuto tsa 135 li ile tsa hlahlojoa. Liphuputso tsena li fane ka bopaki bo tsitsitseng ba hore bohlahlobi ba laboratori le kakaretso ea letsatsi le leng le le leng ho tse kenyelletsoeng letsatsi le leng le le leng li amana ka ho toba le liphello tse ngata, ho kenyelletsa le maemo a phahameng a ho se khotsofale ha 'mele, ho ikemela ho hoholo, tšehetso e kholo ea litumelo tsa thobalano le litumelo tsa thobalano, mamello e kholo ea thobalano ho basali. Ho feta moo, tlhahiso ea liteko ho tsena li lebisa basali le banna ho ba le maikutlo a fokolang a bokhoni ba basali, boitšoaro le botho.

  1. Ho thoe'ng ka tlhekefetso ea ho kopanela liphate le tšebeliso ea litšoantšo Tlhahlobo e 'ngoe ea litlhahlobo: Tlhahlobo ea Litšoantšo tsa Litšoantšo Tsa Litšoantšo Tsa Bootsoa le 'Nete Liketso Tsa Liketso Tsa Botona le Botšehali ho Lipatlisiso ka Kakaretso Tsa Batho (2015). Tlhaloso:

Lipatlisiso tsa 22 tse tsoang linaheng tse fapaneng tsa 7 li ile tsa hlahlojoa. Tšebeliso e ne e amahanngoa le tlhekefetso ea thobalano United States le linaheng tse ling, har'a banna le basali, le lipatlisong tse fapaneng le tsa nako e telele. Mekhatlo e ne e le matla haholo bakeng sa mantsoe ho feta thobalano ea thobalano, le hoja ka bobeli e ne e le ea bohlokoa. Liphello tsa kakaretso li fana ka maikutlo a hore litaba tse mabifi li ka 'na tsa e-ba matla haholo.

"Empa litšoantšo tsa bootsoa ha li sebelise ho fokotsa lipalo tsa ho betoa?Tlhōlisano ea lits'oaetso e ntse e eketseha, ka hona, hlokomoloha liphatlalatso tsa bootsoa bo hlephisang boitšoaro. "

  1. Ho thoe'ng ka tšebeliso ea litšoantšo tsa bootsoa le bacha? Sheba lenane lena la ka lipatlisiso tsa bocha ba 270, kapa litlhahlobo tsena tsa lingoliloeng: tlhahlobo ea # 1, hlahloba2, tlhahlobo ea # 3, tlhahlobo ea # 4, tlhahlobo ea # 5, tlhahlobo ea # 6, tlhahlobo ea # 7, tlhahlobo ea # 8, tlhahlobo ea # 9, tlhahlobo ea # 10, tlhahlobo ea # 11, tlhahlobo ea # 12, tlhahlobo ea # 13, tlhahlobo ea # 14, tlhahlobo ea # 15, lekola # 16.Ka mor'a sephetho sa tlhahlobo ena ea 2012 ea lipatlisiso - Tšusumetso ea Litšoantšo Tsa Bootsoa Inthaneteng ho Bacha: Tlhahlobo ea Lipatlisiso:

Ho ba le monyetla o eketsehileng oa ho kena Inthaneteng ke bacha ba entse menyetla e sa lebelloang ea thuto ea thobalano, thuto le kholo. Ka lehlakoreng le leng, kotsi ea ho ntša kotsi e hlahang libukeng e entse hore bafuputsi ba batlisise bacha ba shebaneng le litšoantšo tse litšila tse tsosang takatso ea lipapali Inthaneteng ho leka ho lemoha likamano tsena. Ka kakaretso, lipatlisiso tsena li bontša hore bacha ba jang litšoantšo tse manyala tse hlephisang boitšoaro ba ka 'na ba ba le litloaelo le litumelo tse sa utloahalang tsa thobalano Har'a lintho tse fumanoeng, litekanyetso tse phahameng tsa maikutlo a ho kopanela liphate a lumellanang le thobalano, ho ameha ka thobalano, le liteko tsa pele tsa thobalano li amana le ho sebelisoa ha litšoantšo tsa bootsoa hangata .... Leha ho le joalo, liphuputso tse tsitsitseng li hlahisitse mokhoa oa bocha oa litšoantšo tsa bootsoa tse bontšang pefo ka likarolo tse eketsehileng tsa boitšoaro bo bobe ba ho kopanela liphate. Lingoliloeng li bontša hore ho na le likamano pakeng tsa bacha ba sebelisang litšoantšo tsa bootsoa le maikutlo a bona. Basali ba tlaleha hore ba ikutloa ba le tlaasana ho basali bao ba ba bonang litabeng tsa bootsoa, ​​ha bashanyana ba tšaba hore ba ka 'na ba se ke ba tšoara kapa ba khona ho etsa joalo ka banna ba mecha ea litaba. Bacha ba boetse ba tlaleha hore tšebeliso ea bona ea litšoantšo tse manyala tse hlephisang boitšoaro e ile ea fokotseha ha ba ntse ba itšepa le ntlafatso ea sechaba. Ho phaella moo, lipatlisiso li bontša hore bacha ba sebelisang litšoantšo tse manyala tse hlephisang boitšoaro, haholo-holo ba fumanoang Inthaneteng, ba na le likarolo tse fokolang tsa ho ikopanya ha batho, ho eketseha ha mathata a boitšoaro, mekhoa e phahameng ea boitšoaro bo hlephileng, matšoao a phahameng a matšoao a nyahamisang, le ho fokotsa likamano tsa maikutlo le bahlokomeli.

4) CBC: CBC ha ea ka ea etsa joalo. Leha ho le joalo, e mong oa bahlahisi ba eona o ile a kopanela leshano le boitšoaro bo bobe. Mona ho na le litlaleho tsa rona tse hlalosang setsing sa ho khutlisa litšoantšo tsa bootsoa mabapi le se ileng sa etsahala le CBC. Hlokomela seo Nicole Prause o ile a ngola (e le Scientific Science) ka khoele e tšoanang (kaha o ne a atisa ho kenya liforomo ho liforomo tse fapaneng ka ho sebelisa li-aliase tse sa tšoaneng) Ka mohlala, o ile a botsa ka boholo ba botona ba ka. (Bo-ralibi haholo.)

HLOKOMELA: Moroetsana oa Nicole Prause oa akhaonto ea hae e ncha ea Twitter o ne a bua ka Gary Wilson le puisano ea CBC. Ha ke khone ho hokahanya le tweet, joalo ka ea mantlha ea Prause Tlaleho ea Twitter e emisitsoe ka ho sa feleng bakeng sa ho hlekefetsa Todd Love, PsyD, JD, eo tlhahlobo ea lingoliloeng o ile a iteta sefuba ho nyatsa mosebetsi oa hae ka mokhoa o nahanang. Ka la 18 le la 19 la "RealScience" ho ile ha ngoloa litlhaloso tse 'maloa tse tšoanang, tse thetsang ka ho lekana e le e ka tlase libakeng tsa marang-rang tse buileng ka Gary Wilson (bona tse ling hape tse 'maloa ka la 18 le la 19 Tšitoe ka "RealScience" kapa "Rasaense oa Sebele").

TLHOKOMELISO: Prause e lebisitse ho 'na le ba bang ba bangata lilemong tse' maloa tse fetileng, ho kenyeletsoa bafuputsi, lingaka tsa bongaka, lingaka, litsebi tsa kelello, basebetsi-'moho le eena ho tloha nakong ea haufinyane ho UCLA, mokhatlo oa liphallelo oa UK, banna ba fola, NAKO mophatlalatsi oa limakasine, liprofesa tse 'maloa, IITAP, SASH, Fight The New Drug, Exodus Cry, koranta ea thuto Scientific Behavioral Sciences, motlatsi oa motsoali oa MDPI, hlooho ea koranta ea thuto CUREUS, le koranta Ho lemalla thobalano le ho qobella (maqephe ana a 2 a fana ka litokomane tse pharalletseng tsa boitšoaro bo boletsoeng: leqephe la 1, leqephe la 2, leqephe la 3leqephe la 4Page 5.

5) COCAINE: Ha ho kae kapa kae YBOP moo ke reng "Litšoantšo tsa bootsoa li tšoana le koae." Leshano le leng ke Burgess. Mona ke Potso ea YBOP e reng porno ha e “joalo ka koae": Na ho lemalla ho kopanela liphate ho bakoa ke tšenyo e ke keng ea qojoa boong?.

HLOKOMELA: Le ha YBOP e sa re koae le meth li "joalo ka litšoantšo tsa bootsoa," ho tsosa takatso ea thobalano le lithethefatsi tse lemalloang li arolelana mekhoa e ts'oanang ea methapo le liphetoho tsa lihormone (tse fapaneng le meputso e meng ea tlhaho ea tlhaho, joalo ka lijo le metsi):

  1. Litakatso tsa ho kopanela liphate le lithethefatsi tse lemalloang li nolofalletsa mefuta e tšoanang ea moputso oa methapo ea methapo ea potoloho. Ka lehlakoreng le leng, ho na le feela karolo e nyenyane ea ts'ebeliso ea methapo ea methapo pakeng tsa lithethefatsi tse lemalang le meputso e meng ea tlhaho e kang lijo kapa metsi. Ho fetola lisele tse tšoanang tsa methapo ea thobalano e thusang haholo ho hlalosa hore na ke hobane'ng ha meth, cocaine le heroine li ka lemalla haholo.
  2. Ho khahlisang ke hore ba lemaletseng heroine hangata ba bolela hore ho thunya "ho utloahala eka ke mokhelo". Ho ts'ehetsa boiphihlelo ba bona, ejaculation e etsisa litlamorao tsa bokhoba ba heroine ho moputso o tšoanang lisele tsa methapo ea kutlo. Ka ho khetheha, ho phalla ho senya dopamine e hlahisang lisele tsa methapo e nyenyefatsang ka tšebeliso ea heroin e sa foleng. Sena ha se bolele hore thobalano e mpe. E re tsebisa feela hore lithethefatsi tse lemalloang li utsoa mekhoa e ts'oanang e re khothalletsang hore re khutlele ka kamoreng bakeng sa romp.
  3. Ho fapana le meputso e meng e se nang lithethefatsi (lijo tsa motsoako kapa tsoekere), empa tse tšoanang le lithethefatsi tsa tlhekefetso, boiphihlelo ba thobalano bo lebisa liphetohong tse tšoarellang nako e telele ka linomoro le mefuta ea mefuta ea methapo ea glutamate ea setsi. Glutamate ke mokokotlo oa methapo ea methapo e fetisang boitsebiso bo tsoang libakeng tse kholo tsa boko ho setsi sa moputso. Ts'ebetso ena e etsa hore setsi sa moputso se be le maikutlo a holimo ho lintho, lipono, menahano kapa mehopolo e amanang le liketso tse ling tsa thobalano.
  4. Ho phaella moo, ka bobeli ho kopanela liphate 'me tšebeliso ea lithethefatsi li lebisa tlhokomelong ea DeltaFosB, protheine e etsang hore liphatsa tsa lefutso li amehe ka ho lemala. Molek'hule e fetola e hlahisa hoo e batlang e tšoana le maemo a mabeli a thobalano 'me tšebeliso e sa foleng ea lithethefatsi. Hore na ke thobalano kapa lithethefatsi tsa tlhekefetso, maemo a phahameng a DeltaFosB a etsa hore boko bo lakatse "IT", ho sa tsotelehe "IT". Lithethefatsi tse lemalloang ha li koeteloe feela lisele tse nang le methapo e nepahetseng e sebelisitsoe nakong ea ho tsosoa ha thobalano, ba khetha mekhoa e tšoanang ea ho ithuta e fetohileng ho re etsa takatso ea thobalano.
  5. Le hoja e le e rarahaneng haholo hoo e ka hlalosang ka ho qaqileng, liphetoho tse ngata tsa nakoana tsa meriana le li-hormone e etsahala ka orgasm tse sa hlahellang ka meputso efe kapa efe ea tlhaho. Tsena li kenyeletsa ho fokotseha ha li-androgen receptors, li-receptor tse eketsehileng tsa estrogen, li-enkephalins tse eketsehileng tsa hypothalamic le ho eketseha ha mali a oxytocin le prolactin.

Ka hona, lintlha tse tloaelehileng tsa ho bua tse kang polelo ena ea sebele e oela ka thōko: "Ha e le hantle, mesebetsi e mengata e phahamisa dopamine, ka hona, litšoantšo tsa bootsoa tsa Inthanete ha li hloke ho feta ho shebella letsatsi kapa ho bapala golf.”Eo ke mantsoe a qotsitsoeng ke setsebi sa thuto ea thobalano (se nang le kutloisiso e sa bonahaleng). Ka mokhoa o ts'oanang, ho karabo ea setsebi sa thobalano Marty Klein ho karabo ea Sengoloa sa Zimbardo & Wilson o ile a re ke Boikutlo ba bokooa ha u shebella litšoantšo tsa bootsoa ha bo fapane le ho shebella letsatsi le likela:

Ntle le moo, boko ba rona bo arabela ka tsela e ts'oanang ha re sikile setloholo kapa re thabela ho likela ha letsatsi. ”

Tlelereke ea Marty Klein e ne e lekoa le ho holisoa khale, thutong ea 2000 fMRI: "Ho lakatsa k'hok'heine e bakoang ke khethollo: ho tsebahala ha basebelisi ba lithethefatsi le tšusumetso e mpe ea lithethefatsi. Phuputso e ne e e-na le lithethefatsi tsa k'hok'heine le litsamaiso tse nepahetseng li shebella lifilimi tsa: 1) batho ba tsubang crack cocaine, 2) liketsahalo tsa ntle tsa tlhaho, le 3) tse hlakileng tsa thobalano. Liphello: lithethefatsi tsa k'hok'heine li ne li batla li tšoana le ha li shebella litšoantšo tsa bootsoa le ho shebella lintlha tse amanang le lithethefatsi tsa bona. (Ka ts'ebetso, bobeli ba cocaine le ho laola bophelo bo botle bo ne bo e-na le mekhoa e tšoanang ea bokooa ba litšoantšo tsa bootsoa.) Leha ho le joalo, bakeng sa lithethefatsi le litsamaiso, mekhoa ea ts'ebetso ea boko ha ho shebella litšoantšo tsa tlhaho e fapane ka ho feletseng le mekhoa ea ho sheba litšoantšo tsa bootsoa. Fumana ntlha ea ho bua ea bohata!

PS - Polelo ea Prause ke hore ho ipholla litho tsa botona kapa botšehali ke ha ho na mokhoa o fapaneng le oa methapo ho feta ho shebella bana ba bapalang (le balateli ba hae ba sa nahaneleng ba pheta tseko ena joalo ka ha ba ne ba tla pheta mantra). Sena Khopolo e sa lumelloeng e lokela ho pepesa Prause ho tloha ho fana ka maikutlo khafetsa ka neuroscience e amanang le CSB.



Daniel Burgess: E re ke fane ka mohlala o le mong feela oa "liphuputso" tsa mahlale tse likete tse khelosang le tse fosahetseng tsa mahlale. Phuputsong e sebelisitsoeng hampe ea "Voon" e sebelisitsoeng hampe " litšoantšo tse manyala tse hlephisang boitšoaro ka tsela e tšoanang le ea batho ba lemaletseng lithethefatsi. ” ; "Phuputso e 'nileng ea lebelloa ea Valerie Voon e totobalitsoeng litokomaneng tsa UK" Porn on the Brain "qetellong e felile. Joalokaha ho ne ho lebelletsoe, bafuputsi ba Univesithi ea Cambridge ba fumane hore basebelisi ba litšoantšo tse litšila tse tsosang takatso ba itšoara ka tsela e ts'oanang le litlamorao tsa lithethefatsi. Kopana le thuto e felletseng - "Neural Correlates ea Thobalano ea Thobalano ho Batho ka bomong ba nang le Likhatello tsa Thobalano le ka ntle ho tsona (2014)"

SEO KE SE BUANG KA SEBELE: Mona ke sehokela sa ho ngoloa ha YBOP ea mantlha mabapi le thuto ea pele ea Voon: Polelo ea ka e ne e nepile joalo ka ha Voon a boletse se tšoanang le seo ke se entseng puisanong ka thuto ea hae le thutong ea hae: Li-Neural Correlates tsa Liketso Tsa ho Kopanela Liphate Tsa Batho ba Kopanetsoeng ka ho Kopanela Liphate ho Batho ba nang le mekhoa ea ho kopanela liphate le ba se nang boikaketsi (Voon et al., 2014)

Puisano le Voon: https://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/science/science-news/10962885/Love-is-the-drug-scientists-find.html

'Ka litsela tse ngata, ba bontša ho ts'oana le boits'oaro ba bona ho bakuli ba lemaletseng lithethefatsi. Re ne re batla ho bona hore na ho tšoana hona ho ne ho bonahala tšebetsong ea boko, hape. ”Ho na le phapang e hlakileng mesebetsing ea boko pakeng tsa bakuli ba nang le boitšoaro bo qobelloang ba thobalano le baithaopi ba phetseng hantle. Liphapang tsena li tšoana le tsa makhoba a lithethefatsi. ”

Ho tsoa thutong ea Voon:

"Mokhoa oa ho sebelisa lithethefatsi-reactivity le litakatso tsa nicotine, k'hok'heine le joala bo bobebe ba marang-rang, ho akarelletsa le ventral striatum, dACC le amygdala 13. Phuputsong ea hona joale, libaka tsena li ile tsa ts'oaetso nakong ea ho shebella lisebelisoa tse hlalosang thobalano ho lihlopha tse nang le CSB le ntle le ntle ho tsona. Tlhokomeliso ea ts'ebetso e matla ea libaka tsena ho barupeluoa ba CSB le baithaopi ba nang le bophelo bo botle ho tšoana le liphuputso tse hlokometsoeng bakeng sa lithethefatsi tse nang le lithethefatsi tse ngata, tse fanang ka maikutlo a ho tšoana ha likokoana-hloko tse fapaneng le mathata ao."

