J Family Community Med. 2018 Jan-Apr;25(1):20-28. doi: 10.4103/jfcm.JFCM_66_17.
Quality of life (QOL) is defined by the World Health Organization as the individual’s perception of his/her position in life, within the context of culture and system of values in which the individual lives, and as relates to his/her objectives, expectations, standards, and concerns. Life in university is so stressful; it can affect health-related QOL (HRQOL). There are many factors that affect HRQOL of university students. The aim of this study was to assess the QOL of female university students in Dammam, Saudi Arabia, and identify factors related to it, with special emphasis on Internet use.
MATERIALS AND METHODS:
This cross-sectional study surveyed 2516 female students at Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal University in Dammam, using a self-administered questionnaire with sections on sociodemographics, score for Internet use/addiction (IA), and an assessment of HRQOL. Two latent factors were extracted: physical component summaries (PCSs) and mental component summaries (MCSs). Bivariate analyses and MANOVA were then performed.
The overall PCS and MCS were 69% ± 19.6 and 62% ± 19.9, respectively. Almost two-thirds of the students were found to have IA or possible IA. Students whose parents had lower education reported less PCS. Students with high family income reported higher PCS and MCS than those with a lower income. MANOVA model has shown that the higher the IA score, the lower the score of both the PCS and MCS.
HRQOL in female students was found to be affected by parental educational level, family income, and problematic Internet use.
KEYWORDS: Internet addiction; quality of life; university students