Boithuto bo hokahanyang tšebeliso ea litšoantšo tsa bootsoa le "maikutlo a ho se lekane" ho basali

e senang mohlala

Selelekela

Leqhepe lena le bokella lipatlisiso tse hlahisang li-sexology tse tloaelehileng li bolela hore tšebeliso ea litšoantšo tse tsosang takatso e khothalletsa batho ho ba le maikutlo a sa tšoaneng ho basali (leqepheng lena le boetse le na le liphuputso tse 'maloa tse amanang le tšebeliso ea litšoantšo tsa bootsoa ho ba le maikutlo a sa lokelang ho banna).

Ha re qaleng ka boithuto ba 2016 bo khothalelitseng qaleho ea leqephe lena - "Na ehlile litšoantšo tse manyala tse hlephisang boitšoaro li mabapi le "ho hloea basali"? Basebelisi ba Litšoantšo Tsa Bootsoa ba na le Maikutlo a Bongata a Bofetoheli ho Feta Batho Bao e Seng Batho Bao e Seng Boemo ho Moemeli oa Mohlala oa Amerika. ” E boletsoe haholo ke baetsi ba litšoantšo tsa bootsoa joalo ka bopaki bo matla ba hore tšebeliso ea litšoantšo tse litšila tse tsosang takatso ea botona le botšehali e lebisa ho ho ikhetholla ho hoholo le maikutlo a fokolang a bong ba botona le botšehali. Ebile, thuto ena ea Taylor Kohut (joalo ka a Pampiri ea Kohut ea 2017) e fana ka mohlala o motle oa mokhoa oa ho sotha mokhoa oa ho finyella sepheo se lakatsehang.

Thuto ea Taylor Kohut e entsoe egalitarianism joalo ka: (1) Tšehetso bakeng sa ho ntšoa ha mpa, (2) Tšoaetso ea Basali, (3) Basali ba tšoereng maemo, (4) Tumelo ea hore bophelo ba lelapa bo ba le mathata ha mosali a sebetsa ka nako e felletseng, mme ho sa lekane (5) Ho ts'oara ho feta. maikutlo a fosahetseng ka lelapa la setso. Ho sa tsotelehe seo o se lumelang ka seqo, ho bonolo ho bona seo palo ea batho ba bolumeli e ka fihla hole haholo tlaase Tlhahlobisong ea Taylor Kohut ea karolo ea 5 ea "egalitarianism".

Bohlokoa: palo ea batho ba lefatše, e atisang ho ba le moea o fanang ka bolokolohi, e se e fihlile litekanyetso tse phahameng tsa tšebeliso ea bootsoa ho feta batho ba bolumeli. Ka ho khetha litekanyetso tsena le ho hlokomoloha mefuta e meng e sa feleng, mongoli ea etelletseng pele, Taylor Kohut, o ne a tseba hore o tla qetela le basebelisi ba litšoantšo ba ts'oanang le litšoantšo tsa bootsoa ka ho khetholla ka hloko se bolelang "egalitarianism."Eaba o khetha tlotla e etsoang kaofela. Phalanong ena ea 2018 Gary Wilson o senola 'nete ka lithuto tsa 5 tse belaetsang le tse khelosa, ho kenyeletsa lithuto tsa Kohut: Lipatlisiso Tsa Bootsoa: 'Nete kapa Khopolo-taba?

Taylor Kohut o na le nalane ea ho phatlalatsa lithuto tsa 'boiqapelo' tse reretsoeng ho fumana mathata a fokolang kapa a se nang ona a bakoang ke ts'ebeliso ea litšoantšo tsa bootsoa. Ka tlhahlobo ena ea 2017, Kohut ho bonahala eka o ile a qeta sekhetho ho hlahisa liphello tseo a neng a li batla. Le hoja lipatlisiso tse ngata li bontša hore banyalani ba seng bakae ba sebelisang litšoantšo tsa bootsoa ba sebelisa litšoantšo tsa bootsoa, ​​thutong ena ba 95% ba basali ba sebelisitse litšoantšo tsa bootsoa ba le bang (85% ea basali ba ne ba sebelisitse litšoantšo tsa bootsoa ho tloha qalong ea kamano)! Seo e leng 'nete: Dintlha tsa cross-sectional tse hlahisang dipatlisiso tse kholo ka ho fetisisa tsa US (General Social Survey) li tlalehile hore ke 2.6% feela ea basali ba neng ba etetse "websaete ea bootsoa" khoeling e fetileng.

Kohut e ncha websaeteng le ba hae leka ho lefella chelete fana ka maikutlo a hore o na le lethathamo la merero. Leeme la Kohut le boetse le senotsoe koranteng ea morao-rao e ngotsoeng bakeng sa Komiti e Emang ea Bophelo mabapi le Bophelo mabapi le Motion M-47 (Canada). Ka bokhutšoanyane Kohut le basebetsi-'moho le eena ba molato oa ho khetha lithuto tse 'maloa tse sa bonahaleng ha a ntse a hlahisa boemo bo fosahetseng ba lipatlisiso ka litlamorao tsa bootsoa. Tlhaloso ea bona e sothehileng le e tšehisang ea lithuto tse phatlalalitsoeng tsa methapo ho batho ba sebelisang litšoantšo tsa bootsoa ha e na pelaelo hore ba rata. Ka 2019 Kohut o ile a tiisa leeme la hae le fetisisang la merero ha a ikopanya le balekane ba hae ho leka ho khutsisa YourBrainOnPorn.com. Kohut le metsoalle ea hae ho www.realyourbrainonporn.com li tšoarehile tlhekefetso ea lets'oao e seng molaong le squat.

'Nete ke hore hoo e batlang e le thuto e' ngoe le e 'ngoe e shebisang tšebeliso ea litšoantšo tsa bootsoa le egalitarianism (maikutlo a ho kopanela liphate) e tlalehile hore tšebeliso ea litšoantšo tsa bootsoa e amahanngoa le boikutlo ka basali bao ka bobeli ba lokolohileng le ba nang le boiketlo ba nang le bothata bo tebileng. (Ka kopo hlokomela hore lithuto tsena kaofela li tlalehile liphuputso tse mabapi le boikutlo ba bona. Boithuto bo sa kang ba tlaleha tokiso ea maikutlo ha bo kenyelletsoe, leha ba tlaleha kamano pakeng tsa tšebeliso ea litšoantšo tsa bootsoa le mabifi a sebele. Bakeng sa lithuto tseo, bona Boithuto bo hokahanyang tšebeliso ea litšoantšo tsa bootsoa le tlhekefetso ea thobalano, tlhekefetso ea thobalano le khatello ea thobalano (e bua ka lipolelo tsa litefiso tsa peto le litšoantšo tsa bootsoa.

Lenane la lithuto tse nepahetseng le tlhahlobo ea meta (lenane le qala ka litlhahlobo tsa lingoliloeng le tlhahlobo ea meta):

Mecha ea litaba le ho kopanela liphate: Lipatlisiso tsa Puso ea Boipheliso, 1995-2015. (2016)  - Ho hlahloba lingoliloeng. Tlhaloso:

Ho ba le takatso ea ho kopanela liphate ka basali ho etsahala hangata mecheng ea mecha ea litaba, ho phahamisa lipotso mabapi le tšusumetso e ka hlahisoang ke litaba tse ling ka maikutlo a batho ba bang le basali ka maikutlo a bona. Morero oa tlhahlobo ena e ne e le ho etsa lipatlisiso tsa lipatlisiso tsa lipatlisiso tsa ho kopanela liphate mecheng ea litaba. Sepheo sa hau e ne e le ho lipatlisiso tse hatisitsoeng litabeng tsa lipuo tsa Senyesemane pakeng tsa 1995 le 2015. Kakaretso ea lingoliloeng tsa 109 tse nang le lithuto tsa 135 li ile tsa hlahlojoa. Liphuputso li fane ka bopaki bo tsitsitseng ba hore bohlahlobi ba laboratori le kakaretso ea letsatsi le leng le le leng li hlahisitsoe ka ho toba le liphello tse ngata, ho kenyelletsa le maemo a phahameng a ho se khotsofale ha 'mele, ho ikemela ho hoholo, ho tšehetsoa haholoanyane litumelo tsa thobalano le litumelo tsa thobalano, le mamello e kholo ho thobalano ho basali. Ho feta moo, tlhahiso ea liteko ho tsena li lebisa basali le banna ho ba le maikutlo a fokolang a bokhoni ba basali, boitšoaro le botho.

Menehelo ea Mesebetsi e Kopanetsoeng ea ho Kopanela Liphate ka Mesebetsi ea Bokooa, Litloaelo tsa Lithaka Tse Nkiloeng, le Boits'oaro ba Botona le Botšehali: Meta-Analysis (2019) - Litlhaloso tse hlahang:

Lilemo tse mashome tsa lipatlisiso li hlahlobile phello ea ho pepesehela litšoantšo tse sa hlalosoang ka thobalano mecheng ea litaba. Ho na le litlhahlobo tse lekanang feela tsa meta tabeng ena, e leng se bontšang hore ho pepesehela "mecha ea phatlalatso ea litaba tse ts'oanang" ho na le phello e fokolang boitšoarong ba thobalano. Ho na le meeli e fokolang ea tlhahlobo ea methapo e teng, 'me morero oa tlhahlobo ea meta-morao e ntlafalitsoeng e ne e le ho hlahloba mekhatlo pakeng tsa ho pepesehela mecha ea litaba tsa thobalano le ba sebelisang boitšoaro ba thobalano.

