A pilot study of a group mindfulness-based cognitive-behavioral intervention for smartphone addiction among university students (2018)

J Behav Addict. 2018 Nov 12:1-6. doi: 10.1556/2006.7.2018.103.

Lan Y1, Ding JE1, Li W2, Li J1,3,4,5, Zhang Y1, Liu M2, Fu H1,3,4.



Mindfulness-based intervention (MBI) has been applied in behavioral addiction studies in recent years. However, few empirical studies using MBI have been conducted for smartphone addiction, which is prevalent among Chinese university students. The aim of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of a group mindfulness-based cognitive-behavioral intervention (GMCI) on smartphone addiction in a sample of Chinese university students.


Students with smartphone addiction were divided into a control group (n = 29) and an intervention group (n = 41). The students in the intervention group received an 8-week GMCI. Smartphone addiction was evaluated using scores from the Mobile Phone Internet Addiction Scale (MPIAS) and self-reported smartphone use time, which were measured at the baseline (1st week, T1), post-intervention (8th week, T2), the first follow-up (14th week, T3), and the second follow-up (20th week, T4).


Twenty-seven students in each group completed the intervention and the follow-up. Smartphone use time and MPIAS scores significantly decreased from T1 to T3 in the intervention group. Compared with the control group, the intervention group had significantly less smartphone use time at T2, T3, and T4 and significantly lower MPIAS scores at T3.


This pilot study demonstrated that the GMCI could significantly alleviate smartphone addiction among university students.

KEYWORDS: cognitive-behavioral therapy; group intervention; mindfulness-based intervention; smartphone addiction; university students

PMID: 30418075

DOI: 10.1556/2006.7.2018.103