Media-associated Disorders in Childhood and Adolescence: Evidence Paper of the Joint Addiction Commision of the German Societies and Professional Associations of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychotherapy (2020)

Z Kinder Jugendpsychiatr Psychother. 2020 Jul;48(4):303-317.

doi: 10.1024/1422-4917/a000735.

[Article in German]

Kerstin Paschke  1 Martin Holtmann  2 Peter Melchers  3 Marianne Klein  4 Gisela Schimansky  5 Thomas Krömer  6 Olaf Reis  7 Lutz Wartberg  8 Rainer Thomasius  1

PMID: 32614281

DOI: 10.1024/1422-4917/a000735


in English , German

Media-associated disorders in childhood and adolescence: Evidence paper of the joint addiction commision of the German societies and professional associations of child and adolescent psychiatry and psychotherapy Abstract. Media-associated disorders (MAD) describe the problematic use of the internet, certain electronic devices in general as well as digital applications. During childhood and adolescence, digital games and social media are the most commonly used applications. In May 2019, as first MAD “gaming disorder” was included as a clinical diagnosis in the ICD-11. The prevalence of MAD in German children and adolescents is estimated to lie between 3 % and 5 %. In most cases, MAD are accompanied by psychiatric comorbidities. MAD ensue because of dysfunctional learning processes in combination with general and specific risk factors. They are associated with neural changes like those of substance-associated addictions. Diagnostics can be based on validated questionnaires and clinical exploration, though a standardized diagnostic path is not yet common. Treatment depends on the level of severity and generally comprises outpatient, day-clinic, and inpatient therapy approaches with elements from cognitive-behavioral therapy and under parental involvement. Suitable treatments are not yet available in all German regions and have also not been sufficiently evaluated. Moreover, only a few studies exist on the efficacy of prevention measures addressing MAD in children and adolescents. Thus, further research is strongly required.

Keywords: Computerspielstörung; Diagnostik; Internetbezogene Störungen; Medienbezogene Störungen; Therapie; diagnostics; gaming disorder; internet-addiction disorders; media-associated disorders; therapy.