Ho ne ho phenyekolloa lingoliloeng ka ho feletseng ho fumana lihlooho tse amehang. Thuto e 'ngoe le e' ngoe e ne e ngotsoe bakeng sa mekhatlo e pakeng tsa litaba tsa thobalano le e 'ngoe ea liphello tse tšeletseng tse akarelletsang boikutlo ba ho kopanela liphate (maikutlo a ho lumella maikutlo, lithaka tsa lithaka le likhopolo tsa botona kapa botšehali) (boitšoaro bo bobe ba thobalano, lilemo tsa ho kopanela liphate le boitšoaro bo bobe ba ho kopanela liphate).

Ka kakaretso, litlhahlobo tsena li bontša likamano tse tsitsitseng le tse tiileng pakeng tsa mecha ea phatlalatso le boikutlo ba thobalano le boitšoaro bo kenyang mehato e mengata ea liphello le mecha ea litaba. Mecha ea phatlalatso e bontša boitšoaro ba ho kopanela liphate e le e atileng haholo, ea boikhathollo le e sa nang kotsi kotsing [3], 'me litlhahlobo tsa rona li fana ka maikutlo a hore ho etsa liqeto tsa ho kopanela liphate ho ka bōptjoa, ka karolo e itseng, ka ho sheba mefuta ena ea litšoantšo. Liphuputso tsa rona li fapane ka mokhoa o fapaneng le li-meta-analysis tse fetileng, tse ileng tsa fana ka maikutlo a hore tšusumetso ea mecha ea litaba tsa thobalano e ne e le nyenyane kapa e sa fumanehe [4]. Meta-analysis e fetileng e sebelisitsoe ka boholo ba 38 mme ea fumana hore "mecha ea litaba" e fokolang e ne e fapane haholo le ea boitšoaro bo bobe (r = .08), athe metaanalysis ea hona joale e sebelisoa ho feta nako ea 10 boholo ba boholo ba matla (n = 394) mme o fumane phello e ka bang habeli ka boholo (r = .14).

Ntlha ea pele, re fumane litšebelisano tse ntle pakeng tsa ho pepesehela litaba tsa thobalano le bacha 'le bacha ba baholo' ho lumella maikutlo le maikutlo a thobalano a liphihlelo tsa lithaka tsa bona tsa thobalano.

Ea bobeli, ho pepesehela litaba tsa litaba tsa thobalano ho ne ho amana le ho amoheloa ha litšōmo tse tloaelehileng tsa ho beta.

Qetellong, ho pepesa litaba tsa thobalano ho fumanoe ho bolela esale pele boitšoaro ba thobalano ho kenyeletsa lilemo tsa tlhahlobo ea thobalano, phihlelo ea thobalano le boitšoaro bo kotsi ba ho kopanela liphate. Liphetho tsena li fetotsoe ka mekhoa e mengata le ho fana ka ts'ehetso ea tiiso ea hore mecha ea phatlalatso e kenya letsoho liketsahalong tsa thobalano tsa bacha ba shebang.

Le hoja litlhaloso tsa meta li bontšitse liphello tse kholo tsa likhatiso tsa litaba tsa thobalano litabeng tsa thobalano le mekhoa ea boitšoaro ho mefuta eohle ea thahasello, liphello tsena li ne li hlahlojoa ke mefuta e fokolang. Ka ho khetheha, liphello tse kholo tsa lilemo tsohle li ne li hlakile; Leha ho le joalo, phello e ne e feta makhetlo a mabeli a maholo ho bacha le ho batho ba baholo ba hlahang, mohlomong ho bonahatsa taba ea hore barupeluoa ba hōlileng ba na le phihlelo e bapisoang haholo le ea sebele ea lefatše ho atamela ho feta bacha ba bangata [36, 37]. Ho feta moo, phello e ne e le matla ho banna ba bapisoa le basali, mohlomong hobane teko ea ho kopanela liphate e lumellana le mongolo oa thobalano [18] le hobane litlhaku tsa banna li otloa hangata ho feta litlhaku tsa basali bakeng sa ho koetlisetsoa thobalano [38].

Liphumano tsena li na le litlamorao tse kholo bakeng sa bophelo bo botle ba 'mele le kelello ba batho ba lilemong tsa bocha le ba baholo. Ho lemoha litekanyetso tse phahameng tsa thobalano le lithaka tsa thobalano ho ka eketsa maikutlo a khatello ea kahare ea ho etsa liteko tsa thobalano [39]. Phuputsong e 'ngoe, ho pepesehela litaba tsa litaba tsa thobalano lilemong tsa bocha ho ile ha bonoa ho ntšetsa pele ts'ebetso ea thobalano ka likhoeli tse 9e17 [40]; ka lehlakoreng le leng, liteko tsa pele li ka eketsa likotsi tsa bophelo bo botle ba kelello le 'mele [37].

Matšoao a maholo a fumanoang mona a tšoana le a libaka tse ling tse ithutoang tsa kelello ea mecha ea litaba, tse kang phello ea mecha ea litaba ho pefo [41], boitšoaro bo hlephileng [42], le setšoantšo sa 'mele [43]. Nthong e 'ngoe le e' ngoe ea tsona, le hoja litlaleho tsa mecha ea litaba li sebelisa likarolo feela tsa likarolo tse fapaneng tsa liphello tsa thahasello, mecha ea phatlalatso e phetha karolo ea bohlokoa. Litšoantšiso tsena li fana ka maikutlo a hore litaba tsa litaba tsa thobalano ke tse nyenyane, empa e le se bohlokoa ho nts'etsopele ea maikutlo a boitšoaro bo bobe ho bacha le batho ba baholo ba hlahang.

YBOP maikutlo: Ho na le nalane e khahlisang e amanang le pampiri ena. (Bona qotsulo ho tsoa ho Sephetho sa eona ka tlase ho Abstract). Abstract e re ho phatlalalitsoe litlhahlobo tse le 'ngoe feela ka taba ena. Pampiri e 'ngoe e fumane hore, "Kameho ea mecha ea phatlalatso ho tsa thobalano ea bacha e ne e le nyane haholo ka boholo bo neng bo le haufi le zero." E ngotsoe ke Christopher J. Ferguson: Na mecha ea boithabiso e ts'oaetso e ts'ehetsa ho kopanela liphate tsa bacha Tlhahlobo ea Meta-Analysis le Methodological (2017)

Ka lilemo tse telele, Ferguson e 'nile ea hlasela khopolo ea ho lemalla marang-rang, ha ho ntse ho etsoa letšolo la ho boloka Internet Gaming Disorder tsoa ICD-11. (O ile a lahleheloa ke 2018, empa letšolo la hae le tsoela pele ka litsela tse ngata.) Ha e le hantle, Ferguson le Nicole Prause e ne e le bangoli ba mmoho le pampiri e kholo e lekang ho nyatsa mekhoa e metle ea lithethefatsi. (Liqoso tsa bona li ne li hlahisoa lihlopha tsa litsebi ke litsebi, ho makasine ena Leqephe la Likhatiso tsa Boitšoaro.) Mona, bangoli ba litlhaloso tsa meta ba hlalosa kamoo Ferguson a neng a belaella mekhahlelo e hlahisang sephetho sa hae kateng.

Litšoantšo tsa bootsoa le maikutlo a ts'ehetsang tlhekefetso khahlanong le Basali: Ho tsosolosa kamano ea likamano le maemo a sa tšoaneng (2010) - Ho hlahloba lingoliloeng. Tlhaloso:

Ho ile ha etsoa lipatlisiso tsa ho etsa lipatlisiso ho fumana hore na lithuto tsa batho ba sa tsebeng letho li senola kamano pakeng tsa lithethefatsi tsa litšoantšo tsa bootsoa le maikutlo a bona a tšehetsang pefo khahlanong le basali. Tlhaloso ea litlhahlobo e lokisa mathata ka mokhoa oa ho etsa lipatlisiso tsa meta le ho eketsa liphuputso tsa moraorao. Ho fapana le tlhahlobo ea meta ea pele, liphello tsa morao-rao li bontšitse botsoalle bo akaretsang ba bohlokoa pakeng tsa litšoantšo tsa bootsoa le maikutlo a tšehetsang pefo khahlanong le basali ka lithuto tse sa lekanyetsoang. Ho phaella moo, maikutlo a joalo a fumanoe a amana haholo le ho sebelisa litšoantšo tse tsosang takatso ea ho kopanela liphate ho e-na le tšebeliso ea litšoantšo tse manyala tse hlephisang boitšoaro, le hoja kamano ea morao-rao e ile ea fumanoa e le ea bohlokoa.

