Correlation between the Family Function Based on Circumplex Model and Students’ Internet Addiction in Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences in 2015 (2016)

Glob J Health Sci. 2016 Mar 31;8(11):56314. doi: 10.5539/gjhs.v8n11p223.

Salimi A1, Jahangiri M, Ghaderzadeh M, Mohammadkhani A, Hosseini M.



University students deal with Internet with a variety of reasons. Internet great applications and attractions may cause increasing addiction to it; on the other hand the family function may affect the tendency to addiction. So, this study was conducted aimed to investigate the correlation between the family function based on Circumplex Model and students’ Internet addiction in ShahidBeheshti University of Medical Sciences in 2015.


In this correlational study, 664 students were selected by stratified random sampling method. The study tools included: Demographic Information Questionnaire, Young Internet Addiction Test (alpha=0.90) and Olson Family Adaptability and Cohesion Evaluation Scale(FACE III) (α=0.91). Data were analyzed by SPSS software Version 22.The results were analyzed using descriptive statistics (mean, standard deviation, percentage and frequency) and analytical statistics (t-test, Mann-Whitney U, Spearman correlation coefficient) methods.


Findings showed, 79.2 percent of students did not have Internet addiction, 20.2 percent were at risk of addiction and 0.6 percent was addicted to the Internet. Female students were the most frequent users of the Internet among students (41.47% and p < 0.01) with the purpose of recreation and entertainment (79.5 percent). A significant negative correlation was seen between Internet addiction and cohesion (a family function aspect) (p<0.01), also a positive and significant relationship was seen between average time of using Internet every time, average weekly hours of Internet use and Internet addiction (p>0.01).


With regard to the degree of students’ dependence to internet and the correlation between the family cohesion and Internet addiction, there is a need to make policy in the field of cohesion balance in the family and preventive and educational measures.