Evaluating the Effects of Social Networking Sites Addiction, Task Distraction and Self-Management on Nurses’ Performance (2019)

J Adv Nurs. 2019 Aug 5. doi: 10.1111/jan.14167.

Javed A1, Yasir M1, Majid A1, Shah HA2, Islam EU3, Asad S4, Khan MW5.


The purpose of this study is to explore the relationship of social networking sites (SNSs) addiction on nurses’ performance and how this relationship is mediated by task distraction and moderated by self-management.


This cross-sectional study is design to empirically test the relationship of SNSs addiction, task distraction and self-management with the nurses’ performance.


Data were collected by conducting an online-survey on nurses across the world using a web-based questionnaire developed through ‘Google Docs’ and distributed through ‘Facebook’ from 13 August, 2018 – 17 November, 2018. The Facebook groups were searched using the selected key terms. In total, 45 groups were found to have relevance to this research; therefore, request was made to the admins of these groups to participate in this research and to post a link in their groups. Only 19 group admins responded positively by uploading a link of the research instrument on their respective group pages and 461 members of these groups participated in the research.


Results of the data collected from fifty-three different countries indicated that SNSs addiction results in lowering the nurses’ performance. This relationship is further strengthened by task distraction introduced as a mediating variable. The results show that self-management mediates the relationship between SNSs addiction and employees’ performance. Moreover, the results of the study confirm that self-management reduces the negative impact of SNSs addiction on nurses’ performance.


SNSs addiction and task distraction reduces the nurses’ performance, whereas, self-management enhances nurses’ performance.


This study addresses the problem of using SNSs at the workplace and its potential effect on nurses’ performance. Results demonstrate that SNSs addiction reduces the performance which is further decreased by task distraction; however, self-management of nurses can enhance the nurses’ performance. The research has numerous theoretical and practical implications for hospital administration, doctors and nurses. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

KEYWORDS: employees’ performance; nurses; online survey; self-management; social networking sites (snss) addiction; task distraction

PMID: 31385324

DOI: 10.1111/jan.14167