Lithuto tse setseng li thathamisitsoe ka tatellano ea liketsahalo:

Litšoantšo tse manyala tse hlephisang boitšoaro le ho se tsotelle ho kopanela liphate le ho felisa tlhekefetso (1982) - Excerpt:

O ile a hlahloba liphello tsa ho tsoela pele ho pepesehela litšoantšo tse manyala tse hlephisang boitšoaro ka litumelo tsa ho kopanela liphate ka kakaretso le litabeng tsa basali ka ho khetheha. E fumane seo ho shebella litšoantšo tse manyala tse hlephisang boitšoaro ho ile ha fella ka ho hloka kutloelo-bohloko ho basali joaloka bahlaseluoa ba betoa le ho basali ka kakaretso.

Ho shebella litšoantšo tsa bootsoa le maikutlo a mabapi le basali le peto: Tlhahlobo e kopanetsoeng (1986) - Excerpt:

Ha li bapisoa le sehlopha se neng se shebeletse filimi ea taolo, bafo ba banna ba ileng ba bontšoa filimi e mabifi ba lumellana le lintho tse ngata ho tšehetsa pefo ea batho ka bomong ho feta lihlooho tsa taolo. Leha ho le joalo, ho fapana le ho bolela esale pele, ho ne ho se na phapang pakeng tsa lihlopha tse peli ha li amoheloa ha lipale tsa bono, le hoja ho ne ho e-na le mokhoa o mo tataisang.

Ho bona banna ba mashome, basali ba basali ba ratanang, le ho se tšoane ha bong bo fapaneng: Ho shebella litšoantšo tse manyala tse hlephisang boitšoaro le ho hahoa kelello ka tekano (1997) - Excerpt:

 Ho Studies 3 le 4, ho itšireletsa ka holimo banna ba ne ba le menyetla e mengata ho feta banna ba fokolang haholo ho nahana hore banna ba bangata ba etsa boitšoaro ba banna. Ho Studies 5 le 6, ho itšireletsa ka holimo banna ba ne ba boetse ba le monyetla oa ho hlahisa tlhaloso ea thobalano ea basali ka boomo. Qetellong, ho Thuto 7, ho ba le maikutlo a phahameng ka ho fetisisa banna ba lemoha phapang e kholo ka ho fetisisa ka bong bo fapaneng ka mor'a ho shebella video ea 'mino oa thobalano kapa ea thobalano /s; ho itšehla thajana ha banna ba lemoha phapang e kholo ka mor'a ho shebella thobalano kapa maikutlo a lerato. Tlipatlisiso tsa hae li bontša hore ho shebella litšoantšo tsa bootsoa ho amahanngoa le litsela tse kholo le tsa bohlokoa tsa ho utloisisa banna, basali, le likamano tsa botona le botšehali.

Ho kopanela liphate le litšoantšo tse litšila tse tsosang takatso li sebelisoa: Ho ea ka ho hlalosa liphetho tse fetileng (null) (2004) - Enoa ke ea pele, empa ea khahlisa. Tlhaloso:

Thuto 1 e bontšitse phapang pakeng tsa ho kopanela liphate le mefuta ea litšoantšo tse manyala tse hlephisang boitšoaro e sebelisang, joalo ka hore barupeluoa ba neng ba sebelisa litšoantšo tse manyala tse hlephisang boitšoaro ba atisa ho ba le maikutlo a fokolang a bochaba. Ho ithuta 2 ho ile ha fumanoa kamano e ntle pakeng tsa litšoantšo tsa bootsoa le tšebelisano ea ho kopanela liphate, e le hore barupeluoa ba neng ba sebelisa litšoantšo tse manyala tse hlephisang boitšoaro hangata ba bontše ho kopanela liphate ka tsela e mosa. Lithuto tsa rona li fana ka temohisiso ka lipatlisiso tse ngata tse sa tsejoeng tsa lipatlisiso tsa pele tsa litšoantšo tse manyala tse hlephisang boitšoaro le maikutlo a ho kopanela liphate ho basali.

Tšebeliso ea litšoantšo tse manyala tse hlephisang boitšoaro le boitlamo bo ikhethang bo bontšang tlhekefetso ea thobalano har'a bacha (2005)

Tlhahlobo ena ea li-cross-section e ile ea hlahloba bacha ba 804, bashanyana le banana, ba lilemong tsa 14 ho ea ho lilemo tse 19, ba ea likoloing tse sa tšoaneng tse karolong e ka leboea-bophirima ho Italy. Lipakane tse ka sehloohong e ne e le tse latelang: (i) ho hlahloba kamano pakeng tsa mahloriso a thobalano le pefo le kamano pakeng tsa litšoantšo tsa bootsoa (ho bala limakasine le ho shebella lifilimi kapa livideo) le thobalano e sa batleheng har'a bacha; (ii) ho hlahloba phapang pakeng tsa likamano tsena mabapi le tekano le lilemo; le (iii) ho batlisisa mabaka (litšoantšo tse manyala tse hlephisang boitšoaro, tekano le lilemo) tse ka khonang ho khothalletsa thobalano e sa batleheng. Liphuputso li bontšitse hore tlhekefetso ea thobalano e sebetsang le e sa tsitsang le thobalano e sa batleheng le litšoantšo tsa bootsoa li amana.

Likamano pakeng tsa ho lemalla ho ts'oaroa ke li-cybersex, tekano ea tekano, ho kopanela liphate le kabelo ea tlhekefetso ea thobalano ho bacha (2007)

Phuputso ena e entsoe ho batlisisa ho lemalla ho ts'oaetsanoa ka litaba tsa thobalano, ts'oaetso ea botona le botšehali, maikutlo a thobalano le kabelo ea tlhekefetso ea thobalano ho bacha, le ho khetholla likamano lipakeng tsa mefuta ena. Barupeluoa ba ne ba le liithuti tsa 690 tse tsoang likolong tse peli tsa bohareng le likolo tse tharo tse phahameng Seoul. Bokhoba ba Cybersex, tekano ea tekano, maikutlo a thobalano le kabelo ea tlhekefetso ea thobalano lilemong tsa bocha e ne e fapane ho ea ka litšobotsi tse tloaelehileng. Tekano egalistarian, maikutlo a thobalano le kabelo ea tlhekefetso ea thobalano ho bacha ba ne ba susumelitsoe ke lithethefatsi tsa thelevishene.

Bacha ba ipapisitse le litaba tsa mecha ea litaba tsa thobalano le maikutlo a bona a Basali ka litaba tsa thobalano (2007)) - Excerpt:

Phuputso ena e etselitsoe ho etsa lipatlisiso ho bona hore na bacha ba ipapisitse le maemo a litaba tsa thobalano ba amana le litumelo tse matla tseo basali ba li etsang ka thobalano [tlhahlobo ea inthaneteng ea bacha ba 745 ba Dutch ba lilemo li 13 ho 18]. Haholo-holo, re ithutile hore na botsoalle pakeng tsa maikutlo a basali le thobalano le lintho tse amanang le ho kopanela liphate li fapana ka tsela e sa tšoaneng (e leng, thobalano e sa hlakileng, e hlakileng kapa e hlakileng) le ka litsela tse fapaneng (ke, litšoantšo le li-audio-visual ) e ka hlalosoa hamolemo e le ho bokella kapa ho ba le maemo a phahameng. Ho ipapisa le lintho tse hlalosang thobalano lifiliming tsa inthanete e ne e le eona feela tekanyo ea ho pepesa lintho tse amanang haholo le litumelo tseo basali ba li etsang ka thobalano., moo ho hlahella mefuta e meng ea thobalano ho laoloa. Kamano pakeng tsa ho pepesehela litaba tsa litaba tsa thobalano le maikutlo a basali joaloka lintho tsa thobalano ha lia ka tsa fapana le banana le bashemane

Tšebeliso ea cyberpornography ke bahlankana ba Hong Kong tse ling tsa likamano tsa kelello (2007) - Excerpt:

Phuputso ena e ile ea hlahloba ho ata ha litšoantšo tse manyala tse hlephisang boitšoaro Inthaneteng ho shebella le likamano tsa eona tsa kelello lichabeng tsa banna ba bacha ba Chaena ba Hong Kong. Ho feta moo, barupeluoa ba bolelang hore ba na le ho sheba litšoantšo tse manyala tse hlephisang boitšoaro tse holimo li fumaneha ho fumana litekanyetso tse phahameng tsa ho lumella ho kopanela liphate pele ho lenyalo le lits'ebeletso tsa ho hlekefetsoa ka thobalano.

X-Rated: Maikutlo a thobalano le mekhoa ea boitšoaro e amanang le US ea bocha ba pepesehela mecha ea phatlalatso e hlalosang thobalano (2009) - Excerpt:

Li-correlates tsa tšebeliso le maikutlo a latelang a thobalano le boitšoaro bo boletsoeng esale pele ka ho pepeseha lihlahisoa tse hlalosang thobalano ka limakasine tsa batho ba baholo, lifilimi tsa X-rated, le Inthanete li ile tsa hlahlojoa ka lipatlisiso tsa mefuta e sa tšoaneng ea bacha ba lilemong tsa bocha (boholo ba lilemo lilemong tsa lilemo = 13.6; N = 967).