Thuto ea bobeli ea Valerie Voon CSB e akaretsa se fumanoeng liphuputsong tse peli tsa pele tsa Univesithi ea Cambridge:

Liphuputso tsa rona tsa leeme le matlafalitsoeng… li fana ka maikutlo a hore ho ka etsahala ho tlola le ho ba leeme ho hoholo ha ho bonoang lithutong tsa litlhahiso tsa lithethefatsi ha ho na le mathata a tahi.. TLiphuputso tsa maqheku li lumellana le liphetoho tsa morao-rao tsa li-neural reactivity ho lihlooho tse hlalosang ka thobalano lihloohong tsa CSB moeteng o ts'oanang le o amehang lithutong tsa lithethefatsi-reactivity le ho fana ka ts'ehetso bakeng sa ho susumetsa likhopolo tsa ts'ebeliso ea lithethefatsi tse thehiloeng mofuteng oa likamano tsa thobalano lihloohong tsa CSB ho fumana litlhaloso mabapi le litlaleho tsa rona tsa morao-rao hore livideo tse hlalosang thobalano li amahanngoa le mosebetsi o moholoanyane marangrang a neural e tšoanang le a fumanoang lithutong tsa lithethefatsi-cec-reactivity. Takatso e kholo kapa ho batla ho e-na le ho e rata e ne e kopanngoa hape le ts'ebetso ena ho marang-rang a neural. Lithuto tsena hammoho li fana ka ts'ehetso bakeng sa khothatso ea khothatso ea ho lemalla ho lemalla ho arabela ka thobalano ho CSB.

Ho tsoa tlhahlobisong ea 2016 Ka Valerie Voon, Shane Kraus le Marc Potenza: Na boitšoaro bo bobe ba ho kopanela liphate bo lokela ho nkoa e le lithethefatsi? (Kraus et al., 2016).

Ka ho lokolloa ha DSM-5, bothata ba ho becha bo ile ba hlophisoa hape ka mathata a ho sebelisa lithethefatsi. Phetoho ena e ile ea phephetsa litumelo tseo ho lemalla lithethefatsi li entsoeng feela ka ho kenngoa ha lisebelisoa tse fetolang kelello 'me li na le maikutlo a bohlokoa bakeng sa mekhoa ea tsamaiso, thibelo le kalafo. Dathe fana ka maikutlo a hore ho kopanela ka mokhoa o feteletseng mekhoeng e meng ea boitšoaro (mohlala, ho bapala, ho kopanela liphate, ho reka ka thata) ho ka 'na ha arolelana kliniki, liphatsa tsa lefutso, neurobiological le liketsahalo tse ts'oanang le lithethefatsi tse nang le lithethefatsi......

Ho na le litšobotsi tse kopanetsoeng tse teng pakeng tsa CSB le mathata a ho sebelisa lithethefatsi. Mekhoa e tloaelehileng ea methapo ea meriana e ka 'na ea kenya letsoho ho CSB le mathata a ho sebelisa lithethefatsi,' me lipatlisiso tsa morao-rao tsa mahlaseli a mabeli li totobatsa ho tšoana ho amanang le takatso le litakatso tsa tlhokomelo. Meriana e joalo ea meriana le ea psychotherapeutic e ka sebetsa ho CSB le lithethefatsi tsa lithethefatsi

Joalokaha bohle ba ka bona, Burgess o ile a bua leshano feela.

Hape, hobaneng ha Burgess a tebile haholo feela le Voon et al., 2014? Hobaneng ha Daniel Burgess a hlokomoloha se seng Liphuputso tse thehiloeng ho 52 tse fanang ka maikutlo a kelello (MRI, fMRI, EEG, neuropsychological, hormonal) tse thathamisitsoeng ho Leqephe la lithuto tsa boko ba YBOP? (kaofela ba 52 ba fana ka ts'ehetso e matla bakeng sa mohlala oa bokhoba ba lipatlisiso ha lipatlisiso tsa bona li bonts'a liphumano tsa methapo e tlalehiloeng lithutong tsa bokhoba ba lithethefatsi). Mohlomong ke hobane Burgess ha a tsebe hore lithuto tse ling tsa 52 tsa methapo li teng, hobane ho bonahala Prause e le khaba e mo fepang ka lintlha tsohle tsa hae tsa ho bua.



Daniel Burgess: Ketsahalong e 'ngoe Gary o re "Litšoantšo tsa bootsoa li lemalla joaloka meth." 'me ho shebella litšoantšo tsa bootsoa ho tla etsa hore u bete. Ho sebelisa mofuta o mong oa peto o sa amaneng le litšoantšo tsa bootsoa ka tsela efe kapa efe. (https://www.thenakedscientists.com/forum/index.php?topic=54214.0)

GARY WILSON: Leqephe leo Burgess le li hokahanyang le ne le le teng eseng e behiloe ke nna. Ha ke so bone poso eo kapa webosaete eo ho fihlela joale. "Gary Wilson" oa bohata o na le molaetsa o le mong feela o makatsang. Ho bohlokoa ho hlokomela hore Burgess ha a hokahane le saete sa ka - hobane YBOP ha e so ka e re "Litšoantšo tse litšila tse tsosang takatso li tšoana le methapo. ”Burgess o boetse o bua leshano.

Ke mang ea mo fileng poso ea leshano ea "Gary Wilson oa leshano?" Ho tebisa sefahleho sa marang-rang bakeng sa eng kapa eng ka nna. Mohlala, libekeng tse peli tse fetileng Prause o ile a beha litokomane tsa ka tsa mosebetsi oa Univesithing ea Oregon (hammoho le liqoso tse ngata tse mabapi le tsona) ho Quora, Twitter le webosaeteng ea indasteri ea batho ba baholo. O ile a re ka leshano ke re ke lelekiloe. O khonne ho theha thetso eo ka lebaka la tlhaiso-leseling e fumanehang litokomaneng. Litokomane tsa ntho e ngoe le e ngoe e etsahetseng ke tsena, ho kenyeletsoa le Prause ho beha pale e monate webosaeteng ea indasteri ea bootsoa: Nicole Prause le David Ley ba bua ka bolokolohi hore Gary Wilson o lelekiloe Univesithing ea Oregon Boroa

Litokomane li ile tsa tlosoa Quora, 'me Prause e thibetsoe ka ho sa feleng. Twitter o ile a mo thibela ka letsatsi le le leng mme a mo fa temoso. Sebaka sa bootsoa se tloha ka nako eo se tlosa sehlooho se hlabang. Bona:



Daniel Burgess: Basebelisi ba litšoantšo tse litšila tse tsosang takatso ba ne ba labalabela litšoantšo tsa bootsoa (ba batla haholo), empa ba ne ba sena takatso e phahameng ea thobalano (ba e ratang) ho feta taolo. Tlhahiso ena e tsamaellana hantle le mofuta oa hajoale oa tahi, mme e hanyetsa khopolo ea hore "takatso e phahameng ea thobalano" e baka ts'ebeliso e mpe ea litšoantšo tsa bootsoa. Ho nahanoa hore batho ba lemaletseng lithethefatsi ba batla lithethefatsi tsa bona hobane ba li batla - ho fapana le ho li thabela. Ts'ebetso ena e sa tloaelehang e tsejoa e le ts'usumetso, e leng letšoao la mathata a ho lemalla lithethefatsi. ” Romelwa ke admin ka Thu, 07/10/2014 - 16: 09

GARY WILSON: Tlhaloso ea ka ea Voon et al., 2014 e ne e nepile haholo. Voon le eena o ile a bua joalo. Thutong ea hae:

Ha li bapisoa le baithaopi ba phetseng hantle, lihlooho tsa CSB li ne li e-na le takatso ea ho kopanela liphate ka ho fetisisa kapa e batla ho hlahisa maikutlo a hlakileng ' ka tsela eo ho bonts'a khethollo pakeng tsa ho batla le ho rata. Lihlooho tsa CSB le tsona li ne li e-na le mathata a mangata a ts'oaetso ea ho kopanela liphate le mathata a erectile likamano tse haufi-ufi empa eseng ka lihlahisoa tse hlakileng tsa thobalano tse hlalosang hore takatso e matlafalitsoeng e ne e totobetse ho tsebiso e totobetseng mme e sa hlahisoe ke takatso ea thobalano.

Liphello tsa rona tse lebisitsoeng ho CSB ka palo ea batho ka kakaretso li tšoana le mohatla ka ts'ehetso e susumelletsang likhopolo tse hatisoang ke batho ba nang le takatso ea ho ba le lithethefatsi kapa thobalano, empa e seng ea 'ho rata' kapa ea hedonic tone [12].

Mofuta o amohelehang ka ho fetisisa oa lithethefatsi ke "Khothatso ea ho susumetsa "mohlala (IST). Mechine ea IST ke maqheka a mangata-a reactivity kapa a lakatsang ho a sebelisa. Ho na le joale ho teng 25 lithuto tsa methapo ea pelo tse tlalehileng cue-reactivity kapa litakatso (sensitization) ho basebelisi ba ts'oaetso ea bootsoa kapa ba lemaletseng ho kopanela liphate - ho kenyeletsoa le ba Prause Steele et al., 2013. (Hlokomela - Voon e fane ka serapa ho Steele et al., 2013 e re liphumano tsa Prause li bonts'itse seo a se fumaneng - ts'ebetso e kholo ea ho sebetsa hape!)

Liphuputso tse thehiloeng ho Neurosceince tse tlalehang liphetho tse lumellanang le mofuta oa IST oa bokhoba:

  1. Ho shebella Litšoantšo Tsa Litšoantšo Tsa Porn Porn Inthaneteng: Karolo ea Litlhahlobo Tsa ho Kopanela Liphate Tsa Botona le Botšehali le Matšoao a Maiketsetso-Maqakabetsing a Maiketsetso a ho Sebelisa Inthaneteng Litabeng Tsa ho Kopanela Liphate Inthaneteng (2011)
  2. Takatso ea ho kopanela liphate, eseng bosodoma, e amana le likarabo tsa li-neurophysiological tse hlalositsoeng ke litšoantšo tsa thobalano (2013)
  3. Ho lemalla ha Cybersex: Ho tsosoa takatso ea ho kopanela liphate ha motho a shebeletse litšoantšo tse manyala tse hlephisang boitšoaro, eseng liketso tsa ho kopanela liphate le batho ba bang,
  4. Li-Neural Correlates tsa Liketso Tsa ho Kopanela Liphate Tsa Batho ba Kopanetsoeng ka ho Kopanela Liphate ho Batho ba nang le Likhatello tsa Botona le Botšehali ka ho Kopanela Liphate (le 2014)
  5. Bokhoba ba Cybersex ba sebelisang basali ba bong bo fapaneng ba ho sheba litšoantšo tsa bootsoa li ka hlalosoa ka ho khotsofatsa maikutlo (2014)
  6. Boikarabello ba Bopaki le Tlhahlobo ea Theory ka Lintlha Tse Etsang Hore ho be le Tšebeliso ea ho Kopanela Liphate ka Tšebelisano le Boikutlo ba ho Kopanela Liphate ka Tšebelisano le Maikutlo a Maikutlo a Maikutlo (Laier et al., 2014)
  7. Ho ntlafatsa mekhoa ea ho ela hloko ho kopanela liphate ho batho ba nang le mekhoa ea ho kopanela liphate le ba se nang boikaketsi (2014)
  8. Mokhoa o sa tloaelehang, Boemo le ho hlokomoloha litlhohonolofatso tsa thobalano (2015)
  9. Mekhoa ea Neural ea Takatso ea ho Kopanela Liphate ho Batho ba nang le Boitšoaro bo Botle ba ho Kopanela Liphate (2015)
  10. Mekhatlo e tobileng ea ho lemalla ho kopanela liphate ka litaba tsa thobalano: Ho Fetola Tlhahlobo e Kopaneng ea Mokhatlo ka litšoantšo tsa bootsoa. (2015)
  11. Matšoao a ho lemalla ho kopanela liphate le ba bang Inthaneteng a ka kopanngoa le bobeli ba atamela le ho qoba tšusumetso ea litšoantšo tse tsosang takatso: liphello ho latela mohlala oa analog oa basebelisi ba kamehla ba inthaneteng ea Internet (2015)
  12. Ho khomarela litšoantšo tsa bootsoa? Ho hlokomoloha kapa ho hlokomoloha maemo a ts'oanang le litaba tsa ho kopanela liphate ka litaba tsa ho qoqa le ba bang ka litaba tsa thobalano ho na le maemo a mangata a amanang le matšoao a ts'oaetso ea ho kopanela liphate le ba bang ba libanese (2015
  13. Ho khaotsa ho kopanela liphate le ho se sebetse ka mokhoa o sa sebetseng Ho lekanyetsa ho lemalla ho kopanela liphate ka thobalano ho banna ba bong bo fapaneng (2015)
  14. Boikarabello ba ho "Neuroinflammation" ho Pathophysiology ea Hypersexual Disorder (2016)
  15. Boitšoaro bo hlephileng ba ho kopanela liphate: Bo-prefrontal le limbic volume le likamano (2016)
  16. Mesebetsi ea lipapali tsa litšoantšo tse hlephisang boitšoaro ha e bapisoa le litšoantšo tsa litšoantšo tsa bootsoa li tsamaisana le matšoao a ho lemalla litšoantšo tsa bootsoa Inthaneteng (2016)
  17. Boemo bo fetotsoeng ba ho ba le takatso ea ho ba le takatso ea ho ba le takatso ea ho ba le takatso ea ho kopanela liphate (2016)
  18. Ho qobelloa ho qobelloa ho sebelisoa hampe ha meriana ea lithethefatsi le e sa sebeliseng lithethefatsi (2016)
  19. Ho lakatsa ka ho toba litšoantšo tse manyala tse hlephisang boitšoaro le ho ithuta ka ho kopanela liphate ho bolela esale pele mekhoa ea ho itšireletsa ka thobalano ka ho kopanela liphate Inthaneteng ka mohlala oa batho ba tloaetseng ho sebelisa li-cybersex (2016)
  20. Ho hlahloba kamano pakeng tsa ho qobelloa ho kopanela liphate le mekhoa ea ho ela hloko ka litaba tsa thobalano ho sehlopha sa batho ba kopanelang liphate (2016)
  21. Na Litšoantšo Tsa Litšoantšo Tsa Bootsoa li ka ba Tsa Lematsa? Thuto ea fMRI ea Batho ba Batlang Phekolo ea Litšoantšo Tsa Bootsoa Tse Senyang Bothata Sebelisa (2017)
  22. Li-predictors bakeng sa (Bothata) Tšebeliso ea Inthanete Tšusumetso ea ho kopanela liphate: Karolo ea Tšoaro-tšebetso ea ho kopanela liphate le Tsela e totobetseng Tendencies ho ea ka litaba tsa thobalano (2017)
  23. Mekhoa e metle ea ho sheba Inthaneteng-litšoantšo tsa bootsoa-sebelisa bothata: Ho fapana ho banna le basali mabapi le ho hlokomoloha litšoantšo tse litšila tse tsosang takatso (2018)
  24. Likarolo tsa ho se tsotelle le likarolo tse amanang le tsona li khetholla pakeng tsa ho ithabisa le ho sa sebelisoe ka molao ho litšoantšo tsa bootsoa tsa Inthanete (2019)
  25. Etsa hore batho ba se ke ba hlola ba e-na le tšusumetso ea ho kopanela liphate ho baithuti ba likoleta tsa banna ba kopanelang liphate ba sebelisang litšoantšo tsa bootsoa (2019)
  26. Litaba tsa thobalano li fetola ts'ebetso ea ho hopola le ts'ebetso ea kelello ho banna ba nang le boits'oaro bo matla ba thobalano (2020)
  27. Boleng ba moputso bo ikhethileng ba takatso ea thobalano bo bontšitsoe ho criex ea motho le orbitofrontal cortex (2020)
  28. Li-Neuroscience tsa Puisano ea Bophelo: Tlhatlhobo ea fNIRS ea Prefrontal Cortex le Ts'ebeliso ea Litšoantšo ho Basali ba Bacha bakeng sa Nts'etsopele ea Mananeo a Thibelo ea Bophelo (2020)

Ha e le thuto ea Voon e loantšang takatso e phahameng, bafo ba hae ba ile ba fumana lintlha tse tlase ho ASEX, mme ba 11 ba bona ba bile le bothata ba ho tsosoa ntle le ho shebella litšoantšo tsa bootsoa. Ke buile sena hobane Prause o ile a bua leshano la hore thuto ea hae ea 2013 EEG e ts'ehetsa takatso e phahameng: Takatso ea ho kopanela liphate, eseng bosodoma, e amana le likarabo tsa li-neurophysiological tse hlalositsoeng ke litšoantšo tsa thobalano (Steele et al., 2013). Ha e le hantle, Steele le al., 2013 ba ipolela hore ba fumanoe feela ka ho lekanngoa ha likhakanyo tsohle tse bokaneng:

"Ho se tšoane ho hoholo ha P300 ho fapaneng le litakatso tse monate tsa thobalano, ho amana le tšusumetso e sa nkeheng, e ne e le hampe e amanang le mehato ea takatso ea thobalano, empa ha e amana le mehato ea bosodoma. "

Phetolelo: Ka mokhoa o fosahetseng e bolela takatso e tlase. Batho ba nang le ts'oaetso e kholo ea ho sheba litšoantšo tsa bootsoa ba ne ba e-na le takatso e tlase ea ho robala le molekane (empa eseng takatso e tlase ea ho ipholla litho tsa botona kapa botšehali). Ho beha tsela e 'ngoe - batho ba nang le ts'ebetso e eketsehileng ea boko le litakatso tsa bootsoa ba ka mpa ba ipholla litho tsa botona kapa botšehali ho feta ho robala le motho oa' nete. Ka ho makatsang, 'muelli oa thuto Nicole Prause a bolela hore ba sebelisang litšoantšo tsa bootsoa ba mpa ba e-na le "libido e phahameng," leha ho le joalo liphello tsa thuto li re e fapaneng ka ho toba (Takatso ea lihlooho tsa thobalano e arohaneng e ne e theoha mabapi le ts'ebeliso ea bona ea litšoantšo tsa bootsoa). Litokomane tse robeli tse hlahlojoang ke lithaka li hlalosa 'nete: Litlhaloso tse hlahlojoang ke lithaka tsa Steele et al., 2013. Hape sheba YBOP e batsi haholo.

