Research

Litlamorao tsa Neural tsa reacization ea boitšoaro ba thobalano ho batho ba nang le boits'oaro bo sa qobelloeng

e na le litokomane tse ngata tsa lipatlisiso. U ka li fumana ka Lethathamo le ka sehloohong la Patlisiso, e qalang ka kakaretso ea lipatlisiso tsa morao-rao. Ka tlaase ho leqephe leo o ka fumana lihlopha ho lihlopha tsa lithuto, tse kang Litšoantšo Tsa Bootsoa le Bacha, Tšebeliso ea Litšoantšo le Tlhekefetso ea thobalano, 'me Internet Addiction.

Litlhahlobo tsa Lipotso tse belaetsang le tse khelosang / Likotoana tsa mashano tsa Debunking e bua ka lipatlisiso tse ling tse tsosang takatso ea ho sheba litšoantšo tsa bootsoa le lipolelo tsa lihlooho.

Mona u ka ithuta ka tlhahlobo ea bongaka e loketseng litlolo tsa bootsoa le tsa thobalano e khothalelitsoe ho kenyeletsoa khatisong e tlang ea Mokhatlo oa Lefatše oa Bophelo Kemiso ea Machaba ea Maloetse (ICD-11), hammoho le boemo ba Mokhatlo oa Amerika oa Tlhekefetso ea Meriana (litsebi tsa taolo ea bophelo bo botle le bafuputsi). Sena se ile sa phatlalatsoa ke WHO ka Phuptjane 2018. Hona joale se ntse se tsoela pele ka tšebetso ea kamohelo ea linaha tsa setho.

Patlisiso e sebetsang

Bakeng sa bonolo mona ke lethathamo la bohlokoa la lithuto tsa litšoantšo tsa bootsoa.

1) Ho lemalla takatso ea thobalano / thobalano? Leqephe lena le thathamisa thuto e 'ngoe le e' ngoe e amanang le neuroscience (MRI, fMRI, EEG, neuropsychological, hormonal) e phatlalalitsoeng ea basebelisi ba litšoantšo tsa bootsoa le ba lemaletseng thobalano. Liphuputso tsohle ntle le e le 'ngoe ea 57 li fana ka ts'ehetso bakeng sa mohlala oa ho lemalla lithethefatsi. Liphuputso tsa bona li bonahatsa se fumanoeng ke methapo e tlalehiloeng lithutong tsa bokhoba ba lithethefatsi.

2) Ke litsebi tsa sebele tsa maikutlo mabapi le ho lemalla ho kopanela liphate le ho kopanela liphate? Lethathamo lena le na le 32 litlhahlobo tsa morao-rao tsa lingoliloeng le litlhaloso ke tse ling tsa litsebi tsa mantlha tse phahameng ka ho fetisisa lefatšeng. Ts'ehetso eohle ea mohlala oa ho lemalla lithethefatsi

3) Lipontšo tsa ho lemala le ho eketseha ho lintho tse feteletseng? Ho feta lipatlisiso tsa 60 liphuputso tsa tlaleho li lumellana le ho eketseha ha tšebeliso ea litšoantšo tsa bootsoa (ho mamella), tloaelo ea bootsoa, ​​esita le matšoao a ho tlohela (matšoao ohle le matšoao a amanang le ho lemalla). Leqephe le eketsehileng ka Lithuto tse 15 tse tlalehang matšoao a ho tlohela chelete ho basebelisi ba litšoantšo tsa bootsoa.

4) Ho tsitlella ntlha e sa tšehetsoeng e reng "takatso ea ho kopanela liphate e phahameng" e hlakola boitšoaro bo hlephileng ba ho kopanela liphate kapa ho lemalla ho kopanela liphate: Bonyane lithuto tsa 30 li qhekella taba ea hore batho ba kopanelang liphate le ba lemaletseng ho kopanela liphate "ba na le takatso e phahameng ea thobalano".

5) Matšoao a thobalano le mathata a thobalano? Lethathamo lena le na le ho feta lipatlisiso tsa 50 tse amanang le tšebeliso ea litšoantšo tsa bootsoa / lithethefatsi tsa bootsoa litabeng tsa thobalano le ho fokotsa menyetla ea ho kopanela liphate. The Liphuputso tsa pele tsa 7 lenaneong li bontša ho baka, kaha barupeluoa ba ile ba tlosa tšebeliso ea litšoantšo tsa bootsoa 'me ba phekola likotsi tse sa feleng tsa thobalano.

6) Lipatlisiso tsa 80 li amahanya litšoantšo tsa bootsoa le ho sebelisa thobalano e nyenyane le khotsofalo ea kamano. Ho ea kamoo re tsebang kateng bohle lithuto tse amanang le banna li tlalehile tšebeliso e mpe ea litšoantšo tse amanang le eona ea futsanehile sephetho. Sena se sebetsa ho khotsofalo ea thobalano kapa kamano. Le ha lithuto tse 'maloa li tlaleha phello e nyane ea tšebeliso ea porno ea basali ho basali khotsofalo ea likamano tsa botona le botšehali, tse ngata do tlaleha litlamorao tse mpe: Lithuto tsa bootsoa tse amanang le litaba tsa basali: Litholoana tse mpe ka ho tsosoa, ho khotsofatsa thobalano le likamano

7) Tšebeliso ea litšoantšo e ama bophelo ba maikutlo le kelellong? Liphuputso tse fetang 85 li hokahanya litšoantšo tsa bootsoa le bophelo bo futsanehileng ba kelello le maikutlo le litlamorao tse mpe tsa kelello.