Liphuputso tsa nako e telele li bontšitse hore ho pepeseha ha banna pele ho nako ho boletsoe mekhoa e fokolang ea boikutlo ba tekano, mekhoa e mengata ea ho kopanela liphate, ho hlekefetsoa ka thobalano le ho kopanela liphate le thobalano lilemong tse peli hamorao. Ho pepeseha ha basali pele ho nako ho ile ha bolela esale pele hore ho na le mekhoa e metle ea maikutlo a basali, ho kopanela liphate le thobalano.

Boemo ba Bacha le Maikutlo a Inthaneteng ka ho Kopanela Liphate Lintlha le Maikutlo a Basali ka Likamano Tsa Botona le Botšehali: Tlhahlobo ea Boemo le Mekhoa e Meholo (2009) - Excerpt:

Sepheo sa thuto ena e ne e le ho hlakisa hore ho na le kamano e teng pakeng tsa bacha le lihlahisoa tsa Inthanete tsa ho kopanela liphate (SEIM) le maikutlo a basali joaloka lintho tsa thobalano. Motheong oa boitsebiso bo tsoang phuputsong ea lihlopha tse tharo tsa mahlakore har'a bacha ba 962 ba Dutch, mokhoa o hlophisitsoeng oa ho arolelana lihlopha qalong o bontšitse hore ho ipapisa le SEO le maikutlo a basali joaloka lintho tsa thobalano li ne li e-na le tšusumetso e tobileng. To tsamaisa tšusumetso ea SEO ka maikutlo a basali joaloka lintho tsa thobalano ha lia ka tsa fapana ka tekano. Leha ho le joalo, tšusumetso e tobileng ea maikutlo a basali ka ho kopanela liphate ho hlahella ho BONA e ne e le ea bohlokoa ho banna ba lilemong tsa bocha. Liphuputso tse ling li bontšitse hore, ho sa tsotellehe hore na bacha ke bafe, ho rata SEBELE ho na le tšusumetso ea ho pepeseha ho BONA ka litumelo tsa bona hore basali ke lintho tsa thobalano, hammoho le phello ea litumelo tsena ha ba pepesehetse SEO.

Japanese College Students 'Media Exposure ho lisebelisoa tse hlalosang ka thobalano, mehopolo ea basali, le maikutlo a lumellang ho kopanela liphate (2011)) - Excerpt:

Phuputso ea hona joale e ile ea hlahloba liithuti tsa k'holejeng tsa Japane (N = 476) tšebeliso ea lintho tse hlalosang thobalano (SEM) le mekhatlo e kopanetsoeng le eona maikutlo a basali ka lintho tsa thobalano le maikutlo a ho lumella ho kopanela liphate. Liphello li bontša hore liithuti tsa koleji tsa Japane li ne li sebelisa mechine ea khatiso hangata e le mohloli oa SEM e lateloa ke Inthanete le thelevishene / video / DVD. Barupeluoa ba ne ba sebelisa SEM haholo ho feta basali. Ho phaella moo, bothata ba ho kopanela liphate bo ile ba phelisana kamano pakeng tsa ho pepesehela SEM le maikutlo a basali joaloka lintho tsa thobalano, athe ho pepesa ho SEM litabeng tsa litaba tsa boipheliso ho ne ho e-na le kamano e tobileng le boits'oaro ba sehlopha sa Majapane.

Tšusumetso ea litaba tsa Inthaneteng le lithaka tsa litabatso tsa ho kopanela liphate ka litumelo tse ts'oanang le tse mabapi le thobalano ea basali: ho tšoana le phapang pakeng tsa bacha le batho ba baholo (2011) - Excerpt:

Re sebelisitse tlhaiso-leseling e tsoang lipatlisisong tse peli tsa maqhubu a emelang naha ka bophara har'a bacha ba 1,445 ba maDutch le batho ba baholo ba 833 ba maDutch, re shebile tumelo e le 'ngoe ea hore basali ba hanana le thobalano (ke hore, mohopolo oa hore basali ba re "che" ha ba hlile ba ikemiselitse ho etsa thobalano). Qetellong, batho ba baholo, empa eseng lilemong tsa bocha, ba kotsing ea tšusumetso ea SEO ka litumelo tseo basali ba kenang ho tsona ho hanyetsa thobalano.

Litšoantšo tse litšila tse tsosang takatso har'a batho ba nang le bothata ba ho kopanela liphate (2011) - Excerpt:

Phuputso ea morao tjena e ile ea hlahlojoa 62% ea baahi ba morabe univesithing ea sechaba ea Midwestern ka litšoantšo tsa bona tsa bootsoa ho shebella mekhoa e metle, ho ba le bokhoni bo matla, le ho ba le boikemisetso ba ho thusa maemong a ka 'nang a betoa. Liphello li bontšitse hore banna ba shebellang litšoantšo tse manyala tse hlephisang boitšoaro ha ba khone ho kenella e le moemeli, ba tlaleha hore ba na le boikemisetso bo eketsehileng ba ho betoa, 'me ba ka kholoa likhopolo tsa bono.

Litšoantšo Tsa Bootsoa le Boikutlo ba ho Kopanela Liphate Har'a Likhathollo (2013) - Excerpt:

Ho etsa lipatlisiso ka liphetoho tsa litšoantšo tsa bootsoa tse fetileng, tlhahiso ea liteko tsa bootsoa bo sa bontšeng boitsebiso bo hlephileng, ho bonts'oa ha ho shebahala litšoantšo tse manyala tse hlephisang boitšoaro, le botho (ke hore, ho lumellana ha maikutlo) ho maikutlo a bobebe (ke hore, maikutlo ho basali, ho hlekefetsa le ho ba le mekhoa e metle ea ho kopanela liphate). Ho feta moo, phelisano ea ho kopanela liphate e ile ea hlahlojoa. Liphello li bontšitse hore, har'a banna, ho ile ha eketseha haholo ho sebelisa litšoantšo tse litšila tse tsosang takatso ho ne ho amahanngoa haholo le maikutlo a seng makae ho basali le ho kopanela liphate ka ho feteletseng. Ho feta moo, ho lumellana ho tlaase ho fumanoe ho bolela esale pele maikutlo a phahameng a ho kopanela liphate. Liphello tsa bohlokoa tsa ho shebella litšoantšo tse manyala tse hlephisang boitšoaro li fumanoe ka ho kopanela liphate hampe har'a batho ba tlaase ka tsela e lumellanang le ho ba le thobalano e ntle har'a basali.

Ho ntšetsa pele Centrefold Syndrome: Recency of Exposure, Ho itekanetse ka ho kopanela liphate, Pherekano ea nakong e fetileng ho ho finyella mecha ea litaba (2013) - Excerpt:

Phuputso ena ea liteko e ile ea hlahloba hore na ho pepesehela litšoantšo tsa basali tse ka hare ho batho ba baholo ho lumela haholoanyane ka setho sa litumelo tsa setsebi sa kelello ea mafu a kelello Gary Brooks "polelo ea" centralfold syndrome ". Tlhaloso ea centrefold e na le litumelo tse hlano: voyeurism, ho fokotsa thobalano, tlhōlisano le thobalano e sa rataneng. Mokhoa oa khale oa ho phatlalatsa mecha ea phatlalatso o ne o lumellana hantle le litumelo tsohle tse hlano tsa methapo ea mafu. Ho pepeseha ha morao-rao likarolong tse ka hare ho naha ho ne ho e-na le liphello tse matlafatsang ka potlako tabeng ea ho fokotsa likamano tsa thobalano ba bonang mehopolo ea mecha ea phatlalatso ka makhetlo a mangata. Liphetho tsena li ile tsa tsoela pele lihora tse ka bang 48.

Litšoantšo tse litšila tse tsosang takatso le khanyetso ho nka bohato bo matla bakeng sa Basali: Thuto e Lebelloang (2013) - Excerpt:

Phuputso ea rona e ile ea batlisisa mohloli o ka 'nang oa e-ba le tšusumetso ea boiketlo ba sechaba oo hangata o nkiloeng hore o fokotsane kutloelo-bohloko le kutloelo-bohloko ho basali: litšoantšo tsa bootsoa Litaba tsa naha ea naha li ne li sebelisitsoe. Lintlha li ile tsa bokelloa 2006, 2008, le 2010 ho tloha ho batho ba baholo ba 190 ho tloha ho 19 ho ea 88 ho ea pele. Ho shebella litšoantšo tse manyala tse hlephisang boitšoaro ho ne ho ngoloa ka mokhoa o tlalehiloeng oa lifilimi tsa bootsoa. Boikutlo bo mabapi le boits'oaro bo ne bo lekanngoa ka khanyetso ka ho hira le ho ts'ehetsa mekhoa e ratang basali. Tumellanong le pono ea sechaba ea ho ithuta ka litaba tsa mecha ea phatlalatso, litšoantšo tse tsosang takatso ea bootsoa li bonts'oa pele ho hanyetsoa ka mor'a moo ho hanyetsoa khato esita le ka mor'a ho laola mekhoa ea bohato ba pele bo tiileng le tse ling tsa likhohlano tse ka 'nang tsa e-ba teng. Tekano ha ea ka ea leka-lekanya mokhatlo ona. Mohlomong, Liphetho tsena li bontša hore Litšoantšo tse manyala tse hlephisang boitšoaro e ka 'na ea e-ba tšusumetso ea sechaba e fokolisang tšehetso bakeng sa mananeo a ho tiisa basali.