Hlokomela: Lethathamo la lithuto tse fetang 25 tse thetsang polelo ea hore batho ba kopanelang liphate le batho ba lemaletseng ho kopanela liphate "ba na le takatso e phahameng ea thobalano"



Daniel Burgess Teena lipatlisiso li bolela sena qetellong ea tsona; "Liphuputso tsena li fana ka maikutlo a ho kopana hoa marang-rang a bakoang ke mathata a ts'ebeliso e mpe ea lithethefatsi le meputso ea tlhaho. Le ha phuputso ena e ka fana ka maikutlo a ho tlallana ha mathata a ts'ebeliso ea lithethefatsi, lithuto tse ling tsa bongaka li hlokahala ho fumana hore na CSB e lokela ho aroloa e le lefu la ho laola maikutlo, kapa ho lemalla boitšoaro kapa ho lemalla boitšoaro. ”

GARY WILSON: Ke sona seo bo-rasaense ba hlokolosi ba se etsang (ho fapana le Mopesaleme le litlaleho tsa hae tse sa tšehetsoeng, tse kang phetolelo ea hae ea hore "ho tlosa setšoantšo sa bootsoa bo hlephileng ba bootsoa”Ka thuto e fosahetseng e le 'ngoe. Empa seo ha se nyahamise seo Valerie Voon a se fumaneng ka 2014, kapa sephetho sa hae sa bokamoso. Ho bohlokoa ho hlokomela seo Lithuto tse 36 tsa methapo li se li phatlalalitsoe ho kenyeletsoa tse ling tse 4 ke Valerie Voon. Liphetho tsohle li tlaleha tse boneng ho lithuto tsa tlatsetso ea litheko.

Ka 2017, Mongolo o ngotseng tlhaloso ena ho Lancet, Na boitšoaro bo feteletseng ba ho kopanela liphate ke lefu la ho lemala? (Potenza et al., 2017). Mona ke seo Voon a se bolelang hona joale, ho bontša tumelo ea hae ea joale ea hore CSB e lumellana le mokhoa oa ho lemalla:

Lipatlisiso tsa lefu la "neurobiology" la ho qobella batho ho kopanela liphate ka lebaka la ho kopanela liphate li entse hore ho fumanoe liphuputso tse amanang le ho ba le mekhoa e metle, ho ba le boikutlo bo matla ba ho ba le boikutlo ba ho ba le boikutlo ba ho ba le boikutlo ba ho ba le boikutlo bo botle ba maikutlo,. Ho kula ha boitšoaro bo hlephileng ba ho kopanela liphate ho ntse ho nkoa e le lefu la ho laola maikutlo ho ICD-11, tumellanong le pono e boletsoeng e lakatsehang, e tsoetse pele ho kopanela ho sa tsotellehe liphello tse bohloko, ho kopanela liphate, le ho laoloa ho emela likarolo tse ka sehloohong tsa mathata a ho laola maikutlo. Pono ena e ka 'na ea e-ba e loketseng mathata a mang a ho laola maikutlo a DSM-IV, haholo-holo ho bapala papali ea chelete. Leha ho le joalo, likarolo tsena li 'nileng tsa nkoa e le tsona tse ka sehloohong tsa lithethefatsi,' me phetohong e tsoang DSM-IV ho DSM-5, sehlopha sa Impulse Control Disorders Ntle ho E 'ngoe Classified e ne e tsosolosoa, ka ho becha ho thoe lebitso le ho khetholloa e le lefu la ho lemala. Hona joale, mochine oa li-beta oa ICD-11 o thathamisa mathata a ho laola maikutlo, 'me o kenyelletsa khatello ea boitšoaro bo bobe ba ho kopanela liphate, pyromania, kleptomania, le bothata ba ho phatloha ha sekhahla.

Ho kula ha boitšoaro bo hlephileng ba ho kopanela liphate ho bonahala ho lumellana hantle le mathata a sa lemaleng a ho lemalla lithethefatsi a hlophisitsoeng bakeng sa ICD-11, e lumellanang le nako e fokolang ea ho lemalla ho kopanela liphate hona joale e hlophisitsoeng bakeng sa khatello ea boitšoaro bo hlephileng ba ho kopanela liphate Websaeteng ea maqephe a ICD-11. Re lumela hore likarolo tsa khatello ea boitšoaro bo bobe ba ho kopanela liphate e le bothata ba ho lemalla ho lemalla lits'oaetso li lumellana le lintlha tsa morao-rao 'me li ka' na tsa rua lingaka, bafuputsi le batho ba nang le khatello ea lefu lena.



Daniel Burgess Ntle le moo Voon, mofuputsi ea etelletseng pele o tšoenngoa ke tlhaloso, "Voon o potlakela ho hlokomelisa khahlanong le ho sebelisa lithuto tsa hae ho tlolela liqetong tse mabapi le bokhoba ba thobalano kapa litšoantšo tsa bootsoa. Oa hlalosa: "Ho hlokahala lipatlisiso tse ngata." 

GARY WILSON: Maikutlo a Voon a 2014 ha a amane le nna ka letho; o mpa a re lithuto tse ling li hloka ho etsoa. Le lithuto tse ling tse ngata na e phatlalalitsoe ho tloha ka Phupu 2014. Mona ke lithuto tse ling tse 53 tse thehiloeng ho neuroscience, litlhahlobo / litlhaloso tse 29: https://www.yourbrainonporn.com/brain-scan-studies-porn-users.

Burgess e lokela ho potlakela ho potlakisa, joalokaha Voon e phatlalalitse lithuto tsa 4 tse ling tsa maikutlo le litlhahlobo tsa 3 / litlhaloso. Ts'ehetso eohle ea setšoantšo sa lithethefatsi. Lithuto tsa "neuroscience" tsa Voon:

  1. http://medicalxpress.com/news/2015-11-online-porn-sex-addicts-desire.html
  2. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/hbm.23447/full
  3. http://journal.frontiersin.org/article/10.3389/fnbeh.2016.00154/abstract
  4. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4143289/

Ho tsoa litlhalosong tsa morao-rao tsa Valerie Voon - Na ho kopanela liphate ho feteletseng ke bothata bo lematsang? 2017)

Ho kula ha boitšoaro bo hlephileng ba ho kopanela liphate ho bonahala ho lumellana hantle le mathata a se nang lithethefatsi a lemalletsang ICD-11, e lumellanang le nako e fokolang ea ho lemalla ho kopanela liphate hona joale e hlophisitsoeng bakeng sa khatello ea boitšoaro bo bobe ba likamano tsa botona le botšehali mocheng oa boitsebiso oa ICD-11. Re lumela hore tlhalohanyo ea bokhoba ba boitšoaro bo hlephileng ba thobalano e le bokhoba ba ho lemalla lithethefatsi bo tsamaellana le lintlha tsa morao-rao.



Daniel Burgess “Nicole Prause (le mofuputsi le rasaense ea koetlisitsoeng) Univesithing ea California, Los Angeles, o sebelisitse electroencephalography (EEG) ho lekanya maqhubu a boko a batho ba hlahisitsoeng ka litšoantšo tsa thobalano mme ba fumana ho hong ho fapaneng. O hlokometse hore baithaopi ba lumelang hore ba na le bothata ba ho sheba litšoantšo tsa bootsoa ba ile ba itšoara ka litšoantšo tse nang le thabo e tlase bokong, ho fapana le batho ba bang ba lemaletseng ho tobana le mathata. "Batho bana ba kanna ba ba le mathata, empa a mofuta o mong," ho bolela Prause. Bokhoba ha se tsela e ntle ea ho bo utloisisa. ” https://www.1843magazine.com/…/can-you-really-be...

GARY WILSON: Burgess e qotsa sehlooho, se bolelang Prause et al., 2015. Prause o itse o "qhekelletse bokhoba ba litšoantšo tsa bootsoa" ka pampiri e le mong e nang le phoso. Liphetho: Ha li bapisoa le taolo "batho ba nang le mathata a ho laola ho sheba litšoantšo tsa bootsoa" ba ne ba na le likarabo tse tlase tsa bokooa motsotsong o le mong oa litšoantšo tsa litšoantšo tsa porno tsa vanilla. Prause e re liphetho tsena ke "debunk porno."

Ke rasaense ea tummeng ea neng a ka bolela hore thuto ea bona e le 'ngoe e entse qeto ea hore tšimo e tsitsitseng ea thuto? Ha e le hantle, liphuputso tsa Prause et al. 2015 lumellana ka ho phethahetseng le Kühn & GallinaT (2014), e leng ho fumanoang hore litšoantšo tse ling tsa litšoantšo tse litšila tse tsosang takatso li tsamaisana hantle le ho sebelisoa ha boko bo fokolang ho latela litšoantšo tsa litšoantšo tsa vanilla Prause et al. Liphuputso li boetse li lumellana le Banca et al. 2015. Lipalo tse tlase tsa EEG li bolela hore lihlooho ha li ele hloko litšoantšo. Ka mantsoe a bonolo, basebelisi ba litšoantšo tse manyala tse hlephisang boitšoaro khafetsa ba ne ba sa rate litšoantšo tse litšila tsa porno ea vanilla. Ba ne ba jeoa ke bolutu (ba tloaetse kapa ba hloka boithati), e leng se lumellanang le ho lemala. Bona qoso ena e pharalletseng ea YBOP. Lipampiri tse robong tse hlahlojoang ke lithaka lia lumellana hore thuto ena e hlile e fumane boiketlo / bolulo ho batho ba tloaetseng ho sebelisa litšoantšo tsa bootsoa: Tlhatlhobo ea YBOP ea "Module ea Lits'usumetso tse Monate tsa Matsoho ke Litšoantšo tsa Thobalano ho Basebelisi ba Mathata le Bolaoli bo sa lumellaneng le 'Tlatsetso ea Litšoantšo tsa Bootsoa" (Prause et al., 2015) ”

Litokomane tse leshome tse hlahlojoang ke lithaka li lumellana le tlhahlobo ea YBOP of Prause et al., 2015. Khokahanyo ka 'ngoe e ea lintlheng tse loketseng le ho hokahanya le pampiri ea pele.

  1. Ho fokotsa LPP bakeng sa litšoantšo tsa thobalano ka mathata a bootsoa ba basebelisi ba ka 'na ba lumellana le mekhoa e metle ea lithethefatsi. Ntho e 'ngoe le e' ngoe e itšetlehile ka mohlala (Commentary on Prause, 2015)
  2. Boitsebiso bo bongata ba litšoantšo tsa bootsoa Inthaneteng Ho lemalla: Tlhahlobo le Tlhahlobo (2015)
  3. Mokhoa oa ho phekola liketso tsa ho kopanela liphate ka mokhoa o tsitsitseng oa ho kopanela liphate: Setsebi se hlahisang (2016)
  4. Na boitšoaro bo bobe ba ho kopanela liphate bo lokela ho nkoa e le tahi? (2016)
  5. Na Litšoantšo Tsa Bootsoa Tsa Inthanete li baka Mathata a Kopanela Liphate? Tlhahlobo le Litlaleho tsa Bongaka (2016)
  6. Mekhoa ea ho hlokomeleha le e sa hlokomelehang ea maikutlo: Na e khathatsa ka nako e telele ea bootsoa Sebelisa? (2017)
  7. Mekhoa ea ho ba le tšebetso ea kelello ea khatello ea boitšoaro bo hlephileng ba ho kopanela liphate (2018)
  8. Bootsoa bo Inthaneteng: Seo re se Tsebang le Seo re sa se Tsebeng - Tlhahlobo ea Ts'ebetso (2019)
  9. Boqapi le Ntšetso-pele ea Tlhaselo ea ho Kopanela Liphate Tsa Inthanete: Tlhaselo ea Motho ka mong, Mehato ea Matlafatso le Mechine ea Neural (2019)
  10. Etsa maemo a feto-fetohang a ho pepesetsoa ke litšoantšo tse manyala tse hlephisang boitšoaro le pefo li ka ba le phello ho maikutlo a sa tsebeng letho ho banna (2020)

Litlhaloso tse hlahang ho Mateusz Gola's critique of Prause et al., 2015 (Ho fokotsa LPP bakeng sa litšoantšo tsa thobalano ka litšoantšo tse tsosang takatso ea bootsoa) basebelisi ba ka ba ba lumellanang le mekhoa ea ho lemala. Thapeli, 2015).

Sephetho se hlalositsoeng sehloohong sa thuto "Ho feto-fetoha ha litsela tsa morao-rao ka litšoantšo tsa thobalano ho ba sebelisang mathata le litsamaiso tse sa lumellaneng le" lithethefatsi tsa bootsoa " e koetsoe mabapi le IST [mohlala o amohelehang oa ho lemala] ...

Ka bomalimabe, sehlooho se sebete sa Prause et al. (2015) e se e bile le tšusumetso ho mecha ea litaba, ka hona ho hlahisa qeto e sa nepahalang ea saense. Ka lebaka la bohlokoa ba sechaba le ba lipolotiki mabapi le liphello tsa litšoantšo tsa bootsoa, bafuputsi ba lokela ho ela hloko liqeto tse tlang ka hloko haholoanyane...

Joaloka Gola le ba bang ba boletsoeng litlhahlobo tsa lithaka tsa bona, Prause et al., 2015 o ne a e-na le liphoso tse bohloko (joalo ka Steele at al., 2013), joalo ka:

1) Joalo ka Phuputso ea 2013 EEG ea Prause (Steele et al.), lihlooho tsa thuto ena e ne e le banna, basali le mohlomong "e seng batho ba bong bo fapaneng". Bopaki bohle bo fana ka maikutlo a hore Prause o sebelisitse lihlooho tse tšoanang bakeng sa thuto ea hae ea hajoale le thuto ea hae ea 2013: palo ea basali e ts'oana (13) mme lipalo kaofela li haufi haholo (52 vs. 55). Haeba ho joalo, thuto ena ea morao-rao le eona ho kenyelelitsoe "batho bao e seng ba bong bo fapaneng" ba 7. Sena se bohlokoa, hobane se tlōla mokhoa o tloaelehileng oa lithuto tsa lithethefatsi, tseo bafuputsi ba li khethang e lumellanang lithuto ho latela lilemo, tekano, boits'oaro, esita le li-IQ tse tšoanang (garena sehlopha se ts'oanang sa taolo) e le ho qoba ho sotha ho bakoang ke ho se tšoane ho joalo. Sena se bohlokoa ka ho khetheha bakeng sa lithuto tse kang tsena, tse lekantsoeng ho tsosoa litšoantšong tsa thobalano, ha lipatlisiso li tiisa hore banna le basali ba fapane haholo le likarabo tsa bokooa litšoantšong kapa lifilimi tsa thobalano (Liphuputso: 1, 2, 3,  4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14). Phoso ena feela e belaella lithuto tsa EEG tsa Prause.

2) Bafo ba Prause ha baa ka ba hlahlojoa pele. Boithuto bo nepahetseng ba bokhoba ba bokooa bo hlahlobisisa batho ba nang le maemo a seng a ntse a le teng (khatello ea maikutlo, OCD, lithethefatsi tse ling, jj.). Ena ke eona feela tsela eo bafuputsi ba nang le boikarabello ba ka etsang liqeto ka bokhoba ba tahi. Bona file ea Univesithi ea Cambridge e ithuta bakeng sa mohlala oa ho hlahloba hantle le mokhoa o nepahetseng.

3) Lipotso tse peli tsa lipotso tsa Prause tse itšetlehileng ka lithuto tsa bobeli tsa EEG ho lekola "bokhoba ba litšoantšo tsa bootsoa" ha li netefatsoe ho lekola tšebeliso ea litšoantšo tsa bootsoa inthaneteng.

4) Ha ho motho ea tsebang hore na ke bafe ba Prause bao e neng e le makhoba a litšoantšo tsa bootsoa. Ke ka hona ho nang le matšoao a qotsitsoeng khafetsa ho "makhoba a litšoantšo tsa bootsoa" litlhalosong tsa rona tsa lithuto tsena tse 3. Lihlooho li ile tsa hiroa ho tloha Pocatello, Idaho ka lipapatso tsa inthanete tse kopa batho ba "ba na le mathata a laolang maikutlo a bona a litšoantšo tsa thobalano. "Pocatello, Idaho e fetile 50% Mormon, lihlooho tse ngata li ka 'na tsa ikutloa joalo leha e le efe boholo ba tšebeliso ea bootsoa ke bothata bo tebileng. Phuputsong ea 2013 Nicole Prause o lumela hore bafo ba hae ba 'maloa ba ne ba e-na le mathata a nyenyane feela (e leng se bolelang hore e ne e se litlokotsi tsa bootsoa -' me thuto ea hae e ke ke ea bontša letho ka ho lemalla litšoantšo tsa bootsoa):

"Phuputso ena e ne e kenyelletsa feela batho ba tlalehang mathata, ho tloha ho a manyane ho isa ho a sithabetsang, ba laolang pono ea bona ea tšusumetso ea thobalano."

U ke ke ua etsa phoso ea ho lemalla lit soant so tsa bootsoa haeba u sa hlahlobe batho ba lemaletseng lithethefatsi. Esita le liphumano tsa Prause ha li lumellane le mofuta oa IST, lithuto tse ling tsa 24 lithutong tsa CSB li tlaleha ho hloaea le litakatso tsa basebelisi ba litšoantšo tsa bootsoa / ba lemaletseng thobalano: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24.



Daniel Burgess: Garys o arabela joang ho Nicole, rasaense ea hlomphehang? Ha e le hantle, "Prause ke pro-porn".

GARY WILSON: Karabelo ea ka mosebetsing oa Prause ke likhetho moo ke qotsang lipampiri tse hlahlobiloeng ke lithaka tse hlalosang khumamelo, le PhD e nyatsa lipolelo tsa eona. Linthong tsohle tse latelang tse amanang le likopi tsa pele, le likarolo tse hlalosang litemana tsa Prause le litlaleho. Ke phephetsa Burgess ho qoba theko e tlaase ad hominem tlhaselo le ho sebetsana le lihlooho tse itseng tsa lihlooho tsa ka le lihlopha tse amanang le lithaka tseo ke li kopanyang.