Litšoantšo tsa bootsoa li ama litumelo, maikutlo le boits'oaro

8) Ho sebelisa litšoantšo ho ama litumelo, maikutlo le boitšoaro? Hlahloba lithuto ka bomong: ho feta lipatlisiso tsa 40 tse amanang le litšoantšo tsa bootsoa li sebelisa "maikutlo a sa lokelang" ho basali le maikutlo a ho kopanela liphate - kapa kakaretso ea tlhahlobo ea meta ea 2016 ea lithuto tse 135 - Mecha ea phatlalatso le ho kopanela liphate: Puso ea Boipheliso ba Puso, 1995-2015. Tlhaloso:

Sepheo sa tlhahlobo ena e ne e le ho etsa lipatlisiso tsa lipatlisiso tsa lipatlisiso tsa ho kopanela liphate mecheng ea litaba. Sepheo se ne se lebisitsoe ho lipatlisiso tse hatisitsoeng litabeng tsa lipuo tsa Senyesemane pakeng tsa 1995 le 2015. Kakaretso ea lingoliloeng tsa 109 tse nang le lithuto tsa 135 li ile tsa hlahlojoa. Liphuputso tsena li fane ka bopaki bo tsitsitseng ba hore bohlahlobi ba laboratori le kakaretso ea letsatsi le leng le le leng ho tse kenyelletsoeng letsatsi le leng le le leng li amana ka ho toba le liphello tse ngata, ho kenyelletsa le maemo a phahameng a ho se khotsofale ha 'mele, ho ikemela ho hoholo, tšehetso e kholo ea litumelo tsa thobalano le litumelo tsa thobalano, mamello e kholo ea thobalano ho basali. Ho feta moo, tlhahiso ea liteko ho tsena li lebisa basali le banna ho ba le maikutlo a fokolang a bokhoni ba basali, boitšoaro le botho.

Tšebeliso ea litšoantšo tsa bootsoa le tlhekefetso ea thobalano, khatello le pefo

9) Ho thoe'ng ka tlhekefetso ea thobalano le tšebeliso ea litšoantšo tsa bootsoa? Tlhahlobo e 'ngoe ea litlhahlobo: Tlhahlobo ea Litšoantšo tsa Litšoantšo Tsa Litšoantšo Tsa Bootsoa le 'Nete Liketso Tsa Liketso Tsa Botona le Botšehali ho Lipatlisiso ka Kakaretso Tsa Batho (2015). Tlhaloso:

Lipatlisiso tsa 22 tse tsoang linaheng tse fapaneng tsa 7 li ile tsa hlahlojoa. Tšebeliso e ne e amahanngoa le tlhekefetso ea thobalano United States le linaheng tse ling, har'a banna le basali, le liphuputsong tse arohaneng le ka nako e telele. Mekhatlo e ne e le matla haholo bakeng sa mantsoe ho feta thobalano ea thobalano, le hoja ka bobeli e ne e le ea bohlokoa. Phello ea kakaretso e fana ka maikutlo a hore litaba tse mabifi li ka 'na tsa e-ba matla haholo.

"Empa litšoantšo tsa bootsoa ha li sebelise ho fokotsa lipalo tsa ho betoa?Tlhōlisano ea lits'oaetso e ntse e eketseha, ka hona, hlokomoloha liphatlalatso tsa bootsoa bo hlephisang boitšoaro. ”Bona leqephe lena bakeng sa lithuto tse fetang 100 tse hokahanyang tšebeliso ea litšoantšo tsa bootsoa le tlhekefetso ea thobalano, khatello le pefo, le tlhatlhobo e pharaletseng ea polelo e lulang e phetoa ea hore ho ba teng ha porno ho felletse ka hore litheko tsa peto li fokotsehe.

Litšoantšo tsa bootsoa le bacha

10) Ho thoe'ng ka tšebeliso ea litšoantšo tsa bootsoa le bacha? Sheba lenane lena la ka lipatlisiso tsa bocha ba 280, kapa litlhahlobo tsena tsa lingoliloeng: tlhahlobo ea # 1, hlahloba2, tlhahlobo ea # 3, tlhahlobo ea # 4, tlhahlobo ea # 5, tlhahlobo ea # 6, tlhahlobo ea # 7, tlhahlobo ea # 8, tlhahlobo ea # 9, tlhahlobo ea # 10, tlhahlobo ea # 11, tlhahlobo ea # 12, tlhahlobo ea # 13, tlhahlobo ea # 14, tlhahlobo ea # 15, lekola # 16. Ho tloha qetellong ea tlhahlobo ena ea 2012 ea lipatlisiso - Tšusumetso ea Litšoantšo Tsa Bootsoa Inthaneteng ho Bacha: Tlhahlobo ea Lipatlisiso:

Ho kena ha Inthanete ho eketsehileng ke bacha ho entse menyetla e sa lebelloang bakeng sa thuto ea thobalano, thuto le kholo. Ka lehlakoreng le leng, kotsi ea ho ntša kotsi e hlakileng libukeng e entse hore bafuputsi ba batlisise bacha ba shebaneng le litšoantšo tse litšila tse tsosang takatso ea lipapali Inthaneteng ho leka ho lemoha likamano tsena. Ka kakaretso, lithuto tsena li bontša mocha eo ea sebelisang litšoantšo tse manyala tse hlephisang boitšoaro a ka ba le litumelo le litumelo tse sa utloahaleng tsa thobalano. Har'a tse fumanoeng, litekanyetso tse phahameng tsa maikutlo a lumellang thobalano, ho ameha ka thobalano, le liteko tsa pele tsa thobalano li tsamaellana le ts'ebeliso ea khafetsa ea litšoantšo tsa bootsoa…. Leha ho le joalo, ho fumanoe liphetho tse sa fetoheng tse hokahanyang ts'ebeliso ea bocha ea litšoantšo tsa bootsoa tse bonts'ang pefo e nang le boits'oaro bo matla ba thobalano.

Lingolo li bontša kamano e teng lipakeng tsa tšebeliso ea bacha ba litšoantšo tsa bootsoa le boitlhahlobo. Banana ba tlaleha ba ikutloa ba le betere ho feta basali bao ba ba bonang linthong tse manyala tse hlephisang boitšoaro, athe bashemane ba tšaba hore e kanna eaba ha ba sa le betere kapa ba khona ho etsa joaloka banna ba mecha ea litaba. Bacha ba boetse ba tlaleha hore ts'ebeliso ea bona ea litšoantšo tsa bootsoa e fokotsehile ha boits'epo ba bona le nts'etsopele ea sechaba li eketseha. Ho feta moo, lipatlisiso li fana ka maikutlo a hore bacha ba sebelisang litšoantšo tsa bootsoa, ​​haholo-holo tse fumanehang inthaneteng, ba na le litekanyo tse tlase tsa khokahano ea sechaba, keketseho ea mathata a boits'oaro, litekanyetso tse phahameng tsa boits'oaro, litekanyetso tse phahameng tsa matšoao a sithabetsang, le ho fokotsa tlamahano ea maikutlo le bahlokomeli.

Liphello tse mpe

11) Na lithuto tsohle ha li lumellane? Che: Liphuputso tse fetang 90 tse bonts'a ts'ebeliso ea inthanete le ts'ebeliso ea litšoantšo tsa bootsoa tse bakang litholoana le matšoao a mabe, le liphetoho tsa boko

Boitšoaro & Phatlalatso

Sheba Lithuto tse belaetsang le tse khelosang bakeng sa lipampiri tse tsebahalang haholo tseo eseng seo ba ipolelang hore ke sona. Bakeng sa ho qhekella hoo e batlang e le motho e mong le e mong ea se nang puisano ea puo ea sejoale-joale le thuto e khethiloeng ka ciliegia, o nyatsoe haholo: Debunking "Ke Hobane'ng ha re sa Ntšoenyeha ka ho Talima Litšoantšo?? ", E leng Marty Klein, Taylor Kohut le Nicole Prause (2018). Selelekela sa mokhoa oa ho lemoha litaba tse khetholloang: Ba qotsa Prause et al., 2015 (ka bohata e ipolelang hore e etsa hore motho a be le lithethefatsi tse tsosang takatso ea boitšoaro bo bobe), ha a tlohela lithuto tsa lefu la bokooa ka 50.

Bakeng sa linehelano tse utloisisehang habonolo tse buang ka likhopolo-taba tse ngata tse hasoang ke bafuputsi ba li-pro-porn kapa li-blogger, bona livideo tse peli tse ntle tsa Gabe Deem: "LITABA TSA PORN - 'Nete e Bakang Bokhoba le Litlamorao Tsa Thobalano", le “Buka ea Lipapali ea bootsoa: Ho hlobola, Disinform le botumo".

Lipuo tse latelang (ka vimeo) li hlahisitsoe kopanong ea 2018 NCOSE: "Batho ba Lemoha Leshano la Bootsoa-Saense Ha Ba Le Bona”, Ea Jacob Hess (kakaretso ea maqheka a sebelisitsoeng ke "astroturfers" ba hanang litlamorao tse mpe tsa ts'ebeliso ea litšoantšo tsa bootsoa), le "Lipatlisiso Tsa Bootsoa: 'Nete kapa Khopolo-taba?”, Ea Gary Wilson ('nete ea lithuto tsa bo-5 tse phatlalatsang likhopolo-taba e qotsa ho tšehetsa lipolelo tsa bona tsa ho lemalla lit soant so tsa bootsoa ha li teng kapa hore tšebeliso ea litšoantšo tsa bootsoa e bohlokoa haholo).