Kelello, Kamano, le Likamano Tsa Botona le Botšehali Tsa Litšoantšo Tsa Litšoantšo Tsa Bootsoa Sebelisa Batho ba Monyenyane Banyalani ba Heterosexual Relations Inthaneteng (2014) - Excerpt:

Morero oa phuputso ena e ne e le ho lekola li-antecedents tse boletsoeng esale pele (ke hore, likhohlano tsa karolo ea bong le mekhoa ea ho ikopanya) le litlamorao (ke hore, boleng ba kamano e futsanehileng le khotsofalo ea thobalano) ea litšoantšo tse manyala tse hlephisang boitšoaro tsa banna li sebelisoa har'a banna ba baholo ba banna le basali ba 373 ba baholo. Liphuputso li senotse seo bobeli ba litšoantšo tse manyala tse hlephisang boitšoaro ba sebelisa le ho beha bothata ba ho sheba litšoantšo tse manyala tse hlephisang boitšoaro ho amana le ho ngangisana ka bongata ho ba bong bo fapaneng, mekhoa e meng ea ho qoba le ho tšoenyeha, boleng ba kamano e futsanehileng, le khotsofalo e nyenyane ea thobalano Ho feta moo, liphuputso li fanoe ts'ehetso bakeng sa mohlala o khethiloeng oa mekhoa ea ho kopanela liphate moo ho neng ho e-na le likhohlano tsa botona le botšehali ho amanang le liphello tsa litho tsa lelapa ka kotloloho le ka tsela e sa tobang ka mekhoa ea ho kopanya le litšoantšo tsa bootsoa

Na litšoantšo tse litšila tse tsosang takatso li sebelisoa le ho hlekefetsoa ka thobalano? Ho hlahloba hape Mohlala oa Confluence ka maikutlo a mararo a fapaneng (2015) - Excerpt:

Mohlala oa Confluence oa tlhekefetso ea thobalano (Malamuth, Addison, & Koss, 2000) e re litšoantšo tse manyala tse hlephisang boitšoaro li sebelisa, ho nahanoa hore li khothaletsa khatello ea thobalano ea basali ka ho hlahisa litšoantšo tsa basali tse ikokobelitseng, e sebetsa 'moho le boitšoaro bo hlephileng ba botona le botšehali (SP) le bonna (HM) , mabaka a kotsi a tlhekefetso ea thobalano, ho hlahisa mabifi a khahlanong le basali. Inthaneteng ea lipatlisiso (N = Banna ba baholo ba 183) ba pheta lipatlisiso tsa lipatlisiso tsa mekhoa ea pele ea maikutlo, e le hore banna ba phahameng ho HM le SP ba ne ba ka 'na ba tlaleha hore ba qobelloa ho kopanela liphate hangata, ho e-na le ho ba le litšoantšo tse manyala tse hlephisang boitšoaro. Ho ithuta ka mobu o mocha, thuto ena e boetse e fumane hore HM le SP hammoho e ne e le li-predictors tse matla tsa tšebeliso ea mecha ea thobalano e mabifi, ha e bapisoa le mecha ea litaba ea thobalano e seng e mabifi, e bontšang hore banna ba kotsing e kholo ea thobalano ba ja mefuta e sa tšoaneng ea lintho tsa thobalano ho feta banna ka kotsi e tlaase.

Thuto ea Naha ea Phello ea Litšoantšo Tsa Bootsoa Tšebeliso le Boikutlo ba Botho ka Basali (2015) - Excerpt:

Phuputso ea morao-rao e ile ea hlahloba mekhatlo pakeng tsa ho sebelisoa ha litšoantšo tse litšila tse tsosang takatso le maikutlo a batho ba sa rataneng le ba bong bo fapaneng le batho ba baholo ba United States ba nang le mekhahlelo e 'meli. Ho sebelisa litšoantšo tse manyala tse hlephisang boitšoaro ho amana le lilemo ho bolela esale pele hore na maikutlo a joalo ke afe. Ka ho khetheha, tšebeliso ea litšoantšo tse manyala tse hlephisang boitšoaro moeeng e le 'ngoe e ile ea bolela hore ho na le maikutlo a mangata a fapaneng le maqhubu a mabeli ho ba baholo-empa eseng ho batho ba baholo.

Tlhaloso ea lilemong tsa bocha ho lipapali tse fapaneng tsa litaba tsa ho kopanela liphate Inthaneteng: Thuto ea nako e telele (2015) - E bonts'a kamano lipakeng tsa ts'ebeliso e mabifi ea litšoantšo tsa bootsoa le tlhahlobo ea maikutlo a batona le a batšehali. Tlhaloso:

Phuputso ea lipatlisiso tse peli tsa mehleng ea bacha ba 1557 ea Maholand e ile ea bua le batsamaisi bana ka ho ithuta ho pepeseha maikutlo a bona, bolaoli-ba boholong le ba mabifi-SEO. Bacha ba lilemong tsa bocha ba ne ba atisa ho pepesa maikutlo a bona, ha bacha ba lilemong tsa bocha le bacha ba nang le maemo a phahameng a thuto ba ne ba atisa ho pepeseha ho busa-ba bona ba bona. Bashemane ba masene ba masifa le banana ba hyper basali ba ne ba atisa ho pepesetsoa pefo-ba bonahalang ba bonahalang.

'Kamehla ho na le sefahleho sa hau': maikutlo a bacha ka litšoantšo tsa bootsoa (2015) - Excerpt:

Liphuputso li totobatsa hore bacha ba bangata ba pepesehetse litšoantšo tsa bootsoa ka boomo le ka boomo. Ho feta moo, ba tšoenyehile ka litloaelo tsa bong tse matlafatsang matla a banna le ho ikokobelletsa basali. Khokahano lipakeng tsa ho pepesehela litšoantšo tsa bootsoa, ​​litebello tsa bahlankana ka thobalano le khatello ea basali ba bacha ho latela se shebiloeng, e senotsoe.

Mofuthu ke eng? Litšoantšo tse manyala tse hlephisang boitšoaro Sebelisa sepheo se amanang le ho kenella ha batho ba mamelang (2015) - Excerpt:

Re fumane hore lintho tse 'maloa tse susumelletsang ho shebella litšoantšo tsa bootsoa li ne li amahanngoa le ho tlosoa ha boikemisetso ba ho kenella e le motho ea emeng, esita le ka mor'a ho laola hore litšoantšo tse manyala tse hlephisang boitšoaro li sebelisoa hangata. Thuto ena e ikopanya le ba bang ho fana ka maikutlo a hore setsoalle pakeng tsa litšoantšo tse manyala tse hlephisang boitšoaro li sebelisa le ho hanyetsa tlhekefetso ea thobalano

Boikutlo ba ho Kopanela Liphate Har'a Batho ba Hōlileng ba Basali ba Hōlileng Babali ba Li-Shades Fiction tse Mashome a Mahlano (2015) - Excerpt:

Litšoantšiso tsa banna le basali ka mokhoa o tloaelehileng oa ho kopanela liphate, litšoantšong tse tloaelehileng li matlafatsa pono e tsitsitseng ea banna (mohlala, banna ba matla, ba laola, ba nang le bokhoni, ba mabifi) le basali (mohlala, basali ke ba fokolang le ba fokolang, ba sa tsitsang, ba nang le khotso, ba sa nahaneleng le e susumetsoa ke maikutlo). Phuputso ea hona joale e ile ea hlahloba mekhatlo pakeng tsa lihlooho tse iqapetsoeng tse mashome a mahlano tsa mekhoa e tloaelehileng e tloaelehileng ea setso e akarelletsang litšoantšiso tsa moetlo oa setso-le litumelo tse ka sehloohong tsa ho kopanela liphate har'a sampuli ea basali ba 715 lilemo tse 18-24. Litlhahlobo li senotse mekhatlo e pakeng tsa ho bala le ho bala ka thobalano, joalo ka ha e lekantsoe ka Lenaneo le Ikemetseng la Thobalano. Basali bao e leng bona ba tlalehileng hore ba bala Mashome a mahlano a Moriti ba ne ba e-na le maemo a phahameng a ho hlaka, a mosa le a bora. Ho feta moo, ba ileng ba toloka Mashome a mahlano a Moriti e le "lerato" ba ne ba e-na le maemo a phahameng a ho hlaka ka thobalano.

Tlhahlobo ea liteko tsa bocha ba boikutlo ba ho shebahala ha banna ka mor'a ho hlahella litšoantšong tse bohareng tsa ho hlalosa lintho tse sa tšoaneng (2015) - Basali ba pepesehetsoeng ka ho hlakileng ha ba ntse ba e-na le menyetla e kholo ea banna ba ba bonang ka thobalano.