1) Seo ke se hlahisang, hammoho le lipampiri tse hlahlobisitsoeng ke litlhahlobo tsa 9 Prause et al., 2015 - Tlhatlhobo ea YBOP ea "Module ea Lits'usumetso tse Monate tsa Matsoho ke Litšoantšo tsa Thobalano ho Basebelisi ba Mathata le Bolaoli bo sa lumellaneng le 'Tlatsetso ea Litšoantšo tsa Bootsoa" (Prause et al., 2015) ”

2) Seo ke se hlahisang, hammoho le lipampiri tse hlahlobisitsoeng ke litlhahlobo tsa 8 Steele et al., 2013 - Tlhahlobo ea YBOP - Bohlokoa ba ho “Steele et al., 2013 ": liphuputso tsa sebele li tšehetsa mohlala oa lithethefatsi tse hlephileng.

Litekanyetso tsa YBOP tsa lipampiri le lingoloa moo Prause e neng e le e mong oa bangoli:

  1. Debunking "Ke Hobane'ng ha re sa Ntšoenyeha ka ho Talima Litšoantšo?? ", E leng Marty Klein, Taylor Kohut le Nicole Prause (2018)
  2. Tlhaloso ea: Lengolo ho mohlophisi "Prause et al. (2015) lits'oants'o tsa morao-rao tsa liketsahalo tsa ho lemalla lithethefatsi" (2016), Nicole Prause, Vaughn R. Steele, Cameron Staley, Dean Sabatinelli, Greg Hajcake
  3. Moemphera ha a na liaparo: Tlhatlhobo ea 'Model Pornography' (2014), David Ley, Nicole Prause & Peter Finn (Ley et al., 2014)
  4. Tlhahlobo ea "Data ha e tšehetse thobalano e le meriana" (Prause et al., 2017)
  5. Tlhaloso ea "Porn" e "Porn Ho ipholla litho tsa botona kapa botšehali" (2019)
  6. Hlahloba: Ke mang ea hlalosang hampe saense litšoantšong tsa bootsoa? (2016)
  7. Li-Propagandists li senya lipapatso tse hlahlojoang ke lithaka le likarolo tsa ho batla tsa ICD-11 ho fana ka boipiletso ba bohata ba hore ICD-11 ea WHO "e hanne lithethefatsi tsa bootsoa le ho lemalla ho kopanela liphate" (2018) "

Burgess ha e na ho bua lentsoe le le leng ho e 'ngoe ea litekanyetso tse kaholimo.

Ha e le Prause, ke seithuti sa mehleng (konteraka e sa nchafalitsoeng morao 2014 / 2015 ea morao-rao) e nang le histori e telele bafuputsi, litsebi, baqolotsi ba litlaleho, banna ba hlaphoheloang, bahlophisi ba Journal, mekhatlo e mengata, le ba bang ba sebete ho tlaleha bopaki ba liketso tse mpe tsa ho sebelisa litšoantšo tsa litšoantšo tsa bootsoa. O bonahala a le joalo e ntle haholo le indasteri ea bootsoa, joalokaha ho ka bonoa ho sena setšoantšo sa hae (ka ho le letona) holim'a sekoahelo se khubelu sa mokete oa lihlopha tsa X-Rated Critics Organization (XRCO). (Ho ea ka Wikipedia the XRCO Awards li fanoa ke Amerika Bahlahlobisisi ba X-Rated Organisation selemo le selemo ho batho ba sebetsang boithabisong ba batho ba baholo 'me ke eona feela meputso ea likhoebo e baholo e bontšang feela e sebelisetsoang litho tsa indasteri.[1]). Hape ho bonahala eka Phumano e ka ba le ba ile ba fumana litšoantšo tsa bootsoa e le lihlooho ho feta lefapheng le leng la indasteri ea bootsoa thahasello, Kopano ea mahala ea puo. Ho boleloa hore lithuto tse fumanoeng ke FSC li sebelisitsoe ho eena ho ithuta ka sethunya ka ba silafetse haholo 'me “Ho Thuisa ho Tloaelehileng” haholo khoebong scheme (e se e le hona joale e fuputsitsoeng ke FBI). Ho qhekella le hona ho entse litšehetso tse sa tšehetsoeng mabapi liphello tsa lithuto tsa hae le eena mekhoa ea ho ithuta. Bakeng sa litokomane tse ngata, bona: Na Nicole Prause o susumelitsoe ke Khoebo ea Bootsoa?



Daniel Burgess: Empa kamehla khutlela ho pseudoscience, ad hominem empa u se na letho leo u ka le bontšang, ke katleho efe ea Gary ea ho felisa tšebeliso ea litšoantšo tsa bootsoa?

GARY WILSON: O fane ka mehlala ea zero ea bo-rasaense kapa ad hominem ke 'na. Ena ke leqheka le tloaelehileng - qosa seo u se etsang. Phatlalatso e ntle ka ho fetisisa.

Gary "sekhahla sa katleho sa ho felisa ts'ebeliso ea porno"?

Lihele li bua ka liheleng?



Daniel Burgess: Leha ho le joalo, motho a ka qeta lilemo a feta likarolong tse likete tse tsoang ho Gary 'me a supa phoso e' ngoe le e 'ngoe.

GARY WILSON: Ke kopa o etse joalo. Joalokaha ba bang ba ka bona, Burgess o ile a khetholla thuto ea Valerie Voon, ha ke e hlalosa ka nepo. Burgess o boetse a bua leshano ka seo ke se buileng ho YBOP (hore meth le cocaine li "tšoana le litšoantšo tsa bootsoa"). Hlokomela hore Burgess ha a hokahane le YBOP ebile ha ho mohla a fanang ka karolo e tsoang ho YBOP.



Daniel Burgess: Esita le bafuputsi ba BYU ba fumana hore sena ke ntho e 'ngoe eo ka nako eo e leng "ho lemalla": Khohlano ea Bolumeli e Etsa Hore Litšoantšo Tsa Bootsoa li Mpe Bakeng sa Likamano
https://www.psychologytoday.com/…/religious-conflict…

GARY WILSON: Ha baa ka ba fumana "ho hong ntle le ho lemalla". Mona ke tlhahlobo ea ka le seo thuto e hlileng e se fumaneng: Tlhahlobo ea: "Thepa tse senyehileng: Pono ea ho lemalla litšoantšo tsa bootsoa joalo ka mosireletsi lipakeng tsa ho ikamahanya le likamano tse amanang le likamano tsa litšoantšo tsa bootsoa." (Leonhardt, Willoughby, & Young-Petersen, 2017)

Bangoli ba thuto ba re David Ley's Psychology Today poso e emetse thuto ea bona hampe - http://www.unskewed.org/thinking-in-black-and-white-a-response-to-the-claim-that-religiosity-cause-the-harms-of-pornography/

Liphuputso tse peli tsa morao-rao tsa Joshua Grubbs li tlaleha hore ho lumela hore u "lemaletse bootsoa" ha ho amane le tumelo. Bona sengoloa sena bakeng sa litlhaloso le lihokela tsa lithuto tse felletseng: Batho ba Bolumeli ba Sebelisa Litšoantšo Tse Nyane Haholo 'me ha ba sa na monyetla oa ho lumela hore ba lemaletse (2017).



Daniel Burgess Leha ho le joalo, bopaki bo bong bo khahlano le bokhoba ba thobalano: "Ho Nahana ka Boko ba Karabelo ea Batho ka Thobalano: Lintlafatso tsa Haufinyane le Litataiso tsa Nako e Tlang" https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5711964/

GARY WILSON: Mongolo ha se boithuto, ke tlhahlobo ea nalane ea "tsoelo-pele ea morao-rao lithutong tsa bongo tsa liteko tsa botona le botšehali tsa batho“. Ha ho na letho pampiring le reng litlolo tsa bootsoa kapa tsa thobalano ha li eo. Sengoloa se tsoang pampiring e mabapi le CSB, se lekanyang likhahla tsa Burgess tse potileng pampiri:

Thahasello ea kelello lefats'eng la ho batla ho kopanela liphate le ntse le fokolisa takatso ea ho kopanela liphate ka ho feteletseng. Liphuputso tse 'maloa tse sebelisoang ka ho kopanela liphate li bontšitse hore boitšoaro ba ho kopanela liphate (aka, boitšoaro bo hlephileng ba ho kopanela liphate, kapa ho sheba litšoantšo tse tsosang takatso ea botona kapa botšehali) bo amana le liphetoho tsa mekhoa e metle ea ho etsa liphate [25-32] le boholo ba boko ba sebaka sa boko [33•, 34] haholo-holo likarolong tsa thobalano e hlokang ho kopanela liphate [14•]. Ketsahalo e ntseng e eketseha litabeng tsa thobalano e bonts'itsoe ho VS [25, 27] hape le ho amygdala bathong ba ho kopanela liphate [25, 27, 28], e leng se bontšang ho khotsofatsa takatso ea thobalano. Ka linako tse ling sena se nkiloe ho tšehetsa khopolo ea ho lemalla boitšoaro bo hlephileng ba bosodoma [35]. Liphuputso tse ling, leha ho le joalo, li bontšitse likamano tse mpe pakeng tsa liketso tsa boko bo bakoang ke ho kopanela liphate le matšoao a bokooa ba hypersexual, ho fana ka maikutlo a ho ameha ha liketsahalo tse fapaneng tse bonahalang li sa lumellane le ho lemalla, joaloka ho fela ha ho arabela kapa ho fokotsa maikutlo [26, 28-30, 34]. Lintlha tsena li ka 'na tsa se ke tsa ikamahanya ka bobeli. Ka mohlala, banna ba ratanang le ba bong bo fapaneng ba ka 'na ba khothatsoa ka litabeng tsa thobalano (tšobotsi ea lithethefatsi)' me habonolo ba lahleheloa ke thahasello kapa ho itlhophisa haeba ho se na monyetla oa ho ntšetsa pele karabo ea thobalano (e le ho ikamahanya le maemo). Ha e le hantle, ka paradigm e hlalositsoeng ka makhetlo a mangata ho bolela ho hlahisa setšoantšo sa litšoantšo tsa bootsoa kapa moputso oa lichelete, tšebetso e entsoeng ka lebaka la liketso ka ACC e ile ea theoha ka potlako ka ho pepeseha hangata ho banna ba nang le bosodoma-empa feela bakeng sa thobalano [26].

(Hlokomela hore pampiri ena ha e hlahlobe lithuto tsohle tsa methapo mabapi le lithuto tsa CSB.)

Ka lehlakoreng le leng, re na le litlhaloso tsa sebele tsa 29 le litlhaloso, tseo kaofela ha tsona li alihelang mekhoa ea ho lemalla lithethefatsi. Lethathamo la li-link tsa lipampiri tsa pele, le likarolo tse ling: https://www.yourbrainonporn.com/brain-scan-studies-porn-users. E hlahisoa ka tlase:

1) Litsebi tsa ho sheba litšoantšo tsa bootsoa Inthaneteng Ho lemalla: Tlhahlobo le Tlhahlobo (Love et al., 2015). Tlhahlobo e hlakileng ea lingoliloeng tsa methapo ea kutlo tse amanang le lithethefatsi tse nyenyane tsa Inthanete, tse nang le tsepamiso e ikhethang ho lithethefatsi tsa lithethefatsi tsa inthanete. Puisano e boetse e hlahloba tse peli EEG ea lihlooho tsa thuto-hlooho ka lihlopha tse tsamaisoang ke Nicole Prause (bao ka bohata ba reng li fumanoe li belaela ho lemalla lithethefatsi). Litlhaloso tse latelang:

Ba bangata ba hlokomela hore mekhoa e 'maloa e ka amang moputso oa potoloho ea boko ba batho e lebisa tahlehelo ea taolo le matšoao a mang a ho lemalla bonyane batho ba bang. Mabapi le lithethefatsi tsa Inthaneteng, lipatlisiso tsa kelello li tšehetsa maikutlo a hore mekhoa e metle ea li-neural e tšoana le ho lemalla lithethefatsi tse ngata ... Khatisong ena, re fana ka kakaretso ea likhopolo tse hlophisitsoeng ho lemalla ho lemalla lithethefatsi le ho fana ka kakaretso ka lipatlisiso tsa sauroscientific ho lemalla lithethefatsi le ts'oaetso ea lipapali tsa Inthanete. Ho feta moo, re ile ra hlahloba lingoliloeng tse fumanehang ka mahlaseli a kotsi litabeng tsa bootsoa tsa Inthaneteng 'me ra kopanya liphello ho mokhoa oa ho lemala. Tlhahlobo ena e lebisa qetong ea hore ho lemalla litšoantšo tse manyala tse hlephisang boitšoaro tsa Inthanete ho lumellana le moralo oa lithethefatsi 'me o arolelana mekhoa e ts'oanang ea lithethefatsi.

2) Bothata ba ho Kopanela Liphate e le Boloetse: Bopaki ba Tlhahlobo, Tlhahlobo le Karabo ho bahlahlobisisi (Phillips le al., 2015), e fanang ka chate e nkang liphoso tse tobileng tsa ho lemalla litšoantšo tsa bootsoa / thobalano, ho fana ka litemana tse ba khahlanong le tsona. Litlhaloso tse latelang:

Joalokaha ho shejoe sehloohong sena, litlhahlobo tse tloaelehileng tsa ho kopanela liphate e le ho lemalla ha molao ha li felle ha li bapisoa le mokhatlo oa metse ea litsebi le tsa saense lilemong tse mashome a seng makae tse fetileng. Ho na le bopaki bo bongata ba saense le ts'ehetso ea thobalano hammoho le mekhoa e meng ea ho amoheloa e le meriana. Ts'ehetso ena e tsoa mekhoeng e mengata ea ts'ebetso mme e fana ka tšepo e hlollang ea ho amohela phetoho ha re ntse re utloisisa bothata. Lilemong tse mashome tsa lipatlisiso le nts'etsopele ea tšebetsong ea meriana le methapo ea kutlo e senola mokhoa oa motheo oa bokooa o amanang le ho lemala. Bo-rasaense ba khelositse litsela tse tloaelehileng tse amanang le boitšoaro bo hlephileng hammoho le phapang pakeng tsa boko ba batho ba lemalloang le ba sa lemaletseng, ho senola lintlha tse tloaelehileng tsa ho lemalla, ho sa tsotellehe hore na ke lintho life kapa boitšoaro. Leha ho le joalo, ho na le khetho pakeng tsa tsoelo-pele ea saense le kutloisiso ea sechaba ka kakaretso, leano la sechaba, le tsoelo-pele ea phekolo.

3) Lithethefatsi tsa Cybersex (Moetso & Laier, 2015). Litlhaloso tse latelang:

Batho ba bangata ba sebelisa li-cybersex, haholo-holo litšoantšo tsa bootsoa tsa Inthanete. Batho ba bang ba lahleheloa ke taolo ka lebaka la tšebeliso ea bona ea Inthanete 'me ba tlaleha hore ba ke ke ba laola mokhoa oa bona oa ho sebelisa li-inthanete le haeba ba ka ba le liphello tse mpe. Lihloohong tsa morao-rao, lithethefatsi tsa ho kopanela liphate Inthaneteng li nkoa e le mofuta o tobileng oa ho lemalla Inthanete. Liphuputso tse ling tsa morao-rao li batlisitse ho tšoana ho teng pakeng tsa ho lemalla li-cybersex le lithethefatsi tse ling tsa boitšoaro, tse kang Internet Gaming Disorder. Ho nahanoa hore ho na le mokhoa oa bohlokoa oa ho lemalla ho kopanela liphate le batho ba bang le ba bang. Hape, mekhoa e metle ea tsoelo-pele ea ho ntlafatsa le ho lokisa lithethefatsi tsa cybersex e kenyeletsa ho holofala ha ho etsa liqeto le mesebetsi ea tsamaiso. Liphuputso tse nang le mekhoa e metle ea tšehetso ea tšehetso ea tšebelisano-'moho le eona li tšehetsa hore ho na le litloaelano tse nang le moelelo pakeng tsa lithethefatsi tsa li-cybersex le tse ling tsa boitšoaro bo hlephileng hammoho le botšepehi.

4) Mokhoa oa ho phekola liketso tsa ho kopanela liphate ka mokhoa o qobelloang: Setsebi se hlahisang (Kraus et al., 2016). Litlhaloso tse latelang:

Le hoja e sa kenyelelitsoe DSM-5, boitšoaro bo bobe ba ho kopanela liphate (CSB) bo ka fumanoa ka ICD-10 e le lefu la ho laola maikutlo. Leha ho le joalo, moqoqo o teng ka sehlopha sa CSB. Lipatlisiso tse ling li hlokahala ho utloisisa hore na likarolo tsa neurobiological li amana joang le litekanyetso tse hlokahalang joaloka liphello tsa kalafo bakeng sa CSB. Ho khetholla CSB e le 'ho lemalla boitšoaro' ho tla ba le liphello tse kholo bakeng sa boiteko ba lipolotiki, thibelo le kalafo ... .. Ho fanoa ka ho tšoana ho teng pakeng tsa lik'homphieutha tsa CSB le lithethefatsi, mehato e sebetsang ea ho lemalla e ka ba le tšepiso bakeng sa CSB, kahoo e fana ka temohisiso mabapi le lipatlisiso tsa nakong e tlang tse tla etsoa lipatlisiso monyetla ona ka ho toba.

5) Na boitšoaro bo bobe ba ho kopanela liphate bo lokela ho nkoa e le lithethefatsi? (Kraus et al., 2016). Litlhaloso tse latelang:

Ka ho lokolloa ha DSM-5, bothata ba ho becha bo ile ba hlophisoa hape ka mathata a ho sebelisa lithethefatsi. Phetoho ena e ile ea phephetsa litumelo tseo ho lemalla lithethefatsi ho entsoeng ka ho kenngoa ha lisebelisoa tse fetohang kelello 'me ho na le maikutlo a bohlokoa bakeng sa mekhoa ea tsamaiso, thibelo le kalafo. Lintlha li bontša hore ho kopanela ka mokhoa o feteletseng litabeng tse ling (mohlala, ho bapala, ho kopanela liphate, ho reka ka thata) ho ka 'na ha arolelana likliniki, liphatsa tsa lefutso, neurobiological le liketsahalo tse ts'oanang le lithethefatsi.

Sebaka se seng se hlokang lipatlisiso tse ngata ho kenyeletsa kamoo liphetoho tsa theknoloji li ka bang le tšusumetso ea boitšoaro ba batho ba thobalano. Ho fanoe ka hore data e bontša hore boitšoaro bo bobe ba ho kopanela liphate bo fanoa ka marang-rang a marang-rang le li-smartphone, lipatlisiso tse eketsehileng li lokela ho nahana ka hore na theknoloji ea digital e amana joang le CSB (mohlala, ho ipholla litho tsa botona kapa botšehali ka ho kopanela liphate) ketsahalong e 'ngoe).

