Behav Pharmacol. 2020 Feb 7. doi: 10.1097/FBP.0000000000000546.
Relapsing to drugs of abuse is a challenging problem in treatment of addiction and stress is believed to be a major risk factor in relapse to drugs. The hippocampus region and dopamine signaling play a critical role in reward-related behaviors. The purpose of this study is to identify the involvement of D1- and D2-like receptors in the CA1 region of hippocampus in the reinstatement induced by a combination of food deprivation stress and a sub-threshold dose of morphine in extinguished morphine-conditioning place preference in rats. Adult male rats treated with one specific doses of SCH-23390 or sulpiride (0.5, 2 and 4 µg/0.5 µl vehicle/side) as D1- and D2-like receptors antagonists into the CA1 in separate groups, following the conditioning and extinction phase of morphine-conditioning place preference, before initiating the food deprivation stress on the last day of extinction. Then, the food deprived animals examined for reinstatement by injection of the sub-threshold dose of morphine (0.5 mg/kg, s.c.) on reinstatement day. Conditioning place preference scores and locomotor activities were recorded during test. Our results showed that combination of food deprivation stress and a sub-threshold dose of morphine induced the reinstatement of morphine-conditioning place preference. The induced reinstatement was decreased by two higher doses of SCH-23390 (2 and 4 µg/0.5 µl vehicle/side). However, the sulpiride (0.5, 2 and 4 µg/0.5 µl vehicle/side) could not reduce the reinstatement. Results showed that the role of D1-like receptor in the CA1 region was more prominent than D2-like receptor in reinstatement induced by food deprivation stress and re-exposure to morphine. Therefore the D1-like receptor in the CA1 might be a potential therapeutic target for treatment of opiate addiction.