Big five personality and adolescent Internet addiction: The mediating role of coping style (2016)

Addict Behav. 2016 Aug 12;64:42-48. doi: 10.1016/j.addbeh.2016.08.009.

Zhou Y1, Li D2, Li X3, Wang Y4, Zhao L5.


This study examined the unique associations between big five personality traits and adolescent Internet addiction (IA), as well as the mediating role of coping style underlying these relations. Our theoretical model was tested with 998 adolescents. Participants provided self-report data on demographic variables, big five personality traits, coping style, and IA.

After controlling for demographic variables, it was found that agreeableness and conscientiousness were negatively associated with IA, whereas extraversion, neuroticism, and openness to experience were positively associated with IA.

Mediation analyses further indicated that conscientiousness had an indirect impact on adolescent IA through decreased emotion-focused coping, whereas extraversion, neuroticism, openness to experience had indirect impacts on adolescent IA through increased emotion-focused coping. In contrast, problem-focused coping had no mediating role.

These findings suggest that emotion-focused coping may, in part, account for the association between big five personality and adolescent IA.

KEYWORDS:  Adolescents; Big five personality; Coping style; Internet addiction

PMID: 27543833

DOI: 10.1016/j.addbeh.2016.08.009