Phuputso ena e ile ea lekanya maikutlo a basali ba banyane mabapi le mahlo a banna kamora ho pepesetsoa masapo a bohareng a boiphihlelo bo fapaneng. Ho itlhalosa ho ne ho sebelisoa joalo ka ha ho hlobotsoe. Basali ba pepesetsoeng mekotlong e meng e hlakileng ea metseng ea motse ba bontša ho amoheloa ha banna ka ho fetisisa ho feta basali ba pepesehileng likarolong tse ka tlaasana tsa mantlha hang ka mor'a ho pepeseha le ka mor'a ho latela lihora tsa 48. Liphetho tsena li tšehetsa maikutlo a hore lipontšo tse ngata tsa boralitaba tsa basali li bontša 'mele ea basali, molaetsa oo ba o romellang o matlafatsa hore basali ba batla ho bonoa ke batho ba bang.. Ba boetse ba fana ka maikutlo a hore esita le ho pepesa hakhutšoane masakeng a pepeneneng ho ka ba le phello e se nang moelelo boikutlong ba basali ba bosodoma.

Sepheo sa banna ho tiisa tšebeliso ea mecha ea litaba, sepheo sa basali, le boikutlo bo tšehetsang tlhekefetso khahlanong le basali (2016) - Excerpt:

Ho tataisoa ke mohopolo oa lingoloa tse ikhethileng le tse sa hlakang tsa thobalano molemong oa ho fumana sengoloa sa thobalano sa Wright, ts'ebetsong, mofuta oa ts'ebeliso ea botsoalle ba litaba tsa thobalano, phuputso ena e khothalelitse hore ha banna ba bangata ba pepesetsoa lits'oants'o tse khahlisang, ba tla nahana haholo ka basali e le mekhatlo e teng bakeng sa ho khotsofatsa banna ka thobalano. (mokhoa o khethehileng oa ho kopanela liphate), le hore pono ena e silafetseng ka basali e ka sebelisoa ho tseba maikutlo a amanang le tlhekefetso ea thobalano khahlanong le basali (tlhaloso ea thobalano e sa hlakileng).

Lintlha li ile tsa bokelloa ho tsoa ho banna ba kopaneng ba khahliloeng ke basali ka thobalano (N = 187). Tumellanong le litebello, mekhatlo e pakeng tsa ho pepeseha ha banna ho phatlalatso ea litaba le maikutlo a tšehetsang pefo khahlanong le basali e ile ea buelloa ke maikutlo a bona ka basali e le lintho tsa thobalano. Haholo-holo, khafetsa ea ho pepesetsoa limakasine tsa bophelo ba banna tse supang basali, mananeo a nnete a TV a khahlisang basali, 'me litšoantšo tse manyala tse hlephisang boitšoaro li ne li bolela hore ho na le likhopolo tse ling tse sa lumellaneng ka basali, tseo le tsona li neng li bolela hore ho na le maikutlo a matla a tšehetsang pefo khahlanong le basali.

Bashebelli ba litšoantšo tse manyala tse hlephisang boitšoaro 'ho ka etsahala hore ba se ke ba ba le maikutlo a matle ka basali' (2016) - Excerpt:

Batho ba atisang ho sheba litšoantšo tse manyala tse hlephisang boitšoaro, tse kang lifoto tsa basali ba basali ba hlobotseng ba hlobotse ebile ba sa hlokomele, ha ba nahane hantle ka basali mme ba ka 'na ba lahleheloa ke litšoantšo tse manyala tse hlephisang boitšoaro tse tloaelehileng likoranteng, papatso le mecha ea phatlalatso. Liphello li bontšitse hore batho ba neng ba atisa ho sheba litšoantšo tse litšila tse tsosang takatso ea boitšoaro bo litšila ba ne ba se na monyetla oa hore ba hlalose tsena e le litšoantšo tse manyala tse hlephisang boitšoaro ho feta batho ba neng ba e-na le maemo a tlase a ho bona litšoantšo tsena  Batho ba neng ba lahliloe litšoantšong tsena ba ne ba e-na le monyetla o moholo ho feta ba bang ho lumellana le litšōmo tsa ho beta. Ho feta moo, batho ba neng ba atisa ho sheba litšoantšo tsena ba ne ba se na monyetla oa ho ba le maikutlo a matle ho basali.

Litšoantšo tse manyala tse hlephisang boitšoaro, ho qobella batho ho kopanela liphate le ho hlekahlekoa le ho romela melaetsa ea thobalano ka litšebelisanong le batho ba bacha: Thuto ea Europe (2016) - Excerpt:

Mahlale a morao-rao a entse hore litšoantšo tsa bootsoa li fihlellehe ho bacha, 'me bopaki bo ntseng bo hola bo supile kamano lipakeng tsa ho shebella litšoantšo tsa bootsoa le boitšoaro bo mabifi kapa bo hlekefetsang bahlankana. Sengoliloeng sena se tlaleha liphuputso tse tsoang phuputsong e kholo ea bacha ba 4,564 14 ba lilemo li 17 ho isa ho 91 linaheng tse hlano tsa Europe tse bonesang kamano lipakeng tsa ho shebella litšoantšo tse manyala tse hlephisang boitšoaro inthaneteng, ho qobelloa ho etsa thobalano le tlhekefetso le ho romella le ho amohela litšoantšo le melaetsa ea thobalano, e tsejoang ka hore ke "ho romellana melaetsa ea thobalano." . ” Ntle le phuputso e phethetsoeng likolong, lipuisano tse XNUMX li ile tsa etsoa le bacha ba nang le boiphihlelo bo tobileng ba pefo le tlhekefetso likamanong tsa bona.

Litefiso tsa ho shebella litšoantšo tse manyala tse hlephisang boitšoaro inthaneteng li ne li phahame haholo ho bashanyana mme boholo ba bona ba ne ba khethile ho shebella litšoantšo tsa bootsoa. Ketso ea bashanyana ea khatello ea thobalano le tlhekefetso e ne e amana haholo le ho shebella litšoantšo tse manyala tse hlephisang boitšoaro inthaneteng. Holim'a moo, bashanyana ba neng ba lula ba shebella litšoantšo tsa bootsoa ba inthaneteng ba ne ba e-na le monyetla o moholo oa ho ba le maikutlo a fosahetseng a bong. Lipuisano tse ntle li bontšitse hore, le hoja ho romela melaetsa ea selefouno e tloaelehile ebile e nkoa e le ntle ka bacha ba bangata, ho na le monyetla oa ho hlahisa likarolo tsa bootsoa tse kang ho laola le ho tlotlolla.

Tšebeliso ea lipapali tsa video ea bophelo bohle, tlhekefetso ea batho ba bang, ho hlekefetsoa ka thobalano le ho amoheloa ha litšōmo tsa bohata: ho hlahisa maikutlo (2016) Ha se litšoantšo tsa bootsoa, ​​empa ha li hole le eona. Tlhaloso:

Phuputsong ena, re ile ra etsa lipatlisiso (N = 351) tsa banna ba baholo le banna le ho sebelisa mekhoa e metle ea lipapaling ho hlahloba likamano pakeng tsa papali ea papali ea video, tšobotsi ea batho ba bang, ho kopanela liphate ka tsela e sa tloaelehang, le taelo ea pele (lekholo la liqoso tsa bohata tsa ho betoa) le liphello tsa tlhahiso ea bobeli (RMA). Re fumane ts'ehetso bakeng sa mohlala oa temo, o bontšang kamano pakeng tsa papali ea papali ea video le RMA ka ho hlekefetsoa ke batho ba bang le ho kopanela liphate ka mabifi. Le hoja liphuputso tsena li ke ke tsa hlalosoa ka mabaka, re buisana ka mekhoa ea mekhatlo ena le litaelo tsa nakong e tlang bakeng sa lipatlisiso.

Kamano pakeng tsa litšoantšo tse manyala tse hlephisang boitšoaro le sepheo sa ho kopanela liphate tsa Basali: Karolo ea Boikokobetso ea Thuto ea ho Bala le ho Bala Litlhaku (2017) - Excerpt:

 le thuto ena ea nako e telele pakeng tsa 1,947 13-25 ea lilemo li fetileng, re ile ra qala ho bua le mookameli enoa ka ho hlahloba monyetla oa thuto ea ho ithuta ho bala le ho ngola likolong ho hlokomelisa kamano ea longitudinal pakeng tsa ho kopanela liphate tse hlalosang thobalano (SEI) le maikutlo a basali joaloka lintho tsa thobalano. Tsela ea ho sebelisana ka litsela tse peli e hlahile: Kamano pakeng tsa BONA le maikutlo a ho kopanela liphate e ile ea fokola, basebelisi ba bangata ba ne ba ithutile lithuto tsa bootsoa. Ha ho khethollo ea tekano kapa ea lilemo e etsahetseng. Thuto ena e fana ka bopaki ba pele ba karolo ea thuto ea mecha ea phatlalatso ho fokotsa liphello tse sa rateheng tsa mecha ea litaba.

Nako ea ho shebella litšoantšo tse manyala tse hlephisang boitšoaro pele e bōpa maikutlo a banna ka basali (2017) - Excerpt:

Barupeluoa (N = 330) ba ne ba le sehlopheng se seng sa lithuto tsa liithuti tsa univesithing e kholo, e bophirimela, ho tloha lilemong tsa 17-54 (M = 20.65, SD = 3.06). Barupeluoa ba bangata ba khetholloa e le ba tšoeu (84.9%) le ho kopanela liphate (92.6). Ka mor'a ho fana ka tumello e tsebang, barupeluoa ba qetile thuto ea inthanete.