Ho na le litšobotsi tse holimo ho pakeng tsa CSB le mathata a ho sebelisa lithethefatsi. Mekhoa e tloaelehileng ea methapo ea meriana e ka 'na ea kenya letsoho ho CSB le mathata a ho sebelisoa ha lithethefatsi,' me lipatlisiso tsa morao-rao tsa mahlaseli a meholo li totobatsa ho tšoana ho amanang le takatso le litakatso tsa tlhokomelo. Meriana e joalo ea meriana le ea psychotherapeutic e ka sebetsa ho CSB le lithethefatsi tsa lithethefatsi.

6) Motheo oa lefu la bosodoma (Neurobiological)Kuhn le Gallinat, 2016). Litlhaloso tse latelang:

Boitšoaro bo bobe ba boitšoaro le bosodoma bo itseng bo lokela ho re hopotsa hore boitšoaro bo hlephileng bo itšetleha ka mokhoa oa rona oa ho iphelisa. Ho kopanela liphate ke motsoako oa bohlokoa ho pholosa mefuta ea liphoofolo kaha ke tsela ea ho ikatisa. Ka hona ke habohlokoa haholo hore thobalano e nkoa e le monate 'me e na le litšenyehelo tse babatsehang,' me le hoja e ka fetoha lekhoba la ho lemalla ho kopanela liphate ho ka etsoa ka tsela e kotsi le e se nang phello, mokokotlo oa ho lemala o ka ba le merero ea bohlokoa haholo sepheo se setle sa ho phehella batho .... Ho kopanngoa, bopaki bo bonahala bo bolela hore liphetoho tse ka pele ho li-lobe, amygdala, hippocampus, hypothalamus, septum, le boko ba libaka tse etsang hore moputso o phetha karolo ea bohlokoa ho ts'ebetsong ea bosodoma. Liphuputso tsa liphatsa tsa lefutso le mekhoa e meng ea phekolo ea neuropharmacological e bontšang hore karolo ea dopaminergic e sebelisoa.

7) Boitšoaro bo bobe ba ho Kopanela Liphate e le Boits'oaro ba Boits'oaro: Tšusumetso ea Inthanete le Litaba Tse Ling (Griffiths, 2016). Litlhaloso tse latelang:

Ke entse lipatlisiso tsa mekhoa e mengata ea ho lemalla boitšoaro bo hlephileng (ho becha, ho bapala livideo, ho sebelisa marang-rang, ho ikoetlisa, ho kopanela liphate, mosebetsi, joalo-joalo) 'me ke phehile khang ea hore mekhoa e meng ea bothata ba ho kopanela liphate e ka behoa e le ho lemalla ho kopanela liphate, ho itšetlehile ka tlhaloso ea tahi e sebelisoang ....

Ho sa tsotellehe hore na boitšoaro bo bobe ba ho kopanela liphate bo hlalosoa e le boits'oaro bo hlephileng ba ho kopanela liphate (CSB), ho lemalla ho kopanela liphate le / kapa lefu la hypersexual, ho na le ba nang le likete tsa litsebi tsa kelello lefatšeng ho pota ba sebetsanang le mathata a joalo. Ka lebaka leo, bopaki ba bongaka bo tsoang ho ba thusang le ho tšoara batho ba joalo ba lokela ho fuoa matla a ho feta ho sechaba sa mafu a kelello ....

Ha ho pelaelo hore nts'etsopele ea bohlokoahali lebaleng la CSB le bokhoba ba thobalano ke kamoo marang-rang a fetohang le ho tsamaisa CSB. Sena ha sea ka sa boleloa ho fihlela serapa se phethelang, leha ho le joalo lipatlisiso tsa bokhoba ba thobalano inthaneteng (ha li ntse li na le motheo o monyane) li bile teng ho tloha lilemong tsa bo-1990, ho kenyeletsoa le boholo ba mehlala ea batho ba ka bang 10 000. Ebile, ho bile le litlhahlobo tsa morao-rao mabapi le tlhaiso-leseling e mabapi le bokhoba ba thobalano le kalafo inthaneteng. Tsena li hlalositse likarolo tse ngata tse ikhethang tsa inthanete tse ka nolofalletsang le ho susumetsa litloaelo tse lemalloang kamanong le boits'oaro ba thobalano (phihlello, theko e tlase, ho se tsejoe, bonolo, ho baleha, thibelo ea meriana, jj.).

8) Ho Batlisisa Tlhaloso Metsing a Metsing: Tlhahlobo ea nakong e tlang bakeng sa ho khetholla boitšoaro bo bobe ba ho kopanela liphate e le lithethefatsi (Kraus et al., 2016). Litlhaloso tse latelang:

Re sa tsoa hlahloba bopaki ba ho khetholla boitšoaro bo bobe ba ho kopanela liphate (CSB) e le ho lemalla boitšoaro. Tlhahlobo ea rona e fumane hore CSB e kopane le lits'ebeletso tsa meriana, li-neurobiological le liketsahalo tse ts'oanang le tse nang le mathata a ho sebelisa lithethefatsi ....

Le hoja Mokhatlo oa American Psychiatric o hanne boloetse ba hypersexual ho tloha DSM-5, ho hlahlojoa ha CSB (ho feteletseng ho kopanela liphate) ho ka etsoa ho sebelisa ICD-10. CSB e boetse e nkoa ke ICD-11, le hoja ts'ebetso ea eona ea ho qetela e sa tiisehe. Lipatlisiso tsa morao-rao li lokela ho tsoelapele ho matlafatsa tsebo le ho matlafatsa moralo oa kutloisiso ea CSB e ntlafetseng le ho fetolela tlhahisoleseding ena ho ntlafatsa leano, ho thibela, ho hlahlojoa, le boiteko ba kalafo ho fokotsa liphello tse mpe tsa CSB.

9) Na Litšoantšo Tsa Bootsoa Tsa Inthanete li baka Mathata a Kopanela Liphate? Tlhahlobo le Litlaleho tsa Meriana ea Bophelo (Park et al., 2016). Tlhahlobo e pharaletseng ea lingoliloeng tse amanang le mathata a ho kopanela liphate a bakoang ke ho kopanela liphate. Ho kenyeletsa lingaka tsa 7 tsa US Navy le Gary Wilson, tlhahlobo ena e fana ka lintlha tsa morao-rao tse senola tsoho e kholo ea mathata a bocha ba thobalano. E boetse e hlahloba lithuto tsa kelello tse amanang le ho lemalla ho kopanela liphate le boitšoaro ba ho kopanela liphate ka ho sheba litšoantšo tsa bootsoa. Lingaka li fana ka litlaleho tsa lingaka tsa 3 tsa banna ba ileng ba qapa likotsi tsa ho kopanela liphate tse hlephisang boitšoaro. Koranta ea bobeli ea 2016 ea Gary Wilson e bua ka bohlokoa ba ho ithuta liphello tsa litšoantšo tsa bootsoa ka ho ba le bafo ba itšetlehileng ka tšebeliso ea litšoantšo tsa bootsoa: Qoba Lintho Tse sa Lebelloang Tsa Inthanete Litšoantšo Tsa Bootsoa Sebelisa ho Senola Liketso Tsa Bona (2016). Litlhaloso tse latelang:

Lintho tse tloaelehileng tse kileng tsa hlalosetsa mathata a thobalano tsa banna li bonahala li sa lekaneng ho ikarabella bakeng sa ho nyoloha ka matla ho erectile ho se sebetse, ho lieha ho khutsuoa, ho fokotsa khotsofalo ea thobalano le ho fokotsa libido nakong ea thobalano e kopanetsoeng ho banna ba tlas'a 40. Tlhaloso ena (1) e na le maikutlo a tsoang libakeng tse ngata, mohlala, litsebi tsa bongaka, likokoana-hloko (lithethefatsi / urology), kelello (maemo a thobalano), sechaba; le (2) li fana ka litlaleho tsa litlaleho tsa bophelo bo botle, bohle ba ikemiselitse ho fana ka tataiso ea ho etsa lipatlisiso tsa mohlolo ona nakong e tlang. Liphetoho tsamaisong ea ts'ebetso ea boko li hlahlojoa e le mokhoa o ka khonehang oa ho etsa lintho tse amanang le litšoantšo tsa bootsoa. Tlhahlobo ena e boetse e na le bopaki ba hore thepa e ikhethang ea litšoantšo tsa bootsoa Inthaneteng (tlhaho e se nang moeli, monyetla oa hore ho be bonolo ho eketseha ho isa boitsebiso bo feteletseng, lipapali tsa video, joalo-joalo) e ka ba matla a lekaneng ho tsosoa takatso ea ho kopanela liphate likarolong tsa litšoantšo tsa bootsoa tsa Inthanete. -a balekane ba bophelo, joalo ka hore thobalano le balekane ba lakatsang ba ka 'na ba se ke ba ingolisa ha ba lebelloa le ho fokotseha ha bona. Litlaleho tsa meriana ea boipheliso li bontša hore ka linako tse ling ho shebella litšoantšo tse manyala tse hlephisang boitšoaro tsa Inthanete ka nako e '

3.4. Matšoenyeho a amanang le Internet-Mathata a Inthaneteng-Mathata a Kopanela Liphate: Re nahana hore litšoantšo tse manyala tse hlephisang boitšoaro-tse susumelitseng mathata a ho kopanela liphate li akarelletsa ho se tsitsisehe le ho hloka boikemisetso tsamaisong ea ho susumetsa boko [72, 129] le li-neural correlates tsa e 'ngoe le e' ngoe, kapa tse peli, li fumanoe liphuputsong tsa morao-rao ho basebelisi ba litšoantšo tsa bootsoa ba Internet [31, 48, 52, 53, 54, 86, 113, 114, 115, 120, 121, 130, 131, 132, 133, 134].

10) Ho hokahanya ho nahanisisa ka maikutlo le kelello mabapi le tsoelo-pele le tlhokomelo ea mathata a khethehileng a ho sebelisa marang-rang: ho sebelisana ha motho-ho ama moqapi-mokhoa oa ho etsa (Brand et al., 2016). Tlhahlobo ea lits'ebetso tse hlohlelletsang nts'etsopele le tlhokomelo ea mathata a khethehileng a ho sebelisa Inthanete, ho kenyelletsa le "Inthanete-litšoantšo tsa bootsoa-ho shebella bothata". Bangoli ba fana ka maikutlo a hore ho lemalla litšoantšo tsa bootsoa (le ho lemalla lithethefatsi tsa thelevishene) ho khetholloa e le mathata a sebelisoang ke inthanete 'me ba behoa ka meriana e meng ea boitšoaro tlas'a mathata a sebelisoang ke lithethefatsi e le boitšoaro bo hlephileng. Litlhaloso tse latelang:

Le hoja DSM-5 e lebisa tlhokomelo papaling ea Inthanete, mongoli o nang le moelelo o bontšang hore batho ba batlang kalafo ba ka boela ba sebelisa lik'homphieutha tse ling kapa libaka tsa marang-rang.

Ho tswa ho boemo ba hona joale ba lipatlisiso, re fana ka maikutlo a ho kenyelletsa mathata a ho sebelisa Inthanete ho ICD-11 e tlang. Ke habohlokoa ho hlokomela hore ka ntle ho bothata ba ho bapala Inthaneteng, mefuta e meng ea likopo e boetse e sebelisoa ka thata. Tsela e 'ngoe e ka akarelletsa ho kenyelletsa nako e tloaelehileng ea bothata ba ho sebelisa Inthaneteng, e leng ho ka boleloang ka ho hlahloba ts'ebetso ea pele ea khetho e sebelisoang (mohlala, bothata ba ho bapala lipapali tsa Inthanete, bothata ba papali ea papali ea Inthanete, Inthaneteng-bothata ba puisano, le bothata ba ho reka Inthaneteng).

11) Neurobiology ea Bokhoba ba ho Kopanela Liphate: Khaolo ea ho "Neurobiology of Addictions", Oxford Press (Hilton et al., 2016) - Litlhaloso tse hlahang:

Re hlahloba motheo oa boloetse ba ho lemala, ho kenyeletsa ho lemalloa ke tlhaho kapa ts'ebeliso ea lithethefatsi, ebe re tšohla kamoo sena se amanang kateng le kutloisiso ea rona ea ho kopanela liphate e le moputso oa tlhaho o ka sebetsang "o sa tsitsang" bophelong ba motho ka mong ....

Ho totobetse hore tlhaloso ea hona joale le kutloisiso ea ho lemala li fetohile ho thehiloe ke ho phalloa ha tsebo mabapi le kamoo boko bo ithutang le litakatso kateng. Le hoja ho lemalla ho kopanela liphate ho ne ho hlalositsoe ka mokhoa o itšetlehileng ka melao ea boitšoaro, hona joale ho bonahala hape ka lens of neuromodulation. Ba ke keng ba utloisisa kapa ba sa utloisise lintlha tsena ba ka 'na ba tsoela pele ho khomarela pono ea kelello e mengata ea kelello, empa ba khonang ho utloisisa boitšoaro boemong ba biology, paradigm ena e ncha e fana ka tlhaloso e kenyelletsang le e sebetsang ea ho lemalla thobalano e tsebang bo-rasaense le ngaka.

12) Ho Etsa Litsebi Tsa Boea-kelello ho Etsa Litšoantšo Tsa Bootsoa Bo InthanetengStark & ​​Klucken, 2017) - Litlhaloso tse hlahang:

Boteng ba boitsebiso ba bootsoa bo eketsehile haholo ka nts'etsopele ea Inthanete. Ka lebaka la sena, banna ba kopa phekolo ka makhetlo a mangata kahobane litšoantšo tsa bona tsa bootsoa li le matla haholo; ke hore, ha ba khone ho emisa kapa ho fokotsa boitšoaro ba bona bo bothata le hoja ba talimane le liphello tse mpe .... Lilemong tse mashome a mabeli tse fetileng, lithuto tse 'maloa tse nang le litsebi tsa ho sebelisa litsebi tsa mokokotlo, haholo-holo litšoantšo tse sebetsang tsa motlakase (fMRI), li ile tsa etsoa ho hlahloba li-neural correlates tsa ho shebella litšoantšo tse manyala tse hlephisang boitšoaro tlas'a maemo a liteko,' me li-neural correlates tsa litšoantšo tse manyala tse hlephisang boitšoaro li sebelisa. Ho fanoe ka liphello tsa nakong e fetileng, tšebeliso e feteletseng ea litšoantšo tsa bootsoa e ka amahanngoa le mekhoa e seng e tsebahala ea neurobiological e bakang ho hlahisoa ha lithethefatsi tse amanang le lithethefatsi.

Qetellong, re akaretsa lipatlisiso tsena, tse ileng tsa batlisisa likamano tsa ho sebelisa litšoantšo tse manyala tse hlephisang boitšoaro ka mokhoa oa neural. Ho sa tsotellehe ho haelloa ke lithuto tsa longitudinal, hoa utloahala hore litšoaneleho tse hlokometsoeng ho banna ba nang le bothata ba ho kopanela liphate ke liphello tse sa bakoang ke ho sebelisa litšoantšo tse litšila tse tsosang takatso. Boholo ba lipatlisiso bo tlaleha ho matlafatsa ts'ebetsong ea potoloho ho potoloho ea litšebeletso tsa thobalano ho basebelisi ba litšoantšo tse tsosang takatso ho feta litabeng tse laolang, tse bonts'ang ho fumanoa ha lithethefatsi tse amanang le lithethefatsi. Liphello tse amanang le ho fokotseha ha li-prefrontal-ho hlasela-lihlahisoa litabeng tse nang le lithethefatsi tse litšila tse tsosang takatso li ka hlalosoa e le letšoao la ho laola mokhoa oa ho lemoha ho tsebahalang ka boitšoaro bo hlephileng.

13) Na boitšoaro bo feteletseng ba ho kopanela liphate ke lefu la ho lemala? (Potenza et al., 2017) - Litlhaloso tse hlahang:

Ho kula ha boitšoaro bo hlephileng ba ho kopanela liphate (ts'ebetsong e le lefu la hypersexual) ho ne ho nkoa e le ho kenngoa DSM-5 empa qetellong ha e kenyeletsoe, ho sa tsotellehe ho ba le litekanyetso tsa molao le tlhahlobo ea liteko tsa tšimo. Ho kenyelletsoa hona ho sitisitse boiteko ba ho thibela, ho etsa lipatlisiso, le ho phekola, 'me ba siea lingaka ntle le ho hlahlojoa ka molao bakeng sa khatello ea boitšoaro bo bobe ba ho kopanela liphate.

Lipatlisiso tsa lefu la methapo ea pelo ea khatello ea boitšoaro bo hlephileng ba ho kopanela liphate li entse hore ho fumanoe liphuputso tse amanang le ho ba le mekhoa e metle, likarolo tse matla tsa ho susumetsa maikutlo le boitsebiso ba boko bo sebetsanang le boko bo bontšang ho tšoana haholo le lithethefatsi. Ho kula ha boitšoaro bo hlephileng ba ho kopanela liphate ho ntse ho nkoa e le lefu la ho laola maikutlo ho ICD-11, tumellanong le pono e reriloeng ea ho lakatsa, ho tsoela pele ho kopanela ho sa tsotellehe liphello tse bohloko, ho kopanela liphate, le ho fokotsa tšebetso ho emela likarolo tse ka sehloohong tsa mathata a ho laola maikutlo. Pono ena e ne e ka 'na ea e-ba e loketseng mathata a mang a ho laola maikutlo a DSM-IV, haholo-holo ho bapala papali ea chelete. Leha ho le joalo, likarolo tsena li 'nileng tsa nkoa e le tsona tse ka sehloohong tsa lithethefatsi,' me phetoho e tsoang DSM-IV ho DSM-5, sehlopha sa Impulse Control Disorders Ha ho Ntho e 'Ngoe ea Phatlalatso se ne se tsosolosoa, ka ho becha ho thoe lebitso le ho khetholloa e le lefu la ho lemala. Hona joale, mochine oa li-beta oa ICD-11 o thathamisa mathata a ho laola maikutlo, 'me o akarelletsa boloetse ba boitšoaro bo bobe ba ho kopanela liphate, pyromania, kleptomania, le bothata ba ho phatloha ha sekhahla.

