Positive metacognitions about Internet use: The mediating role in the relationship between emotional dysregulation and problematic use (2016)

Addict Behav. 2016 Apr 4;59:84-88. doi: 10.1016/j.addbeh.2016.03.014.

Casale S1, Caplan SE2, Fioravanti G3.


The present study hypothesized that two specific positive metacognitions about Internet use (i.e. the belief that Internet use is useful in regulating negative emotions and the belief that it affords greater controllability) mediate the association between emotional dysregulation and problematic Internet use (PIU). A total of 293 undergraduate university students (male 48.4%; mean age=21.73+2.17) participated in the study. The assessed structural model produced adequate fit to the data (χ2=203.76; df=81; p<.001; RMSEA [90% CI]=.07 [.06-.08]; CFI=.95; SRMR=.08). Variables accounted for 46% of the variance in PIU levels. A partial mediation model in which emotional dysregulation predicted PIU levels through positive metacognitions associated with Internet use was found. The presence of a direct relationship between emotional dysregulation and PIU was also detected. Moreover, the study found that emotional dysregulation might drive symptoms of PIU to a greater extent than high negative emotionality.


Control; Emotional dysregulation; Escapism; Internet addiction; Metacognitions; Problematic Internet use