Litholoana li bonts'a hore lilemo tse tlaase tsa pele ho shebella litšoantšo tse manyala tse hlephisang boitšoaro ho boletse hore ho latela matla a phahameng ka ho fetisisa ho matla a Basali le melao ea banna ba Playboy. Ho phaella moo, ho sa tsotellehe hore na banna ba shebane le litšoantšo tse manyala tse hlephisang boitšoaro (kelello, ka boomo, ka tšohanyetso kapa ka ho qobelloa), barupeluoa ba ile ba khomarela ka tsela e lekanang le Matla a Basali le setso sa Playboy masculine. Ho ka 'na ha e-ba le litlhaloso tse sa tšoaneng ho utloisisa likamano tsena, empa liphello li bontša bohlokoa ba ho buisana ka lilemo tsa ho pepeseha litabeng tsa kliniki le banna.

Eseng Feela Makasine: Ho Lekola Lihokelo Pakeng tsa Lads 'Mags, Kamohelo ea Rape Myth, le Rape Proclivity (2017) - Excerpt:

Ho hlahisa limakasine tse ling tse etselitsoeng bo-ramahlale ba batona ba banna-haufinyane ho amahanngoa le boits'oaro le maikutlo a nyelisang basali, ho kenyeletsoa le tlhekefetso ea thobalano. Thutong ea hajoale, sehlopha sa banna ba baholo ba Spain se ile sa pepesetsoa likoahelo tsa mag ea bashanyana ha sehlopha sa bobeli se pepesetsoa likoahelo tsa makasine e sa jeleng paate. Liphetho li bonts'itse hore, ha li bapisoa le bankakarolo ba sehlopha sa bobeli, bankakarolo ba pepesitsoeng ka makenete a bashemane bao le bona ba bonts'itseng kamohelo e phahameng ea ho betoa le ho tiisa tšebeliso ea limakasine tse joalo ba tlalehile ts'ebetso e phahameng ea peto maemong a inahaneloang.

Botšepehi Bohata ba Boipiletso: Ho lekanya liphello tsa ho kopanela liphate, ho tsosoa ha thobalano Histori, litšoantšo tsa bootsoa le boithati (2018) - Tšebeliso ea litšoantšo tsa bootsoa e amanang le ho amohela Khopolo-taba ea Prostution (hore e matlafatsa basali) - Excerpt:

Basali ba khoebisong ea thobalano ba 'nile ba hlaseloa molato ho tsoa ho ba arabelang pele le tlhekefetso ho bakiki le barekisi. Bokhoni ba basali ba ho tsoa khoebong ea ho kopanela liphate bo ka ba le tšusumetso e mpe ka lebaka la khethollo ea botekatse ea khokahano ea bohata e tloaelehileng ho sebelisetsoa ho kopanela liphate le tlhekefetso khahlanong le basali. Tekano, maikutlo a eketsehileng a ho kopanela liphate ho basali, makhetlo a mangata a ho sebelisa litšoantšo tsa bootsoa, ​​le bofokoli ba boitšoaro ba bolelang hore boitšoaro ba botekatse ke boipiletso bo iqapetsoeng.

Botho ba Boetapele bo Amana le Batho le Basali ba Tšoantšetsang Litšoantšo Tse Bobebe Tsa ho Kopanela Liphate Ho Talima? (2018) - Excerpt:

Ho busa haholo le ho qoba maikutlo a basali ho ne ho bolela hore batho ba sebelisa litšoantšo tsa bootsoa ka tsela e feteletseng. Boikutlo bo thibelang banna le likhopolo-taba tse bolelang hore ho laola mathata a litšoantšo tsa bootsoa ho sebelisa le ho sebelisa litšoantšo tse manyala tse hlephisang boitšoaro ho baleha maikutlo a fosahetseng. Ho phaella moo, ho qoba banna ho ba le likhopolo tsa basali ho boletse hore litšoantšo tse litšila tse tsosang takatso li sebelisa mathata le ho laola mathata.

Liphello tsa liteko tsa ho sheba litšoantšo tse manyala tse hlephisang boitšoaro tse hlephisang boitšoaro tse hlahisoang ke banna ho itšetlehile ka liketso tsa basali: ho hanyetsa, ho kopanela liphate, khethollo (2018) - Phuputso e sa tloaelehang ea liteko moo banna ba maemo a tlase ba pepesitsoeng mefuta ea 2 ea litšoantšo tsa bootsoa: litšoantšo tse manyala tse hlephisang boitšoaro (ke hore, tse se nang pefo, tse nyenyefatsang, tse nyenyefatsang), litšoantšo tse manyala tse hlephisang boitšoaro (ke hore, tse sa nyenyefatseng, tse se nang pefo le tse lumellanang). Ke maketse ha thuto e hlile e fumane phapang ha e nahana ka 2018 ea eona, 'me lihlooho e ne e le bashanyana ba lilemong tsa koleche (mohlomong ba bangata ba shebella litšoantšo tse litšila tse tsosang takatso). Litemana tse qotsitsoeng:

Phuputsong ea morao tjena, banna ba 82 ba le sehlopheng se phahameng sa banna ba ne ba abetsoe ho latela maemo a mararo (ho nyelisa, ho laola, kapa ho laola); ka hare ho boemo bo bong le bo bong ba ne ba abeloa ho sheba karolo e le 'ngoe ho tse peli tsa metsotsoana ea 10: litšoantšo tse litšila tse tsosang takatso (e leng, tse sa hlabang, tse silafatsang, tse silafatsang), litšoantšo tse litšila tse tsosang takatso (e leng, tse sa silafetseng, tse se nang boiketlo, tsa boiketlo) boemo ba ho laola.

Ho ipapisa le ho etsa lintho tse ngata (vs. e nyenyefatsang) e hlahisitse ho hloka leeme ho motšoantšisi oa porno [le] ho pepesehela erotica (vs. ho laola) hape ho hlahisitse khethollo e kholo ka ho fetisisa ho mosali ea nang le boikaketsi, le hoja e mong le e mong ea qetellang a ne a sa bohlokoa. Ho ipapisa le litšoantšo tse litšila tse tsosang takatso (vs. ho senya kapa ho laola) ho ile ha hlahisa litumelo tse matla ka ho fetisisa tsa ho kopanela liphate le ho hanyetsa mosali ka kakaretso.

Litsebi tsa banna ba nyenyane ba ho kopanela liphate ho hanyetsanoa ka thobalano ea banna ba bang (2019) - Litlhaloso tse hlahang:

Ho fanoe ka kamano pakeng tsa liphihlelo tsa ho hanyetsa thobalano le liphello tse mpe tsa bophelo ba kelello le tsa kelello bakeng sa banna ba nyenyane ba thobalano, ke habohlokoa ho hlahloba hore na ke banna bafe ba ka kenyelletsang boitšoaro bo bobe ba ho kopanela liphate. Re ile ra hlahloba li-predictors tsa banna ba bang ba nyalanang ka thobalano le banna ba bang (mohlala, ho hlahloba 'mele, ho etsa boipiletso bo sa batleheng ba ho kopanela liphate), ho kopanyelletsa le ho lebisa tlhokomelo ponahalong, ho kopanela liphate tsa bosodoma, tsa banna ba bong bo fapaneng, tsa litlokotsebe le tsa molao (LGBTQ), litšoantšo tsa bootsoa , le likhohlano tsa banna ba bong bo fapaneng har'a banna ba 450 le ba bong bo fapaneng. Liphuputso tsa rona li senola bohlokoa ba ho shebahala, ho kenya letsoho ho sechaba sa LGBTQ, le litšoantšo tsa bootsoa li sebelisoa le boitšoaro bo bontšang lerato bo fokolang pakeng tsa banna li ne li amana ka ho ikhethang le banna ba bang.

Botsoako bo bongata le bo bobe ba ho shebella litšoantšo tse litšila tse tsosang takatso: Boikarabelo ba ho itšepa (2019) - Mathata a ts'ebeliso ea litšoantšo tsa bootsoa a ne a amana le takatso ea ho ba le matla ho basali. Ha e lekane haholo. Litemana tse qotsitsoeng:

Ho laola mokhoa oa ho sheba litšoantšo tsa bootsoa khafetsa, boitsebahatso ba bolumeli le maikutlo a thobalano, mohlala oa sebopeho sa equation o senotse matla ho basali le litloaelo tsa playboy ka ha li amahanngoa le mathata a ntseng a eketseha a ho shebella litšoantšo tse manyala tse hlephisang boitšoaro, athe taolo ea maikutlo le litloaelo tse hapileng li ne li amana hampe le ho shebella litšoantšo tsa bootsoa. Ho mekhatlo ena, matla holim'a litloaelo tsa basali a hlahisitse litlamorao tse lumellanang tse tobileng maemong ohle…

Ts'ebetso e tšoanang e bonahetse likamano tse ntle lipakeng tsa ho lumellana le litloaelo tsa bashanyana le ho shebella litšoantšo tse litšila tse tsosang takatso, ka phello e fetisang bakeng sa ba tlase ba itšepa. Liphumano li fana ka maikutlo a hore litšoantšo tsa bootsoa tsa banna li ka matahanngwa le lipuo tsa bona tsa bong ba setso.