Ho kula ha boitšoaro bo hlephileng ba ho kopanela liphate ho bonahala ho lumellana hantle le mathata a sa lemaleng a ho lemalla lithethefatsi a hlophisitsoeng bakeng sa ICD-11, e lumellanang le nako e fokolang ea ho lemalla ho kopanela liphate hona joale e hlophisitsoeng bakeng sa khatello ea boitšoaro bo hlephileng ba ho kopanela liphate Websaeteng ea maqephe a ICD-11. Re lumela hore likarolo tsa khatello ea boitšoaro bo bobe ba ho kopanela liphate e le bothata ba ho lemalla ho lemalla lits'oaetso li lumellana le lintlha tsa morao-rao 'me li ka' na tsa rua lingaka, bafuputsi le batho ba nang le khatello ea lefu lena.

14) Tlhaloso ea "Neurobiology" ea Litšoantšo Tsa Bootsoa Ho lemalla - Tlhahlobo ea bongaka (De Sousa & Lodha, 2017) - Litlhaloso tse hlahang:

Tlhahlobo ea pele e sheba lits'ebeletso tsa mantlha tsa methapo ea meriana ea lithethefatsi le metheo ea motheo ea moputso le mehaho e amehang ka kakaretso ho lemalla leha e le efe. Sepheo se fetotsoe ho lemalla litšoantšo tsa bootsoa le lithuto tse entsoeng ka neurobiology ea boemo bo hlahlojoa. Karolo ea dopamine ho lemalla ho sheba litšoantšo tsa bootsoa e hlahlojoa hammoho le karolo ea mekhoa e meng ea boko joalokaha e bonoa lithutong tsa MRI. Liphuputso tsa fMRI tse amanang le tšusumetso ea ho kopanela liphate tse tsosang takatso li sebelisitsoe ka ho pharaletseng hore li ithute mokhoa oa ho sebelisa litšoantšo tse tsosang takatso ea boitšoaro bo hlephileng ' Phello ea ho lemalla litšoantšo tse tsosang takatso ea ho sheba litšoantšo tse ts'oanang le litšoantšo tse ts'oanang le tsebo ea ts'ebetso e phahameng e boetse e hatisoa.

Ka kakaretso, lihlooho tsa 59 li ile tsa khetholloa tse kenyelletsang litlhaloso, tlhahlobo ea mini le litokomane tsa lipatlisiso tsa pele litabeng tsa litšoantšo tse manyala tse hlephisang boitšoaro, ho lemalla lithethefatsi le methapo ea maikutlo. Litokomane tsa lipatlisiso tse hlahlobisitsoeng mona li ne li lebisitsoe ho tse hlalosang motheo oa neurobiological oa ho lemalla litšoantšo tsa bootsoa. Re kenyelelitse lithuto tse neng li e-na le boholo bo hlakileng ba litekanyetso le mokhoa o nepahetseng oa tlhahlobo ea lipalo. Ho ne ho e-na le liphuputso tse ling le ba fokolang, barupeluoa, litlaleho tsa litaba le lithuto tsa boleng tse ileng tsa hlahlojoa hape bakeng sa pampiri ena. Bangoli bao ba ile ba hlahloba lipampiri tsohle le tse bohlokoa ka ho fetisisa tse khethiloeng bakeng sa tlhahlobo ena. Sena se ile sa eketsoa ka ho eketsehileng le phihlelo ea botho ea bakuli ba sebetsang khafetsa le bakuli moo ho lemalla litšoantšo tsa bootsoa le ho shebella litlhaku ke letšoao le sithabetsang. Bangoli le bona ba na le phihlelo ea kelello ea lefu lena le bakuli bana ba nang le bohlokoa bo eketsehileng ho kutloisiso ea neurobiological.

15) Bopaki ba Pudding boa latsoa: Ditaba di hlokeha ho leka lits'oants'o le likhopolo tse amanang le likhatello tsa ho kopanela liphate ka ho kopanela liphate (Gola le Potenza, 2018) - Litlhaloso tse hlahang:

Joalokaha ho hlalositsoe libakeng tse ling (Kraus, Voon, & Potenza, 2016a), ho na le palo e ntseng e eketseha ea lingoliloeng ho CSB, e fihletseng ho feta 11,400 ka 2015. Leha ho le joalo, lipotso tsa mantlha mabapi le mohopolo oa CSB li lula li sa arajoa (Potenza, Gola, Voon, Kor, & Kraus, 2017). E ka ba hoa bohlokoa ho hlahloba hore na DSM le Kemiso ea Machaba ea Maloetse (ICD) e sebetsana le mekhoa ea tlhaloso le ea lihlopha. Ha re etsa joalo, re nahana hore ho bohlokoa ho tsepamisa mohopolo tabeng ea papali ea papali ea chelete (eo hape e tsejoang e le papali ea papali ea chelete) le kamoo e neng e nkoa kateng DSM-IV le DSM-5 (hammoho le ICD-10 le ICD-11 e tlang). Ho DSM-IV, papali ea papali ea papali ea mali e ne e arotsoe e le "Bothata ba ho Laola-Tšusumetso e sa Bitseng." Ka DSM-5, e ile ea hlophisoa hape e le "Mathata a amanang le 'mele le Matšoenyeho a" Addictive Disorder ". Tsela e tšoanang e lokela ho sebelisoa ho CSB, e ntseng e nkoa e le hona joale e le lefu la ho laola maikutlo ho ICD-11 (Grant et al., 2014;; Kraus et al., 2018) ....

Har'a libaka tse ka 'nang tsa fana ka maikutlo a ho tšoana pakeng tsa CSB le mathata a ho lemalla ke lithuto tsa mahlaseli, ka lipatlisiso tse' maloa tsa morao-rao tse sa lumelloeng ke Walton et al. (2017). Liphuputso tsa mantlha li ne li hlahloba CSB mabapi le mefuta ea bokhoba ba tahi (e hlahlojoang Gola, Wordecha, Marchewka, & Sescousse, 2016b; Kraus, Voon, & Potenza, 2016b). Moetso o hlahelletseng-khopolo ea khothatso ea botsitso (Robinson & Berridge, 1993) -E bolela hore ho batho ba nang le lithethefatsi, maikutlo a amanang le lintho tse mpe tsa tlhekefetso a ka ba le litekanyetso tse matla tsa khothatso mme a tsosa takatso. Liketso tse joalo li kanna tsa amana le ts'ebetso ea libaka tsa boko tse amehang ho sebetsaneng le moputso, ho kenyeletsoa le ventral striatum. Mesebetsi e lekolang ho ts'oaroa ha cue le ts'ebetso ea meputso e ka fetoloa ho batlisisa lintlha tse ikhethang (mohlala, chelete khahlanong le maikutlo) ho lihlopha tse itseng (Sescousse, Barbalat, Domenech, & Dreher, 2013), 'me re sa tsoa sebelisa kopo ena ho ithuta sampula ea bongaka (Gola et al., 2017). Re fumane hore batho ba batlang phekolo ea litšoantšo tse manyala tse hlephisang boitšoaro ba sebelisa le ho ipholla litho tsa botona kapa botšehali, ha ba bapisoa le lilemong tsa bona (ka lilemo, tekano, chelete, bolumeli, bongata ba ho kopanela liphate le balekane ba bona, ho tsosoa ha thobalano) lihlooho tsa ho laola bophelo bo botle, meputso, empa eseng bakeng sa meputso e amanang le eseng bakeng sa lichelete tsa chelete le meputso. Mokhoa ona oa ho reactivity o lumellana le khopolo-taba e ts'oanelang maikutlo le ho fana ka maikutlo a hore karolo e ka sehloohong ea CSB e ka kenyelletsa maqheka a ho ts'oara kapa ho lakatsa ho bakoang ke maqheka a qalang a sa nke lehlakore a amanang le thobalano le tšusumetso ea thobalano. Lintlha tse ling li fana ka maikutlo a hore li-circuits tse ling tsa boko li ka ameha ho CSB, 'me tsena li ka kenyeletsa li-anterior cingulate, hippocampus le amygdala (Banca et al., 2016; Klucken, Wehrum-Osinsky, Schweckendiek, Kruse, & Stark, 2016;; Voon et al., 2014). Har'a tsena, re nahanne hore potoloho e atolositsoeng ea amygdala e amanang le ts'ebetso e phahameng ea ts'ebeliso ea lits'oso le matšoenyeho e ka sebetsa haholo litabeng tsa bongaka (Gola, Miyakoshi, & Sescousse, 2015; Gola le Potenza, 2016) ho itšetlehile ka tlhaloso ea hore batho ba bang ba CSB ba na le matšoenyeho a phahameng (Gola et al., 2017) 'Me matšoao a CSB a ka fokotsoa hammoho le phokotso ea meriana ea matšoenyeho (Gola & Potenza, 2016)…

16) Ho ntšetsa pele litsebo tsa thuto, lihlopha, mekhoa ea phekolo le mekhoa ea lipolotiki Litlhaloso mabapi le: Mathata a boitšoaro bo hlephileng ba ho kopanela liphate ICD-11 (Kraus et al., 2018) - Phetolelo ea bongaka e sebelisoang ka ho fetisisa lefatšeng, Selemo sa Machaba sa Mafu (ICD-11), e na le tšoaetso e ncha e loketseng ho lemalla lit soant so tsa bootsoa "Bothata ba ho Kopanela Liphate ka ho Kopanela Liphate. "Litemana tse qaqileng:

Bakeng sa batho ba bangata ba nang le mekhoa e phehellang ea ho thatafalloa kapa ho hloleha ho laola litabatabelo tse matla, tse pheta-phetoang tsa thobalano kapa litakatso tse hlahisang boits'oaro ba thobalano tse amanang le matšoenyeho kapa bofokoli bo ikhethang ho motho ka mong, lelapa, sechaba, thuto, mosebetsi, kapa likarolo tse ling tsa bohlokoa tsa tšebetso, ho bohlokoa haholo ho tseba ho reha bothata le ho tseba bothata ba bona. Ho bohlokoa hape hore bafani ba tlhokomelo (ke hore, lingaka le baeletsi) bao batho ba ka batlang thuso ho bona ba tloaelaneng le li-CSB. Nakong ea lithuto tsa rona tse amang litaba tse fetang 3,000 tse batlang kalafo bakeng sa CSB, re utloile khafetsa hore batho ba nang le CSB ba kopana le litšitiso tse ngata nakong ea ha ba batla thuso kapa ba kopana le lingaka (Dhuffar le Griffiths, 2016). Bakuli ba tlaleha hore lingaka li ka 'na tsa qoba sehlooho, tsa bolela hore mathata a joalo ha a eo, kapa ho fana ka maikutlo a hore motho o na le matla a phahameng a ho kopanela liphate,' me o lokela ho e amohela ho e-na le ho phekola (ho sa tsotellehe seo, batho ba CSB ba ka 'na ba ikutloa ba le mahlahahlaha a bile ba etella pele ho liphello tse mpe tse ngata). Re lumela hore litekanyetso tse hlalositsoeng hantle bakeng sa khatello ea CSB li tla khothaletsa boiteko ba thuto ho kenyeletsa nts'etsopele ea mananeo a koetliso mabapi le ho hlahloba le ho tšoara batho ba nang le matšoao a boloetse ba CSB. Re tšepa hore merero e joalo e tla fetoha karolo ea koetliso ea bongaka bakeng sa litsebi tsa kelello, litsebi tsa mafu a kelello, le bafani ba bang ba litšebeletso tsa tlhokomelo ea bophelo ba kelello, hammoho le bafani ba bang ba tlhokomelong, ho akarelletsa le bafani ba tlhokomelo ea mantlha, joaloka lingaka tsa generalist.

Lipotso tsa motheo mabapi le hore na ho ka ba molemo ho nahana joang ka lefu la CSB le ho fana ka phekolo e nepahetseng e lokela ho rarolloa. Tlhaloso ea morao-rao ea ho khetholla boloetse ba CSB e le lefu la ho laola maikutlo ke ho phehisana khang ha mefuta e meng e hlahisitsoe (Kor, Fogel, Reid, & Potenza, 2013). Ho na le litlaleho tse bontšang hore CSB e arolelana likarolo tse ngata le lithethefatsi (Kraus et al., 2016), ho kenyeletsa le morao-rao boitsebiso bo bontšang ho eketseha ha reactivity ea libaka tsa bokooa tse amanang le moputso ka lebaka la likarolo tse amanang le tšusumetso ea bohata (Moetso, Snagowski, Laier, & Maderwald, 2016; Gola, Wordecha, Marchewka, & Sescousse, 2016; Gola et al., 2017; Klucken, Wehrum-Osinsky, Schweckendiek, Kruse, & Stark, 2016; Voon et al., 2014). Ho feta moo, lintlha tsa pele li bontša hore naltrexone, meriana e nang le litlhahiso tsa mathata a ho noa joala le opioid, e ka 'na ea thusa ho phekola li-CSB (Kraus, Meshberg-Cohen, Martino, Quinones, & Potenza, 2015; Raymond, Grant, le Coleman, 2010). Mabapi le tlhahlobo ea morero oa ts'oaetso ea CSB e le lefu la ho laola maikutlo, ho na le dintlha tse bontšang hore batho ba batlang phekolo bakeng sa mofuta o le mong oa boloetse ba CSB, bothata ba ho sheba litšoantšo tse manyala tse hlephisang boitšoaro ba sebelisa, ha ba fapane ka mokhoa oa ho hloka boithati ho batho bohle. Ho e-na le hoo ba hlahisa ho tšoenyeha ho eketsehileng (Gola, Miyakoshi, & Sescousse, 2015; Gola et al., 2017), le phekolo ea meriana e lebisang matšoao a matšoenyeho e ka thusa ho fokotsa matšoao a mang a CSB (Gola le Potenza, 2016). Le hoja e ka 'na eaba ha e e-s'o khonehe ho fumana liqeto tse hlakileng mabapi le likarolo tsa tlhahlobo, lintlha tse ngata li bonahala li tšehetsa likarolo tse lekaneng e le lefu la ho lemala ha le bapisoa le boloetse ba ho laola maikutlo (Kraus et al., 2016), mme lipatlisiso tse ling li hlokahala ho hlahloba likamano le maemo a mang a kelello (Potenza et al., 2017).

17) Boitšoaro bo Kopanetsoeng ba ho Kopanela Liphate ho Batho le Mekhoa ea Boipiletso (2018) - Litlhaloso tse hlahang:

Boitšoaro bo bobe ba ho kopanela liphate (CSB) bo atile ka ho fetisisa e le "ho lemalla boitšoaro," 'me ke tšoso e khōlō ho boleng ba bophelo le bophelo bo botle ba' meleng le kelellong. Leha ho le joalo, CSB e lieha ho tsejoa e le setsi sa bophelo bo botle joaloka lefu la ho hlahlojoa. CSB e na le mathata a fokolang le mathata a ho sebelisa lithethefatsi, le lipatlisiso tsa morao-rao tsa bokooa li bontšitse mathata a arolelanoang kapa a fetohang mafu a neural pathologies, haholo-holo libakeng tsa bokooa tse laolang boikutlo ba ho susumetsa le ho thibela tšireletso. Liphuputso tsa methapo ea meriana ea lipilisi li hlahlojoa li fumaneha liphetoho tsa moralo le / kapa mosebetsi ho prefrontal cortex, amygdala, striatum le thalamus ho batho ba nang le bothata ba CSB. Mohlala o totobetseng oa ho ithuta mekhoa e meholo ea CSB ho likhoto tsa banna e buisanoa e e-na le mekhoa ea ho ts'oaea ha maemo ho hlahloba ho batla boitšoaro ba thobalano ho sa tsotellehe liphello tse sa tsejoeng tse mpe.

Hobane CSB e arolelana litšoaneleho le mathata a mang a qobelloang, e leng, ho lemalla lithethefatsi, ho bapisoa le sepheo sa CSB le lihlooho tse lemalloang lithethefatsi, e ka 'na ea e-ba tsa bohlokoa ho khetholla maloetse a tloaelehileng a nang le mathata a macha. Ha e le hantle, lipatlisiso tse ngata li bontšitse mekhoa e tšoanang ea mekhoa ea methapo le khokahanyo ka har'a mekhahlelo ea li-CSB le ho sebelisa lithethefatsi tse sa foleng [87-89].

Qetellong, tlhaloso ena e akaretsitse lithuto tsa boitšoaro le tsa mahlaseli ho CSB ea batho le ho nyenyefatsoa ka mathata a mang, ho kopanyelletsa le tšebeliso e mpe ea lithethefatsi. Ka kakaretso, lipatlisiso tsena li bontša hore CSB e amahanngoa le liphetoho tse sebetsanang le liphetoho tse sebetsanang le likarolo tse ling tsa mahlakoreng a marang-rang le a prefrontal cortex, amygdala, striatum le thalamus, ho phaella ho fokotsa khokahanyo pakeng tsa amygdala le prefrontal cortex. Ho feta moo, mohlala o tobileng oa CSB oa likhoto tsa banna o ile oa hlalosoa, ho kenyelletsa le bopaki bo bocha ba liphetoho tsa neural mPFC le OFC tse amanang le ho lahleheloa ke taolo ea ho thibela ho kopanela liphate. Mohlala ona o totobetseng o fana ka monyetla o ikhethang oa ho hlahloba maikutlo a bohlokoa a ho khetholla maemo a qalang le lisosa tsa CSB le bothata ba mathata a mang.

