Psychiatry Clin Neurosci. 2016 Aug 4. doi: 10.1111/pcn.12429.
We compare the efficacy of bupropion and escitalopram treatments in internet gaming disorder (IGD) patients.
We recruited 119 adolescents and adults with IGD. We treated these participants for 6 weeks in three groups as follows: 44 participants were treated with bupropion SR (bupropion group), 42 participants were treated with escitalopram (escitalopram group), and 33 patients without any medication were observed in the community (observation group). At baseline and at the 6-week follow-up visit, all subjects were evaluated using the Clinical Global Impression-Severity (CGI-S), Young Internet Addiction Scale (YIAS), Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), ADHD Rating Scale (ARS), and Behavioral Inhibition and Activation Scales (BIS/BAS).
Both the escitalopram group and the bupropion group showed improvement on all clinical symptom scales after 6 weeks of treatment compared to the observation group. Additionally, the bupropion group showed greater improvement in CGI-S, YIAS, ARS, and BIS scores than the escitalopram group.
Both bupropion and escitalopram were effective in treating and managing IGD symptoms. Moreover, bupropion appeared to be more effective than escitalopram in improving attention and impulsivity in IGD patients. In addition, attention and impulsivity seem to be important for the management of IGD.
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Antidepressants; Bupropion; Escitalopram; Internet gaming disorder; Pharmacotherapy