Mokhatlo o Lipakeng tsa Phihlelo ea Litšoantšiso tsa Bootsoa le Tlhekefetso ea Bacha ho Thupelo ea Liithuti tsa Sekolo se phahameng sa 10 (2019) - Phuputso e tlalehile hore ho pepesehela litšoantšo tse manyala tse hlephisang boitšoaro tse mabifi ho amana le ho amohela likhopolo-taba tsa peto le maikutlo a fokolang a tekano ea bong. Leha ho le joalo, sepheo se seholo sa thuto e ne e le:

Ho pepesetsoa litšoantšo tsa bootsoa ka pefo ho ne ho amahanngoa le mefuta eohle ea TDV, leha mekhoa e ne e fapana ka bong. Bashemane ba pepesetsoeng litšoantšo tsa bootsoa tse mabifi e ne e le makhetlo a 2-3 hangata ho tlaleha ts'ebetso ea thobalano ea TDV le ho hlekefetsoa le ho hlekefetsoa ka 'mele oa TDV, ha banana ba pepesetsoeng litšoantšo tsa bootsoa tse mabifi ba ne ba feta makhetlo a 1.5 ho feta ha ba sokela TDV ha ba bapisoa le balekane ba bona ba sa pepesehang.

# ('Na) haholo? Karolo ea ho etsa thobalano mecheng ea litaba tsa inthanete ho haneleng ha bacha mabapi le ts'ebetso ea metoo le ho amohela likhopolo-taba tsa peto (2019) - Litlhaloso tse hlahang:

Boithuto ba hajoale bo bua ka mekhoa ea litaba tsa thobalano e fumanehang marang-rang, joalo ka ha ho pepesetsoa litaba tsa marang-rang tse bontšang thobalano le ho fumana maikutlo a fosahetseng mecheng ea litaba tsa sechaba, li amana le kamohelo ea maikutlo a botona le botšehali ho bacha. Ka ho khetheha, e phahamisa lipatlisiso tsa pejana mabapi le ho amohela mashano a peto ka ho hlahloba moaho o amanang le litumelo tsena, ke hore, ho hanyetsa mokhatlo oa metoo.

Liphetho li bonts'itse hore ho pepesehela lisebelisoa tsa marang-rang tse bontšang thobalano, empa li sa fumane karabo e mpe liphatlalatsong tsa sechaba, ho ne ho amana le ho hanana le ho emisoa ha maikutlo a basali ka lintho tsa thobalano. Ho itšepa ho ne ho sa sebetse e le mokena-lipakeng o sebetsang likamanong tse hlahlobiloeng. Bong le boitšepo ha li a ka tsa lekanya likamano tse boletsoeng.

Maikutlo a basali le maikutlo a fetoha ho ba batona le ba batšehali, kamora ho pepesetsoa litšoantšo tsa bootsoa tse bobebe, tse fapaneng maemong a mabifi (2019) - Excerpt:

Pampiri ena e sebelisitse moralo oa pele ho tlhahlobo ea tlhahlobo ea pele ho tlhahlobo ho hlakisa hore na thepa ee e na le litlamorao life ho barupeluoa ba basali (N = 242). Ka tšebeliso ea Attidence kuelekea Basali ba Basali le Attidence to Men ho ile ha fumaneha hore basali ha ba na phetoho e kholo maikutlong ho basali ba bang, ha ba pepesetsoa. Leha ho le joalo, li bonts'a liphetoho litumelong tsa bona tse mabifi tsa banna bakeng sa li-clip tse bonts'ang pefo ea thobalano, le litumelo tse ntle bakeng sa linepe tse bontshang ho ratana ho bonts'ang maikutlo a lerato, pale e mpe ea maikutlo a lerato, le bakeng sa ketsahalo e bontshang peto. Liphetho tsena lia hlahlojoa ebe li tšohloa ho latela mohopolo oa Gender-Schema, Thibelo ea ho Kopanela Liphate le Litaba tsa Thobalano.

Litšoantšo tse manyala tse hlephisang boitšoaro le mokhoa oa ho itlosa bolutu ka batho ba bong bo fapaneng (2020) - Boholo ba lithuto tsa basali. Tlhaloso:

Thutong e amanang le thuto, barupeluoa ba 266 (Basali ba 78.2%; Mage = 30.79, SD = 8.89) ba arabile ho batho ba bangata, hore na ba kamanong kapa hore ba sebelisitse litšoantšo tsa bootsoa marang-rang le hore na ba bonts'a maikutlo a mantlha le a sekhahla ho balekane ba bona ba thobalano joang. Liphetho li bontšitse hore batho ba sebelisang litšoantšo tse litšila tse tsosang takatso ba etsa batho balekane ba bona ba thobalano ha ba sa ratane. Liphetho tsena li bohlokoa hobane bosholu ba batho bo na le litlamorao tse matla tse kang khethollo, pefo, likotlo tse bohloko le ho thibela boitšoaro bo botle. Ha re se re tseba hore na ho etsahala neng, re na le monyetla oa ho theha maano a ho e fokotsa.

Ts'ehetso ea lithaka tsa banna le ho hlekefetsoa ka thobalano: kamano e pakeng tsa setšoantšo se phahameng, ho nka karolo lipapaling tsa sekolo se phahameng le boitšoaro ba ho hlekefetsoa ka thobalano (2020) - Litšoantšo tse litšila tse ts'oanang le litšoantšo tsa bootsoa li hokahane hantle le mehato ea: Monyetla oa Peto, Tlhekefetso ea Thobalano, Tokelo ea Thobalano le Lehloeo ho Basali. Tafole e nang le likamano tsa mantlha. # 8 ke Tšebeliso ea Litšoantšo Tsa Bootsoa:

e senang mohlala

Moetso oa Confluence oa Tlhekefetso ea Thobalano: Tiriso le Banna ba Bacha (2020) - Sbashanyana ba sehlopha sa 10 ba fumana hore ho pepesetsoa litšoantšo tse litšila tse tsosang takatso tsa ho sheba litšoantšo tse litšila tse tsosang takatso ho ne ho amahanngoa le ho hlekefetsoa ka thobalano le batho ba bang ka thobalano likhoeling tse 6 tse fetileng, hammoho le khatello ea thobalano, tumello ea ho amohela mashano a tlhekefetso, ho kenella bohlorong le ho feta, ho sotla batho ba bong bo tšoanang. Lethathamo:

e senang mohlala

Ho hlahisa litšoantšo tse manyala tse hlephisang boitšoaro har'a bacha ba Eritrea: Boithuto ba ho Hlahloba (2021) - Excerpt:

Liphetho tsa ANOVA tsa tsela e le 'ngoe li senola hore ho na le phapang e kholo liponong mabapi le basali lipakeng tsa ba arabelitsoeng ba neng ba shebile litšoantšo tsa bootsoa selemong se fetileng le ba arabelitsoeng ba neng ba sa li shebella. Ka ho khetheha, ba arabelitsoeng ba neng ba shebile litšoantšo tsa bootsoa selemong se fetileng ba ne ba e-na le maikutlo a fosahetseng ka basali.

Metsoalle e haufi-ufi Cyberstalking, Sexism, Litšoantšo tse manyala tse hlephisang boitšoaro, le ho romellana melaetsa e litšila ka selefouno ho bacha: Mathata a macha bakeng sa thuto ea thobalano (2021) - Litlhaloso tse hlahang:

Hape re fumane hore botona le botšehali bo mabifi le bo mosa bo ne bo amana hantle le ts'ebeliso ea litšoantšo tsa bootsoa le boitšoaro bo litšila. Kahoo, bashanyana le banana ba nang le maikutlo a mangata a ho kopanela liphate ba jere litaba tsa bootsoa ka ho fetesisa mme a etsa boits'oaro bo bongata ba ho romellana melaetsa ea thobalano.

Ka hona, liphetho tsa rona li bonts'a seo Banana ba neng ba ja litšoantšo tse manyala tse hlephisang boitšoaro cyberstalked balekane ba bona ho feta. Ntle le moo, bashemane le banana ba mosa ba thobalano ba neng ba etsa boitšoaro bo bobe ba ho romellana melaetsa ea thobalano ba ne ba tloaetse ho lekola balekane ba bona le ho feta.

Lintho tse boletsoeng esale pele ka tlhekefetso ea thobalano: Ho leka litšiea tse 'ne tsa Mohlala oa Kholiseho ka mohlala o moholo oa banna ba koleche (2021) - Ho sebelisa litšoantšo tse litšila tse tsosang takatso ho amana le litlamorao tse ngata tse mpe ho kenyeletsoa  matla a bonna, ho hlekefetsa batho ka tsa thobalano, ho qobella batho ho etsa thobalano,


Patlisiso ena mabapi le khethollo e ka ba e loketseng:

Ha 'she' e fetoha 'it' (2019) (tsebiso ea boralitaba)

Ho lekanya likarabo tsa li-neural ho lipeo tsa batho tse sa sebetsaneng le lintho tse khethollang lits'ebetso tsa ts'oaetso ea thobalano e fetang ka setšoantšo (2019) (thuto e feletseng)