18) Dysfunctions tsa thobalano Inthaneteng Era (2018) - Excerpt:

Takatso e tebileng ea ho kopanela liphate, ho fokotsa khotsofalo ea ho kopanela liphate, le ho se sebetse ha erectile (ED) ho atile haholo ho bacha. Phuputsong ea Setaliana ho tloha 2013, ho fihlela ho 25% ea litaba tse nang le ED li ne li le tlas'a lilemo tsa 40 [1], le thuputsong e tšoanang e phatlalalitsoeng ho 2014, banna ba fetang halofo ba banna ba nang le phihlelo ea ho kopanela liphate Canada pakeng tsa lilemo tsa 16 le 21 o ile a tšoaroa ke mofuta o itseng oa bothata ba ho kopanela liphate [2]. Ka nako e ts'oanang, ho ata ha mekhoa ea bophelo e sa pheleng e amanang le manyolo a ED ha ho fetohe haholo kapa ho fokotsehile lilemong tse mashome a fetileng, ho fana ka maikutlo a hore ED ea kelello ea kelello e ntse e eketseha [3]. DSM-IV-TR e hlalosa liketso tse ling tse nang le litšobotsi tsa hedonic, tse kang ho becha, ho reka, boitšoaro ba ho kopanela liphate, tšebeliso ea Inthanete le tšebeliso ea papali ea video, e le "mathata a ho laola maikutlo a seng a mang a khetholloang" -ho hoja hangata ho hlalosoa e le ho lemalla boitšoaro [4 ]. Phuputso ea morao-rao e bontšitse karolo ea ho lemalla boitšoaro litabeng tsa ho kopanela liphate: liphetoho litseleng tsa neurobiological tse amehang tabeng ea ho kopanela liphate e ka 'na ea e-ba sephetho sa ho pheta-pheta ka mokhoa o sa tloaelehang oa mefuta e fapa-fapaneng.

Har'a mekhoa ea boitšoaro bo hlephileng, ho sebelisoa ha Inthanete ka bothata le ho sebelisa litšoantšo tse manyala tse hlephileng tsa bootsoa hangata ho boleloa ka hohle kamoo ho ka khonehang lisosa tsa kotsi bakeng sa ho se sebetse ka thobalano, hangata ho se na moeli o tiileng pakeng tsa lintho tse peli tse etsahalang. Basebelisi ba Inthanete ba khahloa ke litšoantšo tse manyala tse hlephisang boitšoaro tsa Inthanete ka lebaka la ho se tsejoe ha tsona, ho khoneha, le ho fumaneha habonolo, 'me maemong a mangata tšebeliso ea eona e ka lebisa basebelisi ka ho lemalla ho kopanela liphate le ba bang Inthaneteng: maemong ana, basebelisi ba ka lebala karolo ea "ho iphetola" ha thobalano, ho fumana thabo e eketsehileng ea lintho tse hlalosang thobalano ka boithatelo ho feta ho kopanela liphate.

Libukeng, bafuputsi ha ba lumellane le mosebetsi o motle le o fosahetseng oa litšoantšo tse litšila tse tsosang takatso. Ho tloha ponong e fosahetseng, e emela sesosa se ka sehloohong sa boitšoaro bo qobelloang ba masturbatory, lithethefatsi tsa ho kopanela liphate le inthaneteng, esita le ho se sebetse ha erectile.

19) Mekhoa ea ho ba le tšebetso ea kelello ea khatello ea boitšoaro bo hlephileng ba ho kopanela liphate (2018) - Litlhaloso tse hlahang:

Ho tla fihlela joale, lipatlisiso tse ngata tsa ho kopanela liphate ka boitšoaro bo hlephileng ba ho kopanela liphate li fane ka bopaki ba mekhoa e feteletseng ea boitšoaro bo bobe ba ho kopanela liphate le lithethefatsi tse seng tsa thobalano. Boitšoaro bo hlephileng ba ho kopanela liphate bo amahanngoa le ho sebetsa ho fetotsoeng libakeng tsa boko le marang-rang a amehang tabeng ea ho khothaletsa, ho tloaela, ho tsitsisa maikutlo, le ho fumana moputso oa lipapali tse kang lintho, ho becha le lithethefatsi tsa lipapali. Libaka tse kholo tsa boko tse amanang le likarolo tsa CSB li kenyelletsa li-cortices tse ka pele le tsa nakoana, amygdala le striatum, ho kenyeletsa le nucleus accumbens.

CSBD e kenyelelitsoe phetolelong ea hona joale eaICD-11 e le lefu la ho laola maikutlo [39]. Joalokaha ho hlalositsoe ke WHO, 'Matšoao a ho laola mohopolo a khetholloa ka ho hlōleha ho hanela ho susumetsa, ho khanna, kapa ho khothalletsa ho etsa ketso e putsang motho, bonyane ka nako e khutšoanyane, ho sa tsotellehe liphello tse kang nako e telele -a ntša kotsi ho motho ka mong kapa ho ba bang, ho tšoenyeha ho hlakileng mabapi le boitšoaro, kapa ho senyeha ho hoholo ho motho ka mong, malapeng, sechabeng, thuto, mosebetsing, kapa libakeng tse ling tsa bohlokoa "[39]. Liphuputso tsa morao-rao li hlahisa lipotso tsa bohlokoa mabapi le lihlopha tsa CSBD. Mathata a mangata a khetholloang ke ho laoloa ke maikutlo a mangata a khetholloa libakeng tse ling ICD-11 (mohlala, ho bapala papali ea chelete, papali, le mathata a sebelisoang ke lithethefatsi ho khetholloa e le ho ba le mathata a ho lemalla lithethefatsi) [123].

20) Tlhahlobo ea Hona Joale ea Boits'oaro bo Botle ba ho Kopanela Liphate le Bothata ba Litšoantšo Tsa Bootsoa Ho Sebelisa (2018) - Litlhaloso tse hlahang:

Liphuputso tsa morao-rao tsa theo ea likokoana-hloko li senoletse hore boitšoaro bo hlephileng ba ho kopanela liphate bo amahanngoa le ho fetoloa ho sebetsanoang le lisebelisoa tsa thobalano le ho fapana ha sebopeho sa boko le mosebetsi

Liphuputso tse hlalositsoeng ka bokhutšoanyane ka kakaretso ea rona li fana ka ts'ebetso e fapaneng le mekhoa e amanang le boitšoaro le lithethefatsi, e arolelanang mefuta e mengata e sa tloaelehang e fumanehang bakeng sa CSBD (joalokaha e hlahlojoe ka [127]). Le hoja ho feta tlaleho ea hona joale, lithethefatsi le lits'ebeletso tsa boitšoaro li khetholloa ka mokhoa o fetotsoeng oa reactivity o hlophisitsoeng ka mehato e ikemetseng, ea boitšoaro le ea methapo ea maikutlo (ho shebella litlhahlobo le litlhahlobo: [128, 129, 130, 131, 132, 133]; joala: [134, 135]; cocaine: [136, 137]; koae: [138, 139]; papali ea chelete: [140, 141]; papali: [142, 143]). Liphetho mabapi le ho ikopanya ha basebetsi boemong bo phomolo bo bontša ho tšoana pakeng tsa CSBD le lithethefatsi tse ling [144, 145].

Le hoja liphuputso tse seng kae tsa leano la boloetse ba boloetse ba boloetse ba CSBD li 'nile tsa khannoa ho fihlela joale, boitsebiso bo teng bo bontša hore ho na le lintho tse sa tloaelehang tse amanang le likarolo tse ling tse kang ho sebelisoa ha lithethefatsi le ho becha. Ka hona, data e teng e fana ka maikutlo a hore mekhahlelo ea eona e ka ba e loketseng e le ho lemalla boitšoaro ho e-na le bothata ba ho laola maikutlo.

21) Ventral Striatal Reactivity In Compulsive Sexual Behaviors (2018) - Litlhaloso tse latelang:

Likhatello tsa ho kopanela liphate ho qobella (CSB) ke lebaka la ho batla phekolo. Ho latela 'nete ena, palo ea lithuto tsa CSB e eketsehile haholo lilemong tse leshome tse fetileng le Mokhatlo oa Lefatše oa Bophelo (WHO) o kenyeletsa CSB ka tlhahiso ea eona bakeng sa ICD-11 e tlang ...... Ho tloha ponong ea rona, ho hlokahala hore re batlisise hore na CSB e ka khetholla likarolo tse peli tse tsejoang ke: (1) boitšoaro bo bobe ba likamano tsa botona le botšehali, le (2) boitšoaro bo bobe bo kopanetsoeng ba ho kopanela liphate le litšoantšo tsa bootsoa li shebile (48, 49).

Palo ea liphuputso tse fumanehang ho CSB (le mekhoa e mengata ea meriana ea litšoantšo tsa bootsoa hangata) e ntse e eketseha. Har'a lipatlisiso tse fumanehang hona joale, re fumane libuka tse robong (Letlapa 1) e sebelisoang litšoantšong tse sebetsang tsa matla a motlakase. Ke tse 'nè feela ho tsena (36-39) ho batlisisitsoe ka ho hlaka ho sebetsana le litlhahiso tsa boets'oaro le / kapa meputso le ho tlaleha liphuputso tse amanang le ts'ebetso ea ventral striatum. Liphuputso tse tharo li bontša ho eketseha ha maikutlo ho hlaselang batho ba nang le tšusumetso e matla bakeng sa tšusumetso e mpe ea tlhaho (36-39) kapa ho bolela hore ho na le ntho e joalo e ka hlalosang (36-39). Liphuputso tsena li lumellana le Khopolo ea Sentience ea Khothaletso (IST) (28), e 'ngoe ea mekhoa e hlaheletseng e hlalosang bokhoni ba boko bo lemalla. Tšehetso feela ea moralo o mong oa theknoloji o bolelang esale pele boikaketsi ba thibelo ea ventral e lemalla, khopolo ea RDS (29, 30), e tsoa karolong e itseng ea thuto (37), moo batho ba nang le CSB ba hlahisitseng ts'ebetso e tlaase ea ventral e hlaselang ha e bapisoa le litaelo.

22) Bootsoa bo Inthaneteng: Seo re se Tsebang le Seo re sa se Tsebeng - Tlhahlobo ea Ts'ebetso (2019)- Litlhaloso tse hlahang:

Lilemong tse seng kae tse fetileng, ho bile le letoto la lihlooho tse amanang le mekhoa ea boitšoaro bo hlephileng; ba bang ba bona ba lebisitse tlhokomelo ea ho lemalla litšoantšo tsa bootsoa inthaneteng. Leha ho le joalo, ho sa tsotellehe boiteko bohle, re ntse re sa khone ho ba le phihlelo ha re kopanela boitšoarong bona e ba pathological. Mathata a tloaelehileng a kenyelletsa: mekhoa ea mefuta-futa, ho batla lisebelisoa tsa ho hlahloba, ho hanyetsana le taba, le hore mokhatlo ona o ka kenngoa ka hare ho mafu a mangata (ke hore, ho lemalla ho kopanela liphate) e ka iponahatsang ka matšoao a sa tšoaneng a matšoao. Lithethefatsi tsa boitšoaro li theha tšimo ea thuto e sa tsejoeng, 'me hangata e bontša mokhoa o tsitsitseng oa ho sebelisoa: tahlehelo ea taolo, ho holofala, le tšebeliso e kotsi. Mathata a Hypersexual a lumellana le mohlala ona 'me a ka' na a etsoa ka mekhoa e mengata ea thobalano, joaloka ho sebelisa litšoantšo tse manyala tse hlephisang boitšoaro Inthaneteng (POPU). Litšoantšo tse litšila tse tsosang takatso tsa li-inthanete li ntse li eketseha, le ho ba le bothata ba ho lemalla ho nahana ka "tšusumetso ea boraro" (ho fihlella, ho fumana chelete, ho se tsejoe). Tšebeliso ena e mpe e ka 'na ea e-ba le liphello tse bohloko tlhatlong ea thobalano le ts'ebetsong ea thobalano, haholo-holo har'a bacha.

Ho latela seo re se tsebang, lipatlisiso tse 'maloa tsa morao-rao li tšehetsa mokhatlo ona e le lithethefatsi le lits'oants'o tsa bohlokoa tsa kliniki tse kang ho se sebetse ka thobalano le khotsofalo ea kelello. Boholo ba mosebetsi o teng o thehiloe lipatlisisong tse tšoanang tse entsoeng ka lithethefatsi tsa lithethefatsi, ho itšetlehile ka khopolo-taba ea litšoantšo tse manyala tse hlephisang boitšoaro e le 'boipheliso bo phahameng' ho ea ho ntho e le 'ngoe eo ka eona ho sebelisoang ho sebelisoang, ho ka hlahisang boloetse ba ho lemalla. Leha ho le joalo, likhopolo tse kang ho mamellana le ho ipolaea ha li e-s'o behoe ka ho lekaneng hore li tšoanelehe ho khetholla lithethefatsi, 'me kahoo li etsa karolo ea bohlokoa ea lipatlisiso tsa nakong e tlang. Ka motsotso ona, mokhatlo oa lefu lena o akarelletsang boitšoaro bo bobe ba ho kopanela liphate o kenyelelitsoe ICD-11 ka lebaka la bohlokoa ba hona joale ba kliniki, 'me ka sebele o tla sebelisoa ho rarolla bakuli ba nang le matšoao ana a kenyang lingaka thuso.

23) Boemo le nts'etsopele ea lithethefatsi tse ts'oanang le lithethefatsi tsa Inthanete: maemo a ho ikemela ka bomong, mekhoa e matlafatsang le mekhoa ea methapo (2019) - Litlhaloso tse hlahang:

Ho qala le nts'etsopele ea temallo ea cybersex e na le mekhahlelo e 'meli e nang le maemo a boemo ba maemo le boemo bo sebetsang. Taba ea mantlha, batho ka bomong ba sebelisa cybersex ka linako tse ling ka lebaka la boithabiso le bohelehele. Boemong bona, ts'ebeliso ea lisebelisoa tsa marang-rang e na le litšoantšo tse tsosang takatso ea ho kopanela likobo 'me liphetho tsa maemo a boemo bo holimo, li lebisa tlhokomelong ea likhakanyo tse amanang le cybersex tse tsosang takatso e matla. Ho ba kotsing ea motho ka mong ho boetse ho nolofalletsa maikutlo a amanang le cybersex. Boemong ba bobeli, batho ka bomong ba sebelisa cybersex khafetsa ho khotsofatsa litakatso tsa bona tsa thobalano kapa nakong ea ts'ebetso ena, ts'ebeliso ea kelello e amanang le cybersex joalo ka tebello e ntle ea cybersex le ts'ebetso ea ho sebetsana le eona joalo ka ho e sebelisa ho sebetsana le maikutlo a mabe e matlafatsoa. ka ts'ebeliso ea ts'ebetso ea cybersex joalo ka narcissism, takatso ea thobalano, thabo ea thobalano, ts'ebeliso ea ts'ebeliso ea botona le botšehali le tsona li matlafatsoa, ​​ha litšitiso tse tloaelehileng tsa botho joalo ka letsoalo, boitšepo bo tlase le psychopathologies joalo ka khatello ea maikutlo, ho tšoenyeha ho matlafatsoa. Lits'oants'o tsa mosebetsi oa Executive li etsahala ka lebaka la tšebeliso ea nako e telele ea cybersex. Ho sebelisana le bofokoli ba mesebetsi e phahameng le ho lakatsa ka matla ho etsa hore ho be le ntšetso-pele le ts'ebetso ea tahi ea cybersex. Bafuputsi ba sebelisang lisebelisoa tse sebelisang matla a ho nahana ka ts'ebetso ea kelello le bokong haholo ho ithutetsa bokhoba ba cybersex ba fumane hore batho ba lemaletseng cybersex ba ka ba le takatso e matla le ho feta ea cybersex ha ba tobane le mekhoa e amanang le cybersex, empa ba ikutloa ba le tlase ebile ba sa monate ha ba e sebelisa. Boithuto bo fana ka bopaki ba takatso e matla e bakoang ke lithahasello tse amanang le cybersex le ts'ebetso e mpe ea botsamaisi. Qetellong, batho ba kotsing ea ho lemalla ts'ebeliso ea cybersex ba ke ke ba emisa ts'ebeliso ea ts'ebetso ea cybersex ka lebaka la takatso e matla le ho feta ea ts'ebetso ea cybersex le ts'ebetso e mpe, empa ba ikutloa ba sa khotsofala hanyane ha ba e sebelisa, 'me ba batla lisebelisoa tsa bootsoa tse eketsehileng. inthaneteng ka litšenyehelo tsa nako e ngata le chelete. Hang ha ba fokotsa ts'ebeliso ea cybersex kapa ba e tlohela, ba tla ba le litlamorao tse fapaneng le khatello ea maikutlo, ho tšoenyeha, ho se sebetse hantle, ho se tsose takatso ea botona kapa ea botšehali.

24) Likhopolo, thibelo, le kalafo ea ts'ebeliso e mpe ea tšebeliso ea litšoantšo tsa bootsoa (2019) - Litlhaloso tse hlahang:

Boloetse bo qobelloang ba boitšoaro ba thobalano, bo kenyelletsang tšebeliso e mpe ea litšoantšo tsa bootsoa, ​​bo kenyellelitsoe ho ICD-11 e le khatello ea taolo ea tšusumetso. Mekhoa ea tlhahlobo ea bokhopo bona, leha ho le joalo, e tšoana haholo le litekanyetso tsa lits'oaetso ka lebaka la boits'oaro bo bobebe, mohlala, ho pheta-pheta liketso tsa thobalano e le sepheo sa mantlha bophelong ba motho, boiteko bo sa atleheng ba ho fokotsa boits'oaro bo botle ba thobalano le boitšoaro bo tsoelang pele ba boitšoaro bo bobe ba thobalano le leha e le bofe. e ba le litlamorao tse mpe (WHO, 2019). Bafuputsi ba bangata le baoki ba boetse ba pheha khang ea hore tšebeliso ea litšoantšo tse litšila tse tsosang takatso e ka nkoa e le lemallo la boitšoaro.

Ho etsa lintho tse ncha hape ho lakatsa ho kopants'oa le taolo e fokotsang taolo ea bokhoni, ho lemoha lintho tse senotsoeng (mohlala: mekhoa e atamelaneng) le ho fumana khotsofalo le matšeliso a amanang le tšebeliso ea litšoantšo tsa bootsoa ho bontšitsoe ho batho ba nang le matšoao a ts'ebeliso ea litšoantšo tse litšila tse ts'oereng litšoantšo tsa bootsoa. Lithuto tsa Neurosciology li tiisa ho kenella ha lipotoloho tse amanang le bokhoba ba tahi, ho kenyelletsa le "ventri striatum" le likarolo tse ling tsa loonto e kholo ea nts'etsopele, ho nts'etsopele le ho boloka ts'ebeliso ea mathata a ts'ebeliso ea litšoantšo tsa bootsoa. Litlaleho tsa nyeoe le lithuto tse netefatsang taba li bonts'a katleho ea ts'ebetso ea meriana, mohlala, ts'oaetso ea opioid antagonist naltrexone, bakeng sa ho phekola batho ba nang le ts'ebeliso e mpe ea ts'ebeliso ea litšoantšo tsa bootsoa le tlhekefetso ea boitšoaro bo bobe ba thobalano.

