Asian Nurs Res (Korean Soc Nurs Sci). 2017 Jun;11(2):92-97. doi: 10.1016/j.anr.2017.05.002.
This study investigated the mediating effects of loneliness and depression on the relationship between adult attachment and smartphone addiction in university students.
A total of 200 university students participated in this study. The data was analysed using descriptive statistics, correlation analysis, and structural equation modeling.
There were significant positive relationships between attachment anxiety, loneliness, depression, and smartphone addiction. However, attachment anxiety was not significantly correlated with smartphone addiction. The results also showed that loneliness did not directly mediate between attachment anxiety and smartphone addiction. In addition, loneliness and depression serially mediated between attachment anxiety and smartphone addiction.
The results suggest there are mediating effects of loneliness and depression in the relationship between attachment anxiety and smartphone addiction. The hypothesized model was found to be a suitable model for predicting smartphone addiction among university students. Future study is required to find a causal path to prevent smartphone addiction among university students.
KEYWORDS: depression; family relations; habits; loneliness; smartphone