Boithuto ba maikutlo le bopaki bo matla li fana ka maikutlo a hore mekhoa le ts'ebeliso ea maikutlo le ts'ebetso ea ts'ebetso ea ts'ebetso ea likamano tsa botona le botšehali le tsona li nepahetse bakeng sa bothata ba tšebeliso ea litšoantšo tsa bootsoa.

25) Ts'ebeliso ea Mathata a Litšoantšo tsa Bootsoa e Ikutloisang: Moetso o Hloekileng o tsoang ho Patlisiso ea Domain Criteria le pono ea tikoloho (2019) - Litemana tse qotsitsoeng

Ts'ebeliso ea bothata ba litšoantšo tsa bootsoa tse ipitsang e bonahala e amana le likarolo tse ngata tsa tlhahlobo le lits'ebetso tse fapaneng nthong ea setho. Ho latela liphumano kahare ho paro ea RDoC e hlalositsoeng ka holimo, hoa khonahala ho etsa mofuta o kopaneng oo likarolo tse fapaneng tsa tekolo li amang e mong le e mong (sa feiga. 1). Ho bonahala eka maemo a phahameng a dopamine, a teng ts'ebetsong ea tlhaho ea moputso e amanang le ts'ebetso ea thobalano le li-orgasm, e kena-kenana le tsamaiso ea tsamaiso ea VTA-NAc ho batho ba tlalehang SPPPU. Ts'isinyeho ena e lebisa ts'ebetsong e kholo ea sistimi ea moputso le maemo a eketsehang a amanang le ts'ebeliso ea litšoantšo tse litšila tse tsosang takatso, e hlohlelletsang boitšoaro ba mokhoa oa ho sheba litšoantšo tsa bootsoa ka lebaka la keketseho ea dopamine ho li-nucleus tsa nucleus.

Ho tsoela pele ho pepesehela litšoantšo tse manyala tse hlephisang boitšoaro kapele le habonolo ho bonahala ho baka ho se leka-lekane tsamaisong ea mesolimbic dopaminergic. Dopamine ena e fetelletseng e kenya tšebetsong litsela tsa tlhahiso ea GABA, e hlahisang dynorphin e le sehlahisoa, se thibelang li-dopamine neurons. Ha dopamine e fokotseha, acetylcholine e ea lokolloa mme e ka hlahisa boemo bo fetohelang (Hoebel et al. 2007), e theha sistimi e mpe ea moputso e fumanoang mokhahlelong oa bobeli oa mefuta ea tahi. Ho se leka-lekane hona ho boetse ho amana le ho fetoha ho tloha mokhoeng oa ho qoba boitšoaro, bo bonoang ho batho ba tlalehang mathata a ts'ebeliso ea litšoantšo tsa bootsoa…. Liphetoho tsena mekhoeng ea kahare le boits'oaro har'a batho ba nang le SPPPU li ts'oana le tse bonoang ho batho ba nang le lithethefatsi, le 'mapa ho mefuta ea tahi (Love et al. 2015).

26) Tlhahiso ea ts'ebetso ea cybersex: kakaretso ea nts'etsopele le kalafo ea bokuli bo sa tsoa hlaha (2020) - Litlhaloso tse hlahang:

Bokhoba ba cybersex ke bokhoba bo sa amaneng le lintho tse amanang le thobalano e fumanehang marang-rang. Matsatsing ana, mefuta e fapaneng ea lintho tse amanang le thobalano kapa litšoantšo tsa bootsoa e fumaneha habonolo ka mecha ea phatlalatso ea inthanete. Indonesia, likamano tsa botona le botšehali hangata li nkoa li le bohlasoa empa bacha ba bangata ba pepesitsoe litšoantšo tse litšila tse tsosang takatso. Ho ka lebisa ho lemeneng le litlamorao tse ngata tse mpe ho basebelisi, joalo ka likamano, chelete le mathata a kelello joalo ka khatello e kholo ea maikutlo le mathata a ho tšoenyeha.

27) Ke Maemo Afe A Lokelang ho Nkoa E le Litšitiso Khethong ea Machaba ea Maloetse (ICD-11) Tlhaloso ea "Mathata a Mang a Ikhethileng Ka lebaka la Boitšoaro bo Ts'oanang"? (2020) - Tlhahlobo e entsoeng ke litsebi tsa bokhoba ba lithethefatsi e fihlela qeto ea hore ts'ebeliso e mpe ea tšebeliso ea litšoantšo tsa bootsoa ke boemo bo lokelang ho fumanoa ka sehlopha sa ICD-11 "mathata a mang a boletsoeng ka lebaka la boits'oaro bo bobebe". Ka mantsoe a mang, tšebeliso ea thobalano e qobelloang e shebahala joaloka lithethefatsi tse ling tse amoheloang. Lintlha:

Tlokotsi e kopanetsoeng ea boitšoaro ba thobalano, joalo ka ha e kentsoe sehlopheng sa ICD-11 ea mathata a laoloang ke tšusumetso, e ka kenyelletsa boitšoaro bo bongata bo amanang le thobalano ho kenyelletsa ho shebella litšoantšo tse litšila tse tsosang takatso tse nang le ketsahalo e loketseng (Moetso, Blycker, & Potenza, 2019; Kraus et al., 2018). Phatlalatso ea karohano ea khatello ea boitšoaro bo tiileng ba thobalano e tšoeroe (Derbyshire & Grant, 2015), ha bangoli ba bang ba fana ka maikutlo a hore sebopeho sa tšebeliso ea litheko se nepahetse (Gola le Potenza, 2018), e ka bang boemo bo khethehileng ho batho ba nang le mathata a amanang le tšebeliso ea litšoantšo tse litšila tse tsosang takatso eseng tse tsoang liketsong tse ling tsa thobalano kapa tse susumetsang.Gola, Lewczuk, & Skorko, 2016; Kraus, Martino, & Potenza, 2016).

Tataiso ea tlhahlobo ea boloetse ba lipapali e arolelana likarolo tse 'maloa le ba nang le khatello ea boitšoaro bo khothalletsoang ba thobalano mme e ka amoheloa ka ho fetola "papali" ho "ts'ebeliso ea litšoantšo tsa bootsoa." Likarolo tsena tse tharo tsa mantlha li nkuoe e le karolo ea ts'ebeliso e mpe ea ts'ebeliso ea litšoantšo tsa bootsoa.Moetso, Blycker, et al., 2019) mme e hlahelle e lekana ka nepo mehopolo ea mantlha (Feie. 1). Boithuto bo 'maloa bo bontšitse bohlokoa ba tleliniki (litekanyetso 1) tsa ts'ebeliso e mpe ea litšoantšo tsa bootsoa, ​​tse lebisang ho senyeha hoa ts'ebetso bophelong ba letsatsi le letsatsi ho kenyelletsa ho senya mosebetsi le likamano tsa motho, le ho lokafatsa kalafo (Gola le Potenza, 2016; Kraus, Meshberg-Cohen, Martino, Quinones, & Potenza, 2015; Kraus, Voon, & Potenza, 2016). Liphuputsong tse 'maloa le lingoloa tsa tlhahlobo, mehlala e tsoang lipatlisisong tsa bokhoba ba litekanyetso (2) e sebelisitsoe ho fumana litlatsetso le ho hlalosa sephetho (Moetso, Antons, Wegmann, & Potenza, 2019; Khoebo, Wegmann, et al., 2019; Brand, Young, et al., 2016; Stark et al., 2017; Wéry, Deleuze, Kanale, & Billieux, 2018). Tlhahiso-leseling e tsoang tlalehong ea boits'oaro, boits'oaro, electrophysiological, le neuroimaging e bonts'a ho kenya letsoho ha lits'ebetso tsa kelello le lithuto tsa motheo tsa neural tse fumanoeng lipatlisiso le ho theoleloa maemong a fapaneng a likhathatso tsa tšebeliso ea lithethefatsi le mathata a papali ea chelete (temana ea 3). Lits'oants'o tsa lihlahisoa tse hlokometsoeng lithutong tsa pejana li kenyelletsa ho etsa mosebetsi o mongata le ho lakatsa ho tsamaea le ts'ebetso e eketsehileng libakeng tsa boko tse amanang le moputso, khethollo ea kelello, ho etsa liqeto tse kotsi, le (taolo e tobileng) taolo ea thibelo (mohlala, Antons & Brand, 2018; Antons, Mueller, et al., 2019; Antons, Trotzke, Wegmann, & Brand, 2019; Bothe et al., 2019; Moetso, Snagowski, Laier, & Maderwald, 2016; Gola et al., 2017; Klucken, Wehrum-Osinsky, Schweckendiek, Kruse, & Stark, 2016; Kowalewska le al., 2018; Mechelmans et al., 2014; Stark, Klucken, Potenza, Brand, & Strahler, 2018; Voon et al., 2014).

Motheong oa bopaki bo hlahlojoang mabapi le mekhoa e meraro ea meta e hlahisitsoeng, re fana ka maikutlo a hore ts'ebeliso ea ts'ebeliso ea litšoantšo tse litšila tse tsosang takatso ke boemo bo ka fumanoang ka sehlopha sa ICD-11 "mathata a mang a boletsoeng ka lebaka la boits'oaro bo bobebe" bo thehiloeng moleng o meraro Mekhoa ea bothata ba lipapali, e fetotsoeng mabapi le ho sheba litšoantšo tsa bootsoa (Moetso, Blycker, et al., 2019). E le 'ngoe conditio sine qua e seng bakeng sa ho nahana ka ts'ebeliso e mpe ea tšebeliso ea litšoantšo tse litšila tse tsosang takatso ka har'a sehlopha sena e ka ba hore motho eo o hlokofatsoa ka ho khetheha taolong ea tšebeliso ea litšoantšo tsa bootsoa (matsatsing ana litšoantšo tsa bootsoa tsa inthaneteng maemong a mangata), tse sa tsamaelaneng le boits'oaro bo hatelletseng ba thobalano (Kraus et al., 2018). Ho feta moo, boitšoaro bo lokela ho nkuoa e le ts'ebetso ea ho lemalla ha feela e amana le ho senyeha hoa ts'ebetso le ho ba le litlamorao tse mpe bophelong ba letsatsi le letsatsi, joalo ka ha ho le joalo bakeng sa bokuli ba lipapali (Billieux et al., 2017; Mokhatlo oa Lefatše oa Bophelo, 2019). Leha ho le joalo, re boetse rea hlokomela hore bothata ba tšebeliso ea litšoantšo tse litšila tse tsosang takatso hajoale bo ka tšoaetsoa lefu la hona joale la ICD-11 la ts'oaetso ea thobalano e qobelloang, ka lebaka la ho shebella litšoantšo tse litšila tse tsosang takatso (hangata ho ipholla litho tsa botona kapa tsa botšehali empa ho ka etsahala hore ho be le thobalano e kopaneng). Finyella litekanyetso tsa tlhekefetso ea boitšoaro bo bobe ba thobalanoKraus le Sweeney, 2019). Tlhahlobo ea bofebe e qobelloang ea boitšoaro ba thobalano e kanna ea lekana batho ba sa sebeliseng litšoantšo tse litšila tse tsosang takatso feela, empa ba nang le bothata bo bong bo amanang le boitšoaro bo bobe ba thobalano bo amanang le thobalano. Tlhahlobo ea bokhopo ba tšebeliso ea litšoantšo tsa bootsoa joalo ka bokuli bo bong bo hlalositsoeng ka lebaka la boits'oaro bo bobebe e ka ba e lekaneng bakeng sa batho ba nang le bothata ba ho shebella litšoantšo tsa bootsoa feela (maemong a mangata a tsamaeang le thobalano). Hore na phapang pakeng tsa tšebeliso ea litšoantšo tsa bootsoa inthaneteng le ntle le inthanete e ka ba molemo hajoale ho ntse ho ngangisanoa, ho joalo le ka papali ea marang-rang / ntle le inthanete (Király & Demetrovics, 2017).

28) Sebopeho sa ho lemalla ho kopanela liphate ka mokhoa o qobelloang le ho sebelisa litšoantšo tse manyala tse hlephisang boitšoaro Inthaneteng: Tlhahlobo (2020) - Litlhaloso tse hlahang:

Liphuputso tse fumanehang li fana ka maikutlo a hore ho na le likarolo tse 'maloa tsa CSBD le POPU tse lumellanang le litšobotsi tsa bokhoba ba tahi, le hore mehato e thusang ho lebisa tlhokomelo litlamong tsa boitšoaro le lithethefatsi e fana ka tumello ea ho lekola le ho e sebelisa ho ts'ehetsa batho ba nang le CSBD le POPU. Le ha ho se na liteko tse sa sebetseng tsa kalafo bakeng sa CSBD kapa POPU, bahanyetsi ba opioid, kalafo ea boits'oaro ba boits'oaro, le ho kenella ka mohopolo ho bonahala ho bontša tšepiso motheong oa litlaleho tse ling.

Neurobiology ea POPU le CSBD e kenyelletsa likamano tse 'maloa tse arolelanoang tsa neuroanatomical tse nang le mathata a ts'ebeliso ea lithethefatsi, lits'ebetso tse tšoanang tsa neuropsychological, hammoho le liphetoho tse tloaelehileng tsa neurophysiological tsamaisong ea moputso oa dopamine.

Liphuputso tse 'maloa li bontšitse mekhoa e arolelanoang ea ho se sebetse hantle ha pelo lipakeng tsa bokhoba ba thobalano le mathata a lemalloang.

Ho shebella tšebeliso e mpe ea lithethefatsi, ts'ebeliso ea litšoantšo tse manyala tse hlephisang boitšoaro e na le tšusumetso e mpe libakeng tse 'maloa tsa ts'ebetso, ho senyeha le khatello ea maikutlo.

29) Boitšoaro bo sa sebetseng ba thobalano: Tlhaloso, maemo a kliniki, profiles ea neurobiological le kalafo (2020) - Litlhaloso tse hlahang:

1. Ts'ebeliso ea litšoantšo tse manyala tse hlephisang boitšoaro har'a bacha, ba e sebelisang haholo inthaneteng, e hokahane le ho fokotseha ha takatso ea thobalano le ho ntsha peo pele ho nako, hape maemong a mang le mathata a khatello ea maikutlo sechabeng, khatello ea maikutlo, DOC le ADHD [30-32] .

2. Ho na le phapang e hlakileng ea "neurobiological" lipakeng tsa "basebetsi ba thobalano" le "makhoba a litšoantšo tsa bootsoa": haeba motho oa pele a na le hypoactivity ea ventral, ba qetellang ba khetholloa ke ts'ebetso e kholo ea ts'ebetsong bakeng sa lipontšo tsa thobalano le meputso ntle le boikaketsi ba lipotoloho tsa moputso. Sena se ka fana ka maikutlo a hore basebetsi ba hloka ho ikopanya le batho ba bang, ha ba morao ba tloaetse ho etsa boinotšing [33,34]. Hape, ba lemaletseng lithethefatsi ba bonts'a ho se hlophisehe ho hoholo ha taba e tšoeu ea prefrontal cortex [35].

3. Ho lemalla lit soant so tsa bootsoa, ​​leha e le mokhoa o fapaneng oa ho lemalla ho kopanela liphate, e ntse e le mofuta oa boitšoaro bo hlephileng mme ho se sebetse hantle hona ho thusa ho mpefatsa boemo ba motho ba psychopathological, ka kotloloho le ka tsela e sa tobang e amanang le phetoho ea methapo ea kutlo boemong ba ho hloka ts'ebeliso ea ts'ebeliso ea thobalano, hypersensitization ho ho hlohlelletsa ho se sebetse ka thobalano, boemo bo totobetseng ba khatello ea maikutlo bo ka amang boleng ba lihormone tsa axis ea pituitary-hypothalamic-adrenal le boikaketsi ba lipotoloho tsa pele [36].

4. Mamello e tlase ea ts'ebeliso ea litšoantšo tsa bootsoa e netefalitsoe ke phuputso ea fMRI e fumaneng boteng bo tlase ba taba e putsoa tsamaisong ea moputso (dorsal striatum) e amanang le bongata ba litšoantšo tse manyala tse hlephisang boitšoaro tse jeoang. O boetse a fumana hore ts'ebeliso e ntseng e eketseha ea litšoantšo tse manyala tse hlephisang boitšoaro e tsamaellana le ts'ebeliso e nyane ea potoloho ea moputso ha o ntse o shebile lifoto tsa thobalano hakhutšoane. Bafuputsi ba lumela hore liphetho tsa bona li bonts'itse ho hloka boithati le ho mamellana, e leng tlhoko ea ho hlasimoloha ho feta ho fihlela boemo bo ts'oanang ba tsoho. Ho feta moo, lipontšo tsa bokhoni bo tlase li fumanoe ho Putamen lithutong tse itšetlehileng ka litšoantšo tsa bootsoa [37].

5. Ho fapana le seo motho a ka se nahanang, makhoba a litšoantšo tsa bootsoa ha a na takatso e matla ea thobalano mme tloaelo ea ho ipholla litho tsa botona kapa botšehali e amanang le ho shebella litšoantšo tsa bootsoa e fokotsa takatso hape e lumella ho tsoa peo pele ho nako, kaha taba e ikutloa e phutholohile haholo mesebetsing ea motho a le mong. Ka hona batho ba nang le ts'ebeliso e kholo ea litšoantšo tsa bootsoa ba khetha ho etsa thobalano ba le bang ho fapana le motho oa nnete [38,39].

6. Ho emisoa ka tšohanyetso ha lithethefatsi tse hlephisang boitšoaro ho baka litlamorao tse mpe maikutlong, nyakallo, le khotsofalo ea likamano tsa botona le botšehali [40,41].

7. Tšebeliso e kholo ea litšoantšo tsa bootsoa e thusa ho qala ha mathata a kelello le mathata a kamano [42].

8. Marang-rang a amanang le boitšoaro ba thobalano a ts'oana le a amehang ho sebetsaneng le meputso e meng, ho kenyeletsoa le lithethefatsi.